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1.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to analyze adverse drug events (ADEs) related to admissions to a pediatric emergency unit and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: This was a prospective study. Demographic data and details of medications were collected for each patient admitted. Case studies were performed by clinical pharmacists and the clinical team to discuss whether the admission was due to an ADE and to characterize the ADE. Multivariate logistic regression was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: In total, 1708 pediatric patients were included in this study. Adverse drug events were the cause of hospital admission in 12.3% of the studied population. The majority of patients presenting with an ADE were in the age group of 0 to 5 years (61.6%), had a mean ± SD age of 4.9 ± 3.9 years, were female (51.2%), were Caucasian (72.0%), and had infectious disorders (49.3%). High frequencies of medication errors (68.8%), use of drugs to treat respiratory disorders (27.7%), and ADEs of mild severity (75.3%) were reported. The risk of being admitted to the pediatric emergency unit for any ADE increased in cases of neurological (odds ratio [OR], 4.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.38-8.99), dermatological (OR, 3.16; 95% CI, 1.93-5.18), and respiratory (OR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.89-4.83) disorders. CONCLUSIONS: A high frequency of ADE-related admissions to the pediatric emergency unit was observed. The risk of being admitted to the pediatric emergency unit for any ADE increased in cases of neurological, dermatological, and respiratory disorders. Clinical pharmacists play an important role in the identification of ADEs and the education of child caregivers and health care providers concerning pediatric medication.

2.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 25(2): 156-160, jun. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-470766

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Descrever a casuística de pacientes pediátricos atendidos em sala de emergência pediátrica de um hospital universitário. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo descritivo de 1º de janeiro até 31 de dezembro de 2004, com crianças de zero a 14 anos, avaliadas quanto a dados epidemiológicos, hipótese diagnóstica, intubação orotraqueal, óbito, destino e duração da internação. Os pacientes foram divididos em quatro grupos: Não Óbitos; Óbitos <24 horas, Óbitos >24 horas e transferidos para outros hospitais. RESULTADOS: Foram atendidas 203 crianças; 59,1 por cento meninos; média de idade 3,4 anos; 65 por cento previamente hígidos. O diagnóstico mais freqüente foi insuficiência respiratória (31,1 por cento). Dentre os 22 óbitos, 3,5 por cento ocorreram nas primeiras 24 horas e 7,4 por cento após estas primeiras 24 horas; 172 crianças (84,7 por cento) evoluíram para alta após período médio de internação de 19,2 dias. Nove (4,4 por cento) foram transferidas para outros hospitais. Das 203 crianças atendidas, 50 (24,6 por cento) foram intubadas à admissão e 86 (42,4 por cento) necessitaram internação em unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica. CONCLUSÕES: Os pacientes que evoluíram para óbito precoce eram mais jovens e com diagnóstico de choque. Nos pacientes que evoluíram para óbito após 24 horas do atendimento inicial, predominaram meninas, com doenças prévias e insuficiência respiratória. Aqueles que sobreviveram ao atendimento de emergência eram, em maior freqüência, meninos mais velhos e com doenças respiratórias. Houve necessidade significativa de procedimento invasivo (intubação orotraqueal) e internação subseqüente em unidade de terapia intensiva, o que reforça a necessidade de equipamentos adequados e profissionais especializados no setor.


OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical course of pediatric patients treated at a pediatric emergency room in a university hospital. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study was conducted between January 1st and December 31st, 2004. Data retrieved were: demographical and clinical characacteristics, diagnostic hypotheses, need of tracheal intubation, deaths, transfers and need of hospitalization of children between zero and 14 years old. Patients were divided in four groups: no deaths; deaths <24 hours; deaths >24 hours; transfers to other hospitals after initial care. RESULTS: 203 children were treated: 59.1 percent boys; mean age of 3.4 years; 65 percent previously healthy. The most common diagnosis was respiratory failure (31.1 percent). Of the 22 deaths, 3.5 percent took place during the first 24 hours and 7.4 percent after this; 172 children (84.7 percent) were discharged after a mean hospital length of stay of 19.2 days. Nine children (4.4 percent) were transferred to other hospitals. Among the 203 children, 50 children (24.6 percent) were intubated after admission and 86 children (42.4 percent) had to be admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: The patients who died early were younger and mainly shock victims. Girls who suffered from previous diseases and respiratory failure were predominant among the patients who died 24 hours after initial care. Patients who survived the emergency crisis were mainly males, older and also presented respiratory diseases. The need for invasive procedures (tracheal intubation) and hospitalization in intensive care units was significant in this population, underscoring the need for adequate equipment and specialized professionals in the emergency pediatric hospital services.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Morte , Medicina de Emergência , Pediatria , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
3.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 16(2): 79-85, mar.-abr. 2007. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-489554

RESUMO

Objetivo Caracterizar a população pediátrica que necessita de observação em unidade de emergência pediátrica de hospital universitário. Métodos Estudo descritivo retrospectivo, realizado de janeiro a dezembro de 2004, com crianças de 0 a 14 anos. Resultados Foram internados 1.998 pacientes (10,0% do total de atendidos), sendo 1.177 (58,9%) do sexo masculino, 1.260 (63,1%) abaixo de cinco anos e 557 (27,9%) com menos de um ano. Dentre as doenças encontradas, prevaleceram as respiratórias (32,3%), seguidas das de causas externas (18,2%), doenças do trato gastrintestinal (14,1%), neurológicas (13,2%), quadros infecciosos mal definidos (9,3%), doenças renais (3,0%) e cardíacas (2,1%). As internações foram distribuídas uniformemente durante todo o ano (média de 170 pacientes/mês). Cerca de 90,0% das crianças permaneceram por pelo menos 24 horas. A maioria dos pacientes era proveniente da cidade de Campinas (61,8%), com procura espontânea (63,8%); 1,3% chegaram pelo serviço de resgate. Na evolução, 63,8% receberam alta após o período de observação; 21,4% foram internados em enfermaria; 2,6% necessitaram de unidade de terapia intensiva e 8,4% foram transferidos para outros hospitais. Conclusão As internações para observação são importantes, principalmente, para as crianças menores de cinco anos e para os quadros respiratórios. O aprimoramento contínuo deste serviço é necessário pelo impacto do mesmo nas admissões e custos hospitalares.


Objective To characterize the pediatric population that needs to be observed in a pediatric emergency unit of a university hospital. Methods This is a descriptive retrospective study done from January to December 2004 with children aging from 0 to 14 years. Results A total of 1,998 patients were hospitalized (10.0% of the patients seen), where 1,177 (58.9%) were males, 1,260 (63.1%) were under 5 years of age and 557 (27.9%) were under one year of age. Among the diseases presented by these children, respiratory diseases prevailed (32.3%), followed by outside causes (18.2%), gastrointestinal tract diseases (14.1%), neurological diseases (13.2%), poorly defined infectious conditions (9.3%), renal diseases (3.0%) and cardiac diseases (2.1%). The hospitalizations were distributed uniformly during the entire year (an average of 170 patients/month). About 90.0% of the children remained in the hospital for at least 24 hours. Most patients were from the city of Campinas (61.8%) who deliberately sought care (63.8%); 1.3% arrived by rescue service. Most (63.8%) were discharged after the observation period; 21.4% were transferred to a ward; 2.6% needed intensive care unit and 8.4% were transferred to other hospitals. Conclusion Hospitalizations for observation are important, especially for children under 5 years of age and those with respiratory problems. Continuous improvement of this service is necessary because of its impact on admissions and hospital costs.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Criança , Adolescente , Emergências , Hospitais de Ensino , Unidades de Internação , Assistência ao Paciente
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