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1.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 30(5): 254-258, sept.-oct. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183881

RESUMO

Objetivo: Presentar un caso de histiocitoma fibroso maligno vertebral a nivel de la cuarta vértebra lumbar que recibió tratamiento por una espondilectomía L4 y colocación de expansor intervertebral y fijación posterior. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 47 años de edad sin antecedentes de importancia, que presenta dolor lumbar de 2 meses de evolución. Se trata de forma conservadora, con una leve mejoría del dolor; sin embargo, persiste con dolor lumbar con irradiación a miembros pélvicos de predominio izquierdo, acompañado de debilidad y claudicación. Clínicamente presenta paraparesia 3/5 e hipoestesia L4, L5 y S1 de predominio izquierdo. La tomografía axial computarizada de la región lumbosacra evidencia una lesión osteolítica en cuerpo de L4 de predominio izquierdo con invasión a canal lumbar con márgenes poco delimitados. En el estudio de resonancia magnética de columna lumbosacra se observa lesión hiperintensa en T2, heterogénea, de bordes irregulares, que involucra más del 60% del cuerpo vertebral de L4 con invasión al canal raquídeo que ocasiona compresión a raíces. Se manejó con una espondilectomía L4 y la colocación de un expansor intervertebral y fijación posterior. Conclusión: La espondilectomía es una opción viable y efectiva para el tratamiento del histiocitoma fibroso maligno. La localización lumbar baja conlleva abordajes combinados; sin embargo, el desafío es mayor, ya que requiere de un conocimiento de los grandes vasos abdominales y de una intervención multidisciplinaria


Objective: To present a case of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the fourth lumbar vertebra that received treatment by an L4 spondylectomy and placement of intervertebral expander and posterior fixation. Case report: A 47-year-old male patient with no relevant history presented with lumbar pain of 2 months' evolution. Treated conservatively, with slight improvement in pain, the patient persisted with low back pain irradiation to pelvic members, predominantly left-sided, accompanied by weakness and claudication. Clinically, he presented with paresthesias 3/5, hypoaesthesia L4, L5 and S1, predominantly left-sided. Lumbosacral computerized axial tomography evidence of an osteolytic lesion in the L4 body, predominantly left-sided, with invasion of the lumbar canal with poorly delimited margins; lumbosacral spine MRI showed hyperintense lesion in T2, heterogeneous, with irregular borders involving more than 60% of the vertebral body of L4 with invasion of the spinal canal causing compression to the roots. He was treated with an L4 spondylectomy and placement of intervertebral expander and posterior fixation. Conclusion: Spondylectomy is an effective option for the treatment of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma that involves combined approaches. However the challenge is greater since it requires a knowledge of the great abdominal vessels and multidisciplinary intervention


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/cirurgia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Paraparesia/complicações , Região Lombossacral/diagnóstico por imagem , Região Lombossacral/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão , Imuno-Histoquímica
2.
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg ; 80(4): 312-317, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018228

RESUMO

Chiari malformation type 1 (CM-1) is an ectopia of the cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum that causes severe disability due to its neurologic symptoms. The treatment of choice for CM-1 is decompression of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). In some patients only an extradural decompression by removing the atlanto-occipital ligament may be sufficient. In other patients, duraplasty is necessary. In this case, we report the operative technique used to treat a CM-1 in a 16-year-old male patient who presented with severe headache and gait instability. A micro-decompression of the suboccipital bone and posterior arch osteotomy of C1 through a 2-cm midline incision was performed under surgical microscope magnification. A duraplasty was performed through the same approach. The patient was discharged home after 2 days in the hospital and returned to regular activities at school 3 weeks after surgery. The minimally invasive technique presented here is a viable option for the posterior decompression of the CVJ in patients with CM-1 using a low-cost self-retaining retractor.


Assuntos
Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/cirurgia , Vértebras Cervicais , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Neurocirugia (Astur) ; 30(5): 254-258, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present a case of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the fourth lumbar vertebra that received treatment by an L4 spondylectomy and placement of intervertebral expander and posterior fixation. CASE REPORT: A 47-year-old male patient with no relevant history presented with lumbar pain of 2 months' evolution. Treated conservatively, with slight improvement in pain, the patient persisted with low back pain irradiation to pelvic members, predominantly left-sided, accompanied by weakness and claudication. Clinically, he presented with paresthesias 3/5, hypoaesthesia L4, L5 and S1, predominantly left-sided. Lumbosacral computerized axial tomography evidence of an osteolytic lesion in the L4 body, predominantly left-sided, with invasion of the lumbar canal with poorly delimited margins; lumbosacral spine MRI showed hyperintense lesion in T2, heterogeneous, with irregular borders involving more than 60% of the vertebral body of L4 with invasion of the spinal canal causing compression to the roots. He was treated with an L4 spondylectomy and placement of intervertebral expander and posterior fixation. CONCLUSION: Spondylectomy is an effective option for the treatment of spinal malignant fibrous histiocytoma that involves combined approaches. However the challenge is greater since it requires a knowledge of the great abdominal vessels and multidisciplinary intervention.

4.
J Spine Surg ; 3(1): 16-22, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28435913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) has become one of the standard techniques for approaching ipsilateral decompression, anterior column fusion, and posterior stabilization. This procedure is usually accompanied by the placement of bilateral transpedicular screws in the corresponding segment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of unilateral screw fixation compared with bilateral fixation in patients diagnosed with low-grade symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent an MI-TLIF technique. METHODS: A prospective and comparative study was performed in 67 patients with grade 1 symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. The sample was allocated on both unilateral fixation group (n=33) and bilateral fixation group (n=34). Clinical outcomes were evaluated using Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS) for leg and back pain, and Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), preoperatively, and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Changes over time and differences between the groups were analyzed. Statistical analyses included: Friedman test, Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney's U. A two-tailed P value of <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: During 1-year of evaluation there were no significant clinical differences between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with grade 1 symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis treated with MI-TLIF with unilateral screw fixation had similar clinical results than those treated with bilateral fixation at 12 months postoperatively.

5.
J Spine Surg ; 3(1): 64-70, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28435920

RESUMO

Various minimally invasive techniques have been reported as an alternative to conventional lumbar decompression. The major advantage of these minimally invasive procedures lies in their reduction of unnecessary exposure and tissue trauma. Our objective was to describe a minimally invasive procedure for lumbar spinal stenosis decompression by enlarging the lumbar interspinous space, approaching it with a tubular retractor, and assisting with microscopy. Thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral muscles are preserved throughout the whole procedure. Iatrogenic instability of the spine can be avoided if during the procedure both joints are just undercut in order to decompress the subarticular space. The approach described in this manuscript could be used as an alternate minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of central and lateral lumbar spinal stenosis.

6.
Cir Cir ; 85(6): 544-548, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27751507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arachnoid cysts of spine are a very rare occurrence. The aetiology still remains unclear, but the most accepted explanation is the existence of areas of weakness in the spinal dura. Symptoms depend on the location in the spine. Magnetic resonance imaging is used for its diagnosis. Management depends of clinical presentation, and the surgery is reserved for patients with neurological impairment. CLINICAL CASE: A case is described of 67 year-old male with myelopathy and radiculopathy symptoms, both diagnosed simultaneously. The magnetic resonance imaging was used to diagnose a thoracolumbar extradural arachnoid cyst from T12-L2 and lumbar spinal canal stenosis. The patient was treated with a puncture procedure to empty the cyst and decompress the neural elements. There was a clinical improvement of myelopathy syndrome after puncture procedure. One month later, the patient underwent a minimally invasive surgical approach to decompress the neural elements in lumbar spine, achieving improvement of the radiculopathy syndrome and neurogenic claudication in both legs. CONCLUSION: There is currently no standard minimally invasive approach to surgically treat these cysts, but if the patient has mild symptoms, clinical observation is recommended.


Assuntos
Cistos Aracnóideos/cirurgia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Cistos Aracnóideos/complicações , Cistos Aracnóideos/diagnóstico por imagem , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Polirradiculopatia/etiologia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Punção Espinal , Estenose Espinal/etiologia , Vértebras Torácicas
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