Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(3): 361-370, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although frequently used as a primary endpoint, disease-free survival has not been validated as a surrogate for overall survival in early breast cancer. We investigated this surrogacy in the adjuvant setting of treatment with anti-HER2 antibodies. METHODS: In a systematic review and meta-analysis, we identified published and non-published randomised controlled trials with completed accrual and available disease-free survival and overall survival results for the intention-to-treat population as of September 2016. Bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), clinical trial registries (Clinicaltrials.gov, EU Clinical Trials Register, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and PharmNet.Bund), and trial registries from relevant pharmaceutical companies were searched. Eligibility for treatment of HER2-positive early breast cancer required at least one group to have an anti-HER antibody treatment (ie, trastuzumab, pertuzumab, or trastuzumab emtansine) planned for 12 months, and at least one control arm with chemotherapy without the antibody, a lower total dose or duration of the antibody, or observation alone. Units of analysis were contrasts: two-group trials gave rise to one contrast, whereas trials with more than two groups gave rise to more than one contrast. We excluded trials enrolling patients with recurrent, metastatic, or non-invasive disease, and those testing neoadjuvant therapy exclusively. Our primary objective was to estimate patient-level and trial-level correlations between disease-free survival and overall survival. We measured the association between disease-free survival and overall survival using Spearman's correlation coefficient (rs), and the association between hazard ratios (HRs) for disease-free survival and overall survival using R2. We computed the surrogate threshold effect, the maximum HR for disease-free survival that statistically predicts an HR for overall survival less than 1·00 in a future trial. FINDINGS: Eight trials (n=21 480 patients) gave rise to a full set (12 contrasts). Patient-level associations between disease-free and overall survival were strong (rs=0·90 [95% CI 0·89-0·90]). Trial-level associations gave rise to values of R2 of 0·75 (95% CI 0·50-1·00) for the full set. Subgroups defined by nodal status and hormone receptor status yielded qualitatively similar results. Depending on the expected number of deaths in a future trial, the surrogate threshold effects ranged from 0·56 to 0·81, based on the full set. INTERPRETATION: These findings suggest that it is appropriate to continue to use disease-free survival as a surrogate for overall survival in trials in HER-2-positive, early breast cancer. The key limitation of this study is the dependence of its results on the trials included and on the existence of an outlying trial. FUNDING: Roche Pharma AG.

2.
JAMA Oncol ; 5(3): 366-375, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520947

RESUMO

Importance: The 2013/2014 American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologists (ASCO-CAP) guidelines for HER2 testing by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) designated an "equivocal" category (average HER2 copies per tumor cell ≥4-6 with HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0) to be resolved as negative or positive by assessments with alternative control probes. Approximately 4% to 12% of all invasive breast cancers are characterized as HER2-equivocal based on FISH. Objective: To evaluate the following hypotheses: (1) genetic loci used as alternative controls are heterozygously deleted in a substantial proportion of breast cancers; (2) use of these loci for assessment of HER2 by FISH leads to false-positive assessments; and (3) these HER2 false-positive breast cancer patients have outcomes that do not differ from clinical outcomes for patients with HER2-negative breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: We retrospectively assessed the use of chromosome 17 p-arm and q-arm alternative control genomic sites (TP53, D17S122, SMS, RARA, TOP2A), as recommended by the 2013/2014 ASCO-CAP guidelines for HER2 testing, in patients whose data were available through Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC) and whose tissues were available through the Breast Cancer International Research Group clinical trials. We used data from an international cohort database of invasive breast cancers (1980 participants) and international clinical trial of adjuvant chemotherapy in invasive, node-positive breast cancer patients. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary objectives were to (1) assess frequency of heterozygous deletions in chromosome 17 genomic sites used as FISH internal controls for evaluation of HER2 status among HER2-equivocal cancers; (2) characterize impact of using deleted sites for determination of HER2-to-internal-control-gene ratios; (3) assess HER2 protein expression in each subgroup; and (4) compare clinical outcomes for each subgroup. Results: Of the 1980 patients in METABRIC,1915 patients were fully evaluated. In addition, 100 HER2-equivocal breast cancers by FISH and 100 comparator FISH-negative breast cancers from the BCIRG-005 trial were analyzed. Heterozygous deletions, particularly in specific p-arm sites, were common in both HER2-amplified and HER2-not-amplified breast cancers. Use of alternative control probes from these regions to assess HER2 by FISH in HER2-equivocal as well as HER2-not-amplified breast cancers resulted in high rates of false-positive ratios (HER2-to-alternative control ratio ≥2.0) owing to heterozygous deletions of control p-arm genomic sites used in ratio denominators. Misclassification of HER2 status was observed not only in breast cancers with ASCO-CAP equivocal status but also in breast cancers with an average of fewer than 4.0 HER2 copies per tumor cell when using alternative control probes. Conclusions and Relevance: The indiscriminate use of alternative control probes to calculate HER2 FISH ratios in HER2-equivocal breast cancers may lead to false-positive interpretations of HER2 status resulting from unrecognized heterozygous deletions in 1 or more of these alternative control genomic sites and incorrect HER2 ratio determinations.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Sondas de DNA/normas , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/normas , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Clin Trials ; 14(5): 499-506, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641461

RESUMO

Background/aims Considerable human and financial resources are typically spent to ensure that data collected for clinical trials are free from errors. We investigated the impact of random and systematic errors on the outcome of randomized clinical trials. Methods We used individual patient data relating to response endpoints of interest in two published randomized clinical trials, one in ophthalmology and one in oncology. These randomized clinical trials enrolled 1186 patients with age-related macular degeneration and 736 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The ophthalmology trial tested the benefit of pegaptanib for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration and identified a statistically significant treatment benefit, whereas the oncology trial assessed the benefit of adding cetuximab to a regimen of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer and failed to identify a statistically significant treatment difference. We simulated trial results by adding errors that were independent of the treatment group (random errors) and errors that favored one of the treatment groups (systematic errors). We added such errors to the data for the response endpoint of interest for increasing proportions of randomly selected patients. Results Random errors added to up to 50% of the cases produced only slightly inflated variance in the estimated treatment effect of both trials, with no qualitative change in the p-value. In contrast, systematic errors produced bias even for very small proportions of patients with added errors. Conclusion A substantial amount of random errors is required before appreciable effects on the outcome of randomized clinical trials are noted. In contrast, even a small amount of systematic errors can severely bias the estimated treatment effects. Therefore, resources devoted to randomized clinical trials should be spent primarily on minimizing sources of systematic errors which can bias the analyses, rather than on random errors which result only in a small loss in power.


Assuntos
Confiabilidade dos Dados , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Determinação de Ponto Final/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(29): 3518-3528, 2016 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27573653

RESUMO

Purpose ASCO and the College of American Pathologists (ASCO-CAP) recently recommended further changes to the evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 gene (HER2) amplification by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). We retrospectively assessed the impact of these new guidelines by using annotated Breast Cancer International Research Group (BCIRG) -005, BCIRG-006, and BCIRG-007 clinical trials data for which we have detailed outcomes. Patients and Methods The HER2 FISH status of BCIRG-005/006/007 patients with breast cancers was re-evaluated according to current ASCO-CAP guidelines, which designates five different groups according to HER2 FISH ratio and average HER2 gene copy number per tumor cell: group 1 (in situ hybridization [ISH]-positive): HER2-to-chromosome 17 centromere ratio ≥ 2.0, average HER2 copies ≥ 4.0; group 2 (ISH-positive): ratio ≥ 2.0, copies < 4.0; group 3 (ISH-positive): ratio < 2.0, copies ≥ 6.0; group 4 (ISH-equivocal): ratio < 2.0, copies ≥ 4.0 and < 6.0; and group 5 (ISH-negative): ratio < 2.0, copies < 4.0. We assessed correlations with HER2 protein, clinical outcomes by disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) and benefit from trastuzumab therapy (hazard ratio [HR]). Results Among 10,468 patients with breast cancers who were successfully screened for trial entry, 40.8% were in ASCO-CAP ISH group 1, 0.7% in group 2; 0.5% in group 3, 4.1% in group 4, and 53.9% in group 5. Distributions were similar in screened compared with accrued subpopulations. Among accrued patients, FISH group 1 breast cancers were strongly correlated with immunohistochemistry 3+ status (P < .0001), whereas groups 2, 3, 4, and 5 were not; however, groups 2, 4 and, 5 were strongly correlated with immunohistochemistry 0/1+ status (all P < .0001), whereas group 3 was not. Among patients accrued to BCIRG-005, group 4 was not associated with significantly worse DFS or OS compared with group 5. Among patients accrued to BCIRG-006, only group 1 showed a significant benefit from trastuzumab therapy (DFS HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.83; P < .0001; OS HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.85; P = .0006), whereas group 2 did not. Conclusion Our findings support the original categorizations of HER2 by FISH status in BCIRG/Translational Research in Oncology trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Dosagem de Genes , Genes erbB-2 , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Eur J Cancer ; 51(12): 1481-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26074397

RESUMO

AIM: Breast International Group (BIG) 2-98 is a randomised phase III trial that tested the effect of adding docetaxel, either in sequence to or in combination with anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy, in women with node-positive breast cancer (BC). Here, we present the 10-year final trial safety and efficacy analyses. We also report an exploratory analysis on the predictive value of Ki67 for docetaxel efficacy, in the BIG 2-98 and using a pooled analysis of three other randomised trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 2887 patients were randomly assigned in a 2×2 trial design to one of four treatments. The primary objective was to evaluate the overall efficacy of docetaxel on disease free survival (DFS). Secondary objectives included comparisons of sequential docetaxel versus sequential control arm, safety and overall survival (OS). Ki67 expression was centrally evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 10.1years, the addition of docetaxel did not significantly improve DFS or OS (hazard ratio (HR)=0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.81-1.04; P=0.16 and HR=0.88, 95% CI=0.76-1.03; P=0.11, respectively). Sequential docetaxel did not improve DFS compared to the sequential control arm (HR=0.86, 95% CI=0.72-1.03; P=0.10). In oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumours with Ki67⩾14%, the addition of docetaxel resulted in 5.4% improvement in 10-year OS (P=0.03, test for interaction=0.1). In a multivariate model, there was a trend for improved DFS and OS in ER-positive patients with high Ki67 and treated with docetaxel (HR=0.79, 95% CI=0.63-1.01; P=0.05 and HR=0.76, 95% CI=0.57-1.01; P=0.06, respectively). A pooled analysis of four randomised trials showed a benefit of taxanes in highly proliferative ER-positive disease but not in low proliferating tumours (interaction test P=0.01). CONCLUSION: The DFS benefit previously demonstrated with sequential docetaxel is no longer observed at 10years. However, an exploratory analysis suggested a benefit of docetaxel in patients with highly proliferative ER-positive BC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxoides/administração & dosagem
6.
BMJ Open ; 3(3)2013 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23485717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether progression-free survival (PFS) can be considered a surrogate endpoint for overall survival (OS) in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). DESIGN: Meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials. SETTING: Five randomised controlled trials comparing docetaxel-based chemotherapy with vinorelbine-based chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of NSCLC. PARTICIPANTS: 2331 patients with advanced NSCLC. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Surrogacy of PFS for OS was assessed through the association between these endpoints and between the treatment effects on these endpoints. The surrogate threshold effect was the minimum treatment effect on PFS required to predict a non-zero treatment effect on OS. RESULTS: The median follow-up of patients still alive was 23.4 months. Median OS was 10 months and median PFS was 5.5 months. The treatment effects on PFS and OS were correlated, whether using centres (R²=0.62, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.72) or prognostic strata (R²=0.72, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.84) as units of analysis. The surrogate threshold effect was a PFS hazard ratio (HR) of 0.49 using centres or 0.53 using prognostic strata. CONCLUSIONS: These analyses provide only modest support for considering PFS as an acceptable surrogate for OS in patients with advanced NSCLC. Only treatments that have a major impact on PFS (risk reduction of at least 50%) would be expected to also have a significant effect on OS. Whether these results also apply to targeted therapies is an open question that requires independent evaluation.

7.
J Clin Oncol ; 31(7): 860-7, 2013 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23341518

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous preclinical and clinical data suggest that the immune system influences prognosis and response to chemotherapy (CT); however, clinical relevance has yet to be established in breast cancer (BC). We hypothesized that increased lymphocytic infiltration would be associated with good prognosis and benefit from immunogenic CT-in this case, anthracycline-only CT-in selected BC subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the relationship between quantity and location of lymphocytic infiltrate at diagnosis with clinical outcome in 2009 node-positive BC samples from the BIG 02-98 adjuvant phase III trial comparing anthracycline-only CT (doxorubicin followed by cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil [CMF] or doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide followed by CMF) versus CT combining doxorubicin and docetaxel (doxorubicin plus docetaxel followed by CMF or doxorubicin followed by docetaxel followed by CMF). Readings were independently performed by two pathologists. Disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and interaction with type of CT associations were studied. Median follow-up was 8 years. RESULTS: There was no significant prognostic association in the global nor estrogen receptor (ER) -positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -negative population. However, each 10% increase in intratumoral and stromal lymphocytic infiltrations was associated with 17% and 15% reduced risk of relapse (adjusted P = .1 and P = .025), respectively, and 27% and 17% reduced risk of death in ER-negative/HER2-negative BC regardless of CT type (adjusted P = .035 and P = .023), respectively. In HER2-positive BC, there was a significant interaction between increasing stromal lymphocytic infiltration (10% increments) and benefit with anthracycline-only CT (DFS, interaction P = .042; OS, P = .018). CONCLUSION: In node-positive, ER-negative/HER2-negative BC, increasing lymphocytic infiltration was associated with excellent prognosis. Further validation of the clinical utility of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in this context is warranted. Our data also support the evaluation of immunotherapeutic approaches in selected BC subtypes.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores Estrogênicos/análise , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Breast Cancer Res ; 14(3): R70, 2012 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22551440

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pre-clinical data suggest p53-dependent anthracycline-induced apoptosis and p53-independent taxane activity. However, dedicated clinical research has not defined a predictive role for TP53 gene mutations. The aim of the current study was to retrospectively explore the prognosis and predictive values of TP53 somatic mutations in the BIG 02-98 randomized phase III trial in which women with node-positive breast cancer were treated with adjuvant doxorubicin-based chemotherapy with or without docetaxel. METHODS: The prognostic and predictive values of TP53 were analyzed in tumor samples by gene sequencing within exons 5 to 8. Patients were classified according to p53 protein status predicted from TP53 gene sequence, as wild-type (no TP53 variation or TP53 variations which are predicted not to modify p53 protein sequence) or mutant (p53 nonsynonymous mutations). Mutations were subcategorized according to missense or truncating mutations. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Cox-regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of outcome. RESULTS: TP53 gene status was determined for 18% (520 of 2887) of the women enrolled in BIG 02-98. TP53 gene variations were found in 17% (90 of 520). Nonsynonymous p53 mutations, found in 16.3% (85 of 520), were associated with older age, ductal morphology, higher grade and hormone-receptor negativity. Of the nonsynonymous mutations, 12.3% (64 of 520) were missense and 3.6% were truncating (19 of 520). Only truncating mutations showed significant independent prognostic value, with an increased recurrence risk compared to patients with non-modified p53 protein (hazard ratio = 3.21, 95% confidence interval = 1.740 to 5.935, P = 0.0002). p53 status had no significant predictive value for response to docetaxel. CONCLUSIONS: p53 truncating mutations were uncommon but associated with poor prognosis. No significant predictive role for p53 status was detected. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00174655.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Genes p53 , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Bases , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Metástase Linfática/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Deleção de Sequência , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 18(12): 3478-86, 2012 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22504044

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The mechanisms by which trastuzumab imparts clinical benefit remain incompletely understood. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity via interactions with Fcγ receptors (FcγR) on leukocytes may contribute to its antitumor effects. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in FCGR3A and FCGR2A genes lead to amino acid substitutions at positions 158 and 131, respectively, and affect binding of antibodies to FcγR such that 158V/V and 131H/H bind with highest affinity. This study aimed to determine whether high-affinity SNPs are associated with disease-free survival (DFS) among patients with HER2-positive nonmetastatic breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Genomic DNA was isolated from 1,286 patients enrolled in a trial of adjuvant trastuzumab-based chemotherapy. Genotyping was conducted using Sanger sequencing and Sequenom mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Patient samples (N = 1,189) were successfully genotyped for FCGR3A and 1,218 for FCGR2A. Compared with the overall results of the BCIRG006 study, in the subset of patients genotyped in this analysis, a less robust improvement in DFS was observed for the trastuzumab arms than control arm (HR, 0.842; P = 0.1925). When stratified for prognostic features, the HR in favor of trastuzumab was consistent with that of the overall study (HR, 0.74; P = 0.036). No correlation between DFS and FCGR3A/2A genotypes was seen for trastuzumab-treated patients (158V/V vs. V/F vs. F/F, P = 0.98; 131H/H vs. H/R vs. R/R, P = 0.76; 158V/V and/or 131H/H vs. others, P = 0.67). CONCLUSION: This analysis evaluating the association between FCGR3A/2A genotypes and trastuzumab efficacy in HER2-positive breast cancer did not show a correlation between FCGR3A-V/F and FCGR2A-H/R SNPs and DFS in patients treated with trastuzumab.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de IgG/sangue , Trastuzumab , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 9(2): E5-10, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20378497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: These analyses compare the safety and efficacy of 2 forms (levogyre [L] and dextro-levogyre [DL]) of leucovorin (LV) when used with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with stage II and III colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis used primary efficacy and safety data of a phase III trial comparing monthly 5-FU/LV or bimonthly LV5FU2 (LV 200 mg/m2 intravenously over 2 hours followed by 5-FU 400 mg/m2 bolus and then 600 mg/m2 continuous intravenous infusion over 22 hours, days 1 and 2, every 2 weeks). In both regimens, depending on the choice made by each center, patients received either DL-LV (200 mg/m2) or L-LV (100 mg/m2). RESULTS: L-LV and DL-LV were administered respectively to 60% (n = 519) and 40% (n = 357) of the patients. Important prognostic characteristics were well balanced between the 2 groups. The proportion of any grade 3/4 toxicity was 20% in the L-LV group and 17% in the DL-LV group. There was no statistical difference in terms of toxicity between the 2 groups. The median follow-up time was 6.1 years. There were no statistically significant differences between L-LV and DL-LV in terms of either disease-free survival (66.7% vs. 67.2%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.03; 95% CI, 0.82-1.31; P = .78) or overall survival (78.2% vs. 74.5%; HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.97-1.69; P = .078). CONCLUSION: This study supports the use of either DL (200 mg/m2) or L (100 mg/m2) LV in association with 5-FU as adjuvant treatment of patients with colon cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Complexo Vitamínico B/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Leucovorina/química , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complexo Vitamínico B/administração & dosagem , Complexo Vitamínico B/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 10(1): 81-6, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20133263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become standard treatment for women with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Various regimens have explored the addition of newer agents to determine safety and efficacy. The aim of this phase II study was to incorporate albumin-bound paclitaxel with sequential anthracycline-based therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six women with LABC but without prior treatment and regardless of hormone receptor or HER2 status were enrolled. All patients were to receive albumin-bound paclitaxel weekly for 12 weeks followed by 5-fluorouracil/ epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (FEC) every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. Trastuzumab was allowed in HER2-positive (HER2+) patients. Primary endpoint was pathologic complete response (pCR; CR) in breast. Secondary endpoints included pCR in breast and nodes, clinical CR, 2-year progression-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients received at least 1 dose of chemotherapy and were included in this analysis. Sixty-three patients completed 4 cycles of albumin-bound paclitaxel. Sixty-two patients received at least 1 dose of FEC, and 58 completed 4 cycles. Seventeen of 19 HER2+ women received trastuzumab. The pCR in breast was 29% (19 of 65). For the HER2+ subset, the pCR was 58% (11 of 19). Both albumin-bound paclitaxel and FEC were well tolerated. The most significant toxicities were grade 2/3 neuropathy (16%) with albumin-bound paclitaxel and grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia (7%) with FEC. CONCLUSION: Albumin-bound paclitaxel given over 12 weeks is well tolerated. Albumin-bound paclitaxel should be further evaluated in a randomized setting in both adjuvant and neoadjuvant trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Adulto , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Albuminas/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Epirubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos
13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 119(1): 145-53, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19731015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity has been shown to be an indicator of poor prognosis for patients with primary breast cancer (BC) regardless of the use of adjuvant systemic therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 2,887 node-positive BC patients enrolled in the BIG 02-98 adjuvant study, a randomised phase III trial whose primary objective was to evaluate disease-free survival (DFS) by adding docetaxel to doxorubicin-based chemotherapy. In the current analysis, the effect of body mass index (BMI) on DFS and overall survival (OS) was assessed. BMI was obtained before the first cycle of chemotherapy. Obesity was defined as a BMI >or= 30 kg/m2. RESULTS: In total, 547 (19%) patients were obese at baseline, while 2,340 (81%) patients were non-obese. Estimated 5-year OS was 87.5% for non-obese and 82.9% for obese patients (HR 1.34; P = 0.013). Estimated 5-years DFS was 75.9% for nonobese and 70.0% for obese patients (HR 1.20; P = 0.041). Ina multivariate model, obesity remained an independent prognostic factor for OS and DFS. CONCLUSIONS: In this study,obesity was associated with poorer outcome in node-positive BC patients. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide, more research on improving the treatment of obese BC patients is needed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/complicações , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Clin Oncol ; 25(24): 3732-8, 2007 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17704423

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized, 2 x 2 factorial study compared a semimonthly regimen (fluorouracil [FU] and leucovorin [LV] semi-monthly is LV5FU2) with a monthly regimen of FU and LV (mFU/LV) as well as 24 weeks versus 36 weeks of each regimen as adjuvant treatment of stage II and III colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LV5FU2 was administered semimonthly for 2 days as racemate (dl) or levogyre (l-; 200 or 100 mg/m(2)) as a 2-hour infusion, followed by 400 mg/m(2) FU bolus and a 600-mg/m(2) FU 22-hour continuous infusion. FU and LV were administered monthly (mFU/LV) for 5 days as dl- or l-LV 15-minute infusion, followed by a 400 mg/m(2) FU 15-minute infusion. The primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Between September 1996 and November 1999, 905 patients with stage II (43%) and III (57%) colon cancer were enrolled. The median follow-up was 6 years. There was no statistically significant difference between mFU/LV and LV5FU2 in terms of DFS (150 v 148 events; hazard ratio [HR],1.01; 95% CI, 0.806 to 1.269; P = .94) and overall survival (OS; 104 v 103 events; HR,1.02; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.34; P = .91). No statistical difference was observed between 24 or 36 weeks of chemotherapy. Median survival from metastatic relapse was 24 months. The survival of patients with metastatic relapse (n = 243) was significantly longer for patients with a longer time from random assignment to relapse (< 1, 1 to 2, >or= 2 years; log-rank test for trend P, .0497). CONCLUSION: DFS and OS were not statistically different between treatment groups and treatment durations. These data confirm the value of LV5FU2 as control arm in the Multicenter International Study of Oxaliplatin/5FU-LV in the Adjuvant Treatment of Colon Cancer and Pan-European Trials in Adjuvant Colon Cancer studies.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
J Clin Oncol ; 25(22): 3224-9, 2007 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17664470

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the OPTIMOX1 trial, previously untreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer were randomly assigned to two different schedules of leucovorin, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin that were administered until progression in the control arm or in a stop-and-go fashion in the experimental arm. The randomly assigned treatment groups did not differ significantly in terms of response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS). However, the impact of oxaliplatin reintroduction on OS was potentially masked by the fact that a large number of patients did not receive the planned oxaliplatin reintroduction or received oxaliplatin after second-line therapy in both treatment groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A Cox model was fitted with all significant baseline factors plus time-dependent variables reflecting tumor progression, reintroduction of oxaliplatin, and use of second-line irinotecan. A shared frailty model was fitted with all significant baseline factors plus the number of lines of chemotherapy received by the patient and the percentage of patients with oxaliplatin reintroduction in the center. An adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was calculated for three reintroduction classes (1% to 20%, 21% to 40%, and > 40%), using centers with no reintroduction (0%) as the reference group. RESULTS: Oxaliplatin reintroduction had an independent and significant impact on OS (HR = 0.56, P = .009). The percentage of patients with oxaliplatin reintroductions also had a significant impact on OS. Centers in which more than 40% of the patients were reintroduced had an adjusted HR for OS of 0.59 compared with centers in which no patient was reintroduced. CONCLUSION: Oxaliplatin reintroduction is associated with improved survival in patients with advanced colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Oxaliplatina , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Clin Oncol ; 22(2): 229-37, 2004 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14657227

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In metastatic colorectal cancer, phase III studies have demonstrated the superiority of fluorouracil (FU) with leucovorin (LV) in combination with irinotecan or oxaliplatin over FU + LV alone. This phase III study investigated two sequences: folinic acid, FU, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) followed by folinic acid, FU, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX6; arm A), and FOLFOX6 followed by FOLFIRI (arm B). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Previously untreated patients with assessable disease were randomly assigned to receive a 2-hour infusion of l-LV 200 mg/m(2) or dl-LV 400 mg/m(2) followed by a FU bolus 400 mg/m(2) and 46-hour infusion 2,400 to 3,000 mg/m(2) every 46 hours every 2 weeks, either with irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) or with oxaliplatin 100 mg/m(2) as a 2-hour infusion on day 1. At progression, irinotecan was replaced by oxaliplatin (arm A), or oxaliplatin by irinotecan (arm B). RESULT: Median survival was 21.5 months in 109 patients allocated to FOLFIRI then FOLFOX6 versus 20.6 months in 111 patients allocated to FOLFOX6 then FOLFIRI (P =.99). Median second progression-free survival (PFS) was 14.2 months in arm A versus 10.9 in arm B (P =.64). In first-line therapy, FOLFIRI achieved 56% response rate (RR) and 8.5 months median PFS, versus FOLFOX6 which achieved 54% RR and 8.0 months median PFS (P =.26). Second-line FOLFIRI achieved 4% RR and 2.5 months median PFS, versus FOLFOX6 which achieved 15% RR and 4.2 months PFS. In first-line therapy, National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria grade 3/4 mucositis, nausea/vomiting, and grade 2 alopecia were more frequent with FOLFIRI, and grade 3/4 neutropenia and neurosensory toxicity were more frequent with FOLFOX6. CONCLUSION: Both sequences achieved a prolonged survival and similar efficacy. The toxicity profiles were different.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Injeções Intravenosas , Irinotecano , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Hepatology ; 38(5): 1289-96, 2003 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14578869

RESUMO

New treatments are needed for chronic hepatitis C patients in whom viral clearance cannot be achieved. Thirty-five chronic hepatitis C patients (genotype 1) were randomized to receive 20 mug of recombinant HCV E1 (E1) (n = 26) or placebo (n = 9) intramuscularly at weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24. Thirty-four then received open-label E1 vaccine at weeks 50, 53, 56, 59, 62, and 65. Twenty-four patients (12 men, 12 women; mean age, 52 y; 18 interferon-based treatment failures; mean baseline alanine aminotransferase [ALT] level, 118 IU/L) underwent a biopsy before and after 2 courses of E1, 17 months later. Liver histology was scored by 2 blinded pathologists according to the Ishak and Metavir systems. Postinjection reactions were similar to placebo (alum only). Nine of 24 patients (38%) had improvement of 2 points or more, 10 (41%) remained stable, and 5 (21%) showed worsening in total Ishak score. Nine patients (38%) improved both on Ishak and Metavir fibrosis scores. Plasma HCV-RNA levels remained unchanged, whereas ALT levels showed a trend toward a decrease during treatment. All but 3 patients developed a significant de novo E1-specific T-cell response. The increase in anti-E1 antibody levels correlated with the decrease in total Ishak score and with the relative decreases in both Ishak fibrosis score and ALT level (all P < or =.01). In conclusion, E1 therapeutic vaccination is well tolerated and the observed effects warrant further study.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/uso terapêutico , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Formação de Anticorpos , Feminino , Fibrose , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/imunologia , Hepatite C Crônica/patologia , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , RNA Viral/análise , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/imunologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA