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1.
Future Oncol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590772

RESUMO

Aims: To obtain real-world data on ramucirumab use and effectiveness for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC) or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GEJ). Methods: Observational, retrospective study carried out in 20 Spanish hospitals, in patients who started ramucirumab treatment between December 2015 and December 2018. Descriptive analysis was conducted for patient characteristics, treatment patterns and effectiveness outcomes. Results: Three hundred seventeen patients were included (93.7% treated with ramucirumab-paclitaxel and 6.3% with ramucirumab); age 62.5 (11.3) years; 66.9% male. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.9 months (95% CI: 3.4-4.3) and 7.4 (95% CI: 6.4-8.9) in combination regimen and 2.0 (1.1-2.8) and 4.3 (95% CI: 1.9-7.3) in monotherapy, respectively. Conclusion: The study findings were consistent with available real-world studies and randomized clinical trials.

2.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(13): 3112-3119, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844699

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe clinical and survival characteristics of transplant-eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients in Latin America (LA), with a special focus on differences between public and private healthcare facilities. We included 1293 patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2018. A great disparity in outcomes and survival between both groups was observed. Late diagnosis and low access to adequate frontline therapy and ASCT in public institutions probably explain these differences. Patients treated with novel drug induction protocols, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and maintenance, have similar overall survival compared to that published internationally.

3.
Clin Colorectal Cancer ; 19(3): e110-e116, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic and predictive factors offer valuable guidance when selecting optimal first-line treatment in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). The association between baseline circulating tumor cell (bCTC) count, molecular tumor profile, and clinicopathologic features was analyzed in a chemo-naïve metastatic CRC population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1202 patients from the Spanish VISNÚ-1 (FOLFIRINOX/bevacizumab vs. FOLFOX/bevacizumab) and VISNÚ-2 (FOLFIRI/bevacizumab vs. FOLFIRI/cetuximab; RAS-wildtype) studies were analyzed for mutational status and bCTC count. The association between clinicopathologic characteristics and bCTC count, mutational status, and microsatellite instability (MSI) was analyzed in 589 eligible patients. RESULTS: Interestingly, 41% of the population studied presented ≥3 bCTC count. bCTC count ≥3 was associated with worse performance status (according Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group scale), stage IV at diagnosis, at least 3 metastatic sites, and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels; but not with RAS or BRAF mutations or high MSI. BRAFmut (BRAF mutated) tumors were associated with right-sided primary tumors, peritoneum, distant lymph node metastasis, and less frequent liver involvement. RASmut (RAS mutated) was associated with worse performance status; stage IV at diagnosis; right-sided primary tumors; liver, lung, and bone metastases; at least 3 metastatic sites; and elevated CEA, whereas PIK3CAmut (PIK3CA mutated) tumors were associated with right-sided primary tumors, high CEA serum levels, and older age. High MSI was associated with right-sided primary tumors, distant lymph nodes metastasis, and lower CEA levels. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, elevated bCTCs and RASmut were associated with clinicopathologic features known to be associated with poor prognosis; whereas the poor prognosis of BRAFmut tumors in chemo-naïve metastatic CRC is not explained by associations with poor clinicopathologic prognostic factors, except right-sided primary tumors. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: VISNU 1 ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01640405/ VISNU 2 ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01640444.

4.
Front Oncol ; 9: 245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31024847

RESUMO

Acute leukemia is a heterogeneous set of diseases affecting children and adults. Current prognostic factors are not accurate predictors of the clinical outcome of adult patients and the stratification of risk groups remains insufficient. For that reason, this study proposes a multifactorial analysis which integrates clinical parameters, ex vivo tumor characterization and behavioral in vivo analysis in zebrafish. This model represents a new approach to understand leukemic primary cells behavior and features associated with aggressiveness and metastatic potential. Xenotransplantation of primary samples from patients newly diagnosed with acute leukemia in zebrafish embryos at 48 hpf was used to asses survival rate, dissemination pattern, and metastatic potential. Seven samples from young adults classified in adverse, favorable or intermediate risk group were characterized. Tumor heterogeneity defined by Leukemic stem cell (LSC) proportion, was performed by metabolic and cell membrane biomarkers characterization. Thus, our work combines all these parameters with a robust quantification strategy that provides important information about leukemia biology, their relationship with specific niches and the existent inter and intra-tumor heterogeneity in acute leukemia. In regard to prognostic factors, leukemic stem cell proportion and Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) migration into zebrafish were the variables with highest weights for the prediction analysis. Higher ALDH activity, less differentiated cells and a broader and random migration pattern are related with worse clinical outcome after induction chemotherapy. This model also recapitulates multiple aspects of human acute leukemia and therefore is a promising tool to be employed not only for preclinical studies but also supposes a new tool with a higher resolution compared to traditional methods for an accurate stratification of patients into worse or favorable clinical outcome.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 1185, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine increases survival in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, the assessment of treatment efficacy and safety in non-selected patients in a real-life setting may provide useful information to support decision-making processes in routine practice. METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter study including patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer, who started first-line treatment with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine between December 2013 and June 2015 according to routine clinical practice. In addition to describing the treatment pattern, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed for the total sample and the exploratory subgroups based on the treatment and patients' clinical characteristics. RESULTS: All 210 eligible patients had a median age of 65.0 years (range 37-81). Metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma was recurrent in 46 (21.9%) patients and de novo in 164 (78.1%); 38 (18%) patients had a biliary stent. At baseline, 33 (18.1%) patients had an ECOG performance status ≥2. Patients received a median of four cycles of treatment (range 1-21), with a median duration of 3.5 months; 137 (65.2%) patients had a dose reduction of nab-paclitaxel and/or gemcitabine during treatment, and 33 (17.2%) discontinued treatment due to toxicity. Relative dose intensity (RDI) for nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and the combined treatment was 66.7%. Median OS was 7.2 months (95% CI 6.0-8.5), and median PFS was 5.0 months (95% CI 4.3-5.9); 50 patients achieved either a partial or complete response (ORR 24.6%). OS was influenced by baseline ECOG PS, NLR and CA 19.9, but not by age ≥ 70 years and/or the presence of hepatobiliary stent or RDI < 85%. All included variables, computed as dichotomous, showed a significant contribution to the Cox regression model to build a nomogram for predicting survival in these patients: baseline ECOG 0-1 vs. 2-3 (p = 0.030), baseline NLR > 3 vs. ≤ 3 (p = 0.043), and baseline CA 19.9 > 37 U/mL vs. ≤37 U/mL (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine remain effective in a real-life setting, despite the high burden of dose reductions and poorer performance of these patients. A nomogram to predict survival using baseline ECOG performance status, NLR and CA 19.9 is proposed.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Acta méd. colomb ; 42(1): 35-41, ene.-mar. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-886337

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción y objetivos: las neoplasias mieloproliferativas crónicas (NMPC) son relativamente raras, con incidencias que varían entre 0.47-1.03/100 000 habitantes. Se presenta el primer informe del trabajo del registro colombiano de NMPC, cuyo objetivo es describir las características clínicas de estos pacientes en nuestro país. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo observacional, multicéntrico, retrospectivo y prospectivo en ocho centros del país, de abril de 2013 a diciembre de 2014. Las variables cualitativas se presentan con frecuencias absolutas y relativas; y las cuantitativas se resumen en medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados: once centros fueron aprobados, ocho ingresaron pacientes. En los primeros 179 casos reportados, 50% eran hombres, la edad promedio al diagnóstico 58.7 años (rango 19-92). Noventa y tres muestran trombocitemia esencial (TE); 55, policitemia vera (PV); y 31, mielofibrosis (MF). El 41% tenía esplenomegalia al diagnóstico; el 20% tuvo complicaciones trombóticas; y 12.85%, sangrado. Sólo en 57.5% se realizó JAK; de ellos, en 53.5% fue positivo, en especial sólo 60% de las PV. El 8% de los casos no tenía estudio de médula ósea, el 29.3% tiene algún grado de fibrosis. El hallazgo más frecuente fue hiperplasia megacariocítica en 59.78%. Más de 50% de pacientes estaban sintomáticos al diagnóstico. Sólo el 11% no recibió tratamiento farmacológico; los más frecuentes fueron hidroxiurea en 149 casos y ASA en 79. Con promedio de seguimiento de 52.6 meses; el 97.21% de los pacientes están vivos. Conclusiones: los hallazgos sugieren que algunas características de las NMPC podrían ser diferentes a lo reportado en otras series, lo que valida la importancia del esfuerzo de recoger información local.


Abstract Introduction and objectives: chronic MPNs are relatively rare, with incidences varying between 0.47-1.03 / 100 000 inhabitants. The first report of the work of the Colombian registry of chronic MPNs, whose objective is to describe the clinical characteristics of these patients in our country, is presented. Materials and methods: descriptive observational, multicenter, retrospective and prospective study in eight centers of the country, from April 2013 to December 2014. Qualitative variables are presented with absolute and relative frequencies, and the quantitative ones are summarized in measures of central tendency and dispersion. Results: eleven centers were approved; 8 admitted patients. In the first 179 cases reported, 50% were men; the average age at diagnosis was 58.7 years (range 19-92). Ninety-three present essential thrombocythemia (ET); 55, polycythemia vera (PV); and 31, myelofibrosis (MF). 41% had splenomegaly at diagnosis; 20% had thrombotic complications, and 12.85%, bleeding. JAK was performed in only 57.5%. Of them, in 53.5% was positive, especially in only 60% of the PV. 8% of the cases had no bone marrow study; 29.3% had some degree of fibrosis. The most frequent finding was megakaryocytic hyperplasia in 59.78%. More than 50% of patients were symptomatic at diagnosis. Only 11% did not receive pharmacological treatment, being the most frequent hydroxyurea in 149 cases and ASA in 79, with an average follow-up of 52.6 months. 97.21% of patients are alive. Conclusions: the findings suggest that some characteristics of chronic MPNs could be different from those reported in other series, which validates the importance of the effort to collect local information.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 14: 865, 2014 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25417182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This phase II study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biweekly cetuximab in combination with oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and fluorouracil (FOLFOX-4) as first-line treatment of metastatic wild-type KRAS colorectal cancer. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with wild-type KRAS tumours received biweekly cetuximab (500 mg/m2 on day 1) plus FOLFOX-4 (oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 on day 1, leucovorin 200 mg/m2 on days 1 and 2, and fluorouracil as a 400 mg/m2 bolus followed by a 22-hour 600 mg/m2 infusion on day 1 and 2). Treatment was continued until disease progression, onset of unacceptable toxicities, metastases surgery, or discontinuation request. The primary endpoint was ORR. RESULTS: The intention-to-treat population included 99 patients with a median age of 64.1 years (range, 34-82). The ORR was 60.6% (95% CI, 50.3% to 70.3%). The median follow-up was 17.8 months; the median OS and PFS were 20.8 and 10.1 months, respectively. Metastases from colorectal cancer were surgically resected in 26 (26.3%) patients, with complete resection achieved in 18 (69.2%) patients. Median PFS and OS in patients undergoing metastatic resection were 12.6 and 29.5 months, respectively. The most common grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia (32.3%), acne-like rash (15.2%) and diarrhoea (11.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of the biweekly combination of cetuximab with FOLFOX-4 in patients with wild-type KRAS tumours supports the administration of cetuximab in a dosing regimen more convenient for patients and healthcare providers. The activity of the biweekly administration is similar to what has been reported for the weekly regimen. Reported toxicity was also consistent with the known toxicity profile of weekly cetuximab. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT Number 200800690916.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Genes ras , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cetuximab , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
9.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2014: 713048, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25580314

RESUMO

Introduction. The clinical course of an autoimmune paraneoplastic syndrome parallels the natural history of the primary malignancy. In most cases, such paraneoplastic are syndromes hardly distinguishable from idiopathic autoimmune diseases. A case of polyangiitis with granulomatosis as a paraneoplastic syndrome in a patient with B-cell Lymphoma of the lacrimal gland has not yet been reported. Case Presentation. We present the case of a male patient with a B-cell Lymphoma of the lacrimal gland, who debuted with symptoms similar to rheumatoid arthritis and acute renal failure, secondary to polyangiitis with granulomatosis. The current pathophysiological hypotheses explaining the relationship between a lymphoproliferative disease and an autoimmune paraneoplastic disorder are discussed. Conclusion. Tumor-associated segmental necrotizing glomerulopathy is a very rare manifestation of glomerular diseases. Some atypical clinical features should increase the suspicion of an underlying tumor, in which case it is essential to treat the primary neoplasia, in order to control the autoimmune manifestations.

10.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e82411, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24324784

RESUMO

A variety of genetic alterations are considered hallmarks of cancer development and progression. The Ikaros gene family, encoding for key transcription factors in hematopoietic development, provides several examples as genetic defects in these genes are associated with the development of different types of leukemia. However, the complex patterns of expression of isoforms in Ikaros family genes has prevented their use as clinical markers. In this study, we propose the use of the expression profiles of the Ikaros isoforms to classify various hematological tumor diseases. We have standardized a quantitative PCR protocol to estimate the expression levels of the Ikaros gene exons. Our analysis reveals that these levels are associated with specific types of leukemia and we have found differences in the levels of expression relative to five interexonic Ikaros regions for all diseases studied. In conclusion, our method has allowed us to precisely discriminate between B-ALL, CLL and MM cases. Differences between the groups of lymphoid and myeloid pathologies were also identified in the same way.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Processamento Alternativo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise por Conglomerados , Progressão da Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Família Multigênica , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 4(2): 114-21, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24071536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The combination of oxaliplatin and oral capecitabine (XELOX) has shown to be an active regimen in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). However, the experience with XELOX in elderly patients is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XELOX as first-line treatment in elderly patients with MCRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients aged ≥70years with previously untreated MCRC received oxaliplatin 85mg/m(2) on day 1, every 2weeks plus capecitabine 1000mg/m(2) (or capecitabine 750mg/m(2) if creatinine clearance was 30-50mL/min) twice daily on days 1-7, every 2weeks. Treatment was continued until progression, intolerable toxicity, or for a maximum of 12cycles. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled. Median age was 78years (range, 70-83). Patients received a median of 11cycles of treatment. The objective response rate (ORR) was 49% and the tumor control rate was 86%. Median time to progression and overall survival were 8.6 (95% CI: 5.5-11.7) and 15.5 (95% CI: 9.6-21.3) months, respectively. Toxicities were generally mild to moderate. Major grade 1-2 toxicities were asthenia (40%), nausea (43%), and diarrhea (40%). No grade 4 toxicity was detected and grade 3 toxicities were reported in 17% of patients. There was no treatment-related death. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that the biweekly XELOX regimen represents an effective and tolerable first-line treatment option for elderly patients with MCRC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Fluoruracila/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Capecitabina , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Comorbidade , Creatinina/análise , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Irinotecano , Masculino , Oxaloacetatos
12.
Anticancer Res ; 33(9): 4089-96, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24023354

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate gemcitabine plus capecitabine as third-line or later-line therapy in patients with refractory advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) who maintain a good performance status (PS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients who had failed at least two lines of therapy or had contraindication to standard therapy and received gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m(2), d1 biweekly) plus capecitabine (1,700 mg/m(2)/day, d1-7 every two weeks) in a compassionate use program. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients were enrolled. The majority (85%) had ECOG PS 1. Gemcitabine plus capecitabine was administered as third- and fourth-line in 49% and 23% of patients, respectively; and as fifth-line or later-line in 28%. A clinical benefit of 21% was found. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.0 and 7.3 months, respectively. Toxicity was mild to moderate, with no reported grade 4 toxicities. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine plus capecitabine was safe and well-tolerated. While the efficacy of this regimen was modest in terms of response, the survival data were acceptable and consistent with previous publications on this setting.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 27(4): 222-230, oct.-dic. 2011. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-638354

RESUMO

Los síndromes linfoproliferativos postrasplante (PTLD, por sus siglas en inglés) constituyen una complicación relativamente frecuente entre los receptores de trasplante de órgano sólido o de médula ósea. Representan un amplio espectro de lesiones, que oscilan desde los cambios histológicos tempranos producidos por la infección del virus de Epstein-Barr hasta las neoplasias de alto grado con respuestas variables a las intervenciones terapéuticas. El compromiso del sistema nervioso central (SNC) se ha descrito hasta en 22% de los casos, 12% de ellos en forma primaria, asociados a un peor pronóstico; en general el abordaje diagnóstico y terapéutico no está estandarizado, en parte, debido a la limitación fisiológica que implica la barrera hematoencefálica. El tratamiento tiene opciones limitadas; se acepta el uso de metotrexate a altas dosis o de rituximab intravenoso o intratecal. A continuación, se presenta el caso de un hombre de 76 años, receptor de un trasplante hepático por hemocromatosis, quien a los 6 años postrasplante consulta por alteración de la marcha. Tras documentar una lesión intra-axial, la biopsia por estereotaxia documenta un PTLD tardío, primario con lesión única en SNC. Después de la reducción inicial de la inmunosupresión, el tratamiento con rituximab y metotrexate intravenosos a altas dosis durante cinco ciclos, se logró respuesta parcial en este paciente, con toxicidad renal leve.


Assuntos
Masculino , Sistema Nervoso Central , Marcha , Imunossupressão , Transplante de Órgãos
14.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 49(12): 3070-3, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21911030

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) was determined in Thunnus albacares canned in oil (from 7 to 10 samples per brand) and water (from 5 to 10 samples per brand) of five leading brands in Mexico in 2008. Potential health risk was estimated on the basis of Hg concentration and rate (1.43 kg year(-1)per capita) of tuna consumption in Mexico. Highest Hg concentrations were 0.51 ± 0.26 and 0.40 ± 0.24 µ gg(-1) dry weight in water and oil, respectively. Averaged Hg concentrations in tuna canned in water in the current study were comparable to values in Katsuwonus pelamis from Alabama; regarding the oil presentation, Hg levels were lower than in canned tuna collected in Mexico and comparable to values in canned tuna (species not identified) from Turkey. Hazard quotients were 0.0166 and 0.012 in water and oil, respectively. For the analyzed brands and considering tuna consumption in Mexican population, reference dose for this element was not exceeded; therefore, no human health risk is likely to occur. More work is necessary in relation to exposure to Hg from other sources, rates of consumption in strata of population with elevated fish consumption, size of canned tuna and on the role of Se against Hg toxicity.


Assuntos
Alimentos em Conserva/análise , Mercúrio/análise , Alimentos Marinhos , Atum , Alabama , Animais , Contaminação de Alimentos , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , México , Óleos/química , Medição de Risco , Selênio/farmacologia , Turquia , Água/química
15.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 19(4): 287-296, oct.-dic. 2007. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-492949

RESUMO

La leucemia mieloide crónica es una enfermedad con comportamiento bifásico o trifásico, 90 por ciento de los pacientes debuta en fase crónica, 50 por ciento asintomáticos al diagnóstico. Un porcentaje con enfermedad crónica desarrollan en tiempo variable una enfermedad más agresiva definida por un período intermedio y crisis blástica. Se diagnostica al encontrar más del 20 por ciento de blastos en médula ósea, 30 por ciento en sangre periférica o enfermedad extramedular. El pronóstico es pobre, al lograr respuesta completa, con una mediana de sobrevida de 3-12 meses, independiente del fenotipo. El 50 por ciento de los pacientes tendrán una mieloide, 25 por ciento linfoide y 25 por ciento fenotipo indiferenciado. Un grupo de expertos clínicos de Bogotá, Colombia, revisaron la mejor evidencia sobre diagnóstico y tratamiento. La información se obtuvo de búsquedas estructuradas y varios registros de experimentos clínicos en curso. Presentamos conclusiones y recomendaciones para la toma de decisiones basadas en la mejor evidencia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Crise Blástica , Deleção Clonal , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Leucemia Mieloide/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide/fisiopatologia , Oncologia , Venezuela
16.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 10(4): 223-233, dic. 2006.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-484487

RESUMO

La leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) es una enfermedad relevante en el ejercicio de la hematooncología, a pesar del déficit de información para Colombia. La realización de un consenso ayuda a la estandarización del manejo de esta enfermedad en el escenario del sistema de salud.Métodos: Se revisaron exhaustivamente las bases de datos Medline (1966-2005), Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2005), Embase (1974-2005), Biosis (1992-2005), Lilacs (1989-2005), entre otras. Todos los artículos fueron revisados por un comité central. Los resultados fueron validados por hematólogos, oncólogos, epidemiólogos y otros especialistas.población: Adultos con diagnóstico de leucemia mieloide aguda.Recomendaciones: La clasificación citogenética es útil para establecer las escalas de riesgo definitorias de la terapéutica. Se recomienda la inclusión de una antraciclina o de la mitoxantrona en el tratamiento estándar de inducción. Para los pacientes candidatos a trasplante alogélico sin donante HLA idéntico se recomienda el trasplante autólogo de médula.El trasplante autólogo no se indica como terapia estándar en pacientes en remisión completa con riesgo citogénico intermedio. Se recomiendan, como terapia de consolidación en los pacientes con riesgo favorable, las dosis altas de citarabina. Se recomienda el trasplante alogénico de médula en todos los diagnósticos de LMA de alto riesgo citogenético en primera remisión completa y para los de otros riesgos en casos de recaída.


Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a relevant disease among hemato-oncology practitioners in Colombia. The consensus facilitates the standardization of treatment in the scenario of the Colombian health system. Methods: Data bases were exhaustively reviewed: Medline (1966-2005), Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2005), Embase (1974-2005), Biosis (1992-2005), Lilacs (1989-2005) among others. All articles were reviewed by a central committee. The results were validated by hematologists, oncologists, epidemiologists, and other specialists. Population: Adults with diagnosis of AML. Recommendations: Citogenetic clasification allow us to establish a therapeutic score risk. Standard treatment induction shall include an antracycline. Patients with indication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT), without identical HLA donor should receive autologous BMT in their first remission. Autologous BMT does not have indication as a standard therapy in standard or intermedium cytogeneic risk. Consolidation therapy for patients with favorable risk should be done with high doses of cytarabine. All AML high risk patients in first remission should be consolidated with allogeneic BMT, as it should be done in different patients with or other risk status in case of relapsed.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Diagnóstico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide
17.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 54(4): 290-300, oct.-dic. 2006. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-440565

RESUMO

La marihuana es una de las drogas de abuso más antiguas conocidas por la humanidad. Sin embargo, sólo recientemente se han comenzado a comprender los mecanismos bioquímicos que están detrás de los efectos toxicos de la droga en el sistema inmune. Los modelos experimentales in vitro e in vivo, tanto en animales como en humanos, muestran un claro patrón de alteración inmunológica, apuntando hacia la supresión de la respesta inmune de tipo celular Th1-dependiente. En estos eventos la participación de los receptores para canabinoides expresados en la superficie de los inmunocitos es muy importante


Assuntos
Fenômenos Bioquímicos , Cannabis , Técnicas In Vitro , Sistema Imunitário/fisiopatologia , Toxicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
18.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 10(1): 36-49, mar. 2006. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-446667

RESUMO

Introducción: El Consenso Colombiano de Hematología Oncológica (CC CCHO) es un proyecto apoyado por el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, E.S.E y por la Sociedad Colombiana de Hematología y Oncología. Su propósito es mejorar los resultados de las intervenciones realizadas en los pacientes con cáncer, ayudando a los profesionales en salud a suministrar la mejor evidencia disponible; a fin de optimizar las decisiones clínicas y promover el uso racional de los recursos. La actividad del CCHO permite desarrollar pautas para la práctica clínica, siguiendo la metodología del grupo nominal; los informes resultantes representan la síntesis de las recomendaciones extraídas de la información recolectada por medio de búsquedas sistemáticas de la literatura médica. La aprobación de las recomendaciones por parte de los miembros del CCHO no significa necesariamente que deba ser adoptada como política;depende del lector.Métodos: Se revisaron las bases Medline (1966-2005), Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2005), Embase (1974-2005), Biosis (1992-2005), Lilacs (1989-2005) y otras bases de datos relevantes. Los artículos publicados fueron seleccionados y revisados por el comité central del CCHO. Este documento ha sido revisado y aprobada por todos los miembros del Consenso, que incluyó: hematólogos, oncólogos, epidemiólogos, hematopatólogos, un especialista en políticas de salud y un miembro de la comunidad. Tres hematólogos internacionales, de manera independiente, hicieron la revisión externa del documento de resumen. El documento final del consenso requirió un proceso formal de estandarización. Será obligatoria la revisión periódica y continua de la literatura científica y,cuando se considere apropiado, se integrará la nueva información relevante al consenso original.Población: El ámbito del consenso son los pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC). Los estudios realizados hasta el momento, o el diseño y desarrollo de nuevos experimentos clínicos fa...


Assuntos
Humanos , Consenso , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Colômbia
19.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 10(1): 7-35, mar. 2006.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-446669

RESUMO

Introducción: El Consenso Colombiano de Hematología Oncológica (CC CCHO) es un proyecto apoyado por el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, E.S.E y por la Sociedad Colombiana de Hematología y Oncología. Su propósito es mejorar los resultados de las intervenciones realizadas en los pacientes con cáncer, ayudando a los profesionales en salud a suministrar la mejor evidencia disponible; a fin de optimizar las decisiones clínicas y promover el uso racional de los recursos. La actividad delCCHO permite desarrollar pautas para la práctica clínica, siguiendo la metodología del grupo nominal; los informes resultantes representan la síntesis de las recomendaciones extraídas de la información recolectada por medio de búsquedas sistemáticas de la literatura médica. La aprobación de las recomendaciones por parte de los miembros del CCHO no significa necesariamente que deba ser adoptada como política; depende del lector.Métodos: Se revisaron las bases Medline (1966-2005), Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2005), Embase (1974-2005), Biosis (1992-2005), Lilacs (1989-2005) y otras bases de datos relevantes. Los artículos publicados fueron seleccionados y revisados por el comité central del CCHO. Este documento ha sido revisado y aprobada por todos los miembros del Consenso, que incluyó: hematólogos, oncólogos, epidemiólogos, hematopatólogos, un especialista en políticas de salud y un miembro dela comunidad. Tres hematólogos internacionales, de manera independiente, hicieron la revisión externa del documento de resumen. El documento final del consenso requirió un proceso formal de estandarización. Será obligatoria la revisión periódica y continua de la literatura científica y, cuando se considere apropiado, se integrará la nueva información relevante al consenso original. Población: El ámbito del consenso son los pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoblástica aguda.


Assuntos
Humanos , Consenso , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Colômbia
20.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 9(4): 149-174, dic. 2005. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-438186

RESUMO

El Consenso Colombiano de Hematología Oncológica (CCHO) es un proyecto apoyado por el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, E.S.E y por la Sociedad Colombiana de Hematología y Oncología Clínica. Su propósito es mejorar los resultados de las intervenciones realizadas en los pacientes con cáncer, ayudando a los profesionales en salud a suministrar la mejor evidencia disponible; a fin de optimizar las decisiones clínicas y promover el uso racional de los recursos.La actividad del CCHO permite desarrollar pautas para la práctica siguiendo la metodología del grupo nominal, y los informes resultantes representan la síntesis de las recomendaciones extraídas de la información recolectada por medio de búsquedas sistemáticas de la literatura médica. La aprobación de las recomendaciones por parte de los miembros del CCHO no significa necesariamente que deba ser adoptada como política; depende del lector.Se revisaron las bases Medline 1966-2005,Cochrane Library tissue 2,2005,Embase 1974-2005,Biosis 1992-2005, Lilacs 1989-2005 y otras bases de datos relevantes.Esta guía ha sido revisada y aprobada por todos los miembros del Consenso,que incluyó hematólogos, oncólogos, epidemiólogos, hematopatólogos, un especialista en políticas de salud y un miembro de la comunidad. Tres hematólogos internacionales, de manera independiente, hicieron la revisión externa del documento de resumen. El documento final del consenso requirió un proceso formal de estandarización. Será obligatoria la revisión periódica y continua de la literatura científica y, cuando se considere apropiado, se integrara la nueva información relevante al consenso original.Población: El ámbito del consenso son los pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de linfoma folicular no Hodgkin (LFNH).


Assuntos
Humanos , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/radioterapia , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/radioterapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Colômbia
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