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2.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773259

RESUMO

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a chronic skin disease that significantly impacts quality of life (QOL). This study tested a novel method to measure QOL in CLE using willingness-to-pay (WTP) stated preferences, and aimed to determine which of nine domains of life are most affected by CLE. Twenty-one participants with CLE ranked the domains in order of impact on CLE-related QOL, and then stated how many United States dollars they would be willing to pay for a hypothetical cure for each domain. Eighty-one percent of participants were female; mean age was 42.4 years. Photosensitivity was ranked highest by 71.4% of respondents. Participants were willing to pay the most for a hypothetical cure for CLE specific to photosensitivity (median = $200,000), the least for a cure specific to self-care (median = $0). Participants were willing to pay a median of $1,000,000 for an overall cure for CLE. Limitations include a small sample size for this pilot study and that willingness-to-pay may be influenced by individual perception of money and socioeconomic factors. This study successfully pilot-tested a WTP method and ranking task for health-related QOL. Photosensitivity was the domain of life most affected by CLE, which is a domain unique to our novel tool.

4.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Associations between gluten intake and psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and atopic dermatitis are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether increased gluten intake is associated with incident psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. METHODS: Cohort studies among women in Nurses' Health Study II. Food frequency questionnaires were used to calculate gluten content of participants' diet every 4 years (1991-2015 for psoriatic disease, 1995-2013 for atopic dermatitis). Disease outcomes were assessed by self-report and subsequently validated. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between gluten intake (quintiles) and psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. RESULTS: We included 85,185 participants in the psoriasis analysis, 85,324 in the psoriatic arthritis analysis, and 63,443 in the atopic dermatitis analysis. Increased gluten intake was not associated with any of the outcomes (all P for trend >.05). Comparing highest and lowest gluten intake quintiles, the multivariable hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 1.15 (0.98-1.36) for psoriasis, 1.12 (0.78-1.62) for psoriatic arthritis, and 0.91 (0.66-1.25) for atopic dermatitis. LIMITATIONS: No assessment of a strictly gluten-free diet. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support the amount of dietary gluten intake as a risk factor for psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or atopic dermatitis in adult women.

5.
JAMA Dermatol ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365038

RESUMO

Importance: Retinoids are bioactive forms of vitamin A that are essential in the maintenance of epithelial maturation and differentiation. Synthetic retinoids are used in chemoprevention of skin cancer among high-risk populations with potential adverse effects. Epidemiologic data on vitamin A intake and risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are limited. Objective: To examine whether vitamin A intake is associated with a reduction in SCC risk. Design, Settings, and Participants: This cohort study prospectively examined intake of vitamin A and carotenoids and SCC risk in the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012). Diet was assessed repeatedly. Incident SCC was confirmed by pathologic reports. Data analysis was performed from June 21, 2017, to December 4, 2018. Exposures: Intakes of vitamin A, retinol, and carotenoids. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incident SCC. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to compute cohort-specific hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs. Pooled HRs of the cohort-specific results were calculated. Results: A total of 3978 SCC cases in 75 170 women in the Nurses' Health Study (mean [SD] age, 50.4 [7.2] years) and 48 400 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (mean [SD] age, 54.3 [9.9] years) were documented. Higher total vitamin A was associated with a reduction in SCC risk; with quintile 1 as the reference, the pooled multivariate HRs for the increasing quintiles of vitamin A intake were 0.97 (95% CI, 0.87-1.07) for quintile 2, 0.97 (95% CI, 0.80-1.17) for quintile 3, 0.93 (95% CI, 0.84-1.03) for quintile 4, and 0.83 (95% CI, 0.75-0.93) for quintile 5 (P < .001 for trend). Higher intakes of retinol and some carotenoids were also associated with a reduction in SCC risk; the pooled HRs for the highest quintiles of intake compared with the lowest quintiles were 0.88 (95% CI, 0.79-0.97; P = .001 for trend) for total retinol, 0.86 (95% CI, 0.76-0.96; P = .001 for trend) for beta cryptoxanthin, 0.87 (95% CI, 0.78-0.96; P < .001 for trend) for lycopene, and 0.89 (95% CI, 0.81-0.99; P = .02 for trend) for lutein and zeaxanthin. The results were generally consistent by sex and other SCC risk factors. Conclusions and Relevance: This study suggests that increased intake of dietary vitamin A is associated with decreased risk of incident SCC. Future studies are needed to determine whether vitamin A supplementation has a role in chemoprevention of SCC.

6.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-8, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335211

RESUMO

Citrus products are rich sources of furocoumarins, a class of photoactive compounds. Certain furocoumarins combined with ultraviolet radiation can induce skin cancer. We examined the relationship between citrus consumption and cutaneous melanoma risk among 56,205 Caucasian postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of melanoma by citrus intake level. During a mean follow-up of 15.7 years, 956 incident melanoma cases were documented. In multivariable adjusted models, the HR (95% CI) for melanoma was 1.12 (0.91, 1.37) among the highest citrus consumers (1.5+ servings/day of fruit or juice) versus the lowest (<2 servings/week), 0.95 (0.76, 1.20) among the highest citrus fruit consumers (5+ servings/week) versus non-consumers, and was 1.13 (0.96, 1.32) for the highest citrus juice consumers (1+ servings/day) versus the lowest (<1 serving/week). In stratified analyses, an increased melanoma risk associated with citrus juice intake was observed among women who spent the most time outdoors in summer as adults; the HR for the highest versus lowest intake was 1.22 (1.02, 1.46) (p trend = 0.03). Further research is needed to explore the association of melanoma with citrus juices among women with high sun exposure.

7.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 28(9): 1534-1543, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few epidemiologic studies have investigated trace element exposure and skin cancer risk. METHODS: Toenail levels of mercury, selenium, chromium, iron, and zinc were measured from 6,708 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and 3,730 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012) with data from prior nested case-control studies. Participants were free of skin cancer at toenail collection and followed for incident basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compute hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of skin cancer associated with the elements in each study. We calculated pooled multivariable HRs using a fixed-effects model. During 26 to 28 years of follow-up, 2,433 BCC, 334 SCC, and 130 melanoma cases were documented. RESULTS: Higher toenail mercury levels were associated with risk of BCC [pooled HR for top vs. bottom quintiles = 1.34 (95% CI, 1.18-1.52), P trend < 0.0001]. Similar direct associations were found with risks of SCC [pooled HR for top vs. bottom quartiles = 1.41 (95% CI, 1.03-1.94), P trend = 0.04] and melanoma [pooled HR for top vs. bottom quartiles = 1.88 (95% CI, 1.12-3.16), P trend = 0.02]. Chromium was positively associated with BCC in women only. No associations were found between other metals and skin cancer risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our prospective data found that increased toenail mercury concentrations were associated with increased skin cancer risk. IMPACT: If our novel findings are confirmed, mercury may play a role in skin carcinogenesis.

9.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 80(6): 1682-1690, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diet is a modulator of inflammation that might impact inflammatory skin diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between pro-inflammatory dietary patterns and incident psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: We conducted cohort studies among women in the Nurses' Health Study II. The Empirical Dietary Inflammatory Pattern (EDIP) score was calculated at baseline and every 4 years. Incident psoriasis, PsA, and AD were assessed by validated self-report. We used multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between EDIP quintiles and risk for psoriasis, PsA, and AD. RESULTS: We had 85,185 participants in the psoriasis analysis and 63,443 in the AD analysis. There were 1432 cases of psoriasis, 262 cases of PsA, and 403 cases of AD. Pro-inflammatory dietary patterns were not associated with the risk for outcomes in multivariable models (all P values for trend >.05). HRs comparing the highest to the lowest EDIP quintile were 0.99 (95% CI 0.83-1.18) for psoriasis, 1.22 (95% CI 0.81-1.83) for PsA, and 0.96 (95% CI 0.69-1.34) for AD. LIMITATIONS: Recall and self-report. CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support dietary inflammatory potential as a risk factor for psoriasis, PsA, or AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Adulto , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 80(5): 1284-1291, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was unclear whether an increased number of common nevi (moles) predicts melanoma death. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined the association between number of common nevi and risk of melanoma death. METHODS: Our study used data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 77,288 women) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (n = 32,455 men). In 1986, participants were asked about the number of moles they had with a ≥3-mm diameter on the upper extremity, and we stratified their answers into 3 categories (none, 1-2, or ≥3) on the basis of data distribution. RESULTS: During follow-up (1986-2012), 2452 melanoma cases were pathologically confirmed; among these, we identified 196 deaths due to melanoma. Increased number of nevi was associated with melanoma death; the hazard ratio (HR) for ≥3 nevi compared with no nevi was 2.49 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.50-4.12) for women and 3.97 (95% CI 2.54-6.22) for men. Among melanoma cases, increased number of nevi was associated with melanoma death in men (≥3 nevi, HR 1.89, 95% CI 1.17-3.05) but not in women. Similarly, the number of nevi was positively associated with Breslow thickness in men only (Ptrend = .01). LIMITATIONS: This is an epidemiologic study without examination into mechanisms. CONCLUSION: Increased number of cutaneous nevi was significantly associated with melanoma death. High nevus count might serve as an independent prognostic factor to predict the risk of melanoma death particularly among male melanoma patients.


Assuntos
Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Nevo/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nevo/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Carga Tumoral , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
JAMA Dermatol ; 155(3): 353-357, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586131

RESUMO

Importance: Detection bias may influence the results of epidemiologic studies of skin cancer risk. An individual's degree of contact with the health care system, and, specifically, undergoing routine screening practices, may be a source of such bias. More intensive screening practices may be associated with increased diagnoses of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. Objective: To assess a possible association between health care screening practices and skin cancer risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: The cohort of participants for this study was drawn from the Nurses' Health Study (121 700 women) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (51 529 men). Participants in the Nurses' Health Study were followed up from June 1, 1990, to June 1, 2012, and participants in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study were followed up from January 1, 1990, to January 1, 2012. Statistical analysis was performed from April 4, 2017, to May 16, 2018. Exposures: During cohort follow-up, Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study participants were asked whether they had undergone various health care screening practices including physical examination by a physician, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, eye examination, serum cholesterol test, mammography, breast examination and pelvic examination, and prostate-specific antigen test and rectal examination. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incident BCC, SCC, and invasive melanoma. Cases of SCC and melanoma were confirmed with histopathologic findings. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were calculated for the association between screening practices and the various types of skin cancer. Results: This study included 77 736 women from the Nurses' Health Study (mean [SD] age at baseline, 56 [7] years) who were followed up for 1 388 523 person-years and 39 756 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (mean [SD] age at baseline, 58 [10] years) who were followed up for 635 319 person-years. A total of 14 319 incident BCCs, 1517 SCCs, and 506 melanomas were identified in the Nurses' Health Study cohort and 8741 incident BCCs, 1191 SCCs, and 469 melanomas were identified in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study cohort. Positive associations were seen between various screening practices and diagnoses of BCC and SCC, with similar directions of associations seen with melanoma for some screening practices. In the Nurses' Health Study, the multivariable HR associated with undergoing a physical examination was 1.46 (95% CI, 1.30-1.64) for BCC, 2.32 (95% CI, 1.41-3.80) for SCC, and 1.66 (95% CI, 0.85-3.22) for melanoma. Similar results were seen in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, with a multivariable HR associated with undergoing a physical examination of 1.43 (95% CI, 1.26-1.63) for BCC and 1.85 (95% CI, 1.17-2.92) for SCC, with an attenuated HR for melanoma of 1.04 (95% CI, 0.64-1.69). Conclusions and Relevance: Undergoing health care screening practices increases the likelihood of being diagnosed with skin cancer. Researchers should be aware of this association and, where appropriate and possible, condition analyses of skin cancer risk on measures of health care use, including screening, to address confounding associated with detection bias.

12.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(1): 96-102.e2, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30414948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal weight status may contribute to the development of atopic disorders in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with risk of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children. METHODS: Maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG were assessed by questionnaire through the Growing Up Today Study (GUTS), a prospective cohort study of US children. Mothers reported whether GUTS participants had ever been diagnosed with AD by a clinician in either 1997 or 1999, when GUTS participants were between 10 and 17 years old. We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate the association of BMI and GWG with AD in offspring (expressed as odds ratios [ORs] with 95% CIs). RESULTS: Among 13,269 GUTS participants, 2,058 (16%) had childhood AD. Higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI was not associated with AD (P trend = .48). In contrast, GWG was associated with increased AD risk (P trend = .005). Compared with children of mothers who gained 25 to 34 lb, children of mothers who gained 35 to 44 lb (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.98-1.26) and 45 lb or more (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.05-1.43) had an increased risk of AD. These associations appeared stronger with pre-pregnancy BMI greater than 25 (GWG, 35-44 lb: OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.84-1.69; GWG, ≥45 lb: OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.07-2.31), but the statstical interaction between BMI and GWG was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, increased GWG was associated with increased risk of AD in offspring. This supports existing evidence that prenatal exposures contribute to the development of atopic disorders.

13.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 28(1): 217-224, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several host characteristics, including pigmentary traits (hair color, sunburn susceptibility and tanning ability), number of common nevi (moles), and family history of melanoma, have been associated with risk of melanoma. METHODS: We prospectively examined the associations between host characteristics and risk of incident melanoma by Breslow thickness (≤1 mm, thin melanoma; or >1 mm, "thicker melanoma") based on the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, n = 86,380 women), NHS II (n = 104,100 women), and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, n = 46,934 men). RESULTS: During 22-30 years' follow-up, a total of 1,813 incident melanoma cases were identified with information on Breslow thickness, 1,392 (76.8%) of which had thin melanoma. No significant differences were observed for thin and thicker melanoma in associations with hair color, sunburn susceptibility, and tanning ability. However, we found significant differences for the association with family history of melanoma, with a higher risk estimate for thicker melanoma [HR = 2.55; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.91-3.42] than thin melanoma (HR = 1.59; 95% CI: 1.21-2.08; P heterogeneity = 0.02). Interestingly, women and men displayed differential associations between nevi count and risk of melanoma by Breslow thickness, with the association appearing stronger for thicker melanoma than thin melanoma in men (P heterogeneity = 0.01), but not in women. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with family history of melanoma may be more likely to develop thicker melanoma. Men with high number of common nevi may tend to develop thicker melanoma, which was not found for women. IMPACT: The findings further stress the risk of thicker melanoma for individuals with a family history of melanoma and men with a high nevi count.

14.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 28(1): 3-21, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297516

RESUMO

Exposure to environmental trace elements has been studied in relation to many cancers. However, an association between exposure to trace elements and skin cancer remains less understood. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of published epidemiologic literature examining the association between exposure to trace elements, and risk of melanoma and keratinocyte carcinoma in humans. We identified epidemiologic studies investigating exposure to arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, selenium, and zinc and risk of skin cancer in humans. Among the minerals, arsenic, selenium, and zinc had more than five studies available. Exposure to arsenic was associated with increased risk of keratinocyte carcinoma, while too few studies existed on melanoma to draw conclusions. Exposure to selenium was associated with possible increased risk of keratinocyte carcinoma. Studies of zinc and skin cancer were case-control in design and were found to have inconsistent associations. The data on the association between cadmium, chromium, copper, and iron and risk of skin cancer remain too sparse to draw any conclusions. In summary, epidemiologic studies on exposure to trace elements and cutaneous malignancies are limited. Studies with larger sample sizes and prospective designs are warranted to improve our knowledge of trace elements and skin cancer.

15.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(12): 1394-1400, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347034

RESUMO

Importance: Caffeine is known to decrease vasodilation and have immunosuppressant effects, which may potentially decrease the risk of rosacea. However, the heat from coffee may be a trigger for rosacea flares. The relationship between the risk of rosacea and caffeine intake, including coffee consumption, is poorly understood. Objective: To determine the association between the risk of incident rosacea and caffeine intake, including coffee consumption. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 82 737 women in the Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II), a prospective cohort established in 1989, with follow-up conducted biennially between 1991 and 2005. All analysis took place between June 2017 and June 2018. Exposures: Data on coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate consumption were collected every 4 years during follow-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: Information on history of clinician-diagnosed rosacea and year of diagnosis was collected in 2005. Results: A total of 82 737 women responded to the question regarding a diagnosis of rosacea in 2005 in NHS II and were included in the final analysis (mean [SD] age at study entry, 50.5 [4.6] years). During 1 120 051 person-years of follow-up, we identified 4945 incident cases of rosacea. After adjustment for other risk factors, we found an inverse association between increased caffeine intake and risk of rosacea (hazard ratio for the highest quintile of caffeine intake vs the lowest, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.69-0.84; P < .001 for trend). A significant inverse association with risk of rosacea was also observed for caffeinated coffee consumption (HR, 0.77 for those who consumed ≥4 servings/d vs those who consumed <1/mo; 95% CI, 0.69-0.87; P < .001 for trend), but not for decaffeinated coffee (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.56-1.14; P = .39 for trend). Further analyses found that increased caffeine intake from foods other than coffee (tea, soda, and chocolate) was not significantly associated with decreased risk of rosacea. Conclusions and Relevance: Increased caffeine intake from coffee was inversely associated with the risk of incident rosacea. Our findings do not support limiting caffeine intake as a means to prevent rosacea. Further studies are required to explain the mechanisms of action of these associations, to replicate our findings in other populations, and to explore the relationship of caffeine with different rosacea subtypes.


Assuntos
Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Cafeína/efeitos adversos , Café/efeitos adversos , Rosácea/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0205486, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30308020

RESUMO

PASE (Psoriatic Arthritis Screening and Evaluation) was developed in the English language to screen for inflammatory arthritis among patients with psoriasis. It is 15 item self administered questionnaire with a score from 15 to 75. A higher score indicates a greater risk for inflammatory joint disease. The purpose of this study was to translate, adapt and validate this questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese (PASE-P). METHODS: 465 patients diagnosed with psoriasis (158 with psoriatic arthritis confirmed by a rheumatologist according to the CASPAR criteria and 307 without) were evaluated in dermatology clinics. We performed the analysis of semantic equivalence in eight steps. For psychometric equivalence, we evaluated the data quality, reliability, construct validity, well-known groups and discriminant characteristics of the items, as well as a ROC curve to determine optimal PASE-P cutoff points in case identification and their sensitivity / specificity. The final version presented excellent reproducibility (CCI = 0.97) and reliability (Cronbach's alpha> 0.9). A cut-off point of 25 distinguished between patients with and without psoriatic arthritis, with sensitivity of 69.5 and specificity of 86.8. PASE-P proved to be culturally valid and reliable to screen for psoriatic arthritis in Brazilian patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/psicologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Semântica , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 55: 176-183, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29990794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism - folate, vitamins B6 and B12, methionine, choline, and betaine - have been inversely associated with multiple cancer sites and may be related to skin cancer. However, there is a lack of research on the association between intake of these nutrients and cutaneous melanoma risk. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients and cutaneous melanoma risk in two large prospective cohorts. METHODS: The cohorts included 75,311 white women and 48,523 white men. Nutrient intake was assessed repeatedly by food frequency questionnaires and self-reported supplement use. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and then pooled HRs using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Over 24-26 years of follow-up, we documented 1328 melanoma cases (648 men and 680 women). Higher intake of folate from food only, but not total folate, was associated with increased melanoma risk (pooled HR for top versus bottom quintile: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.13-1.64; P for trend = 0.001). The association was significant in men, but attenuated in women. Higher intake of vitamins B6 and B12, choline, betaine, and methionine were not associated with melanoma risk, although there was modest increasing trend of risk for vitamin B6 from food only (pooled HR for top versus bottom quintile: 1.18; 95% CI: 0.99-1.41; P for trend = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: We found some evidence that higher intake of folate from food only was associated with a modest increased risk of cutaneous melanoma. However, since other factors related to dietary folate intake may account for the observed association, our findings warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Carbono/metabolismo , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos , Ácido Fólico/efeitos adversos , Melanoma/etiologia , Nutrientes/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nutrientes/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Estados Unidos
20.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0196517, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29874239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by non-scarring hair loss. The lack of a definitive biomarker or formal diagnostic criteria for AA limits our ability to define the epidemiology of the disease. In this study, we developed and tested the Alopecia Areata Assessment Tool (ALTO) in an academic medical center to validate the ability of this questionnaire in identifying AA cases. METHODS: The ALTO is a novel, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 8 closed-ended questions derived by the Delphi method. This prospective pilot study was administered during a 1-year period in outpatient dermatology clinics. Eligible patients (18 years or older with chief concern of hair loss) were recruited consecutively. No patients declined to participate. The patient's hair loss diagnosis was determined by a board-certified dermatologist. Nine scoring algorithms were created and used to evaluate the accuracy of the ALTO in identifying AA. RESULTS: 239 patients (59 AA cases and 180 non-AA cases) completed the ALTO and were included for analysis. Algorithm 5 demonstrated the highest sensitivity (89.8%) while algorithm 3 demonstrated the highest specificity (97.8%). Select questions were also effective in clarifying disease phenotype. CONCLUSION: In this study. we have successfully demonstrated that ALTO is a simple tool capable of discriminating AA from other types of hair loss. The ALTO may be useful to identify individuals with AA within large populations.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
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