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Front Immunol ; 8: 964, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28861081


BACKGROUND: Inducible co-stimulator (ICOS) deficiency was the first monogenic defect reported to cause common variable immunodeficiency (CVID)-like disease in 2003. Since then, 16 patients have been reported worldwide with an increasing range of clinical phenotypes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the clinical and immunological phenotype and provide clinical follow-up and therapeutic approaches for treating ICOS-deficient patients. METHODS: We describe the clinical and laboratory data of 15 patients with available clinical data. Previous publications and clinical assessment were used as data sources. RESULTS: The observed ICOS gene mutations were all deletions leading to undetectable protein expression. The clinical phenotype of ICOS deficiency is much broader than initially anticipated and includes not only CVID-like disease but an increased susceptibility to viral and opportunistic infections, as well as cancer. Impaired B-cell development led to decreased memory B-cells in all patients, and hypogammaglobulinemia in all but one patient. Circulating CXCR5+ CD4+ follicular T-helper-cell numbers were also reduced in all patients. Treatment included immunoglobulin replacement, regular antibiotic prophylaxis, corticosteroids, and steroid-sparing agents. Three patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; one of them died due to capillary leak syndrome on day 5 posttransplantation. CONCLUSION: The disease spectrum of ICOS deficiency is expanding from solely B-cell to combined B- and T-cell immunodeficiency, suggesting genetic and environmental modifiers. Genetic diagnosis is the only tool to distinguish ICOS deficiency from other immunological defects. Patients with antibody deficiency, autoimmunity, and combined immunodeficiency should be screened for ICOS mutations.

Rheumatol Int ; 32(9): 2759-67, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21822659


The objective of this study was to use data from a noninterventional study to evaluate the effectiveness of adalimumab in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients during routine clinical practice and to explore the potential impact of patient and disease characteristics in response to adalimumab therapy. A total of 2,625 RA patients with specified data at baseline (prior to initiating adalimumab treatment) and 12 months entered this study between April 2003 and March 2009. We evaluated response to adalimumab therapy and conducted stepwise regression and subgroup analyses of factors influencing therapeutic response. During the 1-year adalimumab treatment period, disease activity decreased from a baseline mean disease activity score-28 joints (DAS28) of 5.9-3.9, while functional capacity improved from 59.0 to 68.4 Funktionsfragebogen Hannover (FFbH) percentage points. In multivariate regression models, high baseline DAS28 was the strongest positive predictor for decrease in disease activity, and high baseline functional capacity was associated with reduced gains in functional capacity. Male gender was a positive predictor of therapeutic response for both disease activity and functional capacity, while older age and multiple previous biologics were associated with a reduced therapeutic response. Subset analyses provided further support for the impact of baseline DAS28, FFbH, and prior biologic therapy on therapeutic response during treatment. We conclude that treatment with adalimumab leads to decreased disease activity and improved function during routine clinical practice. Patients with high disease activity and low functional capacity are particularly benefitted by adalimumab therapy.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/etnologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
Rheumatol Int ; 32(12): 3977-83, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22207197


The aim of this noninterventional study (NIS) was to analyze the changes in sickness absence, disease activity, and functional capacity in employed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients during adalimumab treatment. RA patients receiving adalimumab according to label instructions (40 mg every other week) were evaluated at regular intervals in a multicenter prospective NIS. Patients provided information on sickness absence in the 12 months preceding treatment initiation (baseline) and at months 6 and 12. Disease activity was assessed by the Disease Activity Score using 28 joints, and physical function was assessed via the Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire, a patient self-questionnaire comparable with the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index. We present data on 1,157 patients who were employed (part time or full time) at baseline. Patients were categorized by the length of sickness absence at baseline. At baseline, patients with absences of 6 weeks or more in the previous year (n = 226 [19.5%]) accounted for 77% of the documented weeks of sickness absence, and patients with absences of more than 12 weeks (n = 98 [8.5%]) accounted for 54% of sickness absence weeks. During 12 months of adalimumab treatment, disease activity decreased, functional capacity improved, and sickness absence was reduced. The greatest decrease in sickness absence was observed in patients with more than 12 weeks of sick leave in the year prior to adalimumab therapy. These patients also showed gains in function comparable with those observed in other employed patients. We conclude that sustaining and improving functional capacity represent the key to preservation of work capability.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Atividades Cotidianas , Adalimumab , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Pessoas com Deficiência , Emprego , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento