Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 90
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1268, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152317

RESUMO

Regulation of mitosis secures cellular integrity and its failure critically contributes to the development, maintenance, and treatment resistance of cancer. In yeast, the dual phosphatase Cdc14 controls mitotic progression by antagonizing Cdk1-mediated protein phosphorylation. By contrast, specific mitotic functions of the mammalian Cdc14 orthologue CDC14B have remained largely elusive. Here, we find that CDC14B antagonizes CDK1-mediated activating mitotic phosphorylation of the deubiquitinase USP9X at serine residue 2563, which we show to be essential for USP9X to mediate mitotic survival. Starting from an unbiased proteome-wide screening approach, we specify Wilms' tumor protein 1 (WT1) as the relevant substrate that becomes deubiquitylated and stabilized by serine 2563-phosphorylated USP9X in mitosis. We further demonstrate that WT1 functions as a mitotic transcription factor and specify CXCL8/IL-8 as a target gene of WT1 that conveys mitotic survival. Together, we describe a ubiquitin-dependent signaling pathway that directs a mitosis-specific transcription program to regulate mitotic survival.

2.
J Clin Invest ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191641

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms and locus amplification link the NF-κB transcription factor c-Rel to human autoimmune diseases and B cell lymphomas, respectively. However, the functional consequences of enhanced c-Rel levels remain enigmatic. Here, we overexpressed c-Rel specifically in mouse B cells from BAC-transgenic gene loci and demonstrate that c-Rel protein levels linearly dictated expansion of germinal center (GC) B cells and isotype-switched plasma cells. c-Rel expression in B cells of otherwise c-Rel-deficient mice fully rescued terminal B cell differentiation, underscoring its critical B cell-intrinsic roles. Unexpectedly, in GCB cells transcription-independent regulation produced the highest c-Rel protein levels amongst B cell subsets. In c-Rel overexpressing GCB cells this caused enhanced nuclear translocation, a profoundly altered transcriptional program and increased proliferation. Finally, we provide a link between c-Rel gain and autoimmunity by showing that c-Rel overexpression in B cells caused autoantibody production and renal immune complex deposition.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147820

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell plasticity process required for metastasis and chemoresistance of carcinoma cells. We report a crucial role of the signal adaptor proteins CRK and CRKL in promoting EMT and tumor aggressiveness, as well as resistance against chemotherapy in colorectal and pancreatic carcinoma. Genetic loss of either CRKL or CRK partially counteracted EMT in three independent cancer cell lines. Strikingly, complete loss of the CRK family shifted cells strongly toward the epithelial phenotype. Cells exhibited greatly increased E-cadherin and grew as large, densely packed clusters, completely lacked invasiveness and the ability to undergo EMT induced by cytokines or genetic activation of SRC. Furthermore, CRK family-deficiency significantly reduced cell survival, proliferation and chemoresistance, as well as ERK1/2 phosphorylation and c-MYC protein levels. In accordance, MYC-target gene expression was identified as novel hallmark process positively regulated by CRK family proteins. Mechanistically, CRK proteins were identified as pivotal amplifiers of SRC/FAK signaling at focal adhesions, mediated through a novel positive feedback loop depending on RAP1. Expression of the CRK family and the EMT regulator ZEB1 was significantly correlated in samples from colorectal cancer patients, especially in invasive regions. Further, high expression of CRK family genes was significantly associated with reduced survival in locally advanced colorectal cancer, as well as in pan-cancer datasets from the TCGA project. Thus, CRK family adaptor proteins are promising therapeutic targets to counteract EMT, chemoresistance, metastasis formation and minimal residual disease. As proof of concept, CRK family-mediated oncogenic signaling was successfully inhibited by a peptide-based inhibitor.

4.
Gut ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) still carries a dismal prognosis with an overall 5-year survival rate of 9%. Conventional combination chemotherapies are a clear advance in the treatment of PDAC; however, subtypes of the disease exist, which exhibit extensive resistance to such therapies. Genomic MYC amplifications represent a distinct subset of PDAC with an aggressive tumour biology. It is clear that hyperactivation of MYC generates dependencies that can be exploited therapeutically. The aim of the study was to find and to target MYC-associated dependencies. DESIGN: We analysed human PDAC gene expression datasets. Results were corroborated by the analysis of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) pathway in a large PDAC cohort using immunohistochemistry. A SUMO inhibitor was used and characterised using human and murine two-dimensional, organoid and in vivo models of PDAC. RESULTS: We observed that MYC is connected to the SUMOylation machinery in PDAC. Components of the SUMO pathway characterise a PDAC subtype with a dismal prognosis and we provide evidence that hyperactivation of MYC is connected to an increased sensitivity to pharmacological SUMO inhibition. CONCLUSION: SUMO inhibitor-based therapies should be further developed for an aggressive PDAC subtype.

5.
Nat Protoc ; 15(2): 266-315, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907453

RESUMO

Mouse models of human cancer have transformed our ability to link genetics, molecular mechanisms and phenotypes. Both reverse and forward genetics in mice are currently gaining momentum through advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS). Methodologies to analyze sequencing data were, however, developed for humans and hence do not account for species-specific differences in genome structures and experimental setups. Here, we describe standardized computational pipelines specifically tailored to the analysis of mouse genomic data. We present novel tools and workflows for the detection of different alteration types, including single-nucleotide variants (SNVs), small insertions and deletions (indels), copy-number variations (CNVs), loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and complex rearrangements, such as in chromothripsis. Workflows have been extensively validated and cross-compared using multiple methodologies. We also give step-by-step guidance on the execution of individual analysis types, provide advice on data interpretation and make the complete code available online. The protocol takes 2-7 d, depending on the desired analyses.

6.
Blood ; 135(4): 269-273, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697828

RESUMO

Although acquisition of leukemia-associated somatic mutations by 1 or more hematopoietic stem cells is inevitable with advancing age, its consequences are highly variable, ranging from clinically silent clonal hematopoiesis (CH) to leukemic progression. To investigate the influence of heritable factors on CH, we performed deep targeted sequencing of blood DNA from 52 monozygotic (MZ) and 27 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs (aged 70-99 years). Using this highly sensitive approach, we identified CH (variant allele frequency ≥0.5%) in 62% of individuals. We did not observe higher concordance for CH within MZ twin pairs as compared with that within DZ twin pairs, or to that expected by chance. However, we did identify 2 MZ pairs in which both twins harbored identical rare somatic mutations, suggesting a shared cell of origin. Finally, in 3 MZ twin pairs harboring mutations in the same driver genes, serial blood samples taken 4 to 5 years apart showed substantial twin-to-twin variability in clonal trajectories. Our findings propose that the inherited genome does not exert a dominant influence on the behavior of adult CH and provide evidence that CH mutations may be acquired in utero.

7.
Am J Pathol ; 190(2): 358-371, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783007

RESUMO

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) control organ functions, metabolism, and development through the secretion of angiokines. LSECs express hepatocyte growth factor (Hgf), which is involved in prenatal development, metabolic homeostasis, and liver regeneration. This study aimed to elucidate the precise contribution of LSEC-derived Hgf in physiological homeostasis and liver regeneration. Stab2-iCretg/wt;Hgffl/fl (HgfΔLSEC) mice were generated to abrogate Hgf expression selectively in LSECs from early fetal development onwards, to study global development, metabolic and endothelial zonation, and organ functions as well as liver regeneration in response to 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). Although zonation and liver/body weight ratios were not altered, total body weight and total liver weight were reduced in HgfΔLSEC. Necrotic organ damage was more marked in HgfΔLSEC mice, and regeneration was delayed 72 hours after PH. This was associated with decreased hepatocyte proliferation at 48 hours after PH. Molecularly, HgfΔLSEC mice showed down-regulation of Hgf/c-Met signaling and decreased expression of Deptor in hepatocytes. In vitro knockdown of Deptor was associated with decreased proliferation. Therefore, angiocrine Hgf controls hepatocyte proliferation and susceptibility to necrosis after partial hepatectomy via the Hgf/c-Met axis involving Deptor to prevent excessive organ damage.

8.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 196, 2019 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrations in DNA methylation are widespread in colon cancer (CC). Understanding origin and progression of DNA methylation aberrations is essential to develop effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. Here, we aimed to dissect CC subtype-specific methylation instability to understand underlying mechanisms and functions. METHODS: We have assessed genome-wide DNA methylation in the healthy normal colon mucosa (HNM), precursor lesions and CCs in a first comprehensive study to delineate epigenetic change along the process of colon carcinogenesis. Mechanistically, we used stable cell lines, genetically engineered mouse model of mutant BRAFV600E and molecular biology analysis to establish the role of BRAFV600E-mediated-TET inhibition in CpG-island methylator phenotype (CIMP) inititation. RESULTS: We identified two distinct patterns of CpG methylation instability, determined either by age-lifestyle (CC-neutral CpGs) or genetically (CIMP-CpGs). CC-neutral-CpGs showed age-dependent hypermethylation in HNM, all precursors, and CCs, while CIMP-CpGs showed hypermethylation specifically in sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/Ps) and CIMP-CCs. BRAFV600E-mutated CCs and precursors showed a significant downregulation of TET1 and TET2 DNA demethylases. Stable expression of BRAFV600E in nonCIMP CC cells and in a genetic mouse model was sufficient to repress TET1/TET2 and initiate hypermethylation at CIMP-CpGs, reversible by BRAFV600E inhibition. BRAFV600E-driven CIMP-CpG hypermethylation occurred at genes associated with established CC pathways, effecting functional changes otherwise achieved by genetic mutation in carcinogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Hence, while age-lifestyle-driven hypermethylation occurs generally in colon carcinogenesis, BRAFV600E-driven hypermethylation is specific for the "serrated" pathway. This knowledge will advance the use of epigenetic biomarkers to assess subgroup-specific CC risk and disease progression.

10.
Sci Immunol ; 4(39)2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519811

RESUMO

Achieving durable clinical responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors remains a challenge. Here, we demonstrate that immunotherapy with anti-CTLA-4 and its combination with anti-PD-1 rely on tumor cell-intrinsic activation of the cytosolic RNA receptor RIG-I. Mechanistically, tumor cell-intrinsic RIG-I signaling induced caspase-3-mediated tumor cell death, cross-presentation of tumor-associated antigen by CD103+ dendritic cells, subsequent expansion of tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T cells, and their accumulation within the tumor tissue. Consistently, therapeutic targeting of RIG-I with 5'- triphosphorylated RNA in both tumor and nonmalignant host cells potently augmented the efficacy of CTLA-4 checkpoint blockade in several preclinical cancer models. In humans, transcriptome analysis of primary melanoma samples revealed a strong association between high expression of DDX58 (the gene encoding RIG-I), T cell receptor and antigen presentation pathway activity, and prolonged overall survival. Moreover, in patients with melanoma treated with anti-CTLA-4 checkpoint blockade, high DDX58 RIG-I transcriptional activity significantly associated with durable clinical responses. Our data thus identify activation of RIG-I signaling in tumors and their microenvironment as a crucial component for checkpoint inhibitor-mediated immunotherapy of cancer.

11.
JCI Insight ; 4(15)2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391340

RESUMO

Aberrant activity of the glycoprotein 130 130/JAK/STAT3 (gp130/JAK/STAT3) signaling axis is a recurrent event in inflammation and cancer. In particular, it is associated with a wide range of hematological malignancies, including multiple myeloma and leukemia. Novel targeted therapies have only been successful for some subtypes of these malignancies, underlining the need for developing robust mouse models to better dissect the role of this pathway in specific tumorigenic processes. Here, we investigated the role of selective gp130/JAK/STAT3 activation by generating a conditional mouse model. This model targeted constitutively active, cell-autonomous gp130 activity to B cells, as well as to the entire hematopoietic system. We found that regardless of the timing of activation in B cells, constitutively active gp130 signaling resulted in the formation specifically of mature B cell lymphomas and plasma cell disorders with full penetrance, only with different latencies, where infiltrating CD138+ cells were a dominant feature in every tumor. Furthermore, constitutively active gp130 signaling in all adult hematopoietic cells also led to the development specifically of largely mature, aggressive B cell cancers, again with a high penetrance of CD138+ tumors. Importantly, gp130 activity abrogated the differentiation block induced by a B cell-targeted Myc transgene and resulted in a complete penetrance of the gp130-associated, CD138+, mature B cell lymphoma phenotype. Thus, gp130 signaling selectively provides a strong growth and differentiation advantage for mature B cells and directs lymphomagenesis specifically toward terminally differentiated B cell cancers.

12.
Neoplasia ; 21(10): 974-988, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442917

RESUMO

We recently described a positive feedback loop connecting c-MYC, NAMPT, DBC1 and SIRT1 that contributes to unrestricted cancer cell proliferation. Here we determine the relevance of the loop for serrated route intestinal tumorigenesis using genetically well-defined BrafV600E and K-rasG12D mouse models. In both models we show that c-MYC and SIRT1 protein expression increased through progression from hyperplasia to invasive carcinomas and metastases. It correlated with high NAMPT expression and was directly associated to activation of the oncogenic drivers. Assessing functional and molecular consequences of pharmacological interference with factors of the loop, we found that inhibition of NAMPT resulted in apoptosis and reduced clonogenic growth in human BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer cell lines and patient-derived tumoroids. Blocking SIRT1 activity was only effective when combined with a PI3K inhibitor, whereas the latter antagonized the effects of NAMPT inhibition. Interfering with the positive feedback loop was associated with down-regulation of c-MYC and temporary de-repression of TP53, explaining the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. In conclusion we show that the c-MYC-NAMPT-DBC1-SIRT1 positive feedback loop contributes to murine serrated tumor progression. Targeting the feedback loop exerted a unique, dual therapeutic effect of oncoprotein inhibition and tumor suppressor activation. It may therefore represent a promissing target for serrated colorectal cancer, and presumably for other cancer types with deregulated c-MYC.

14.
Curr Opin Genet Dev ; 54: 88-96, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078083

RESUMO

Gene targeting in mammals has revolutionized the study of complex diseases, involving the interaction of multiple genes, cells, and organ systems. In cancer, genetically engineered mouse models deciphered biological principles by integrating molecular mechanisms, cellular processes, and environmental signals. Major advances in manipulative mouse genetics are currently emerging from breakthroughs in gene editing, which open new avenues for rapid model generation. Here, we review recent developments in engineering CRISPR mouse models of cancer. We describe engineering strategies, including germline manipulation of zygotes or embryonic stem cells, direct in vivo somatic gene editing, and ex vivo targeting of cellular transplant models. We also discuss promises and limitations of the expanding spectrum of CRISPR applications, ranging from engineering of simple mutations over complex genomic rearrangements to gene and epigenome regulation. Fast and scalable in vivo CRISPR methodologies pave the way for a new phase of functional cancer genomics.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Engenharia Genética , Terapia Genética , Neoplasias/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Edição de Genes , Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Células Germinativas/transplante , Humanos , Camundongos , Mutação , Neoplasias/patologia
15.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2352, 2019 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138793

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have crucial functions in the inhibition of immune responses. Their development and suppressive functions are controlled by the T cell receptor (TCR), but the TCR signaling mechanisms that mediate these effects remain ill-defined. Here we show that CARD11-BCL10-MALT1 (CBM) signaling mediates TCR-induced NF-κB activation in Tregs and controls the conversion of resting Tregs to effector Tregs under homeostatic conditions. However, in inflammatory milieus, cytokines can bypass the CBM requirement for this differentiation step. By contrast, CBM signaling, in a MALT1 protease-dependent manner, is essential for mediating the suppressive function of Tregs. In malignant melanoma models, acute genetic blockade of BCL10 signaling selectively in Tregs or pharmacological MALT1 inhibition enhances anti-tumor immune responses. Together, our data uncover a segregation of Treg differentiation and suppressive function at the CBM complex level, and provide a rationale to explore MALT1 inhibitors for cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Proteína 10 de Linfoma CCL de Células B/imunologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/imunologia , Proteína de Translocação 1 do Linfoma de Tecido Linfoide Associado à Mucosa/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Proteína 10 de Linfoma CCL de Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Citocinas/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Proteína de Translocação 1 do Linfoma de Tecido Linfoide Associado à Mucosa/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1415, 2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926791

RESUMO

B-cell lymphoma (BCL) is the most common hematologic malignancy. While sequencing studies gave insights into BCL genetics, identification of non-mutated cancer genes remains challenging. Here, we describe PiggyBac transposon tools and mouse models for recessive screening and show their application to study clonal B-cell lymphomagenesis. In a genome-wide screen, we discover BCL genes related to diverse molecular processes, including signaling, transcriptional regulation, chromatin regulation, or RNA metabolism. Cross-species analyses show the efficiency of the screen to pinpoint human cancer drivers altered by non-genetic mechanisms, including clinically relevant genes dysregulated epigenetically, transcriptionally, or post-transcriptionally in human BCL. We also describe a CRISPR/Cas9-based in vivo platform for BCL functional genomics, and validate discovered genes, such as Rfx7, a transcription factor, and Phip, a chromatin regulator, which suppress lymphomagenesis in mice. Our study gives comprehensive insights into the molecular landscapes of BCL and underlines the power of genome-scale screening to inform biology.


Assuntos
Elementos de DNA Transponíveis/genética , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Células Clonais , Dosagem de Genes , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Neoplásicos , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2320, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787318

RESUMO

Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), a catalytic subunit of the SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex, is known to be involved in proliferative cell processes. Liver regeneration is initiated spontaneously after injury and leads to a strong proliferative response. In this study, a hepatocyte-specific Brg1 gene knockout mouse model was used to analyse the role of Brg1 in liver regeneration by performing a 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). After PH, Brg1 was significantly upregulated in wildtype mice. Mice with hepatocyte-specific Brg1 gene knockout showed a significantly lower liver to body weight ratio 48 h post-PH concomitant with a lower hepatocellular proliferation rate compared to wildtype mice. RNA sequencing demonstrated that Brg1 controlled hepatocyte proliferation through the regulation of the p53 pathway and several cell cycle genes. The data of this study reveal a crucial role of Brg1 for liver regeneration by promoting hepatocellular proliferation through modulation of cell cycle genes and, thus, identify Brg1 as potential target for therapeutic approaches.

18.
Cell Rep ; 26(7): 1854-1868.e5, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759395

RESUMO

Foxp3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells restrict immune pathology in inflamed tissues; however, an inflammatory environment presents a threat to Treg cell identity and function. Here, we establish a transcriptional signature of central nervous system (CNS) Treg cells that accumulate during experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE) and identify a pathway that maintains Treg cell function and identity during severe inflammation. This pathway is dependent on the transcriptional regulator Blimp1, which prevents downregulation of Foxp3 expression and "toxic" gain-of-function of Treg cells in the inflamed CNS. Blimp1 negatively regulates IL-6- and STAT3-dependent Dnmt3a expression and function restraining methylation of Treg cell-specific conserved non-coding sequence 2 (CNS2) in the Foxp3 locus. Consequently, CNS2 is heavily methylated when Blimp1 is ablated, leading to a loss of Foxp3 expression and severe disease. These findings identify a Blimp1-dependent pathway that preserves Treg cell stability in inflamed non-lymphoid tissues.

19.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1907: 171-183, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543000

RESUMO

While sequencing and array-based studies are creating catalogues of genetic alterations in cancer, discriminating cancer drivers among the large sets of epigenetically, transcriptionally or posttranslationally dysregulated genes remains a challenge. Transposon-based genetic screening in mice has proven to be a powerful approach to address this challenge. Insertional mutagenesis directly flags biologically relevant genes and, combined with the transposon's unique molecular fingerprint, facilitates the recovery of insertion sites. We have generated transgenic mouse lines harboring different versions of PiggyBac-based oncogenic transposons, which in conjunction with PiggyBac transposase mice can be used for whole-body or tissue-specific insertional mutagenesis screens. We have also developed QiSeq, a method for (semi-)quantitative transposon insertion site sequencing, which overcomes biasing limitations of previous library preparation methods. QiSeq can be used in multiplexed high-throughput formats for candidate cancer gene discovery and gives insights into the clonal distribution of insertions for the study of genetic tumor evolution.


Assuntos
Elementos de DNA Transponíveis , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genômica/métodos , Mutagênese Insercional , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Transposases/metabolismo , Animais , Biblioteca Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação , Neoplasias/patologia
20.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 5378, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568163

RESUMO

We recently identified the splicing kinase gene SRPK1 as a genetic vulnerability of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, we show that genetic or pharmacological inhibition of SRPK1 leads to cell cycle arrest, leukemic cell differentiation and prolonged survival of mice transplanted with MLL-rearranged AML. RNA-seq analysis demonstrates that SRPK1 inhibition leads to altered isoform levels of many genes including several with established roles in leukemogenesis such as MYB, BRD4 and MED24. We focus on BRD4 as its main isoforms have distinct molecular properties and find that SRPK1 inhibition produces a significant switch from the short to the long isoform at the mRNA and protein levels. This was associated with BRD4 eviction from genomic loci involved in leukemogenesis including BCL2 and MYC. We go on to show that this switch mediates at least part of the anti-leukemic effects of SRPK1 inhibition. Our findings reveal that SRPK1 represents a plausible new therapeutic target against AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Diferenciação Celular , Cromatina/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Células HL-60 , Hematopoese , Humanos , Células K562 , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Processamento de RNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA