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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567644

RESUMO

Osmium(ii) PNP pincer complexes bearing a hemilabile pyridyl-pyrazolide (PyrPz) ligand have been synthesised, and their reactivity towards Lewis acidic bismuth compounds has been examined. Reactions with BiCl3 resulted in chlorine-atom-transfer to give an osmium(iii) species. Reactions with cationic bismuth species led to adduct formation through N → Bi bond formation via the PyrPz ligand. Theoretical analyses revealed that steric interactions hamper Os → Bi bond formation and indicate that such interactions are possible upon reducing the steric profile around the osmium atom. Analytical techniques include NMR, IR, and EPR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, elemental analysis and DFT calculations.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449598

RESUMO

The reductive coupling of an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) stabilized (dibromo)vinylborane yields a 1,2-divinyldiborene, which, although isoelectronic to a 1,3,5-triene, displays no extended π conjugation because of twisting of the C2 B2 C2 chain. While this divinyldiborene coordinates to copper(I) and platinum(0) in an η2 -B2 and η4 -C2 B2 fashion, respectively, it undergoes a complex rearrangement to an η4 -1,3-diborete upon complexation with nickel(0).

3.
Dalton Trans ; 49(14): 4491-4501, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191249

RESUMO

Reaction between 2-(2'-pyridyl)benzimidazole derivatives and [{IrCl(η5-C5Me5)}2(µ-Cl)2] afforded mono- and binuclear "piano-stool" Ir(iii) compounds of type [IrnCln(η5-C5Me5)n(L)]Cln (n = 1, L = LET (1) and LSO3H (2); n = 2, L = LBN (3)), which were fully characterized, including the X-ray crystallographic analysis of 1. While the free ligands and compound 3 exhibited no toxicity to the tested microbes, compound 1 was highly potent against bacteria (MIC = 12.9-25.8 nM) and fungi (MIC < 0.40 nM). However, complex 1 induced damage to non-malignant cell lines (human embryonic kidney (HEK293), CC50 = 0.995 µg mL-1) and human RBCs (HC10 = 10.9 µg mL-1 and HC50 > 32 µg mL-1). Interestingly, complex 2, bearing the benzimidazole ligand with an alkylated sulfonate side chain (LSO3H), was selectively potent against C. neoformans with MIC value of 11.2 nM and was non-toxic to HEK293. According to DNA binding studies, compounds 1-3 could be considered as moderate metallo intercalators with a binding constant of 5.0 × 104-1.0 × 105 M-1. Alternatively, evidence was obtained, from ESI-MS measurements, for the non-covalent mode of binding of 2 to hen egg white lysozyme, while compounds 1 and 3 decomposed during the interaction with that protein. This may be attributed to the electrostatic and H-bonding interactions between the polar sulfonate group and charged protein side-chains.

4.
Chemistry ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663648

RESUMO

The reactivity of a diruthenium tetrahydride complex towards three selected dihydroboranes was investigated. The use of [DurBH2 ] (Dur=2,3,5,6-Me4 C6 H) and [(Me3 Si)2 NBH2 ] led to the formation of bridging borylene complexes of the form [(Cp*RuH)2 BR] (Cp*=C5 Me5 ; 1 a: R=Dur; 1 b: R=N(SiMe3 )2 ) through oxidative addition of the B-H bonds with concomitant hydrogen liberation. Employing the more electron-deficient dihydroborane [3,5-(CF3 )2 -C6 H3 BH2 ] led to the formation of an anionic complex bearing a tetraarylated chain of four boron atoms, namely Li(THF)4 [(Cp*Ru)2 B4 H5 (3,5-(CF3 )2 C6 H3 )4 ] (4), through an unusual, incomplete threefold dehydrocoupling process. A comparative theoretical investigation of the bonding in a simplified model of 4 and the analogous complex nido-[1,2(Cp*Ru)2 (µ-H)B4 H9 ] (I) indicates that there appear to be no classical σ-bonds between the boron atoms in complex I, whereas in the case of 4 the B4 chain better resembles a network of three B-B σ bonds, the central bond being significantly weaker than the other two.

5.
Chemistry ; 25(59): 13566-13571, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433081

RESUMO

The steric and electronic properties of aryl substituents in monoaryl borohydrides (Li[ArBH3 ]) and dihydroboranes were systematically varied and their reactions with [Ru(PCy3 )2 HCl(H2 )] (Cy: cyclohexyl) were studied, resulting in bis(σ)-borane or terminal borylene complexes of ruthenium. These variations allowed for the investigation of the factors involved in the activation of dihydroboranes in the synthesis of terminal borylene complexes. The complexes were studied by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction analysis, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The experimental and computational results suggest that the ortho-substitution of the aryl groups is necessary for the formation of terminal borylene complexes.

6.
Chemistry ; 25(36): 8612-8622, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974025

RESUMO

A series of 22 new bis(phosphine), bis(carbene), and bis(isonitrile) tetrahalodiborane adducts has been synthesized, either by direct adduct formation with highly sensitive B2 X4 precursors (X=Cl, Br, I) or by ligand exchange at stable B2 X4 (SMe2 )2 precursors (X=Cl, Br) with labile dimethylsulfide ligands. The isolated compounds have been fully characterized using NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and, for 20 of these compounds, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, revealing an unexpected variation in the bonding motifs. In addition to the classical B2 X4 L2 diborane(4) bis-adducts, certain more sterically demanding carbene ligands induce a halide displacement which led to the first halide-bridged monocationic diboron species, [B2 X3 L2 ]A (A=BCl4 , Br, I). Furthermore, low-temperature 1:1 reactions of B2 Cl4 with sterically demanding N-heterocyclic carbenes led to the formation of kinetically unstable mono-adducts, one of which was structurally characterized. A comparison of the NMR spectra and structural data of new and literature-known bis-adducts shows several trends pertaining to the nature of the halides and the stereoelectronic properties of the Lewis bases employed.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(19): 6449-6454, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779454

RESUMO

Herein, two new quadrupolar acceptor-π-donor-π-acceptor (A-π-D-π-A) chromophores have been prepared featuring a strongly electron-donating diborene core and strongly electron-accepting dimesitylboryl (BMes2 ) and bis(2,4,6-tris(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)boryl (BF Mes2 ) end groups. Analysis of the compounds by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, cyclic voltammetry, and UV/Vis-NIR absorption and emission spectroscopy indicated that the compounds have extended conjugated π-systems spanning their B4 C8 cores. The combination of exceptionally potent π-donor (diborene) and π-acceptor (diarylboryl) groups, both based on trigonal boron, leads to very small HOMO-LUMO gaps, resulting in strong absorption in the near-IR region with maxima in THF at 840 and 1092 nm and very high extinction coefficients of ca. 120 000 m-1  cm-1 . Both molecules also display weak near-IR fluorescence with small Stokes shifts.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(40): 13056-13063, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222320

RESUMO

The reaction of the tetrahalodiboranes(4) B2F4, B2Cl4, and B2Br4 with a Lewis basic platinum(0) complex led to the isolation of the cis-bis(difluoroboryl) complex cis-[(Cy3P)2Pt(BF2)2] (1) and the novel borylborato complexes trans-[(Cy3P)2Pt{B(X)-BX3}] (2, X = Cl; 3, X = Br), respectively. The trans influence of the borylborato group was found to be one of the strongest ever observed experimentally. Furthermore, the reactivity of little-explored diaryldifluorodiboranes(4) F2B-BMes2 and the new derivative F2B-BAn2 (An = 9-anthryl) toward a range of platinum(0) complexes was investigated. Reactions with relatively nonbulky platinum(0) complexes led to the formation of unsymmetrical cis-bis(boryl) complexes cis-[(R3P)2Pt(BF2)(BMes2)] (6, R = Me; 7, R = Et) as well as the first example of a fourfold-unsymmetrical bis(boryl) complex, [(Me3P)(Cy3P)Pt(BF2)(BMes2)] (12). The use of a more bulky Pt complex provided access to the unprecedented dinuclear bis(boryl) complexes [{( iPr3P)Pt}2(µ-BF2)(µ-BAr2)] (8, Ar = Mes; 9, Ar = An), which feature two different µ2-bridging boryl ligands.

9.
Chemistry ; 24(57): 15387-15391, 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30095190

RESUMO

A new isomer of borepin, identified as 2-borabicyclo[3.2.0]hepta-3,6-diene by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy, was obtained by reaction of 1-mesityl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenylborole with the diaminoalkyne bis(piperidyl)acetylene. Analogous reactions of the alkyne with other borole derivatives generated seven-membered borepins, in which a second equivalent of the alkyne was found to insert into the exocyclic B-C bond. Results of mechanistic DFT studies as well as differences in the reactivity of the boroles toward the diaminoalkyne are discussed.

10.
Chemistry ; 24(10): 2403-2409, 2018 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29363206

RESUMO

An improved, one-pot synthesis of the linear sandwich compound [Sc(η5 -C5 H5 )(η8 -C8 H8 )] is presented. The synthetic procedure is amenable to boryl- and silyl-substituted cyclopentadienyl and cyclooctatetraenyl ligands, thereby yielding the first functionalized derivatives. We found that the synthesis of the silyl-substituted mixed sandwich complexes produces higher yields when the ligand exchange is carried out stepwise, by isolating the intermediate trimethylsilylated half-sandwich complex [Sc(η8 -C8 H7 SiMe3 )Cl(THF)] (THF=tetrahydrofuran). The molecular structures of the parent complex, as well as of its mono-boryl-substituted derivatives, have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In addition, the optical and electrochemical properties of the mixed sandwich complexes are reported.

11.
Chemistry ; 23(64): 16167-16170, 2017 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960516

RESUMO

Boroles are important motifs within functional materials. With the aim to prepare a pinacolboryl-substituted derivative, the metallacycle transfer from corresponding zirconium and tin precursors has been explored. We show that the reaction of 1,1-dimethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrapinacolborylstannole with dichloro(phenyl)borane does not provide the desired borole, but instead a stannyl-substituted 1-chloroboracyclopent-3-ene. Spectroscopic and structural details of this highly functionalized boracycle indicate that intramolecular interactions between the tin and oxygen atoms of the boryl substituents may account for the unexpected outcome of the tin-boron exchange reaction.

12.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 73(Pt 6): 867-870, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28638647

RESUMO

The title compound, C23H18FNO4, crystallized as a racemate. It exhibits a cis conformation with respect to the F atom and the methine H atom. The piperidine ring has a screw-boat conformation. The meth-oxy-phenyl ring and the phenyl ring are inclined to the mean plane of the iso-quinoline ring system by 89.85 (4) and 46.62 (5)°, respectively, and by 78.15 (5)° to one another. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by an O-H⋯O hydrogen bond forming chains propagating along the a-axis direction. The chains are linked by C-H⋯F hydrogen bonds, forming layers lying parallel to the ab plane.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(5): 1802-1805, 2017 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28103028

RESUMO

The carbon monoxide adduct of an unhindered and highly reactive CAAC-bound arylborylene, [(CAAC)B(CO)Ar] (CAAC = cyclic (alkyl) (amino)carbene), has been prepared using a transfer reaction from the linear iron borylene complex [(PMe3) (CO)3Fe=BAr]. [(CAAC)B(CO)Ar] is a source of the dicoordinate [(CAAC)ArB:] borylene that can be liberated by selective photolytic CO extrusion and that, although highly reactive, is sufficiently long-lived to react intermolecularly. Through trapping of the borylene generated in this manner, we present, among others, the first metal-free borylene(I) species containing a nitrogen-based donor, as well as a new boron-containing radical.

14.
Chemistry ; 23(9): 2179-2184, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27935652

RESUMO

2,3-Bis(dimethylamino)-substituted B2 N2 C2 heterocycles underwent selective dimethylamino/hydride exchange with either one or two equivalents of BH3 ⋅SMe2 to give the corresponding cyclic monohydrido- or (cis)1,2-dihydridodiboranes(4), respectively. Upon either heating or irradiation in solution, the latter underwent ring contraction to the corresponding five-membered BN2 C2 heterocycles, whereas irradiation of the 1,2-dimethylaminoethene-supported 1,2-dihydridodiborane(4) in the presence of PEt3 gave an unprecedented unsymmetrical 1,1-dihydrodiborane(5) phosphine adduct.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(49): 16140-16147, 2016 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27960339

RESUMO

The combination of Pt0 complexes and indium trihalides leads to compounds that form equilibria in solution between their In-X oxidative addition (OA) products (PtII indyl complexes) and their metal-only Lewis pair (MOLP) isomers (LnPt→InX3). The position of the equilibria can be altered reversibly by changing the solvent, while the equilibria can be reversibly and irreversibly driven toward the MOLP products by addition of further donor ligands. The results mark the first observation of an equilibrium between MOLP and OA isomers, as well as the most polar bond ever observed to undergo reversible oxidative addition to a metal complex. In addition, we present the first structural characterization of MOLP and oxidative addition isomers of the same compound. The relative energies of the MOLP and OA isomers were calculated by DFT methods, and the possibility of solvent-mediated isomerization is discussed.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(41): 12673-7, 2016 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621216

RESUMO

The first terminal manganese phosphinidene complex was quantitatively synthesized from a terminal alkylborylene complex. Its structure and bonding, as well as the reaction mechanism, were investigated through a combination of experimental and computational studies.

17.
Chemistry ; 22(39): 13927-13934, 2016 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27514500

RESUMO

A comprehensive study of the reactivity of Lewis bases with dihalodiboranes(4) is presented. Diaryldihalodiboranes provide rearranged monoadducts when treated with cyclic (alkyl)(amino)carbenes, but halide-bridged adducts when treated with a range of pyridyl bases. Alternatively, the combination of diaminodihalodiboranes with strong carbene donors leads to boraborenium salts. The reduction and halide-abstraction reactivity of these adducts was also explored, leading to intramolecular C-H activation and the first 1,2-bis(borenium) dication.

18.
Chemistry ; 22(32): 11441-9, 2016 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27385314

RESUMO

The reaction of tert-butylisonitrile (tBuNC) with 1,2-dihalo-1,2-diduryldiborane leads initially to the formation of the mono-base adduct of the symmetrical diborane(4), which then undergoes an intramolecular cyclization resulting in the formation of a 1-boraindane. This result is in contrast to a previously reported cyclization of a mono-isonitrile adduct of an unsymmetrical 1,1-pinacol-2,2-diaryldiborane(4), which results in the formation of a 1-boraindane. This latter result is herein confirmed by the reaction of 1,1-difluoro-2,2-dimesityldiborane(4) with tBuNC, which yielded the 2-boraindane compound. The mechanism of the former reaction has been computationally elucidated, and the differences between this route and the pathway to 1-boraindanes is discussed. These reactions further the understanding of the chemistry of the increasingly popular mono-base adducts of diborane(4), demonstrate the versatility of isonitriles in comparison to standard two-electron donors, and elucidate selective routes to boron-containing polycyclics, such as those being proposed as analogues for conventional organic pharmaceuticals.

19.
Chemistry ; 22(33): 11736-44, 2016 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27388206

RESUMO

Boryl, borylene, and base-stabilized borylene complexes of manganese and iron undergo a range of different reactions when treated with isonitriles including single, double, and partial isonitrile insertions into metal-boron bonds, ring formation, isonitrile coupling, and the liberation of new monovalent boron species. Two of the resulting cyclic species have also been found to react selectively with anhydrous HCl to form ring-opened products. The diverse isonitrile-promoted reactivity of transition-metal-boron compounds has been explored computationally.

20.
Chemistry ; 22(39): 13815-13818, 2016 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27428270

RESUMO

The reactivity of the diaminoacetylene Pip-C≡C-Pip (Pip=piperidyl=NC5 H10 ) towards phenyldichloro- and triphenylborane is presented. In the case of the less Lewis acidic PhBCl2 , the first example of a double Lewis adduct of a vicinal dicarbenoid is reported. For the more Lewis acidic triphenylborane, coordination to the bifunctional carbene leads to a mild B-C bond activation, resulting in a syn-1,2-carboboration. Ensuing cis/trans isomerization yields a novel ethylene-bridged frustrated Lewis pair (FLP). The compounds were characterized using multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, structural analysis, and mass spectrometry. Reactivity studies of both isomers with the N-heterocyclic carbene 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene (IMe) aided in elucidating the proposed isomerization pathway. DFT calculations were carried out to elucidate the reaction mechanism. The rather low free energy of activation is consistent with the observation that the reaction proceeds smoothly at room temperature.

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