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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HNSCC is the sixth most common cancer in humans and has still a very poor prognosis. The treatment methods so far are very often associated with mutilation and impairment in the quality of life. Except for p16 expression, there are no reliable prognostic markers in HNSCC so far. Ecotropic Viral Integration Site 1 (EVI1) is a well-described prognostic marker in leukemia and different types of solid cancers. In these, a high EVI1 expression is associated with a poor prognosis. In HNSCC, it is not known so far if EVI1 has any prognostic relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used our representative tissue cohort of 389 primary HNSCCs, of which 57.2% had one or more lymph node metastases. Here EVI1 expression was analyzed via immunohistochemistry and correlated with the clinical characteristics of these patients. RESULTS: Although in HNSCC EVI1 expression does not predict poor survival, a high EVI1 expression in the primary tumor correlates with a lymph node metastatic disease. CONCLUSION: Consequently, EVI1 may serve as a biomarker to predict an occult lymph node metastasis in a clinical nodal negative (cN0) HNSCC.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 367-371, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Individualization of treatment may improve the outcome of patients with bone metastases from breast cancer. To support physicians when selecting individualized programs for these patients, a simple instrument for predicting survival was created. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 126 female patients with breast cancer irradiated for bone metastases, 11 characteristics were evaluated with respect to survival. RESULTS: On Cox regression analysis, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score (0-1 vs. ≥2; p=0.032) and visceral metastases (absence vs. presence; p=0.017) were independently associated with survival and incorporated into the scoring instrument. Three prognostic groups (0, 1 or 2 points) were designated with 12-month survival rates of 38%, 57% and 91%, and 24-month survival rates of 32%, 36% and 80%, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: This easy-to-use scoring instrument allows physicians to estimate the lifespan of patients irradiated for bone metastases from breast cancer and can facilitate individualization of their treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Probabilidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 287-291, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Estimating survival is important for treatment personalization in patients with metastatic cancer. In this study, we aimed to develop a survival score for patients irradiated for bone metastases from colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven factors were retrospectively analyzed in 25 patients, including age, gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score, tumor site, time between diagnosis of colorectal cancer and irradiation, visceral or other bone metastases, type and number of irradiated sites, upfront surgery and previous systemic treatment. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, performance score (p=0.005) and previous systemic treatment (p=0.007) were significantly associated with survival and used for the score. One point (performance score 0-1 or no previous systemic treatment) or 0 points (performance score ≥2 or previous systemic treatment) were assigned resulting in 0, 1 or 2 points. Six-month survival rates of these groups were 0%, 64% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This new survival score can support physicians during personalization of treatment for patients with bone metastases from colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Prognóstico
4.
Lung ; 198(1): 201-206, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897594

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In order to personalize multimodal treatment regimens in limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC), a survival score for these patients was proposed. The aim of this study is to validate the score in an independent external patient cohort. METHODS: We collected data of 78 patients treated with chemoradiotherapy for LS-SCLC between 2004 and 2015. The survival score was calculated by independent prognostic factors: gender, Karnofsky performance status, tumor substage, and hemoglobin level before treatment. Scoring points were derived from 2-year survival rates divided by 10 and the values for each prognostic factor were tallied. Three risk subgroups were defined (high, intermediate, low risk: 9-13, 14-18, 19-26 points). The 2-year survival rate of each subgroup from the original study was compared to its corresponding subgroup from the validation cohort. RESULTS: Median survival time in the entire validation cohort was 17 months (range: 1-123 months). The 2-year survival rates were 0% in the 9-13, 35% in the 14-18, and 43% in the 19-26 points group, respectively (p = 0.018). The difference in 2-year survival between the 9-13 points and the 14-18 points group was significant in the validation cohort (p = 0.007) as well after stratification of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (p < 0.001), whereas the difference between the 14 and 18 points and the 19-26 points group was not significant (p = 0.602, p = 0.770). CONCLUSION: The score was reproducible to estimate the 2-year survival rate of patients with LS-SCLC, especially in the high- and intermediate-risk subgroups. In order to improve the differentiation between patients with an intermediate and favorable survival prognosis, the scoring system needs further development.

5.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(1): 111-116, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Operative management of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary alveolus and hard palate (MHSCC) is still a controversial issue, especially for cN0 cases. We report the survival outcomes in patients with MHSCC, including the rate of cervical occult metastasis for UICC stages I/II and survival after elective neck dissection (END). METHODS: 77 patients with primary MHSCC were followed-up from 2 months to 14.6 years within a prospectively obtained patient cohort. Factors influencing overall survival (OS), oral cancer-specific survival (OCSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were assessed. We estimated survival probabilities using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis by histology and stage. We used Cox's proportional hazard regression model to estimate adjusted hazard ratios for OS, OCSS and DFS. RESULTS: Initially, 22 patients presented with stage I, 13 with stage 2, 11 patients with stage 3 and 31 with stage 4 tumors. The presence of nodal disease rose with increased tumor size. 66.2% were treated with surgery only, 26.0% received adjuvant radiotherapy, and 7.8% received primary radiotherapy. Median overall survival was 10.9 years, and survival probabilities at 2, 5 and 10 years were 68.2%, 61.1% and 61.1%, respectively. Five-year overall survival was 72.4% in the END group and 88.9% in the non-END group. Factors influencing OS, OCSS and DFS were tumor size, the presence of metastatic disease and positive resection margins. CONCLUSIONS: MHSCC seems to show a better overall survival compared to OSCC of other locations and is less likely to develop regional and distant metastasis; END might not be necessary in early stage tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Maxila , Palato Duro , Alvéolo Dental , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Esvaziamento Cervical , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1163, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) and favorable survival prognoses can benefit from radiation doses greater than 30Gy in 10 fractions in terms of improved local progression-free survival (LPFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS/DESIGN: This prospective study mainly investigates LPFS after precision radiotherapy (volumetric modulated arc therapy or stereotactic body radiotherapy) with 18 × 2.33Gy in 3.5 weeks. LPFS is defined as freedom from progression of motor deficits during radiotherapy and an in-field recurrence of MSCC following radiotherapy. The maximum relative dose allowed to the spinal cord is 101.5% of the prescribed dose, resulting in an equivalent dose in 2Gy-fractions (EQD2) for radiation myelopathy is 45.5Gy, which is below the tolerance dose of 50Gy according to the Quantitative Analyses of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC). The EQD2 of this regimen for tumor cell kill is 43.1Gy, which is 33% higher than for 30Gy in 10 fractions (EQD2 = 32.5Gy). Primary endpoint is LPFS at 12 months after radiotherapy. Secondary endpoints include the effect of 18 × 2.33Gy on motor function, ambulatory status, sensory function, sphincter dysfunction, LPFS at other follow-up times, overall survival, pain relief, relief of distress and toxicity. Follow-up visits for all endpoints will be performed directly and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after radiotherapy. A total of 65 patients are required for the prospective part of the study. These patients will be compared to a historical control group of at least 235 patients receiving conventional radiotherapy with 10x3Gy in 2 weeks. DISCUSSION: If precision radiotherapy with 18 × 2.33Gy results in significantly better LPFS than 10x3Gy of conventional radiotherapy, this regimen should be strongly considered for patients with MSCC and favorable survival prognoses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT04043156. Registered 30-07-2019.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812719

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To investigate precision radiotherapy for metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) and compare it to conventional radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In a multi-center phase 2 study, 40 patients received 5Gyx5 of precision radiotherapy (38 volume modulated arc therapy, 2 intensity-modulated radiotherapy) for MSCC and were evaluated for local progression-free survival (LPFS), motor function, ambulatory status, sensory function, sphincter dysfunction, pain, distress, overall survival (OS) and toxicity. Maximum spinal cord dose was 101.5% (myelopathy risk <0.03%) of the prescription dose. Patients were compared to a historical control group conventionally irradiated with 4Gyx5 (propensity-score analysis). The equivalent dose in 2Gy-fractions of 5Gyx5 is similar to 3Gyx10, which results in better LPFS than 4Gyx5. It was assumed that 5Gyx5 is also superior to 4Gyx5 for LPFS. (ClinicalTrials.gov-identifier: XXX) RESULTS: Six-month rates of LPFS and OS were 95.0% and 42.6%, respectively. Improvement of motor function occurred in 24 patients (60%). Thirty-three patients (82.5%) were ambulatory following radiotherapy. Eight of 16 patients (50.0%) with sensory deficits improved. Pain and distress relief were reported by 61.9% and 54.2% of patients at 1 month following radiotherapy. Grade 3 toxicities occurred in one patient, grade 2 toxicities in another 3 patients. Of the control group, 664 patients qualified for the propensity-score analysis. 5Gyx5 was significantly superior to 4Gyx5 regarding LPFS (p=0.026), but not regarding motor function (p=0.51) or OS (p=0.82). CONCLUSIONS: Precision radiotherapy with 5Gyx5 was well tolerated and effective, and appeared superior to 4Gyx5 regarding LPFS. The retrospective nature of the historic control group, which may have led to a hidden selection bias, needs to be considered when interpreting the results.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6909-6913, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Radiotherapy of locally advanced lung cancer often requires high doses potentially leading to pneumonitis. This study evaluated the rate of symptomatic pneumonitis and characteristics in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 278 patients irradiated for locally advanced lung cancer between 2016 and 2019. In patients experiencing symptomatic pneumonitis, patient and treatment characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: Pneumonitis was diagnosed in 21 patients (7.6%) after a median of 9 (1-23) weeks. Ipsilateral lungs received mean doses >13 Gy in 21 (100%) and >20 Gy in 15 patients (71.4%). Seventeen patients (81.0%) received chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy, 12 (57.1%) had significant cardiovascular disease (all 21 patients had risk factors), 11 (52.4%) were heavy smokers (≥40 pack years), 7 (33.3%) were aged ≥74 years, 5 (23.8%) had chronic inflammatory disease and 4 (19.0%) had previous tumors. CONCLUSION: Overall pneumonitis rate was 7.6%. Frequent characteristics included high mean lung doses, systemic treatment, cardiovascular disease (and risk factors), heavy smoking, older age, chronic inflammatory disease and history of a previous tumor.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6931-6938, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with head-and-neck cancers receive radiotherapy. Treatment planning can be very complex in case of dental fillings or implants that cause metal artefacts. Verification of dose distributions may be performed using specific phantoms. This study aimed to develop a 3D-printed phantom that can be produced easily and cost-effectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The phantom was designed to allow fast adaption to a patient's individual situation with a particular focus on metal artefacts due to dental fillings. Bone and soft-tissue shells were 3D-printed and filled with tissue-equivalent materials. RESULTS: Attenuation properties of the tissue-equivalent structures in the phantom corresponded well to the structures of real human anatomy. In magnetic resonance (MR)-imaging, useful signals of the materials in the phantom were obtained. CONCLUSION: The phantom met the requirements including equivalence with human tissues and can be useful for highly individual treatment planning in precision-radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers. It can be also used for scientific issues related to MR-imaging.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Cabeça/anatomia & histologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Restauração Dentária Temporária , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Impressão Tridimensional , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos
10.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1156, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Personalized therapy for bone metastases should consider the patients' remaining lifespan. Estimation of survival can be facilitated with scoring tools. A new tool was developed, specifically designed to estimate 12-month survival. METHODS: In 445 patients irradiated for bone metastases, radiotherapy regimen plus 13 factors (age, gender, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), primary tumor type, interval between cancer diagnosis and RT of bone metastases, visceral metastases, other (non-irradiated) bone metastases, sites of bone metastases, number of irradiated sites, pathological fracture, fractionation of RT, pre-RT surgery, pre-RT administration of bisphosphonates/denosumab, pre-RT systemic anticancer treatment) were retrospectively analyzed for survival. Factors achieving significance (p < 0.05) or borderline significance (p < 0.055) on multivariate analysis were used for the scoring system. Twelve-month survival rates were divided by 10 (factor scores); factor scores were summed for each patient (patient scores). RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, survival was significantly associated with KPS (hazard ratio (HR) 1.91, p < 0.001) and primary tumor type (HR 1.12, p < 0.001); age achieved borderline significance (HR 1.14, p = 0.054). These factors were used for the scoring tool. Patient scores ranged from 8 to 17 points. Three groups were designated: 8-9 (A), 10-14 (B) and 15-17 (C) points. Twelve-month survival rates were 9, 38 and 72% (p < 0.001); median survival times were 3, 8 and 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: This new tool developed for patients irradiated for bone metastases at any site without spinal cord compression allows one to predict the survival of these patients and can aid physicians when assigning the treatment to individual patients.

11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6217-6222, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Elderly cancer patients are more prevalent and require special attention. This study focused on the outcome of elderly (≥65 years) rectal cancer patients treated with tri-modality therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 105 patients receiving neoadjuvant radio-chemotherapy and resection for locally advanced rectal cancers were retrospectively evaluated. Nine characteristics were analyzed for loco-regional control (LRC), metastases-free survival (MFS) and overall survival (OS) including tumor location, gender, age, performance status, radiotherapy technique, primary tumor/lymph node categories, downstaging and histological grading. RESULTS: The 5-year rates of LRC, MFS and OS were 91%, 78% and 87%, respectively. Radio-chemotherapy was not completed in 12 patients (11%) due to toxicity; 18 patients (17%) experienced grade 3 toxicities. A total of 29 patients (28%) had surgical complications. On multivariate analyses, MFS was significantly associated with downstaging (p=0.003) and OS with lower histological grade (p=0.013). CONCLUSION: Tri-modality therapy resulted in promising outcomes and was tolerated reasonably well by elderly patients. Prognostic factors were identified that may help personalize future treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6355-6358, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pneumonitis is a serious complication after radiotherapy of breast cancer. This study aimed to identify its prevalence and potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 606 patients irradiated following breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy were retrospectively analyzed. In patients developing pneumonitis, radiation and clinical parameters were investigated to identify potential risk factors. RESULTS: Eleven patients (1.8%) developed a pneumonitis grade ≥2. Mean doses to the ipsilateral lung were >7 Gy in 5 patients (45%). Of the other patients, 5 had a chronic inflammatory disease. Six patients (55%) had another malignancy (4 previous contralateral breast cancers, 1 previous ovarian and thyroid cancer, 1 synchronous carcinoma-in-situ (pTis) at the contralateral breast). Five patients (45%) received chemotherapy including taxanes and 4 patients (36%) received trastuzumab. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of pneumonitis was 1.8%. Potential risk factors included mean radiation dose to ipsilateral lung >7 Gy, systemic treatment with taxanes or trastuzumab, chronic inflammatory disease and history of another malignancy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma in Situ/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Prevalência , Pneumonite por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
13.
Radiat Oncol ; 14(1): 152, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455428

RESUMO

AIM: To quantify the prevalence of brain metastases involving the hypothalamic-pituitary (HT-P) area. INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment and fatigue are common side effects of whole brain irradiation (WBI) comprising the quality of life (QoL) for survivors. While the former is related to radiation-induced hippocampal injury, the latter could be secondary to hormonal disbalance as a consequence of radiation of the HT-P area. Thus, sparing both regions from higher irradiation doses could reduce these sequelae. METHODS: T1 contrast medium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 865 patients with brain metastases (4,280 metastases) were reviewed. HT-P area was individually contoured with a margin of 5 mm in order to evaluate the prevalence of brain metastases in this region. RESULTS: Involvement of the hypothalamic region was found in 26 patients (involvement rate of 3% for patients and 1% for metastases), involvement of the pituitary gland in 9 patients (1% for patients and < 1% for metastases). Binary logistical regression analysis revealed the presence of > 10 brain metastases as the only factor associated with hypothalamic involvement while no distinct factor was associated with an involvement of the pituitary gland. CONCLUSION: The low prevalence of metastases within the HT-P area in patients with brain metastases calls for further studies examining whether sparing of this region might improve patients QoL.

14.
Radiother Oncol ; 139: 79-82, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431372

RESUMO

Mepitel® Film (MEP) and standard care (STD) were compared for radiation dermatitis in SCCHN patients. This trial was stopped prematurely since13/28 patients did not tolerate MEP. Grade ≥2 dermatitis: 34.8% (MEP) vs. 35.7% (STD) at 50 Gy, 65.2% vs. 59.3% at 60 Gy. MEP was unsatisfactorily tolerated and appeared not superior (NCT03047174).

15.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 105(4): 760-764, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415797

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare 4 Gy × 5 (1 week) to 3 Gy × 10 (2 weeks) in relieving pain and distress in patients with metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The randomized SCORE-2 trial compared 4 Gy × 5 (n = 101) to 3 Gy × 10 (n = 102) for MESCC. In this additional analysis, these regimens were compared for their effect in relieving pain and distress. Distress was evaluated with the distress-thermometer (0 = no distress, 10 = extreme distress) and pain on a linear scale (0 = no pain, 10 = worst pain). Relief of distress was defined as decrease of ≥2 points; complete and partial pain relief were defined as achieving a score of 0 points and a decrease ≥2 points, respectively, without increase of analgesic use. This prospective secondary analysis of the SCORE-2 trial aimed to show that 4 Gy × 5 was not inferior to 3 Gy × 10 regarding distress and pain relief. Analyses were performed using the unconditional test of noninferiority for binomial differences based on restricted maximum likelihood estimates (noninferiority margin: -20%). Evaluations were performed before, directly after, and 1, 3, and 6 months after radiation therapy. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02189473). RESULTS: At baseline, median distress scores were 8 (2-10) points in the 4 Gy × 5 group and 8 (2-10) points in the 3 Gy × 10 group. At 1 month, distress relief rates were 58.1% (43/74) and 62.7% (47/75) (difference: -4.6%; 95% confidence interval, -20.0% to +11.1%; P = .025). At baseline, median pain scores were 7 (2-10) and 7 (2-10) points, respectively. At 1 month, complete pain relief rates were 23.5% (16/68) versus 20.0% (14/70) (difference, +3.5%; 95% confidence interval, -10.4% to +17.5%; P < .001), and overall pain relief rates were 52.9% (36/68) versus 57.1% (40/70) (difference, -4.2%; 95% confidence interval, -20.5% to +12.3%; P = .029). Distress and pain relief rates after 4 Gy × 5 were largely comparable to 3 Gy × 10 at all time points. Associated 95% confidence intervals did not point toward any relevant differences. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with MESCC and poor to intermediate survival prognoses, 4 Gy × 5 appeared noninferior to 3 Gy × 10 regarding pain and distress relief.


Assuntos
Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Compressão da Medula Espinal/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/radioterapia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Compressão da Medula Espinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4273-4277, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: For treatment of brain metastases, a patient's survival prognosis should be considered. Existing survival scores appear complex and require complete tumor staging. For many patients, a faster and simpler tool would be helpful. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study investigated the prognostic value of the number of pre-treatment symptoms plus eight other factors on survival of patients irradiated for brain metastases. Other factors included whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) regimen, age, gender, performance score, primary tumor type, number of brain metastases, extracranial metastases, and interval between cancer diagnosis and WBRT. RESULTS: The number of symptoms (p=0.002) and all other factors were significantly associated with survival on univariate analyses. On multivariate analysis, all factors but the number of symptoms (p=0.47) and primary tumor type (p=0.48) were significant. CONCLUSION: Since the number of symptoms was not an independent predictor of survival, it cannot replace existing scoring tools and may only serve for orientation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Irradiação Craniana/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/classificação , Neoplasias/patologia
17.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 20(4): 322-329, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155476

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify prognostic factors and create a survival score to facilitate individualized care of patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radiation regimen plus 9 factors were retrospectively evaluated in 120 patients irradiated for MSCC from SCLC for overall response, improvement of motor deficits, postradiotherapy ambulatory status, local control of MSCC, and overall survival (OS). Factors included age, interval diagnosis of SCLC to radiotherapy (RT) of MSCC, visceral metastases, further bone metastases, gender, time developing motor deficits, pre-RT ambulatory status, number of affected vertebrae, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS). RESULTS: Improvement of motor deficits showed significant associations with ECOG PS 1-2 (P = .018); time developing motor deficits achieved borderline significance (P = .059). Post-RT ambulatory status was significantly associated with slower development of motor dysfunction (P = .003), ambulatory status (P < .001), and ECOG PS 1-2 (P < .001). No factor was significantly associated with overall response and local control. On multivariate analysis, OS was significantly associated with interval from SCLC diagnosis to RT of MSCC (P = .004), visceral metastases (P < .001), ambulatory status (P = .002), and ECOG PS (P = .002). For the survival score, 6-month OS rates related to each of these factors were divided by 10. Patient scores were obtained by adding these factors' scores. Three groups were defined (5, 7-13, and 15-17 points) with 6-month OS rates of 0, 18%, and 77%, respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Predictors of various outcomes were identified and a survival score was created that can support physicians aiming to create personalized treatments to patients with MSCC from SCLC.

18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(5): 2569-2574, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Existing survival scores for patients with brain metastases were created in heterogeneously treated cohorts. A new score was developed in 56 patients with brain metastases from colorectal cancer treated with 10×3 Gy of whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Factors found significantly associated with survival (p<0.05) or showing a trend (p<0.08) were included in the tool. The new WBRT-30-CRC was compared to diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) classification for gastrointestinal cancers. RESULTS: The WBRT-30-CRC included four prognostic groups: 3-4, 5-6, 7-9 and 10 points. Six-month survival rates were 0%, 15%, 38% and 80%. PPV of the 3-4 points-group predicting death ≤6 months was 100% (91% for DS-GPA of 0.0-1.0). PPV of the 10 points-group predicting survival ≥6 months was 80% (0% DS-GPA of 3.5-4.0, 33% DS-GPA of 3.0-4.0). CONCLUSION: The WBRT-30-CRC appeared very precise in identifying patients with brain metastases from colorectal cancer dying ≤6 months or surviving ≥6 months.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/radioterapia , Irradiação Craniana , Prognóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Radiocirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Radiol Oncol ; 53(2): 219-224, 2019 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103998

RESUMO

Background Previous survival scores for breast cancer patients with cerebral metastases were developed in cohorts receiving heterogeneous treatments, which could have introduced selection biases. A new instrument (WBRT-30-BC) was created from 170 patients receiving whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) alone with 30 Gy in 10 fractions. Methods Characteristics showing significant associations (p < 0.05) with overall survival (OS) or a trend (p < 0.08) on multivariate analysis were used for the WBRT-30-BC. For each characteristic, 6-month OS rates were divided by 10. These scoring points were added for each patient (patient scores). The WBRT-30-BC was compared to the diagnosis- specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) classification and Rades-Score for breast cancer regarding positive predictive values (PPVs) to identify patients dying within 6 months and patients surviving at least 6 months following WBRT. Results On multivariate analysis, Karnofsky performance score (KPS) was significant (risk ratio [RR]: 2.45, p < 0.001). In addition, extra-cerebral metastatic disease (RR: 1.52, p = 0.071) and time between breast cancer diagnosis and WBRT (RR: 1.37, p = 0.070) showed a trend. Based on these three characteristics, four predictive groups were designed: 7-9, 10-12, 13-15 and 16 points. Six-month OS rates were 8%, 41%, 68% and 100% (p < 0.001). PPVs to identify patients dying within 6 months were 92% (WBRT-30-BC), 84% (DS-GPA) and 92% (Rades-Score). PPVs to identify patients surviving for at least 6 months were 100% (WBRT-30-BC), 74% (DS-GPA) and 68% (Rades-Score). Conclusions The WBRT-30-BC appeared very accurate in predicting death ≤ 6 months and survival ≥ 6 months of breast cancer patients receiving WBRT. It was superior to previous instruments in predicting survival ≥ 6 months.

20.
Radiother Oncol ; 134: 158-165, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In-vivo-accuracy analysis (IVA) of dose-delivery with active motion-management (gating/tracking) was performed based on registration of post-radiotherapeutic MRI-morphologic-alterations (MMA) to the corresponding dose-distributions of gantry-based/robotic SBRT-plans. METHODS: Forty targets in two patient cohorts were evaluated: (1) gantry-based SBRT (deep-inspiratory breath-hold-gating; GS) and (2) robotic SBRT (online fiducial-tracking; RS). The planning-CT was deformably registered to the first post-treatment contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI. An isodose-structure cropped to the liver (ISL) and corresponding to the contoured MMA was created. Structure and statistical analysis regarding volumes, surface-distance, conformity metrics and center-of-mass-differences (CoMD) was performed. RESULTS: Liver volume-reduction was -43.1 ±â€¯148.2 cc post-RS and -55.8 ±â€¯174.3 cc post-GS. The mean surface-distance between MMA and ISL was 2.3 ±â€¯0.8 mm (RS) and 2.8 ±â€¯1.1 mm (GS). ISL and MMA volumes diverged by 5.1 ±â€¯23.3 cc (RS) and 16.5 ±â€¯34.1 cc (GS); the median conformity index of both structures was 0.83 (RS) and 0.80 (GS). The average relative directional errors were ≤0.7 mm (RS) and ≤0.3 mm (GS); the median absolute 3D-CoMD was 3.8 mm (RS) and 4.2 mm (GS) without statistically significant differences between the two techniques. Factors influencing the IVA included GTV and PTV (p = 0.041 and p = 0.020). Four local relapses occurred without correlation to IVA. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time a method for IVA was presented, which can serve as a benchmarking-tool for other treatment techniques. Both techniques have shown median deviations <5 mm of planned dose and MMA. However, IVA also revealed treatments with errors ≥5 mm, suggesting a necessity for patient-specific safety-margins. Nevertheless, the treatment accuracy of well-performed active motion-compensated liver SBRT seems not to be a driving factor for local treatment failure.

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