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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1862, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024964

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified a number of genetic risk loci associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and Crohn's disease (CD), some of which confer susceptibility to both diseases. In order to identify new risk loci shared between these two immune-mediated disorders, we performed a cross-disease meta-analysis including GWAS data from 5,734 SSc patients, 4,588 CD patients and 14,568 controls of European origin. We identified 4 new loci shared between SSc and CD, IL12RB2, IRF1/SLC22A5, STAT3 and an intergenic locus at 6p21.31. Pleiotropic variants within these loci showed opposite allelic effects in the two analysed diseases and all of them showed a significant effect on gene expression. In addition, an enrichment in the IL-12 family and type I interferon signaling pathways was observed among the set of SSc-CD common genetic risk loci. In conclusion, through the first cross-disease meta-analysis of SSc and CD, we identified genetic variants with pleiotropic effects on two clinically distinct immune-mediated disorders. The fact that all these pleiotropic SNPs have opposite allelic effects in SSc and CD reveals the complexity of the molecular mechanisms by which polymorphisms affect diseases.

3.
Eur J Immunol ; 50(1): 86-96, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713839

RESUMO

Non-Hodgkin orbital lymphoma (NHOL) and idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) are common orbital conditions with largely unknown pathophysiology that can be difficult to diagnose. In this study we aim to identify serum miRNAs associated with NHOL and IOI. We performed OpenArray® miRNA profiling in 33 patients and controls. Differentially expressed miRNAs were technically validated across technology platforms and replicated in an additional cohort of 32 patients and controls. We identified and independently validated a serum miRNA profile of NHOL that was remarkably similar to IOI and characterized by an increased expression of a cluster of eight miRNAs. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated that the miRNA-cluster is associated with immune-mediated pathways, which we supported by demonstrating the elevated expression of this cluster in serum of patients with other inflammatory conditions. The cluster contained miR-148a, a key driver of B-cell tolerance, and miR-365 that correlated with serum IgG and IgM concentrations. In addition, miR-29a and miR-223 were associated with blood lymphocyte and neutrophil populations, respectively. NHOL and IOI are characterized by an abnormal serum miRNA-cluster associated with immune pathway activation and linked to B cell and neutrophil dysfunction.

4.
Eur J Immunol ; 50(1): 119-129, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424086

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögrens syndrome (pSS) are clinically distinct systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) that share molecular pathways. We quantified the frequency of circulating immune-cells in 169 patients with these SADs and 44 healty controls (HC) using mass-cytometry and assessed the diagnostic value of these results. Alterations in the frequency of immune-cell subsets were present in all SADs compared to HC. Most alterations, including a decrease of CD56hi NK-cells in SSc and IgM+ Bcells in pSS, were disease specific; only a reduced frequency of plasmacytoid dendritic cells was common between all SADs Strikingly, hierarchical clustering of SSc patients identified 4 clusters associated with different clinical phenotypes, and 9 of the 12 cell subset-alterations in SSc were also present during the preclinical-phase of the disease. Additionally, we found a strong association between the use of prednisone and alterations in B-cell subsets. Although differences in immune-cell frequencies between these SADs are apparent, the discriminative value thereof is too low for diagnostic purposes. Within each disease, mass cytometry analyses revealed distinct patterns between endophenotypes. Given the lack of tools enabling early diagnosis of SSc, our results justify further research into the value of cellular phenotyping as a diagnostic aid.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(1): 69-76, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tremendous opportunities for health research have been unlocked by the recent expansion of big data and artificial intelligence. However, this is an emergent area where recommendations for optimal use and implementation are needed. The objective of these European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) points to consider is to guide the collection, analysis and use of big data in rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders (RMDs). METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force of 14 international experts was assembled with expertise from a range of disciplines including computer science and artificial intelligence. Based on a literature review of the current status of big data in RMDs and in other fields of medicine, points to consider were formulated. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were allocated and mean levels of agreement of the task force members were calculated. RESULTS: Three overarching principles and 10 points to consider were formulated. The overarching principles address ethical and general principles for dealing with big data in RMDs. The points to consider cover aspects of data sources and data collection, privacy by design, data platforms, data sharing and data analyses, in particular through artificial intelligence and machine learning. Furthermore, the points to consider state that big data is a moving field in need of adequate reporting of methods and benchmarking, careful data interpretation and implementation in clinical practice. CONCLUSION: These EULAR points to consider discuss essential issues and provide a framework for the use of big data in RMDs.

6.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(2): 335-343, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether epigenetic cell counting represents a novel method to quantify immune cells in salivary glands of patients with different forms of Sjögren's and sicca syndrome and to capture immunopathology and potentially aid in diagnosis. METHODS: DNA from frozen salivary gland tissue sections of sicca patients was used for bisulphite conversion of demethylated DNA cytosine residues, followed by cell-specific quantitative PCR to calculate cell percentages in relation to total tissue cell numbers as quantified by housekeeping gene demethylation. The percentages of epigenetically quantified cells were correlated to RNA expression of matched salivary gland tissue and histological and clinical parameters. RESULTS: The percentages of epigenetically quantified CD3, CD4, CD8, T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, FoxP3+ regulatory T cells and B cells were significantly increased in the salivary glands of patients with SS. Unsupervised clustering using these percentages identified patient subsets with an increased lymphocytic focus score and local B cell hyperactivity and classifies patients different from conventional classification criteria. In particular, Tfh cells were shown to strongly correlate with the expression of CXCL13, lymphocytic focus scores, local B cell hyperactivity and anti-SSA positivity. CONCLUSION: Epigenetic cell counting is a promising novel tool to objectively and easily quantify immune cells in the labial salivary gland of sicca patients, with a relatively small amount of tissue needed. In view of the potential of this technique to include a huge number of (cell-specific) biomarkers, this opens up new standardized ways of salivary gland analysis with high relevance for patient classification, understanding of immunopathology and monitoring of drug responses in clinical trials.

8.
Eur J Immunol ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841217

RESUMO

Non-Hodgkin orbital lymphoma (NHOL) and idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) are common orbital conditions with largely unknown pathophysiology. To investigate the immune cell composition of these diseases, we performed standardized 29 parameter flow cytometry phenotyping in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 18 NHOL patients, 21 IOI patients, and 41 unaffected controls. Automatic gating by FlowSOM revealed decreased abundance of meta-clusters containing dendritic cells in patients, which we confirmed by manual gating. A decreased percentage of (HLA-DR+ CD303+ CD123+ ) plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in the circulation of IOI patients and decreased (HLA-DR+ CD11c+ CD1c+ ) conventional dendritic cells (cDC) type-2 for IOI patients were replicated in an independent cohort of patients and controls. Meta-analysis of both cohorts demonstrated that pDCs are also decreased in blood of NHOL patients and highlighted that the decrease in blood cDC type-2 was specific for IOI patients compared to NHOL or controls. Deconvolution-based estimation of immune cells in transcriptomic data of 48 orbital biopsies revealed a decrease in the abundance of pDC and cDC populations within the orbital microenvironment of IOI patients. Collectively, these data suggest a previously underappreciated role for dendritic cells in orbital disorders.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4955, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672989

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that shows one of the highest mortality rates among rheumatic diseases. We perform a large genome-wide association study (GWAS), and meta-analysis with previous GWASs, in 26,679 individuals and identify 27 independent genome-wide associated signals, including 13 new risk loci. The novel associations nearly double the number of genome-wide hits reported for SSc thus far. We define 95% credible sets of less than 5 likely causal variants in 12 loci. Additionally, we identify specific SSc subtype-associated signals. Functional analysis of high-priority variants shows the potential function of SSc signals, with the identification of 43 robust target genes through HiChIP. Our results point towards molecular pathways potentially involved in vasculopathy and fibrosis, two main hallmarks in SSc, and highlight the spectrum of critical cell types for the disease. This work supports a better understanding of the genetic basis of SSc and provides directions for future functional experiments.

10.
Scand J Immunol ; : e12852, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733111

RESUMO

CCR9 + T helper (Th) cells can induce Sjögren-like symptoms in mice and both CCR9 + Th cells and their ligand CCL25 are increased in the salivary glands of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients. Increased circulating CCR9 + Th cells are present in pSS patients. CCR9 + Th cells are hyperresponsive to IL-7, secrete high levels of IFN-γ, IL-21, IL-17 and IL-4 and potently stimulate B cells in both patients and healthy individuals. Our aim was to study co-expression of chemokine receptors on CCR9 + Th cells and whether in pSS this might differentially affect CCR9 + Th cell frequencies. Frequencies of circulating CCR9 + and CCR9- Th cells co-expressing CXCR3, CCR4, CCR6 and CCR10 were studied in pSS patients and healthy controls. CCL25, CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 and CCL27 mRNA and protein expression of salivary gland tissue of pSS and non-Sjögren's sicca (non-SS) patients was assessed. Chemotaxis assays were performed to study migration induced by CXCL10 and CCL25. Higher expression of CXCR3, CCR4 and CCR6 but not CCR10 was observed on CCR9 + Th cells as compared to cells lacking CCR9. Decreased frequencies of circulating memory CCR9 + CXCR3+ Th cells were found in pSS patients, which was most pronounced in the effector memory subset. Increased salivary gland CCL25 and CXCL10 expression significantly correlated and both ligands functioned synergistically based on in vitro induced chemotaxis. Decreased memory CXCR3 + CCR9+ Th cells in blood of pSS patients may be due to a concerted action of overexpressed ligands at the site of inflammation in the salivary glands facilitating their preferential migration and positioning in the lymphocytic infiltrates.

11.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2096, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552042

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic auto-immune disease typified by dryness of the mouth and eyes. A majority of patients with pSS have a type-I interferon (IFN)-signature, which is defined as the increased expression of IFN-induced genes in circulating immune cells and is associated with increased disease activity. As plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) are the premier type-I IFN-producing cells and are present at the site of inflammation, they are thought to play a significant role in pSS pathogenesis. Considering the lack of data on pDC regulation and function in pSS patients, we here provided the first in-depth molecular characterization of pSS pDCs. In addition, a group of patients with non-Sjögren's sicca (nSS) was included; these poorly studied patients suffer from complaints similar to pSS patients, but are not diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome. We isolated circulating pDCs from two independent cohorts of patients and controls (each n = 31) and performed RNA-sequencing, after which data-driven networks and modular analysis were used to identify robustly reproducible transcriptional "signatures" of differential and co-expressed genes. Four signatures were identified, including an IFN-induced gene signature and a ribosomal protein gene-signature, that indicated pDC activation. Comparison with a dataset of in vitro activated pDCs showed that pSS pDCs have higher expression of many genes also upregulated upon pDC activation. Corroborating this transcriptional profile, pSS pDCs produced higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including type-I IFN, upon in vitro stimulation with endosomal Toll-like receptor ligands. In this setting, cytokine production was associated with expression of hub-genes from the IFN-induced and ribosomal protein gene-signatures, indicating that the transcriptional profile of pSS pDCs underlies their enhanced cytokine production. In all transcriptional analyses, nSS patients formed an intermediate group in which some patients were molecularly similar to pSS patients. Furthermore, we used the identified transcriptional signatures to develop a discriminative classifier for molecular stratification of patients with sicca. Altogether, our data provide in-depth characterization of the aberrant regulation of pDCs from patients with nSS and pSS and substantiate their perceived role in the immunopathology of pSS, supporting studies that target pDCs, type-I IFNs, or IFN-signaling in pSS.

12.
Mol Immunol ; 114: 524-534, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518856

RESUMO

The chemokine CXCL4 has been implicated in several immune diseases. Exposure of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) to CXCL4 potentiates the production of inflammatory cytokines in the presence of TLR3 or TLR7/8 agonists. Here we investigated the transcriptional and post-transcriptional events underlying the augmented inflammatory responses in CXCL4-moDCs. Our results indicate that CXCL4-moDCs display an increased expression and secretion of IL-12, IL-23, IL-6 and TNF upon TLR3 activation. Analysis of the cytokine transcripts for the presence of AU-rich elements (ARE), motifs necessary for ARE-mediated mRNA decay, revealed that all these cytokine transcripts are, at least in silico, possibly regulated at the level of mRNA stability. In vitro assays confirmed that mRNA stability of IL6 and TNF, but not IL12B and IL23A, is increased in CXCL4-moDCs. We next screened the expression of ARE-binding proteins (ARE-BPs) and found that TLR stimulation of CXCL4-moDCs induced tristetraprolin (TTP or ZFP36). Increased TTP mRNA expression was found to be a consequence of TTP phospho-mediated inactivation, which over time causes the protein to degrade its own mRNA. Concomitantly with TTP inactivation, we observed increased MAPK p38 signalling, upstream of TTP, in stimulated CXCL4-moDCs. P38 inhibition restored TTP activation and subsequently reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines. Finally, TTP knockdown in moDCs resulted in an increased production of IL6 and TNF after TLR stimulation. Overall, our study shows that the pro-inflammatory phenotype of CXCL4-moDCs relies in part on enhanced cytokine mRNA stability dictated by TTP inactivation.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fator Plaquetário 4/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Estabilidade de RNA/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Tristetraprolina/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1335, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281310

RESUMO

Objectives: Considering the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulation of cell activation, we investigated their role in circulating type-2 conventional dendritic cells (cDC2s) of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) compared to healthy controls (HC). Methods: CD1c-expressing cDC2s were isolated from peripheral blood. A discovery cohort (15 pSS, 6 HC) was used to screen the expression of 758 miRNAs and a replication cohort (15 pSS, 11 HC) was used to confirm differential expression of 18 identified targets. Novel targets for two replicated miRNAs were identified by SILAC in HEK-293T cells and validated in primary cDC2s. Differences in cytokine production between pSS and HC cDC2s were evaluated by intracellular flow-cytometry. cDC2s were cultured in the presence of MSK1-inhibitors to investigate their effect on cytokine production. Results: Expression of miR-130a and miR-708 was significantly decreased in cDC2s from pSS patients compared to HC in both cohorts, and both miRNAs were downregulated upon stimulation via endosomal TLRs. Upstream mediator of cytokine production MSK1 was identified as a novel target of miR-130a and overexpression of miR-130a reduced MSK1 expression in cDC2s. pSS cDC2s showed higher MSK1 expression and an increased fraction of IL-12 and TNF-α-producing cells. MSK1-inhibition reduced cDC2 activation and production of IL-12, TNF-α, and IL-6. Conclusions: The decreased expression of miR-130a and miR-708 in pSS cDC2s seems to reflect cell activation. miR-130a targets MSK1, which regulates pro-inflammatory cytokine production, and we provide proof-of-concept for MSK1-inhibition as a therapeutic avenue to impede cDC2 activity in pSS.

14.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361418

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a common immune-mediated inflammatory condition that primarily affects skin and nails. 6-41% of psoriasis patients develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The ways in which PsA can manifest itself include peripheral arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, dactylitis and enthesitis. This heterogeneous clinical picture makes it sometimes difficult to recognise PsA,potentially resulting in permanent joint damage and functional impairments. Some people see psoriasis and PsA as 2 manifestations of a single disease because the multifactorial origins of psoriasis and PsA are largely overlapping. Psoriatic conditions are associated with a high burden of disease, reduced quality of life and comorbidities, including psychiatric and cardiovascular conditions. In recent years, several immunological pathways, immune cells and cytokines have been identified as important factors in pathophysiology and as new therapeutic targets. For many PsA patients treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs leads to significant improvement of symptoms and quality of life.

15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Granzymes are serine proteases involved in eliminating tumour cells and virally infected cells. In addition, extracellular granzyme levels are elevated in inflammatory conditions, including several types of infection and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While GrA and GrB have been associated with RA, a role for the other three granzymes (GrH, GrK, and GrM) in this disease remains unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the presence and role of GrM and GrK in serum and synovial fluid of patients with RA, psoriatic arthritis, and osteoarthritis. METHODS: Granzyme levels were determined in serum, synovial fluid, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMCs) of RA patients and relevant control groups. In addition, the link between GrM and inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid was investigated. RESULTS: Serum GrM and GrK levels were not affected in RA. GrM, but not GrK, levels were elevated in synovial fluid of RA patients. GrM was mainly expressed by cytotoxic lymphocytes in SFMCs with a similar expression pattern as compared with PBMCs. Intra-articular GrM expression correlated with IL-25, IL-29, XCL1, and TNFα levels. Intriguingly, purified GrM triggered the release of IL-29 (IFN-λ1) from human fibroblasts in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that GrM levels are increased in RA synovial fluid and that GrM can stimulate proinflammatory IL-29 release from fibroblasts, suggesting a role of GrM in the pathogenesis of RA.

16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(10): 1740-1745, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) in the pathophysiology of rheumatic diseases is emerging. Evidence from animal studies implicate type I IFN, produced by plasmacytoid dendritic cells, to be involved in regulating the survival of group 2 and group 3 ILCs (ILC2s and ILC3s) via the upregulation of Fas (CD95) expression. For the first time, we explored the frequency and phenotype of circulating ILCs in SLE and primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) in relationship to the IFN signature. METHODS: Frequencies and phenotypes of ILC subsets and plasmacytoid dendritic cells were assessed by flow cytometry in peripheral blood of patients with SLE (n = 20), pSS (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 17). Patients were stratified by the presence or absence of an IFN signature as assessed by RT-qPCR on circulating mononuclear cells. RESULTS: ILC1 frequencies were increased in peripheral blood of patients with SLE as compared with healthy controls and correlate with disease activity in pSS patients. Overall, the frequencies of ILC2s or ILC3s did not differ between patients with SLE, pSS and healthy controls. However, patients with a high type I IFN signature expressed elevated levels of Fas on ILC2s and ILC3s, which coincided with decreased frequencies of these cells in blood. CONCLUSION: The presence of a type I IFN signature is related to Fas expression and frequencies of circulating ILC2s and ILC3s in patients with SLE and pSS, potentially altering the homeostatic balance of ILCs.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 996-1002, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a spectrum of rare autoimmune diseases characterised clinically by muscle weakness and heterogeneous systemic organ involvement. The strongest genetic risk is within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Since autoantibody presence defines specific clinical subgroups of IIM, we aimed to correlate serotype and genotype, to identify novel risk variants in the MHC region that co-occur with IIM autoantibodies. METHODS: We collected available autoantibody data in our cohort of 2582 Caucasian patients with IIM. High resolution human leucocyte antigen (HLA) alleles and corresponding amino acid sequences were imputed using SNP2HLA from existing genotyping data and tested for association with 12 autoantibody subgroups. RESULTS: We report associations with eight autoantibodies reaching our study-wide significance level of p<2.9×10-5. Associations with the 8.1 ancestral haplotype were found with anti-Jo-1 (HLA-B*08:01, p=2.28×10-53 and HLA-DRB1*03:01, p=3.25×10-9), anti-PM/Scl (HLA-DQB1*02:01, p=1.47×10-26) and anti-cN1A autoantibodies (HLA-DRB1*03:01, p=1.40×10-11). Associations independent of this haplotype were found with anti-Mi-2 (HLA-DRB1*07:01, p=4.92×10-13) and anti-HMGCR autoantibodies (HLA-DRB1*11, p=5.09×10-6). Amino acid positions may be more strongly associated than classical HLA associations; for example with anti-Jo-1 autoantibodies and position 74 of HLA-DRB1 (p=3.47×10-64) and position 9 of HLA-B (p=7.03×10-11). We report novel genetic associations with HLA-DQB1 anti-TIF1 autoantibodies and identify haplotypes that may differ between adult-onset and juvenile-onset patients with these autoantibodies. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide new insights regarding the functional consequences of genetic polymorphisms within the MHC. As autoantibodies in IIM correlate with specific clinical features of disease, understanding genetic risk underlying development of autoantibody profiles has implications for future research.

18.
Theranostics ; 9(9): 2475-2488, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131048

RESUMO

Serum and plasma contain abundant biological information that reflect the body's physiological and pathological conditions and are therefore a valuable sample type for disease biomarkers. However, comprehensive profiling of the serological proteome is challenging due to the wide range of protein concentrations in serum. Methods: To address this challenge, we developed a novel in-depth serum proteomics platform capable of analyzing the serum proteome across ~10 orders or magnitude by combining data obtained from Data Independent Acquisition Mass Spectrometry (DIA-MS) and customizable antibody microarrays. Results: Using psoriasis as a proof-of-concept disease model, we screened 50 serum proteomes from healthy controls and psoriasis patients before and after treatment with traditional Chinese medicine (YinXieLing) on our in-depth serum proteomics platform. We identified 106 differentially-expressed proteins in psoriasis patients involved in psoriasis-relevant biological processes, such as blood coagulation, inflammation, apoptosis and angiogenesis signaling pathways. In addition, unbiased clustering and principle component analysis revealed 58 proteins discriminating healthy volunteers from psoriasis patients and 12 proteins distinguishing responders from non-responders to YinXieLing. To further demonstrate the clinical utility of our platform, we performed correlation analyses between serum proteomes and psoriasis activity and found a positive association between the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score with three serum proteins (PI3, CCL22, IL-12B). Conclusion: Taken together, these results demonstrate the clinical utility of our in-depth serum proteomics platform to identify specific diagnostic and predictive biomarkers of psoriasis and other immune-mediated diseases.

19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(12): 2305-2314, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A considerable body of evidence supports a role for type-I IFN in the pathogenesis of primary SS (pSS). As plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are a major source of type-I IFN, we investigated their molecular regulation by measuring expression of a large set of miRNAs. METHODS: pDCs were isolated from peripheral blood of pSS patients (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 16) divided into two independent cohorts (discovery and replication). Screening of 758 miRNAs was assessed by an OpenArray quantitative PCR-based technique; replication of a set of identified miRNAs was performed by custom array. Functional annotation of miRNA targets was performed using pathway enrichment. Novel targets of miR-29a and miR-29c were identified using a proteomic approach (stable isotope labelling with amino acids in cell culture). RESULTS: In the discovery cohort, 20 miRNAs were differentially expressed in pSS pDCs compared with healthy control pDCs. Of these, differential expression of 10 miRNAs was confirmed in the replication cohort. The dysregulated miRNAs were involved in phosphoinositide 3-kinase-Ak strain transforming and mammalian target of rapamycin signalling, as well as regulation of cell death. In addition, a set of novel protein targets of miR-29a and miR-29c were identified, including five targets that were regulated by both miRs. CONCLUSION: The dysregulated miRNome in pDCs of patients with pSS is associated with aberrant regulation of processes at the centre of pDC function, including type-I IFN production and cell death. As miR-29a and miR-29c are pro-apoptotic factors and several of the novel targets identified here are regulators of apoptosis, their downregulation in patients with pSS is associated with enhanced pDC survival.

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