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1.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(8): 115409, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169404

RESUMO

In 2014, two novel and promising benzimidazole-based APOBEC3G stabilizers MM-1 and MM-2 (MMs) were uncovered with an elusive mechanism of action. Vif-APOBEC3G axis has been recognized as a novel therapeutic target for anti HIV-1 drug development. The unexplored mechanism of MMs hindered their further development into lead compounds. To recognize their underlying mechanism we adopted an exhaustive in silico workflow by which we tested their ability to interrupt Vif complex network formation. The preliminary outcome guided us to a high likelihood of MMs interaction within Elongin C binding site, which in turn, perturbs Vif/Elongin C binding and ultimately undermines Vif action. To validate our estimation, we synthesized only MM-1 as a model to complement our study by in vitro assay for a real-time understanding. An immunoprecipitation experiment confirmed the capacity of MM-1 to interrupt Vif/Elongin C interaction. This is an integral study that lies at the interface between theoretical and experimental approaches showing the potential of molecular modelling to address issues related to drug development.

2.
Invest New Drugs ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062733

RESUMO

Marine natural products have drawn a great deal of attention as a vital source of new drugs for the last five decades. However, marine organisms in the seas surrounding Turkey (the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea) haven't been yet extensively explored. In the present study, three marine organisms (Dysidea avara, Microcosmus sabatieri and Echinaster sepositus) were sampled from the Dardanelles (Turkish Straits System, Western Turkey) by scientific divers, transferred to the laboratory and then were extracted with 70% ethanol. The extracts were tested for their cytotoxic effect against K562, KMS-12PE, A549, and A375 cancer cell lines. The sponge extract elicited the most promising cytotoxic activity, thus it was further evaluated against H929, MCF-7, HeLa, and HCT116 cancer cells. Most of the designated cells showed a considerable sensitivity for the sponge extract particularly H929, K562, KMS-12PE and HeLa cells with IC50 less than 10 µg/mL. On the contrary, the other two extracts exhibited no cytotoxic activity on all cells at 100 µg/mL concentration. The sponge extract was tested for its capacity to induce apoptosis in cancer cells and to inhibit a panel of tyrosine kinases showing remarkable results. The outcome of this study represents a platform for discovery of new chemotherapeutic agents of marine natural origin.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(7): 127002, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044184

RESUMO

Induction of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is known to be effective against various diseases. We are interested in HSP70 induction capability of an antitumor antibiotic bleomycin which produces oxidative stress by iron chelate formation and oxygen activation in a cell. The HSP70 induction activity of bleomycin and its six metal core analogs was examined, and a compound HPH-1Trt of 10 µM was found to induce this protein in a pheochromocytoma cell line and some T cell and monocytic cell lines. Its mechanism is increase of HSP70 mRNA, but higher concentration of this compound showed toxicity. Two new derivatives were then synthesized, and one of them named DHPH-1Trt was shown to have less toxicity and higher HSP70 induction activity. This study would lead to a clue for new HSP70 inducer clinically used in near future.

4.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936309

RESUMO

A series of novel 7-substituted-5-(1H-indol-3-yl)tetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-6-carbonitrile was synthesized via a one-pot, three-multicomponent reaction of appropriate aldehydes, 1H-tetrazole-5-amine and 3-cyanoacetyl indole in catalytic triethylamine. The cytotoxic activity of the new synthesized tetrazolopyrimidine-6-carbonitrile compounds was investigated against HCT-116, MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, A549 human cancer cell lines and one human healthy normal cell line (RPE-1) using the MTT cytotoxicity assay. Compounds 4h, 4b, 4c, 4i and 4a showed potent anticancer activities against human colon cancer. Additionally, all the compounds showed potent anticancer activities on human lung cancer.

5.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981047

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the present study, we evaluated the long-term results of modified Y-shaped orthotopic ileal neobladder (Tanta pouch) with trans-mesenteric left retro-colic chimney. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients with invasive bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and modified Y-shaped orthotopic ileal neobladder. (The left chimney elongated to pass to the left side through a window in the mesentery of the pelvic colon and the ureters were implanted directly end to side, in both chimneys after doing good spatulation. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period ranged between 7 and 10 years (mean 7.8 years). 18 patients died during the period of follow-up. 6 months postoperatively, there was a spherical orientation of the pouch (The mean capacity was 542 ± 47 cm3) and the maximum intra-pouch pressure was 24 ± 3.2 cm H2O. Daytime continence was achieved in 93% of the patients and nighttime continence was achieved in 87%. Stress incontinence occurred in 15% and total incontinence in 2%. Renal function was stable in 93% of renal units. Stricture ureter was not recorded of any case. Of 14 renal units with preoperative dilated ureters, 5 units had improved postoperatively and the others had persistent reflux. 13 renal units (3 unilateral and 5 bilateral) with normal preoperative ureters had persistent postoperative reflux. Persistent reflux showed no influence on renal function. CONCLUSION: Modified Y-shaper pouch is suitable for short, dilated ureters. Longitudinal orientation of the pouch facilitates ileo-urethral anastomosis, especially with short mesentery. Long-term follow-up for direct uretero-ileal anastomosis did not show deterioration of the renal function.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 96: 103516, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991322

RESUMO

Synthesis of some new heterocyclic ring systems incorporated pyrimidine and pyridine moieties starting from 1-(furan-2-yl)-3-(thiophen-2-yl) chalcone was achieved. The structure of the new compounds was interpreted by spectral studies and ESI-MS analysis. Antimicrobial investigations of the designated compounds were performed towards some harmful pathogenic microbes. Antimicrobial tests proved that compound 11 unveiled a greater antimicrobial activity than other designed compounds. Docking of compound 11 into active site of DNA gyrase B chain displayed binding-energy of -13.05 kJ mol-1 and distance at 3.18 Ao. Furthermore, docking investigation was approved for the goal compounds into DNA gyrase B chain and exhibiting binding energy extended from -13.05 to -20.48 kJ mol-1.

7.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 95(3): 343-354, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785034

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and cytotoxic effects of novel chlorinated plastoquinone analogs (ABQ1-17) against different leukemic cells. Compounds ABQ3, ABQ11, and ABQ12 demonstrated a pronounced antiproliferative effect against chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) K562 cell line with IC50 values of 0.82 ± 0.07, 0.28 ± 0.03, and 0.98 ± 0.22 µM, respectively. Among them, ABQ11 showed approximately three times higher selectivity than imatinib on CML. ABQ11-treated CML cells induced significant apoptosis at low concentration. Inhibitory effect of ABQ11 against eight different tyrosine kinases, including ABL1, was investigated. ABQ11 inhibited ABL1 with IC50 value of 13.12 ± 1.71 µM, indicating that the moderate inhibition of ABL1 kinase is just an in-part mechanism of its outstanding cellular activity. Molecular docking of ABQ11 into ABL1 kinase ATP-binding pocket revealed the formation of some key interactions. Furthermore, DNA cleavage assay showed that ABQ11 strongly disintegrated DNA at 1 µM concentration in the presence of iron (II) complex system, assuming that the major mechanism for the anticancer effects of ABQ11 is DNA cleavage. In silico ADMET prediction revealed that ABQ11 is a drug-like small molecule with a favorable safety profile. Taken together, ABQ11 is a potential antiproliferative hit compound that exhibits unique cytotoxic activity distinct from imatinib.

8.
Bioorg Chem ; 94: 103422, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812261

RESUMO

Inhibiting VEGFR-2 has been set up as a therapeutic strategy for treatment of cancer. Accordingly, new quinazoline-based derivatives having the structural features of VEGFR-2 inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Anti-proliferative activities were evaluated against three human cancer cell lines (HepG-2, MCF-7 and HCT-116) using MTT assay method. Doxorubicin and sorafenib were used as positive controls. Compounds 26b, 29a, 29b and 30 showed excellent anti-cancer activities against all cell lines. Moreover, compound 31 was the most active with IC 50 values of 3.97 ±â€¯0.2, 4.83 ±â€¯0.2 and 4.58 ±â€¯0.3 µM, respectively. The most active cytotoxic agents were further evaluated in vitro for their VEGFR-2 inhibitory activities, compound 31 showed a high activity against VEGFR-2 with an IC50 value of 2.5 ±â€¯0.04 µM, almost equal to that of sorafenib (IC50 = 2.4 ±â€¯0.05 µM). Further studies revealed the ability of this promising quinazoline derivative 31 to induce apoptosis and arrest cell cycle growth at G2/M phase. In vivo antitumor activities of the synthesized compounds revealed that compounds 30 and 31 possessed significant tumor growth inhibition effect. Molecular docking studies were also performed and finally we can say that VEGFR-2 inhibition confers the reported cytotoxic activities.

9.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731511

RESUMO

Despite the development of a range of anti-cancer agents, cancer diagnoses are still increasing in number, remaining a leading cause of death. Anticancer drug treatment is particularly important for leukemia. We screened Turkish plants and found the unique antileukemic activity of twig components in Turkish Caucasian beech, selectively inducing apoptosis in leukemia cells. This effect is unique among some kinds of beeches, presumably related to oxidative stress. This study would lead to effective use of discarded material, i.e., twig of beech, and a new anti-leukemic drug based on large tree.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5232, 2019 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745079

RESUMO

Recently, the targeting of ERK with ATP-competitive inhibitors has emerged as a potential clinical strategy to overcome acquired resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitor combination therapies. In this study, we investigate an alternative strategy of targeting the D-recruitment site (DRS) of ERK. The DRS is a conserved region that lies distal to the active site and mediates ERK-protein interactions. We demonstrate that the small molecule BI-78D3 binds to the DRS of ERK2 and forms a covalent adduct with a conserved cysteine residue (C159) within the pocket and disrupts signaling in vivo. BI-78D3 does not covalently modify p38MAPK, JNK or ERK5. BI-78D3 promotes apoptosis in BRAF inhibitor-naive and resistant melanoma cells containing a BRAF V600E mutation. These studies provide the basis for designing modulators of protein-protein interactions involving ERK, with the potential to impact ERK signaling dynamics and to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in ERK-dependent cancers.

11.
J Food Drug Anal ; 27(4): 915-925, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590763

RESUMO

The liability of the H2-receptor antagonist nizatidine (NZ) to nitrosation in simulated gastric juice (SGJ) and under WHO-suggested conditions was investigated for the first time. For monitoring the nitrosatability of NZ, a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) method was optimized and validated according to FDA guidance. A Cosmosil HILIC® column and a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile: 0.04 M acetate buffer pH 6.0 (92:8, v/v) were used for the separation of NZ and its N-nitroso derivative (NZ-NO) within 6 min with LODs of 0.02 and 0.1 µg/mL, respectively. NZ was found highly susceptible to nitrosation in SGJ reaching 100% nitrosation in 10 min, while only 18% nitrosation was observed after 160 min under the WHO-suggested conditions. The chemical structure of NZ-NO was clarified by ESI+/MS. In silico toxicology study confirmed the mutagenicity and toxicity of NZ-NO. Experiments evidenced that ascorbic acid strongly suppresses the nitrosation of NZ suggesting their co-administration for protection from potential risks. In addition, the impacts of the HILIC method on safety, health, and environment were favorably evaluated by three green analytical chemistry metrics and it was proved that, unlike the popular impression, HILIC methods could be green to the environment.

12.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574910

RESUMO

Imatinib, an Abelson (ABL) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a lead molecular-targeted drug against chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). To overcome its resistance and adverse effects, new inhibitors of ABL kinase are needed. Our previous study showed that the benzyl ester of gypsogenin (1c), a pentacyclic triterpene, has anti-ABL kinase and a subsequent anti-CML activity. To optimize its activities, benzyl esters of carefully selected triterpenes (PT1-PT6), from different classes comprising oleanane, ursane and lupane, and new substituted benzyl esters of gypsogenin (GP1-GP5) were synthesized. All of the synthesized compounds were purified and charachterized by different spectroscopic methods. Cytotoxicity of the parent triterpenes and the synthesized compounds against CML cell line K562 was examined; revealing three promising compounds PT5, GP2 and GP5 (IC50 5.46, 4.78 and 3.19 µM, respectively). These compounds were shown to inhibit extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) downstream signaling, and induce apoptosis in K562 cells. Among them, PT5 was identified to have in vitro activity (IC50 = 1.44 µM) against ABL1 kinase, about sixfold of 1c, which was justified by molecular docking. The in vitro activities of GP2 and GP5 are less than PT5, hence they were supposed to possess other more mechanisms of cytotoxicity. In general, our design and derivatizations resulted in enhancing the activity against ABL1 kinase and CML cells.


Assuntos
Desenho de Drogas , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/síntese química , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Células K562 , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(12): e1900170, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602720

RESUMO

Two series of amino-1,4-benzoquinones (AQ1-18) based on the structural analogs of plastoquinones were synthesized and the structure-activity relationship against chronic myelogenous leukemia activity was examined. All of the synthesized compounds were tested for their cytotoxic effects on different leukemic cell lines. Of interest, AQ15 exhibited a better selectivity than the reference drug imatinib on cancer cells. Owing to this, AQ15 was selected for a further apoptosis/necrosis evaluation where AQ15-treated K562 cells demonstrated similar apoptotic effects like imatinib-treated cells at their IC50 values. The inhibitory effects of AQ15 and the other three compounds with various activities against eight tyrosine kinases, including ABL1, were investigated. AQ15 showed weak activity against ABL1, and a correlation was observed between the anti-K562 and anti-ABL1 activities. The binding mode of AQ15 into the ATP binding pocket of ABL1 kinase was predicted in silico, showing the formation of some key interactions. In addition, AQ15 was shown to suppress the downstream signaling of BCR-ABL in K562 cells. Finally, AQ15 obviously cleaved DNA in the presence of an iron(II) complex system, indicating that this can be the major mechanism of its antiproliferative action, whereas the mild inhibition of ABL kinase is just in-part mechanism of its overall outstanding cellular activity.

14.
Cannabis Cannabinoid Res ; 4(3): 177-182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579834

RESUMO

Introduction: Cannabis sativa has been used for centuries in treating pain. However, the analgesic role of many of its constituents including terpenes is unknown. This research examined the contributions of terpenes (volatile oil) and cannabinoids in cannabis-mediated analgesia in rats. Methods: Animals received intraperitoneal administration of either vehicle, 10.0 or 18.0 mg/kg morphine, or various doses of the extract without terpenes, isolated terpenes, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or the full extract. Thirty minutes later animals were tested on hotplate and tail-flick tests of thermal nociception. One week later, rats received a second administration of test articles and were tested 30 min later in the abdominal writhing test of inflammatory nociception. Results: In the thermal assays, hotplate and tail-flick latencies for morphine-treated rats were dose dependent and significantly higher than vehicle-treated animals. All the cannabinoid compounds except for the isolated terpenes produced dose-dependent increases in hotplate and tail-flick latencies. In the inflammatory nociceptive assay, animals treated with vehicle and isolated terpenes demonstrated increased abdominal writhing, whereas all the cannabinoid compounds significantly decreased abdominal writhing responses. Conclusions: Overall, THC alone produced robust analgesia equivalent to the full cannabis extract, whereas terpenes alone did not produce analgesia. These data suggest the analgesic activity of cannabis is largely mediated by THC, whereas terpenes alone do not cause alterations in cannabis-mediated analgesia.

15.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(11): 1342-1349, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the methylation status of runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) and secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) genes in paired tissue and serum samples of colorectal cancer (CRC), adenomatous, and control subjects and elucidate the association between methylation status on RUNX3 and SFRP1 mRNA expression. METHODS: Methylation status of RUNX3 and SFRP1 in paired tissue and serum samples and RUNX3 and SFRP1 mRNA expression in tissue from 85 patients with CRC, 40 with adenoma, and 40 healthy controls were determined using methylation-specific PCR and reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: The frequency RUNX3 and SFRP1 genes methylation was significantly higher in both tissues and serum of CRC patients and was significantly associated with absence of its corresponding mRNA expression. The concordance between tissue and serum methylation status was 94.4% for RUNX3 and 94.3% for SFRP1. Tissue RUNX3 methylation status detected CRC with 63.53% sensitivity and 80.00% specificity, while serum RUNX3 methylation status detected CRC with 60.00% sensitivity and 82.50% specificity. Tissue SFRP1 methylation status showed a sensitivity of 82.35% and specificity of 65.00%, while serum SFRP1 methylation status showed a sensitivity of 77.65% and specificity of 70.00% in detection of CRC. RUNX3/SFRP1/carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) panel identified CRC with sensitivity of 89.41% in tissue and 84.71% in serum. CONCLUSION: Our results verified the reliability of using serum RUNX3 and SFRP1 methylation status as a noninvasive biomarker for diagnosis of CRC and that combined detection of RUNX3/SFRP1/CEA panel might be a promising strategy for early detection of CRC.

16.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103255, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542717

RESUMO

In this paper, based on Plastoquinone (PQ) analogs possessing substituted aniline containing alkoxy group(s), new 2,3-dimethyl-5-amino-1,4-benzoquinones (PQ1-15) were designed and synthesized in either two steps or one-pot reaction. Specifically, the substituted amino moiety containing mono or poly alkoxy group(s) with various positions and groups were mainly explored to understand the structure-activity relationships for the cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines (K562, Jurkat, and MT-2) and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PQ2 was found to be most effective anticancer compound on K562 and Jurkat cell lines with IC50 values of 6.40 ±â€¯1.73 µM and 7.72 ±â€¯1.49 µM, respectively. Interestingly, the compound was non-cytotoxic to normal PBMC and also MT-2 cancer cells. PQ2 which showed significant selectivity in MTT assay was chosen for apoptotic/necrotic evaluation and results exhibited that it induced apoptosis in K562 cell line after 6 h of treatment. PQ2 showed anti-Abelson kinase 1 (Abl1) activity with different inhibitory profile than Imatinib in the panel of eight kinases. The binding mode of PQ2 into Abl ATP binding pocket was predicted in silico showing the formation of some key interactions. In addition, PQ2 induced Bcr-Abl1 mediated ERK pathway in human chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells. Furthermore, DNA-cleaving capability of PQ2 was clearly enhanced by iron (II) complex system. Afterward, a further in silico ADMET prediction revealed that PQ2 possesses desirable drug-like properties and favorable safety profile. These results indicated that PQ2 has multiple mechanism of action and two of them are anti-Bcr-Abl1 and DNA-cleaving activity. This study suggests that Plastoquinone analogs could be potential candidates for multi-target anticancer therapy.

17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 182: 111648, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493743

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as HER1) and HER2, prominent members of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) superfamily, have been reported as diagnostic or prognostic markers in tumor progression. Based on the importance of molecular hybridization of pyrazoline and thiazole scaffolds in the discovery of potent anticancer agents, new thiazolyl-pyrazoline derivatives (3a-v) were synthesized and screened for their cytotoxic effects on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma, MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma and A375 human melanoma cell lines. 1-(4-(4-Fluorophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-morpholinophenyl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-pyrazoline (3c),1-(4-(4-cyanophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-morpholinophenyl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-pyrazoline (3f) and 1-(4-(4-cyanophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-piperidinophenyl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-pyrazoline (3q) were found as the most potent anticancer agents against A549 and MCF-7 cell lines compared to erlotinib. Compound 3q also showed moderate cytotoxic activity against A375 cell line. Moreover, these compounds exert a cancer cell-selective action against Jurkat cell line posing no toxicity on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In order to enlighten the mechanism of action underlying anticancer activity, compounds 3c, 3f and 3q were investigated for their apoptotic effects on A549 and MCF-7 cell lines and inhibitory potencies against eight different RTKs including EGFR and HER2 compared to erlotinib. The results indicated that compounds 3f and 3q induced apoptosis in both cell lines and showed significant EGFR inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 4.34 ±â€¯0.66 µM and 4.71 ±â€¯0.84 µM, respectively when compared with erlotinib (IC50 = 0.05 ±â€¯0.01 µM). Besides, compound 3f also inhibited HER2 notably with an IC50 value of 2.28 ±â€¯0.53 µM making it a dual EGFR and HER2 inhibitor. Molecular docking studies, which were conducted to support the in vitro assays, pointed out that compound 3f showed high affinity into the ATP binding sites of EGFR and HER2.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510043

RESUMO

S-trityl-l-cysteine (STLC) is a well-recognized lead compound known for its anticancer activity owing to its potent inhibitory effect on human mitotic kinesin Eg5. STLC contains two free terminal amino and carboxyl groups that play pivotal roles in binding to the Eg5 pocket. On the other hand, such a zwitterion structure complicates the clinical development of STLC because of the solubility issues. Masking either of these radicals reduces or abolishes STLC activity against Eg5. We recently identified and characterized a new class of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase isoform 2 of sirtuin protein (SIRT2) inhibitors that can be utilized as cytotoxic agents based on an S-trityl-l-histidine scaffold. Herein, we propose new STLC-derived compounds that possess pronounced SIRT2 inhibition effects. These derivatives contain modified amino and carboxyl groups, which conferred STLC with SIRT2 bioactivity, representing an explicit repurposing approach. Compounds STC4 and STC11 exhibited half maximal inhibitory concentration values of 10.8 ± 1.9 and 9.5 ± 1.2 µM, respectively, against SIRT2. Additionally, introduction of the derivatizations in this study addressed the solubility limitations of free STLC, presumably due to interruption of the zwitterion structure. Therefore, we could obtain drug-like STLC derivatives that work by a new mechanism of action. The new derivatives were designed, synthesized, and their structure was confirmed using different spectroscopic approaches. In vitro and cellular bioassays with various cancer cell lines and in silico molecular docking and solubility calculations of the synthesized compounds demonstrated that they warrant attention for further refinement of their bioactivity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Sirtuína 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Tritil/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Simulação por Computador , Cisteína/química , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cinesina/química , Cinesina/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Sirtuína 2/genética , Solubilidade , Compostos de Tritil/química
19.
Cancer Sci ; 110(10): 3275-3287, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368616

RESUMO

p97/VCP is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein that belongs to the AAA (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) ATPase family. It has a variety of cellular functions including ER-associated protein degradation, autophagy, and aggresome formation. Recent studies have shown emerging roles of p97/VCP and its potential as a therapeutic target in several cancer subtypes including multiple myeloma (MM). We conducted a cell-based compound screen to exploit novel small compounds that have cytotoxic activity in myeloma cells. Among approximately 2000 compounds, OSSL_325096 showed relatively strong antiproliferative activity in MM cell lines (IC50 , 100-500 nmol/L). OSSL_325096 induced apoptosis in myeloma cell lines, including a bortezomib-resistant cell line and primary myeloma cells purified from patients. Accumulation of poly-ubiquitinated proteins, PERK, CHOP, and IREα, was observed in MM cell lines treated with OSSL_325096, suggesting that it induces ER stress in MM cells. OSSL_325096 has a similar chemical structure to DBeQ, a known p97/VCP inhibitor. Knockdown of the gene encoding p97/VCP induced apoptosis in myeloma cells, accompanied by accumulation of poly-ubiquitinated protein. IC50 of OSSL_325096 to myeloma cell lines were found to be lower (0.1-0.8 µmol/L) than those of DBeQ (2-5 µmol/L). In silico protein-drug-binding simulation suggested possible binding of OSSL_325096 to the ATP binding site in the D2 domain of p97/VCP. In cell-free ATPase assays, OSSL_325096 showed dose-dependent inhibition of p97/VCP ATPase activity. Finally, OSSL_325096 inhibited the growth of subcutaneous myeloma cell tumors in vivo. The present data suggest that OSSL_325096 exerts anti-myeloma activity, at least in part through p97/VCP inhibition.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/administração & dosagem , Adenosina Trifosfatases/antagonistas & inibidores , Adenosina Trifosfatases/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Bortezomib/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo
20.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(11): e1900123, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463953

RESUMO

In continuation of our previous work on the design and synthesis of topoisomerase II (Topo II) inhibitors and DNA intercalators, a new series of quinoxaline derivatives were designed and synthesized. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against a panel of three cancer cell lines (Hep G-2, Hep-2, and Caco-2). Compounds 18b, 19b, 23, 25b, and 26 showed strong potencies against all tested cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.26 ± 0.1 to 2.91 ± 0.1 µM, comparable with those of doxorubicin (IC50 values ranging from 0.65 ± 0.1 to 0.81 ± 0.1 µM). The most active compounds were further evaluated for their Topo II inhibitory activities and DNA intercalating affinities. Compounds 19b and 19c exhibited high activities against Topo II (IC50 = 0.97 ± 0.1 and 1.10 ± 0.1 µM, respectively) and bound the DNA at concentrations of 43.51 ± 2.0 and 49.11 ± 1.8 µM, respectively, whereas compound 28b exhibited a significant affinity to bind the DNA with an IC50 value of 37.06 ± 1.8 µM. Moreover, apoptosis and cell-cycle tests of the most promising compound 19b were carried out. It was found that 19b can significantly induce apoptosis in Hep G-2 cells. It has revealed cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. Moreover, compound 19b downregulated the Bcl-2 levels, indicating its potential to enhance apoptosis. Furthermore, molecular docking studies were carried out against the DNA-Topo II complex to examine the binding patterns of the synthesized compounds.

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