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Inorg Chem ; 61(47): 18883-18898, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377823


The half-sandwich complex [Cp'Fe{N(dipp)(SiMe3)}] (Fe-dipp; Cp' = 1,2,4-tri-tert-butylcyclopentadienyl and dipp = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl) and the mixed metallocene [Cp'Fe{(η5-C6H3iPr2)═N(SiMe3)}] (Fe-chd) formed in the reaction between [{Cp'Fe(µ-I)}2] and [Li{N(dipp)(SiMe3)}]2 were characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Fe-dipp complements the series of low-coordinate, quasi-linear iron amido half-sandwich complexes [Cp'Fe{N(tBu)(SiMe3)}] (Fe-tBu) and [Cp'Fe{N(SiMe3)2}] (Fe-tms) reported earlier, and all three compounds were characterized in the solid state by zero-field 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements, confirming their S = 2 electronic ground state. Moreover, the Mössbauer absorption spectra reveal slow paramagnetic relaxation at low temperatures with large internal magnetic hyperfine fields of Bhf = 96.4 T (Fe-dipp, 20 K), Bhf = 101.3 T (Fe-tBu, 15 K), and Bhf = 96.9 T (Fe-tms, 20 K). The magnetic measurements further confirm that the presence of significant axial zero-field splitting and slow relaxation of magnetization is detected, which is revealed even in the absence of a static magnetic field in the case of Fe-tBu. Supplementary ab initio and density functional theory calculations were performed and support the experimental data.

Dalton Trans ; 51(3): 986-997, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931626


The alkyl-functionalised scandium complex [(pdl*SiMe2NtBu)Sc(thf)(CH2SiMe3)] (2) was synthesised in enantiomerically pure form and characterised by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Complex 2 features a chiral constrained geometry ligand derived from the natural compound (1R)-(-)-myrtenal, in which the pentadienyl (pdl*) fragment coordinates in η3:η2-allyl-en fashion to the scandium atom. Compound 2 catalyses the polymerisation of rac-lactide at 30 °C and 50 °C yielding amorphous poly(lactide) with slightly heterotactic enchainment (Pm = 0.36 and 0.37). In agreement with the data obtained from GPC and DSC measurements, a chain-end control mechanism is proposed with fast chain propagation relative to the initiation, which leads to broad molecular weight distributions (D ≈ 1.80) and higher than expected molecular weights. Furthermore, chain transfer processes are observed, but only small amounts of transesterification and racemisation occur. Kinetic studies reveal a second-order dependence in rac-lactide (monomer) concentration and a first-order dependence in the concentration of catalyst 2.

Chemistry ; 26(68): 16098-16110, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735382


We report the preparation of enantiomerically pure constrained geometry complexes (cgc) of the rare-earth metals bearing a pentadienyl moiety (pdl) derived from the natural product (1R)-(-)-myrtenal. The potassium salt 1, [Kpdl*], was treated with ClSiMe2 NHtBu, and the resulting pentadiene 2 was deprotonated with the Schlosser-type base KOtPen/nBuLi (tPen=CMe2 (CH2 Me)) to yield the dipotassium salt [K2 (pdl*SiMe2 NtBu)] (3). However, 3 rearranges in THF solution to its isomer 3' by a 1,3-H shift, which elongates the bridge between the pdl and SiMe2 NtBu moieties by one CH2 unit. This is crucial for the successful formation of various monomeric C1 - or dimeric C2 -symmetric rare-earth cgc complexes with additional halide, tetraborohydride, amido and alkyl functionalities. All compounds have been extensively characterised by solid-state X-ray diffraction analysis, solution NMR spectroscopy and elemental analyses.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(98): 13798-13801, 2018 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474658


A novel synthesis for dialkyl cobalt compounds [(tmeda)CoR2] is presented. In these complexes tmeda is readily replaced by an NHC or a bidentate phosphine ligand to form 3- and 4-coordinate compounds, respectively. [(ItBu)Co(CH2SiMe3)2] (ItBu = 1,3-di-tert-butylimidazolin-2-ylidene) serves as an efficient, homogeneous olefin hydrogenation pre-catalyst and allows the preparation of the novel cobalt bis(alkyne) complex [(ItBu)Co(η2-PhCCPh)2].

Dalton Trans ; 47(41): 14468-14482, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30191925


The coordination chemistry of the sterically encumbered pentadienyl ligand pdl' (pdl' = 2,4-(Me3C)2C5H5) towards a series of rare-earth metals was systematically explored and the resulting metal complexes were fully characterized by several techniques including X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy and solid-state magnetic susceptibility studies. Three different reaction products were isolated depending on the redox-potentials and ionic radii of the metal atoms. They can be classified as (a) salt-metathesis, (b) metal reduction-ligand oxidation and (c) ligand deprotonation products. While for the larger and difficult to reduce metal ions, M = La, Ce, Pr and Nd, trivalent compounds [(η5-pdl')3M] (1-M) were isolated, for the more readily reduced metal ions the corresponding divalent compounds [[(η5-pdl')2M(thf)n] (2-M; with M = Sm (n = 2); Eu, Yb (n = 1)) were formed. A more complex structural motif was observed for the smaller and also difficult to reduce metal ions, M = Sc, Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Lu, which yielded the bimetallic complexes of the type [(pdl')(pdl'-1H)(pdl'-2H)M2(thf)2] (3-M). In these dimeric complexes the pdl' ligand acts as a result of deprotonation reactions not only as a monoanionic [pdl']-, but also as a dianionic [pdl'-1H]2- and a trianionic [pdl'-2H]3- ligand scaffold, which form unusual structural motifs including a six-membered metallacycle. Solid-state magnetic susceptibility studies revealed the expected free-ion magnetic moments at T = 300 K for all investigated compounds, whereas at lower temperatures crystal-field effects dominate. Furthermore, for 3-Gd, 3-Tb, 3-Dy and 3-Er weak ferromagnetic exchange interactions were observed at low temperature.

Dalton Trans ; 47(31): 10517-10526, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29924109


The half-sandwich complex [Cp'Fe(µ-I)]2 (1; Cp' = η5-1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2) is cleaved when heated in toluene to form a cation-anion pair [{Cp'Fe(η6-toluene)}+{Cp'FeI2}-] (2), in which the two Fe(ii) atoms adopt different spin states, i.e., a low-spin (S = 0) and a high-spin (S = 2) configuration. Upon oxidation of 1 with C2H4I2, the thermally stable 15VE species [Cp'FeI2] (3) can be isolated, in which the Fe(iii) atom adopts an intermediate spin (S = 3/2) configuration. Complex 3 is an excellent starting material for further functionalizations and it reacts with Mg(CH2SiMe3)2 to form the unprecedented Fe(iii) (S = 3/2) bis(alkyl) complex [Cp'Fe(CH2SiMe3)2] (4). The respective spin states of complexes 2-4 are confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, zero-field 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, and solid-state magnetic susceptibility measurements. In contrast to the related 14VE high-spin (S = 2) Fe(ii) alkyl species [Cp'FeCH(SiMe3)2], which resists the reaction with H2 as a consequence of a spin-induced reaction barrier, complex 4 reacts cleanly with H2 (8 bar) in cyclohexane to yield iron hydrides [{Cp'Fe}2(µ-H)3] (5) and [Cp'Fe(µ-H)2]2 (6) in a 1 : 4 ratio. However, when the hydrogenation of 4 is carried out in benzene, a green 19VE [Cp'Fe(η6-C6H6)] (A) intermediate is formed, which dimerizes to the bis(cyclohexadienyl)-bridged product [(Cp'Fe)2(µ2-η5:η5-C12H12)] (7). Further evidence for the intermediacy of [Cp'Fe(η6-C6H6)] (A) was gathered by X-band EPR and UV/vis spectroscopy. Interestingly, attempts to oxidize 7 with AgSbF6 proceeded via C-C bond cleavage instead of metal oxidation to form [Cp'Fe(C6H6)][SbF6] (8).