Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 123
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1903024, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Asparaginase (ASNase) is an important component of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treatment, but is often discontinued because of toxicity. Erwinia chrysanthemi ASNase (Erwinia) substitution was approved in 2011 for allergic reactions. Erwinia has, however, been intermittently unavailable because of drug supply issues. The impact of Erwinia substitution or complete ASNase discontinuation is unknown. METHODS: Patients aged 1-30.99 years in frontline Children's Oncology Group trials for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia between 2004 and 2011 (National Cancer Institute [NCI] standard risk [SR]: AALL0331; NCI high risk: AALL0232) were included. The number of prescribed pegaspargase (PEG-ASNase) doses varied by trial and strata. Maintenance therapy did not contain ASNase. Landmark analyses at maintenance compared disease-free survival (DFS) among those receiving all prescribed PEG-ASNase doses versus switching to Erwinia but receiving all doses versus not receiving all ASNase doses. RESULTS: We included 5,195 AALL0331 and 3,001 AALL0232 patients. The cumulative incidence of PEG-ASNase discontinuation was 12.2% ± 4.6% in AALL0331 and 25.4% ± 0.8% in AALL0232. In multivariable analyses, NCI high-risk patients not receiving all prescribed ASNase doses had inferior DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2 to 1.9; P = .002) compared with those receiving all prescribed PEG-ASNase doses. Patients with Erwinia substitution who completed subsequent courses were not at increased risk (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.7 to 1.6; P = .69). NCI SR patients who discontinued ASNase were not at elevated risk (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.6; P = .23), except when restricted to those with slow early response, who were prescribed more ASNase because of therapy intensification (HR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.7; P = .03). CONCLUSION: Discontinuation of ASNase doses is associated with inferior DFS in higher-risk patients. Our results illustrate the severe consequences of Erwinia shortages.

2.
Cancer ; 126(3): 593-601, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal chemotherapy for treating mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and the role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain uncertain. Major limitations in interpreting available data are MPAL's rarity and the use of definitions other than the currently widely accepted criteria: the World Health Organization 2016 (WHO2016) classification. METHODS: To assess the relative efficacy of chemotherapy types for treating pediatric MPAL, the Children's Oncology Group (COG) Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage Task Force assembled a retrospective cohort of centrally reviewed WHO2016 MPAL cases selected from banking studies for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients were not treated in COG trials; treatment and outcome data were captured separately. The findings were then integrated with the available, mixed literature to develop a prospective trial in pediatric MPAL. RESULTS: The central review confirmed that 54 of 70 cases fulfilled WHO2016 criteria for MPAL. ALL induction regimens achieved remission in 72% of the cases (28 of 39), whereas AML regimens achieved remission in 69% (9 of 13). The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates for the entire cohort were 72% ± 8% and 77% ± 7%, respectively. EFS and OS were 75% ± 13% and 84% ± 11%, respectively, for those receiving ALL chemotherapy alone without HSCT (n = 21). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the COG MPAL cohort and a literature review suggest that ALL chemotherapy without HSCT may be the preferred initial therapy. A prospective trial within the COG is proposed to investigate this approach; AML chemotherapy and/or HSCT will be reserved for those with treatment failure as assessed by minimal residual disease. Embedded biology studies will provide further insight into MPAL genomics.

3.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(6): 602-612, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825704

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Children's Oncology Group (COG) AALL0331 tested whether intensified postinduction therapy that improves survival in children with high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) would also improve outcomes for those with standard-risk (SR) ALL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: AALL0331 enrolled 5,377 patients between 2005 and 2010. All patients received a 3-drug induction with dexamethasone, vincristine, and pegaspargase (PEG) and were then classified as SR low, SR average, or SR high. Patients with SR-average disease were randomly assigned to receive either standard 4-week consolidation (SC) or 8-week intensified augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) consolidation (IC). Those with SR-high disease were nonrandomly assigned to the full COG-augmented BFM regimen, including 2 interim maintenance and delayed intensification phases. RESULTS: The 6-year event-free survival (EFS) rate for all patients enrolled in AALL0331 was 88.96% ± 0.46%, and overall survival (OS) was 95.54% ± 0.31%. For patients with SR-average disease, the 6-year continuous complete remission (CCR) and OS rates for SC versus IC were 87.8% ± 1.3% versus 89.1% ± 1.2% (P = .52) and 95.8% ± 0.8% versus 95.2% ± 0.8% (P = 1.0), respectively. Those with SR-average disease with end-induction minimal residual disease (MRD) of 0.01% to < 0.1% had an inferior outcome compared with those with lower MRD and no improvement with IC (6-year CCR: SC, 77.5% ± 4.8%; IC, 77.1% ± 4.8%; P = .71). At 6 years, the CCR and OS rates among 635 nonrandomly treated patients with SR-high disease were 85.55% ± 1.49% and 92.97% ± 1.08%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The 6-year OS rate for > 5,000 children with SR ALL enrolled in AALL0331 exceeded 95%. The addition of IC to treatment for patients with SR-average disease did not improve CCR or OS, even in patients with higher MRD, in whom it might have been predicted to provide more value. The EFS and OS rates are excellent for this group of patients with SR ALL, with particularly good outcomes for those with SR-high disease.

4.
Best Pract Res Clin Haematol ; 32(4): 101096, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779971

RESUMO

Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL) is a high-risk subset of B-cell ALL with a spectrum of underlying genetic alterations that activate kinase or cytokine receptor signaling. Ph-like ALL occurs at all ages but is most common in adolescents and young adults and is postulated to be a factor in the inferior outcomes in this age group. Ph-like ALL confers a poor prognosis with conventional chemotherapy and the pediatric and adult oncology communities are conducting trials utilizing molecularly targeted approaches. In parallel, the role of immunotherapy is being assessed for this unique and biologically diverse ALL subgroup.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5348, 2019 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767839

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence for a strong inherited genetic basis of susceptibility to acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in children. To identify new risk variants for B-cell ALL (B-ALL) we conducted a meta-analysis with four GWAS (genome-wide association studies), totalling 5321 cases and 16,666 controls of European descent. We herein describe novel risk loci for B-ALL at 9q21.31 (rs76925697, P = 2.11 × 10-8), for high-hyperdiploid ALL at 5q31.1 (rs886285, P = 1.56 × 10-8) and 6p21.31 (rs210143 in BAK1, P = 2.21 × 10-8), and ETV6-RUNX1 ALL at 17q21.32 (rs10853104 in IGF2BP1, P = 1.82 × 10-8). Particularly notable are the pleiotropic effects of the BAK1 variant on multiple haematological malignancies and specific effects of IGF2BP1 on ETV6-RUNX1 ALL evidenced by both germline and somatic genomic analyses. Integration of GWAS signals with transcriptomic/epigenomic profiling and 3D chromatin interaction data for these leukaemia risk loci suggests deregulation of B-cell development and the cell cycle as central mechanisms governing genetic susceptibility to ALL.

6.
Cancer Genet ; 238: 62-68, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425927

RESUMO

Hyperdiploidy with greater than 50 chromosomes is usually associated with favorable prognosis in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), whereas hypodiploidy with ≤43 chromosomes is associated with extremely poor prognosis. Sometimes, hypodiploidy is "masked" and patients do not have a karyotypically visible clone with ≤43 chromosomes. Instead, their abnormal karyotypes contain 50-78 or more chromosomes from doubling of previously hypodiploid cells. When the hypodiploid and doubled hyperdiploid clones are both present, patients can be identified by traditional test methods [karyotype, DNA Index (DI), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)], but the incidence of masked hypodiploid cases in which only the doubled clone is visible is unknown. We analyzed 7013 patients with B-ALL enrolled in COG AALL03B1 (2003-2011) for whom chromosome studies were available. Of 115 patients with hypodiploidy (25-39 chromosomes), karyotypes of 40 showed only the hypodiploid clone, 47 showed mosaicism with both hypodiploid and hyperdiploid (doubled) karyotypes, and 28 with masked hypodiploidy showed only a hyperdiploid (doubled) clone. Unique karyotypic signatures were identified, and widespread loss of heterozygosity (LOH) was seen in the microsatellite panel for all patients with masked hypodiploidy. An increased awareness of the unusual karyotypic profile associated with a doubled hypodiploid clone and coordinated use of DI, FISH, and LOH studies when indicated can identify patients with masked hypodiploidy and allow appropriate treatment selection.

7.
Blood ; 134(15): 1227-1237, 2019 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350265

RESUMO

Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a 20-fold increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and distinct somatic features, including CRLF2 rearrangement in ∼50% of cases; however, the role of inherited genetic variation in DS-ALL susceptibility is unknown. We report the first genome-wide association study of DS-ALL, comprising a meta-analysis of 4 independent studies, with 542 DS-ALL cases and 1192 DS controls. We identified 4 susceptibility loci at genome-wide significance: rs58923657 near IKZF1 (odds ratio [OR], 2.02; Pmeta = 5.32 × 10-15), rs3731249 in CDKN2A (OR, 3.63; Pmeta = 3.91 × 10-10), rs7090445 in ARID5B (OR, 1.60; Pmeta = 8.44 × 10-9), and rs3781093 in GATA3 (OR, 1.73; Pmeta = 2.89 × 10-8). We performed DS-ALL vs non-DS ALL case-case analyses, comparing risk allele frequencies at these and other established susceptibility loci (BMI1, PIP4K2A, and CEBPE) and found significant association with DS status for CDKN2A (OR, 1.58; Pmeta = 4.1 × 10-4). This association was maintained in separate regression models, both adjusting for and stratifying on CRLF2 overexpression and other molecular subgroups, indicating an increased penetrance of CDKN2A risk alleles in children with DS. Finally, we investigated functional significance of the IKZF1 risk locus, and demonstrated mapping to a B-cell super-enhancer, and risk allele association with decreased enhancer activity and differential protein binding. IKZF1 knockdown resulted in significantly higher proliferation in DS than non-DS lymphoblastoid cell lines. Our findings demonstrate a higher penetrance of the CDKN2A risk locus in DS and serve as a basis for further biological insights into DS-ALL etiology.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Criança , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
9.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 111(12): 1350-1357, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children and can arise in B or T lymphoid lineages. Although risk loci have been identified for B-ALL, the inherited basis of T-ALL is mostly unknown, with a particular paucity of genome-wide investigation of susceptibility variants in large patient cohorts. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 1191 children with T-ALL and 12 178 controls, with independent replication using 117 cases and 5518 controls. The associations were tested using an additive logistic regression model. Top risk variants were tested for effects on enhancer activity using luciferase assay. All statistical tests were two sided. RESULTS: A novel risk locus in the USP7 gene (rs74010351, odds ratio [OR] = 1.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.27 to 1.65, P = 4.51 × 10-8) reached genome-wide significance in the discovery cohort, with independent validation (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.03 to 2.22, P = .04). The USP7 risk allele was overrepresented in individuals of African descent, thus contributing to the higher incidence of T-ALL in this race/ethnic group. Genetic changes in USP7 (germline variants or somatic mutations) were observed in 56.4% of T-ALL with TAL1 overexpression, statistically significantly higher than in any other subtypes. Functional analyses suggested this T-ALL risk allele is located in a putative cis-regulatory DNA element with negative effects on USP7 transcription. Finally, comprehensive comparison of 14 susceptibility loci in T- vs B-ALL pointed to distinctive etiology of these leukemias. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate strong associations between inherited genetic variation and T-ALL susceptibility in children and shed new light on the molecular etiology of ALL, particularly commonalities and differences in the biology of the two major subtypes (B- vs T-ALL).

10.
Br J Haematol ; 186(2): 274-285, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957229

RESUMO

While survival in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is excellent, survival following relapse is poor. Previous studies suggest proteasome inhibition with chemotherapy improves relapse ALL response rates. This phase 2 Children's Oncology Group study tested the hypothesis that adding the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib to chemotherapy increases complete response rates (CR2). Evaluable patients (n = 135, 103 B-ALL, 22 T-ALL, 10 T-lymphoblastic lymphoma) were treated with reinduction chemotherapy plus bortezomib. Overall CR2 rates were 68 ± 5% for precursor B-ALL patients (<21 years of age), 63 ± 7% for very early relapse (<18 months from diagnosis) and 72 ± 6% for early relapse (18-36 months from diagnosis). Relapsed T-ALL patients had an encouraging CR2 rate of 68 ± 10%. End of induction minimal residual disease (MRD) significantly predicted survival. MRD negative (MRDneg; MRD <0·01%) rates increased from 29% (post-cycle 1) to 64% following cycle 3. Very early relapse, end-of-induction MRDneg precursor B-ALL patients had 70 ± 14% 3-year event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates, vs. 3-year EFS/OS of 0-3% (P = 0·0001) for MRDpos (MRD ≥0·01) patients. Early relapse patients had similar outcomes (MRDneg 3-year EFS/OS 58-65% vs. MRDpos 10-19%, EFS P = 0·0014). These data suggest that adding bortezomib to chemotherapy in certain ALL subgroups, such as T-cell ALL, is worthy of further investigation. This study is registered at http://www.clinical.trials.gov as NCT00873093.

11.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(6): e27681, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Anthracyclines are used in induction therapy of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and are known to generate oxidative stress; whether this translates into enhanced antileukemic activity or hemolytic effects in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is unknown. DESIGN/METHODS: Among 726 pediatric patients with newly diagnosed ALL treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 22 had deficient G6PD activity. We compared the prevalence of positive minimal residual disease (MRD) ≥1% at Day 15/Day 19 of induction or ≥0.01% at Day 42/Day 46 (end of induction) and the number of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions after daunorubicin in induction between patients with or without G6PD deficiency, adjusting for ALL risk group, treatment protocol, age, and gender. RESULTS: There was no difference in Day 15/19 (P = 1) or end of induction MRD (P = 0.76) nor in the number of RBC transfusions (P = 0.73); the lack of association with MRD was confirmed in a dataset of 1192 newly diagnosed male patients enrolled in a Children's Oncology Group trial (P = 0.78). CONCLUSION: We found no evidence that G6PD deficiency affects daunorubicin activity during induction treatment for ALL.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Daunorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/enzimologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/enzimologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Segurança
12.
Leukemia ; 33(4): 1061-1062, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842605

RESUMO

We thank the research coordinators and following physicians at pediatric cancer centers for contributing data to this project: Prashant Hiwarkar and Jayashree Motwani, Birmingham Women's and Children's Hospital, UK; Kelly Malone, Children's Hospital of Colorado, USA; Mylene Bassal, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Canada; Yoav Messinger and Joanna Perkins, Children's Hospital of Minnesota, USA; Van Huynh, Children's Hospital of Orange County, USA; Richard Ho, Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, USA; Joanne Chuah and Jessa Morales, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Australia; Donald Wells, Dell Children's Hospital, USA; Nicolas Boissel, Hospital Saint-Louis, France; Tannie Huang, Kaiser Permanente, USA; Stacey Marjerrison, McMaster Children's Hospital, Canada; William Carroll and Joanna Pierro, New York University Langone Medical Center, USA; Ajay Vora, Sheffield Children's Hospital, UK; Donna Lancaster, The Royal Marsden Hospital, UK; Lucie Srámková, University Hospital Motol, Czech Republic; Chatchawin Assanasen, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA; Rupert Handgretinger, University of Tübingen, Germany.

13.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(10): 780-789, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Children and young adults with hypodiploid B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) fare poorly and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is often pursued in first complete remission (CR1). We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of children and young adults with hypodiploid B-ALL who were enrolled in recent Children's Oncology Group (COG) trials to evaluate the impact of HSCT on outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cytogenetic analyses and DNA index were performed at COG-approved laboratories, and hypodiploidy was defined as modal chromosome number less than 44 and/or DNA index less than 0.81. Minimal residual disease (MRD) was determined centrally using flow cytometry at two reference laboratories. Patients with hypodiploid ALL came off protocol therapy postinduction and we retrospectively collected details on their subsequent therapy and outcomes. Event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated for the cohort. RESULTS: Between 2003 and 2011, 8,522 patients with National Cancer Institute standard-risk and high-risk B-ALL were enrolled in COG AALL03B1 ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00482352). Hypodiploidy occurred in 1.5% of patients (n = 131), 98.3% of whom achieved CR after induction therapy. Five-year EFS and OS were 52.2% ± 4.9% and 58.9% ± 4.8%, respectively. Outcomes for patients undergoing CR1 HSCT were not significantly improved: 5-year EFS and OS were 57.4% ± 7.0% and 66.2% ± 6.6% compared with 47.8% ± 7.5% and 53.8% ± 7.6%, respectively ( P = .49 and .34, respectively) for those who did not undergo transplantation. Patients with MRD of 0.01% or greater at the end of induction had 5-year EFS and OS of 26.7% ± 9.3% and 29.3% ± 10.1%, respectively, and HSCT had no significant impact on outcomes. CONCLUSION: Children and young adults with hypodiploid B-ALL continue to fare poorly and do not seem to benefit from CR1 HSCT. This is especially true for patients with MRD of 0.01% or greater at the end of induction. New treatment strategies are urgently needed for these patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Ploidias , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Criança , Análise Citogenética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , /estatística & dados numéricos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Nat Genet ; 51(2): 296-307, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643249

RESUMO

Recent genomic studies have identified chromosomal rearrangements defining new subtypes of B-progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), however many cases lack a known initiating genetic alteration. Using integrated genomic analysis of 1,988 childhood and adult cases, we describe a revised taxonomy of B-ALL incorporating 23 subtypes defined by chromosomal rearrangements, sequence mutations or heterogeneous genomic alterations, many of which show marked variation in prevalence according to age. Two subtypes have frequent alterations of the B lymphoid transcription-factor gene PAX5. One, PAX5alt (7.4%), has diverse PAX5 alterations (rearrangements, intragenic amplifications or mutations); a second subtype is defined by PAX5 p.Pro80Arg and biallelic PAX5 alterations. We show that p.Pro80Arg impairs B lymphoid development and promotes the development of B-ALL with biallelic Pax5 alteration in vivo. These results demonstrate the utility of transcriptome sequencing to classify B-ALL and reinforce the central role of PAX5 as a checkpoint in B lymphoid maturation and leukemogenesis.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição PAX5/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos/genética , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto Jovem
15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(7): 1740-1748, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626253

RESUMO

The efficacy of asparaginase in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is dependent on depletion of asparagine, an essential amino acid for ALL cells. The target level of plasma asparaginase activity to achieve asparagine depletion has been between 0.05 and 0.4 IU/mL. COG AALL07P4 examined the asparaginase activity and plasma and CSF asparagine concentration of pegaspargase when given intravenously in the treatment of NCI high risk ALL. Matched plasma asparaginase/asparagine levels of the clearance of 54 doses of pegaspargase given in induction or consolidation demonstrated that all patients who had a plasma asparaginase level >0.02 IU/mL had undetectable plasma asparagine. No difference was observed in CSF asparagine levels associated with matched plasma asparaginase levels of 0.02-0.049 versus 0.05-0.22 IU/mL (p = .25). Our data suggest that a plasma asparaginase activity level of 0.02 IU/mL can effectively deplete plasma asparagine. The data also indicate that the 95% CI for plasma asparagine depletion after a pegaspargase dose is 22-29 days. Clinical trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00671034.

16.
Leukemia ; 33(4): 884-892, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267011

RESUMO

Although inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO) is recognized as an effective agent in relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults, data on safety and efficacy in pediatric patients are scarce. We report the use of InO in 51 children with relapsed/refractory ALL treated in the compassionate use program. In this heavily pretreated cohort, complete remission was achieved in 67% of patients with overt marrow disease. The majority (71%) of responders were negative for minimal residual disease. Responses were observed irrespective of cytogenetic subtype or number or type of prior treatment regimens. InO was well-tolerated; grade 3 hepatic transaminitis or hyperbilirubinemia were noted in 6 (12%) and grade 3/4 infections in 11 (22%) patients. No patient developed sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) during InO therapy; however, 11 of 21 (52%) patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following InO developed SOS. Downregulation of surface CD22 was detected as a possible escape mechanism in three patients who developed a subsequent relapse after InO. We conclude that InO is a well-tolerated, effective therapy for children with relapsed ALL and prospective studies are warranted. Identification of risk factors for developing post-HSCT SOS and strategies to mitigate this risk are ongoing.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
17.
Haematologica ; 104(5): 986-992, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545921

RESUMO

With modern chemotherapy, approximately 90% of patients with pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia are now cured. However, subsets of patients can be identified who remain at very high risk of relapse with expected 4-year disease-free survival rates <80%; such patients are appropriate candidates for intensive therapeutic strategies designed to improve survival. The AALL1131 trial was designed to determine, in a randomized fashion, whether substitution with cyclophosphamide/etoposide (experimental arm 1) would improve the 4-year disease-free survival of children, adolescents, and young adults with very high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia compared to a modified Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster regimen (control arm). Patients 1-30 years of age with newly diagnosed very high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia were randomized after induction in a 1:2 fashion to the control arm or experimental arm 1 in which they were given cyclophosphamide (440 mg/m2 days 1-5)/etoposide (100 mg/m2 days 1-5) during part 2 of consolidation and delayed intensification. Prospective interim monitoring rules for efficacy and futility were included where futility would be determined for a one-sided P-value ≥0.7664. The study was stopped for futility as the interim monitoring boundary was crossed [hazard ratio 0.606 (95% confidence interval: 0.297 - 1.237)] and the very high-risk arm of AALL1131 was closed in February 2017. Using data current as of December 31, 2017, 4-year disease-free survival rates were 85.5±6.8% (control arm) versus 72.3±6.3% (experimental arm 1) (P-value = 0.76). There were no significant differences in grade 3/4 adverse events between the two arms. Substitution of this therapy for very high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients on the Children's Oncology Group AALL1131 trial (NCT02883049) randomized to cyclophosphamide/etoposide during part 2 of consolidation and delayed intensification did not improve disease-free survival.

18.
Blood ; 133(7): 724-729, 2019 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510082

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children. Characterized by high levels of Native American ancestry, Hispanics are disproportionally affected by this cancer with high incidence and inferior survival. However, the genetic basis for this disparity remains poorly understood because of a paucity of genome-wide investigation of ALL in Hispanics. Performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 940 Hispanic children with ALL and 681 ancestry-matched non-ALL controls, we identified a novel susceptibility locus in the ERG gene (rs2836365; P = 3.76 × 10-8; odds ratio [OR] = 1.56), with independent validation (P = .01; OR = 1.43). Imputation analyses pointed to a single causal variant driving the association signal at this locus overlapping with putative regulatory DNA elements. The effect size of the ERG risk variant rose with increasing Native American genetic ancestry. The ERG risk genotype was underrepresented in ALL with the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion (P < .0005) but enriched in the TCF3-PBX1 subtype (P < .05). Interestingly, ALL cases with germline ERG risk alleles were significantly less likely to have somatic ERG deletion (P < .05). Our results provide novel insights into genetic predisposition to ALL and its contribution to racial disparity in this cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hispano-Americanos/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Doença Aguda , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/classificação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Prognóstico , Regulador Transcricional ERG/genética
19.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(29): 2926-2934, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30138085

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Early intensification with methotrexate (MTX) is a key component of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy. Two different approaches to MTX intensification exist but had not been compared in T-cell ALL (T-ALL): the Children's Oncology Group (COG) escalating dose intravenous MTX without leucovorin rescue plus pegaspargase escalating dose, Capizzi-style, intravenous MTX (C-MTX) regimen and the Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster (BFM) high-dose intravenous MTX (HDMTX) plus leucovorin rescue regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: COG AALL0434 included a 2 × 2 randomization that compared the COG-augmented BFM (ABFM) regimen with either C-MTX or HDMTX during the 8-week interim maintenance phase. All patients with T-ALL, except for those with low-risk features, received prophylactic (12 Gy) or therapeutic (18 Gy for CNS3) cranial irradiation during either the consolidation (C-MTX; second month of therapy) or delayed intensification (HDMTX; seventh month of therapy) phase. RESULTS: AALL0434 accrued 1,895 patients from 2007 to 2014. The 5-year event-free survival and overall survival rates for all eligible, evaluable patients with T-ALL were 83.8% (95% CI, 81.2% to 86.4%) and 89.5% (95% CI, 87.4% to 91.7%), respectively. The 1,031 patients with T-ALL but without CNS3 disease or testicular leukemia were randomly assigned to receive ABFM with C-MTX (n = 519) or HDMTX (n = 512). The estimated 5-year disease-free survival ( P = .005) and overall survival ( P = .04) rates were 91.5% (95% CI, 88.1% to 94.8%) and 93.7% (95% CI, 90.8% to 96.6%) for C-MTX and 85.3% (95% CI, 81.0%-89.5%) and 89.4% (95% CI, 85.7%-93.2%) for HDMTX. Patients assigned to C-MTX had 32 relapses, six with CNS involvement, whereas those assigned to HDMTX had 59 relapses, 23 with CNS involvement. CONCLUSION: AALL0434 established that ABFM with C-MTX was superior to ABFM plus HDMTX for T-ALL in approximately 90% of patients who received CRT, with later timing for those receiving HDMTX.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Blood ; 132(8): 815-824, 2018 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997224

RESUMO

Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL; BCR-ABL1-like ALL) in children with National Cancer Institute (NCI) intermediate- or high-risk (HR) ALL is associated with poor outcome. Ph-like ALL is characterized by genetic alterations that activate cytokine receptor and kinase signaling and may be amenable to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The prevalence, outcome, and potential for targeted therapy of Ph-like ALL in standard-risk (SR) ALL is less clear. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 1023 SR childhood B-ALL consecutively enrolled in the Children's Oncology Group AALL0331 clinical trial. The Ph-like ALL gene expression profile was identified in 206 patients, and 67 patients with either BCR-ABL1 (n = 6) or ETV6-RUNX1 (n = 61) were excluded from downstream analysis, leaving 139 of 1023 (13.6%) as Ph-like. Targeted reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays and RNA-sequencing identified kinase-activating alterations in 38.8% of SR Ph-like cases, including CRLF2 rearrangements (29.5% of Ph-like), ABL-class fusions (1.4%), JAK2 fusions (1.4%), an NTRK3 fusion (0.7%), and other sequence mutations (IL7R, KRAS, NRAS; 5.6%). Patients with Ph-like ALL had inferior 7-year event-free survival compared with non-Ph-like ALL (82.4 ± 3.6% vs 90.7 ± 1.0%, P = .0022), with no difference in overall survival (93.2 ± 2.4% vs 95.8 ± 0.7%, P = .14). These findings illustrate the significant differences in the spectrum of kinase alterations and clinical outcome of Ph-like ALL based on presenting clinical features and establish that genomic alterations potentially targetable with approved kinase inhibitors are less frequent in SR than in HR ALL.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , National Cancer Institute (U.S.) , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA