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Kardiologiia ; 59(2): 56-60, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853022


AIM: to assess clinical efficacy and expediency (appropriateness) of simultaneous single stage combined coronary stenting and closure of atrial septal defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of total number of patients who underwent endovascular correction of atrial septal defect (ASD) (n=91), in 6 (6.6 %) the procedure of endovascular repair of secondary ASD was combined with performed at same session oronary stenting. Mean age of these patients was 63±6.4 years. Mean diameter of ASD according to transesophageal echocardiography was 13.7±3.1 мм (from 10 to 17 mm). Two patients had dysplasia of atrial septum with pronounced aneurysmal protrusion in the right atrial cavity. Estimate of coronary arteries (CA) involvement SYNTAX score was 14.5±4.9. RESULTS: At initial stage we performed coronary stenting, then ASD closure with occluder. Technical success of combined endovascular procedures was 100 %. Six ASD occluders were implanted in 6 patients. Mean occluder diameter was 21±7,3 mm. Immediately after occluder implantation complete defect closure was achieved in 5 cases, in one case small residual shunt was observed. CA stenting procedure, in one patient after successful recanalization of chronic CA occlusion, in all cases was fulfilled without complications. At control examination after 13.5±1.5 months complete closure of defects was preserved. In all cases significant reduction of right heart chambers occurred. According to echocardiography right atrial volume decreased from 48.6±5.6 to 32.6±3.3 cm3, right ventricular volume - from 45.2±5.1 to 33.4±3.8 cm3, systolic pulmonary pressure fell from 49.7±8.6 to 32.6±6.9 mm Hg. According to control coronary angiography good effect of endovascular procedures was preserved. Tolerance to exercise rose from 68.5±11.8 до 85.3±12.4 W. CONCLUSION: Same time CA stenting and endovascular ASD closure appears to be safe and effective procedure. The strategy used was not associated with additive risk for a patient and shortened duration of hospital stay.

Comunicação Interatrial , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 12(2): 90-5, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês, Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17053768


This paper describes the short-term results of surgical myocardial revascularization in 35 patients. Y configuration from one or two internal thoracic arteries was applied for bypass grafting of the left coronary artery. In 4 patients with truncal stenosis of the left coronary artery (LCA) or proximal stenoses of the anterior interventricular artery (AIVA) and circumflex artery, the length of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) appeared adequate for creation of Y bypass and revascularization of the entire LCA pool. In most cases (28), Y bypass was formed from both ITA, which made it possible to revascularise more distant arteries of the posterolateral wall of the left ventricle. Analysis of bypass-graphies performed in 10 patients after 7 months on the average has demonstrated that occlusion (2) and stenosis of one of the branches (2) of Y bypass were most probably caused by underestimation of the degree of stenosis of the target coronary arteries.

Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
Klin Med (Mosk) ; 84(5): 47-51, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16827280


The authors analyzed the results of aortocoronary bypass surgery in correlation with the condition of the shunts and the native blood vessels. According to this analysis, 92.9% of the shunts were passable within 7.2 +/- 0.8 months of the surgery. Twelve shunts (four arterial and eight venous ones) had been occluded by the time of the control examination. Another ten shunts (five arterial and five venous ones) had hemodynamically significant stenoses. Concurrent blood flow was revealed in eight patients. According to comparative analysis, in cases of arterial shunting a good condition of the shunts was found in 95.6% of cases, while in patients with venous shunts the shunts were in a good condition in 88.1% of cases. Depending on the type of connection, the passability was satisfactory in 91.2% of straight shunts, in 94.5% of sequential shunts, and in 71.4% of Y-shaped ones. Analysis of changes in the native coronary arteries revealed progression of atherosclerosis in the bypassed arteries proximally to the site of anastomosis in 27 (25.5%) patients. An increase in the degree of stenosis distally of the site of anastomosis was found in 8 (7.5%) of patients; in another 7 (6.6%) patients similar changes were revealed in non-bypassed arteries. The surgery led to the disappearance of anginous manifestations and a negative result of a physical load test in most patients.

Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença