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1.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004714

RESUMO

PURPOSE: BRCA1 associated protein-1 (BAP1), a nuclear deubiquitinase thought to be involved in DNA double-strand break repair is frequently mutated in mesothelioma. Because poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPIs) induce synthetic lethality in BRCA1/2 mutant cancers, we evaluated whether BAP1 inactivating mutations confer sensitivity to PARPIs in mesothelioma and if combination therapy with temozolomide (TMZ) is beneficial. METHODS: Ten patient-derived mesothelioma cell-lines were generated and characterized for BAP1 mutation status, protein expression, nuclear localization and sensitivity to the PARPIs olaparib and talazoparib alone or in combination with TMZ. BAP1 deubiquitinase (DUB) activity was evaluated by ubiquitin-AMC assay. BAP1-knockout (KO) mesothelioma cell-lines were generated by CRISPR/Cas9. Because Schlafen 11 (SLFN11) and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) also drive response to TMZ and PARPIs, we tested their expression and relationship with drug response. RESULTS: BAP1 mutations and/or copy-number alterations were present in all ten cell lines. However, four cell lines exhibited intact DUB activity and two had nuclear BAP1 localization. Half-maximal inhibitory concentrations of olaparib and talazoparib ranged from 4.8 µM to >50 µM and 0.039 µM to >5 µM, respectively, classifying them into sensitive (two) or resistant (seven) cells, independent of their BAP1 status. Cell lines with BAP1-KO resulted in loss of BAP1 DUB activity but did not increase sensitivity to talazoparib. Response to PARPI tended to be associated with high SLFN11 expression, and combination with temozolomide increased sensitivity of cells with low or no MGMT expression. CONCLUSIONS: BAP1 status does not determine sensitivity to PARPIs in patient-derived mesothelioma cell-lines. Combination of PARPI with TMZ may be beneficial for patients whose tumors have high SLFN11 and low or no MGMT expression.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0227586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040482

RESUMO

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a purine analog-responsive B-cell malignancy containing the BRAF V600E mutation, expressing CD22, CD11c, CD103, tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) CD25, CD123, and annexin 1A. BRAF V600E and the latter 4 markers are usually absent in the more aggressive and chemoresistant variant HCLv. To evaluate differences between HCL and HCLv, expression microarrays comparing HCL with HCLv were performed for 24694 genes using 47323 probes. Microarray data from 35 HCL and 27 HCLv purified samples showed the greatest HCL-HCLv difference in the muscle-associated gene MYF6, expressed by its 2 probes 18.5- and 10.8-fold higher in HCL than HCLv (p<0.0001). By real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR), 100% of 152 classic HCL samples were MYF6-positive, vs 5 (6%) of 90 blood donors. MYF6-expression was also detected in 18 (35%) of 51 with HCLv, 11 (92%) of 12 with HCL expressing unmutated IGHV4-34, 35 (73%) of 48 with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and 1 (8%) of 12 with mantle cell lymphoma. Hypomethylation status of MYF6 supported expression in HCL more than HCLv. Posttreatment blood samples becoming negative by flow cytometry remained MYF6+ by RQ-PCR in 42 (48%) of 87 HCL patients, and MYF6 RQ-PCR could detect 1 HCL in 105 normal cells. MYF6, universally expressed in HCL and in most CLL samples, may be a useful biomarker for these leukemias. Further studies are underway to determine the role of MYF6 in HCL.

3.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996390

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate antigen experienced T cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) for responses to p53 neoantigens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: PBLs from patients with a mutated TP53 tumor were sorted for antigen-experienced T cells and in vitro stimulation (IVS) was performed with p53 neoantigens. The IVS cultures were stimulated with antigen-presenting cells expressing p53 neoantigens, enriched for 41BB/OX40 and grown with rapid expansion protocol. RESULTS: T-cell responses were not observed in the PBLs of 4 patients who did not have tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) responses to mutated TP53. In contrast, 5 patients with TIL responses to mutated TP53 also had similar T-cell responses in their PBLs, indicating that the PBLs and TILs were congruent in p53 neoantigen reactivity. CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were specific for p53R175H, p53Y220C, or p53R248W neoantigens, including a 78% reactive T-cell culture against p53R175H and HLA-A*02:01. Tracking TCRB clonotypes (clonality, top ranked, and TP53 mutation-specific) supported the enrichment of p53 neoantigen-reactive T cells from PBLs. The same T-cell receptor (TCR) from the TIL was found in the IVS cultures in three cases and multiple unique TCRs were found in another patient. TP53 mutation-specific T cells also recognized tumor cell lines bearing the appropriate human leukocyte antigen restriction element and TP53 mutation, indicating these T cells could recognize processed and presented p53 neoantigens. CONCLUSIONS: PBL was a noninvasive source of T cells targeting TP53 mutations for cell therapy and can provide a window into intratumoral p53 neoantigen immune responses.

4.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764221

RESUMO

The diagnosis of nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) can be challenging, with the differential diagnosis including other low-grade B-cell lymphomas, reactive hyperplasia, and even some cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). PTCL may have a perifollicular growth pattern mimicking NMZL. We and others have noted an atypical distribution of T-follicular helper (TFH) cells in some cases of NMZL. This study was prompted by the diagnosis of NMZL in several cases in which a marked increase of TFH cells, as determined by staining for programmed death-1 (PD1), had prompted suspicion for a diagnosis of PTCL. We analyzed PD1 staining in 48 cases of NMZL to characterize the extent and pattern of the PD1-positive infiltrate. Three main patterns of PD1 staining were identified: follicular pattern (peripheral, n=16; central, n=9; mixed, n=3), diffuse pattern (n=4), and a reduced or normal staining pattern in residual follicles (n=16). A comprehensive analysis of other TFH markers was undertaken in 14 cases with a high content of PD1-positive cells that were confirmed as B-cell lymphoma by clonality analysis. We describe in detail 5 of these cases in which PTCL was an initial consideration. This study illuminates the diverse immunohistochemical patterns encountered in NMZL and highlights a diagnostic pitfall important for diagnostic accuracy.

8.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439678

RESUMO

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm that may occur de novo or in the context of a previous hematologic malignancy or mediastinal germ cell tumor. Here, we performed whole exome sequencing and RNA-Seq on twenty-one archival cases of primary histiocytic sarcoma. We identified a high number of genetic alterations within the RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway in 21/21 cases, with alterations in NF1 (6/21), MAP2K1 (5/21), PTPN11 (4/21), BRAF (4/21), KRAS (4/21), NRAS (1/21) and LZTR1 (1/21), including single cases with homozygous deletion of NF1, high-level amplification of PTPN11 and a novel TTYH3-BRAF fusion. Concurrent NF1 and PTPN11 mutations were present in 3/21 cases, and 5/7 cases with alterations in NF1 and/or PTPN11 had disease involving the gastrointestinal tract. Following unsupervised clustering of gene expression data, cases with NF1 and/or PTPN11 abnormalities formed a distinct tumor subgroup. A subset of NF1/PTPN11 wild-type cases had frequent mutations in B-cell lymphoma associated genes and/or clonal IG gene rearrangements. Our findings expand the current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of this rare tumor and suggest the existence of a distinct subtype of primary histiocytic sarcoma characterized by NF1/PTPN11 alterations with predilection for the gastrointestinal tract.

10.
Pathol Int ; 69(9): 541-546, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273885

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most important and common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the stomach. GISTs are usually driven by activating mutations in either KIT or PDGFRA genes. It is known that activating gene mutations predicts, to a certain extent, not only the morphology of the tumor cells but also a response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Here, we present a case of an epithelioid variant of GIST harboring PDGFRA and MLH1 gene alterations in the stomach of a 55-year-old Japanese woman. The tumor of 98 mm with multiple cysts showed exophytic growth from the gastric fundus. Histopathologically, it consisted of scattered medium-sized epithelioid tumor cells in a loose myxoid background. Based on c-kit and DOG-1 immunoreactivity and a PDGFRA mutation (p.Trp559_Arg560del), the tumor was diagnosed as an epithelioid variant GIST. Interestingly, it had a gene alteration (p.Met524Ile) in the MLH1 gene of unknown pathogenicity. It was assigned to Group 3a (low risk for malignant behavior). After surgery, the patient has been on imatinib therapy and disease-free for 10 months.

11.
J Thorac Oncol ; 14(8): 1447-1457, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063862

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite high tumor mutationburden, immune checkpoint blockade has limited efficacy in SCLC. We hypothesized that poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition could render SCLC more susceptible to immune checkpoint blockade. METHODS: A single-arm, phase II trial (NCT02484404) enrolled patients with relapsed SCLC who received durvalumab, 1500 mg every 4 weeks, and olaparib, 300 mg twice a day. The primary outcome was objective response rate. Correlative studies included mandatory collection of pretreatment and during-treatment biopsy specimens, which were assessed to define SCLC immunephenotypes: desert (CD8-positive T-cell prevalence low), excluded (CD8-positive T cells in stroma immediately adjacent/within tumor), and inflamed (CD8-positive T cells in direct contact with tumor). RESULTS: A total of 20 patients were enrolled. Their median age was 64 years, and most patients (60%) had platinum-resistant/refractory disease. Of 19 evaluable patients, two were observed to have partial or complete responses (10.5%), including a patient with EGFR-transformed SCLC. Clinical benefit was observed in four patients (21.1% [95% confidence interval: 6.1%-45.6%]) with confirmed responses or prolonged stable disease (≥8 months). The most common treatment-related adverse events were anemia (80%), lymphopenia (60%), and leukopenia (50%). Nine of 14 tumors (64%) exhibited an excluded phenotype; 21% and 14% of tumors exhibited the inflamed and desert phenotypes, respectively. Tumor responses were observed in all instances in which pretreatment tumors showed an inflamed phenotype. Of the five tumors without an inflamed phenotype at baseline, no during-treatment increase in T-cell infiltration or programmed death ligand 1 expression on tumor-infiltrating immune cells was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The study combination did not meet the preset bar for efficacy. Pretreatment and during-treatment biopsy specimens suggested that tumor immune phenotypes may be relevant for SCLC responses to immune checkpoint blockade combinations. The predictive value of preexisting CD8-positive T-cell infiltrates observed in this study needs to be confirmed in larger cohorts.

12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(18): 9008-9013, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975761

RESUMO

Survival from malignant mesothelioma, particularly pleural mesothelioma, is very poor. For patients with breast, ovarian, or prostate cancers, overall survival is associated with increased sensitivity to platinum chemotherapy due to loss-of-function mutations in DNA repair genes. The goal of this project was to evaluate, in patients with malignant mesothelioma, the relationship between inherited loss-of-function mutations in DNA repair and other tumor suppressor genes and overall survival following platinum chemotherapy. Patients with histologically confirmed malignant mesothelioma were evaluated for inherited mutations in tumor suppressor genes. Survival was evaluated with respect to genotype and site of mesothelioma. Among 385 patients treated with platinum chemotherapy, median overall survival was significantly longer for patients with loss-of-function mutations in any of the targeted genes compared with patients with no such mutation (P = 0.0006). The effect of genotype was highly significant for patients with pleural mesothelioma (median survival 7.9 y versus 2.4 y, P = 0.0012), but not for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma (median survival 8.2 y versus 5.4 y, P = 0.47). Effect of patient genotype on overall survival, measured at 3 y, remained independently significant after adjusting for gender and age at diagnosis, two other known prognostic factors. Patients with pleural mesothelioma with inherited mutations in DNA repair and other tumor suppressor genes appear to particularly benefit from platinum chemotherapy compared with patients without inherited mutations. These patients may also benefit from other DNA repair targeted therapies such as poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors.

13.
J Immunother ; 42(4): 126-135, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882547

RESUMO

A deletion variant of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRvIII) is a known driver mutation in a subset of primary and secondary glioblastoma multiforme. Adoptive transfer of genetically modified chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) lymphocytes has demonstrated efficacy in hematologic malignancies but is still early in development for solid cancers. The surface expression of the truncated extracellular ligand domain created by EGFRvIII makes it an attractive target for a CAR-based cancer treatment. Patients with recurrent glioblastoma expressing EGFRvIII were enrolled in a dose escalation phase I trial, using a third-generation CAR construct derived from a human antibody. Transduced cells were administered after lymphodepleting chemotherapy and supported posttransfer with intravenous interleukin-2. The dose escalation proceeded at half-log increments from 10 to >10 cells. Primary endpoints were safety and progression-free survival. Eighteen patients were treated with final infusion products ranging from 6.3×10 to 2.6×10 anti-EGFRvIII CAR T cells. Median progression-free survival was 1.3 months (interquartile range: 1.1-1.9), with a single outlier of 12.5 months. Two patients experienced severe hypoxia, including one treatment-related mortality after cell administration at the highest dose level. All patients developed expected transient hematologic toxicities from preparative chemotherapy. Median overall survival was 6.9 months (interquartile range: 2.8-10). Two patients survived over 1 year, and a third patient was alive at 59 months. Persistence of CAR cells correlated with cell dose, but there were no objective responses. Administration of anti-EGFRvIII CAR-transduced T cells did not demonstrate clinically meaningful effect in patients with glioblastoma multiforme in this phase I pilot trial.

15.
Semin Hematol ; 56(1): 37-45, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573043

RESUMO

Molecular clonality assays in B- and T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders often provide critical information in establishing a diagnosis of a lymphoproliferative disorder. These assays rely on the unique genetic structures that serve as assay targets, created in the process of generating immunoglobulin and T-cell receptors during B- and T-cell development. Molecular clonality assays are generally used when flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry has not sufficiently clarified the benign or malignant nature of a lymphoid proliferation. Additionally, since molecular clonality assays are tumor specific, they allow the clinician to distinguish recurrences from second tumors, and have the sensitivity to monitor minimal residual disease. In this review, we discuss the principles underlying these tests, the current approaches to clonality testing, some of the pitfalls in their interpretation, and the future applications of next generation sequencing technology to clonality testing.


Assuntos
Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia
17.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 42(10): 1402-1408, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29975251

RESUMO

Human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) is a member of the ß-herpesvirinae subfamily. Most people acquire HHV-6 primary infection early in life and reactivation may occur, most often in immunocompromised individuals, leading to various clinical manifestations. HHV-6 infected cells may be identified in lymph nodes in both reactive and neoplastic conditions. Cases were retrieved from the hematopathology consultation service archives at National Institutes of Health from 2003 to 2017 in which infection by HHV-6 had been documented by immunohistochemical stains to HHV-6 gp60/110 envelope glycoprotein. Five cases of reactive lymphadenitis and 3 cases of lymphoma; 2 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and 1 classic Hodgkin lymphoma, positive for HHV-6 were identified. The reactive lymph nodes showed marked paracortical hyperplasia and admixed large atypical lymphoid cells exhibiting pleomorphic nuclei, vesicular chromatin, and prominent eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions. Vascular proliferation and necrosis were also present, raising suspicion of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The 3 cases of lymphoma showed similar viral inclusions, in addition to the characteristic features diagnostic of the lymphoma. Staining for HHV-6 was positive with a membranous and Golgi pattern and was restricted to cells with evident inclusions on hematoxylin and eosin. HHV-6 infected cells were positive for CD3 and CD4. HHV-6 lymphadenitis can present with morphologic atypia creating a diagnostic pitfall for lymphoma. In such cases, careful attention to the characteristic viral inclusions can lead to immunohistochemical analysis highlighting the replicating virus. In cases of lymphoma, identification of the inclusions is key in detecting the associated infection as well as in avoiding misinterpretation of the lymphoma subtype.


Assuntos
Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 6/isolamento & purificação , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/virologia , Linfonodos/virologia , Linfadenite/virologia , Linfoma de Células B/virologia , Linfoma de Células T/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Complexo CD3/análise , Antígenos CD4/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/patologia , Herpesvirus Humano 6/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Corpos de Inclusão Viral/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/patologia , Linfonodos/imunologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfadenite/imunologia , Linfadenite/patologia , Linfoma de Células B/imunologia , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Células T/imunologia , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Virais/análise
18.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 42(10): 1306-1316, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957733

RESUMO

Traditionally low-grade B-cell lymphomas have been excluded from the category of monomorphic posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders. However, recent reports identified Epstein-Barr virus-positive (EBV) extranodal marginal zone lymphomas (MZL), almost exclusively seen in the posttransplant setting. Some reported cases responded to reduced immunosuppression, suggesting that they should be considered as a form of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders. We identified 10 cases of EBV MZL, 9 in extranodal sites and 1 presenting in lymph node. Two cases arose following solid organ transplantation, but other settings included iatrogenic immunosuppression for rheumatoid arthritis (2); prior chemotherapy (2); congenital immune deficiency (1); and increased age (3), as the only potential cause of immune dysfunction. There were 4 males and 6 females; age range 18 to 86. The atypical plasmacytoid and/or monocytoid B cells were positive for EBV in all cases, with either latency I or II in all cases tested. Monotypic light chain expression was shown in all with 6 cases positive for IgG, and 2 for IgM, undetermined in 2. Clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangement was positive in all cases with successful amplification. MYD88 L265P was wild type in the 6 cases tested. We show that EBV MZLs can arise in a variety of clinical settings, and are most often extranodal. Treatment varied, but most patients had clinically indolent disease with response to reduction of immune suppression, or immunochemotherapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/imunologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transformação Celular Viral , DNA Viral/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Genes de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina , Herpesvirus Humano 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/genética , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/genética , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/genética , Masculino , Maryland , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
19.
Lung Cancer ; 116: 38-45, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29413049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cripto-1 (CR-1) plays a critical role in the activation of SMAD, SRC, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathways and has been shown to be prognostic in several cancer types. In addition, we showed that CR-1 renders EGFR-mutated NSCLC cells resistant to EGFR-TKI through the activation of SRC and EMT via miR-205 downregulation. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between expression of CR-1 and miR-205 and prognosis of NSCLC patients with or without EGFR mutations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 265 patients with stage I (AJCC 6th edition) radically resected NSCLC were tested for CR-1 expression and EGFR mutations by immunohistochemistry and miR-205 expression via qPCR assay. RESULTS: CR-1 expression was evaluated with immunohistochemistry using a tissue microarray on 265 T1-2N0 surgical NSCLC samples. Of the 265 tumors, 250 (94%) expressed various levels of CR-1. A significant inverse correlation was identified between expression of miR-205 and CR-1. NSCLC patients (T1N0, n = 106) with high CR-1 expression had worse prognosis (shorter recurrence-free survival, p = .045) than those with low CR-1 expression. A similar trend was observed in NSCLC patients with normal preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (serum CEA levels <5 ng/ml; n = 179; p = .085); however, no significant correlation was found between CR-1 expression and survival rate in the T2N0 or high CEA groups. In addition, NSCLC patients with low miR-205 expression (n = 126) had poorer prognosis in terms of recurrence than those with high miR-205 expression (n = 127; p = .001). CONCLUSION: High CR-1 expression is correlated with poor prognosis in NSCLC with low tumor burden and may be used to select high-risk patients for adjuvant chemotherapy in early NSCLC. Moreover, low miR-205 expression likely related to high CR-1 expression could be a prognostic marker for patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/biossíntese , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/biossíntese , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise Serial de Tecidos
20.
J Thorac Oncol ; 13(2): 237-245, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29101056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SCLC accounts for 15% and 20% of all lung cancers, with combined SCLC (CSCLC) comprising 2% to 5%. Little is known about the clinical characteristics and molecular changes associated with the various histologic components. METHODS: A total of 205 SCLC cases were resected between 2005 and 2015. Clinical and pathologic features were analyzed. All CSCLC cases were confirmed by histologic examination and immunohistochemistry. The individual components were microdissected using a novel automated dissection system, and DNA was extracted and subjected to targeted exome sequencing. RESULTS: A total of 10 cases of CSCLC were identified out of 170 cases with adequate histologic material; squamous cell carcinoma comprised the second component in half of these (n = 5). There were no significant differences between CSCLC and pure SCLC with respect to clinical features. The median follow-up time was 36 months. The median survival times of patients with pure SCLC and CSCLC were 58 months and 26 months, respectively (p = 0.030). The different components of three cases of CSCLC were deemed adequate for microdissection and sequencing. Approximately 75% of the identified somatic mutations were present in both components. There were also 15 gene mutations or six amplifications unique to only one of the components. CONCLUSIONS: We identified no significant clinical or pathologic differences between pure SCLC and CSCLC; CSCLC was associated with decreased overall survival compared with pure SCLC. The histologic components of CSCLC had high genetic concordance but also showed divergent genotypes. These findings may suggest a common precursor with subsequent acquisition of oncogenic changes in CSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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