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1.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 5(8): 880-896, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426676

RESUMO

Fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed into cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells or smooth muscle cells. Here we report the reprogramming of mouse tail-tip fibroblasts simultaneously into cells resembling these three cell types using the microRNA mimic miR-208b-3p, ascorbic acid and bone morphogenetic protein 4, as well as the formation of tissue-like structures formed by the directly reprogrammed cells. Implantation of the formed cardiovascular tissue into the infarcted hearts of mice led to the migration of reprogrammed cells to the injured tissue, reducing regional cardiac strain and improving cardiac function. The migrated endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells contributed to vessel formation, and the migrated cardiomyocytes, which initially displayed immature characteristics, became mature over time and formed gap junctions with host cardiomyocytes. Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to make cardiac tissue may aid the development of applications in cell therapy, disease modelling and drug discovery for cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/transplante , Coração/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/transplante , Regeneração , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/farmacologia , Reprogramação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Junções Comunicantes/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/citologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/citologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Transcriptoma
2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(9)2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942705

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Characterization of pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is necessary to control the pandemic, as asymptomatic or mildly infected children may act as carriers. To date, there are limited reports describing differences in clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics between asymptomatic and symptomatic infection, and between younger and older pediatric patients. The objective of this study is to compare characteristics among: (1) asymptomatic versus symptomatic and (2) less than 10 versus greater or equal to 10 years old pediatric COVID-19 patients. Materials and Methods: We searched for all terms related to pediatric COVID-19 in electronic databases (Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science) for articles from January 2020. This protocol followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Results: Eligible study designs included case reports and series, while we excluded comments/letters, reviews, and literature not written in English. Initially, 817 articles were identified. Forty-three articles encompassing 158 confirmed pediatric COVID-19 cases were included in the final analyses. Lymphocytosis and high CRP were associated with symptomatic infection. Abnormal chest CT more accurately detected asymptomatic COVID-19 in older patients than in younger ones, but clinical characteristics were similar between older and younger patients. Conclusions: Chest CT scan findings are untrustworthy in younger children with COVID-19 as compared with clinical findings, or significant differences in findings between asymptomatic to symptomatic children. Further studies evaluating pediatric COVID-19 could contribute to potential therapeutic interventions and preventive strategies to limit spreading.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , COVID-19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Public Health Nutr ; 22(4): 681-688, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: People who eat alone, which is becoming a new trend owing to the increasing proportion of one-person households in Korea, are more likely to become overweight and obese. Therefore, we investigated the association between having a dinner companion and BMI. DESIGN: A linear regression model adjusted for covariates was utilized to examine the association between having a dinner companion and BMI. Subgroup analyses were performed, stratified by age group, gender, household income, educational level and occupation. SETTING: We used the data from the Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI. Our primary independent variable was having a dinner companion while the dependent variable was BMI. SUBJECTS: In total, 13303 individuals, aged 20 years or over, were analysed. RESULTS: Compared with the solo eating group, BMI was lower in the family dinner group (ß=-0·39, P<0·01) but not in the non-family dinner group (ß=-0·06, P=0·67). The subgroup analysis revealed that the difference in BMI was most significant in young generations, such as those aged 20-29 years (ß=-1·15, P<0·01) and 30-39 years (ß=-0·78, P=0·01). CONCLUSIONS: We found that people who eat dinner alone are more likely to become overweight and obese than those who eat with their family. This association was stronger in males and young adults than their counterparts. Considering the increasing trends in the proportion of single-person households and solo eating, appropriate intervention is needed.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Características da Família , Refeições , Adulto , Idoso , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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