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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 112(19): 196803, 2014 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24877960

RESUMO

We theoretically study transport through a semiconducting Rashba nanowire (NW) in the presence of uniform and spatially modulated magnetic fields. The system is fully gapped, and the interplay between the spin orbit interaction and the magnetic fields leads to fractionally charged fermion (FF) bound states of the Jackiw-Rebbi type at each end of the nanowire. We investigate the transport and noise behavior of a N/NW/N system, where the wire is contacted by two normal leads (N), and we look for possible signatures that could help in the experimental detection of such states. We find that the differential conductance and the shot noise exhibit a subgap structure which fully reveals the presence of the FF state. Alternatively, another confirmation of the presence of the FFs is provided by a conductance measurement in an Aharonov-Bohm setup, where the FFs are responsible for oscillations with double period. Our predictions can be tested in InSb/InAs nanowires and are within reach of the present technology.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(5): 056802, 2013 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23952428

RESUMO

We consider a model of ballistic quasi-one-dimensional semiconducting wire with intrinsic spin-orbit interaction placed on the surface of a bulk s-wave superconductor (SC), in the presence of an external magnetic field. This setup has been shown to give rise to a topological superconducting state in the wire, characterized by a pair of Majorana-fermion (MF) bound states formed at the two ends of the wire. Here, we demonstrate that besides the well-known direct-overlap-induced energy splitting, the two MF bound states may hybridize via elastic tunneling processes through virtual quasiparticle states in the SC, giving rise to an additional energy splitting between MF states from the same as well as from different wires.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 104(2): 027004, 2010 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20366620

RESUMO

We demonstrate that perfect conversion between charged supercurrents in superconductors and neutral supercurrents in electron-hole pair condensates is possible via a new Andreev-like scattering mechanism. As a result, when two superconducting circuits are coupled through a bilayer exciton condensate, the superflow in both layers is drastically modified. Depending on the phase biases the supercurrents can be completely blocked or exhibit perfect drag.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(20): 206402, 2008 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19113360

RESUMO

Motivated by the large interest in the nonequilibrium dynamics of low-dimensional quantum many-body systems, we present a fully microscopic theoretical and numerical study of the charge and spin dynamics in a one-dimensional ultracold Fermi gas following a quench. Our approach, which is based on time-dependent current-density-functional theory, is applicable well beyond the linear-response regime and produces both spin-charge separation and spin-drag-induced broadening of the spin packets.

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