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1.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med ; 14(1): 55-63, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492251

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of health care professionals in pediatric settings on developmental surveillance and screening programs and also to identify the barriers and facilitators during its implementation. METHODS: The data were collected from health professionals involved in pediatric developmental care, practicing in various hospitals, clinics and nursing homes in a suburban city on west coast of Southern India. The study involved cross-sectional exploratory sequential mixed method design which included a quantitative questionnaire survey on health professionals (n= 52) followed by qualitative face-to-face interviews with chosen respondents who participated in the survey (n= 8). The survey data are reported with descriptive statistics, and interview data are subjected to inductive content analysis for deriving codes, categories and themes. RESULTS: The study results indicate that health professionals involved in pediatric developmental care in Indian health care settings have fair knowledge and a favorable attitude towards the use of developmental surveillance and screening. Furthermore, the facilitators and barriers of implementation have been reported. The strategies outlined by interview respondents to improve adherence to implementation have been discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The practice of developmental surveillance and screening is limited despite favorable knowledge and attitude among health professionals in pediatric developmental care and is dependent on health care organizational setup.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Int J Telemed Appl ; 2019: 5903106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186627

RESUMO

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability and requires continued care after hospital discharge. Mobile-based interventions are suitable to reduce the cost of stroke rehabilitation and facilitate self-management among stroke survivors. However, before attempting to use mobile-based home exercise program, it is crucial to recognize the readiness of stroke survivors and their caregivers to opt for such interventions. Objective: To assess the acceptability and attitude towards a mobile-based home exercise program among stroke survivors and their primary caregivers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 102 participants to understand their attitude and acceptability towards mobile-based home exercise program. A validated 10-item questionnaire was adapted for the study. The questions which assessed the attitude were rated on a three-point Likert scale, with three denoting agree and one denoting disagree. The acceptability was assessed by their willingness to opt for a mobile-based home program services. A Chi-square analysis and cross-tabulation were performed to test differences between caregivers and patients. A logistic regression was performed to determine the effects of age, gender, and mobile phone on acceptability. Results: Ninety-two percent of caregivers and 90% of patients showed willingness to opt for mobile-based intervention. Majority of the participants showed a positive attitude towards this mode of treatment. There was no difference in the attitude noted among caregivers and patients (p>0.05) towards mobile-based intervention. Conclusion: The stroke survivors and caregivers welcomed the concept of mobile-based home exercise program even in a low-resource settings, but further studies to understand treatment and cost-effectiveness of this technology among the stroke survivors would lead to better implementation.

3.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 58(2): 133-6, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509962

RESUMO

Sport specific training in basketball players should focus on vertical jump height and agility in consistent with demands of the sport. Since plyometrics training improves vertical jump height and agility, it can be useful training strategy to improve the performance of basketball players. A convenience sample of thirty professional basketball players were recruited. Following pre-intervention assessment, interventions using plyometrics training and dynamic stretching protocol was administered on the basketball players. The outcome measures were assessed before the intervention and at the end of first and second week. Statistically significant improvements in vertical jump height (31.68 ± 11.64 to 37.57 ± 16.74; P < 0.012) and agility (16.75 ± 2.49 to 16.51 ± 2.80; P <0.00) were observed between pretest--posttest measures and no changes in muscle girth and isometric muscle strength. The study concludes that short term two weeks plyometrics training combined with dynamic stretching as a useful sport specific training strategy to improve vertical jump height and agility on trained basketball players.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Basquetebol , Contração Muscular , Exercícios de Alongamento Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Exercício Pliométrico , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Indian Pediatr ; 50(8): 765-70, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24036642

RESUMO

The preterm very low birth weight infants are at high risk of developing neurodevelopmental delay despite little or no medical complications at the time of birth. The care and interventions of such infants have an impact on the pre-existing risk. The Developmental Care Interventions (DCI) are the range of treatment strategies aiming to alleviate the risk thereby improving neuro-developmental outcomes. The objective of this review is to appraise the range of such interventions for preterm very low birth weight infants reported in the literature. This review will help clinicians to adopt developmental intervention strategy to improve the neuro-developmental outcomes of their NICU graduates.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Intervenção Educacional Precoce/métodos , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Massagem , Toque Terapêutico
5.
J Pediatr Neurosci ; 6(1): 29-31, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21977084

RESUMO

Infantile hemiplegia is one of the clinical forms of cerebral palsy that refers to impaired motor function of one half of the body owing to contralateral brain damage due to prenatal, perinatal and postnatal causes amongst which vascular lesion is the most common causative factor. We report here the effects of constraint-induced movement therapy in a five-year-old female child with infantile hemiplegia on improvement of upper extremity motor skills.

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