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1.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(4): e20192224, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the oral conditions and the main predisposing factors for dental treatment of patients on the waiting list for liver and simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation, in a single center. METHODS: we evaluated 100 patients in the waiting list, 50 candidates for liver transplantation and 50 for simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation, from August 2015 to February 2018. We correlated extra and intraoral examinations with pre-transplant demographic variables. RESULTS: the main oral alteration in the pancreas-kidney and liver transplant candidates were decayed, lost and filled teeth, present in 83% and 100% of the candidates, respectively (p=0.03). The need for dental treatment was equal in both groups: 71% and 70%. In liver transplant candidates, the predisposing factors for dental treatment were age, color and etiological diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. We did not identify predisposing factors for dental treatment in candidates for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. CONCLUSION: candidates for liver and for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation had poor oral hygiene, with cavities, residual roots, gingivitis and periodontitis, revealing that dental evaluation should be part of the transplantation waiting list.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Fígado , Saúde Bucal , Transplante de Pâncreas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Listas de Espera
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e20192224, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1041130

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar as condições bucais e os principais fatores predisponentes para tratamento odontológico de pacientes em lista de espera para transplante simultâneo de pâncreas-rim e para transplante hepático, em um centro único. Métodos: foram avaliados 100 pacientes na fila de espera, 50 candidatos a transplante hepático e 50 a transplante simultâneo de pâncreas-rim, no período de agosto de 2015 a fevereiro de 2018. Exames extra e intrabucais foram correlacionados com variáveis demográficas pré-transplante. Resultados: a principal alteração bucal nos candidatos a transplante de pâncreas-rim e de transplante hepático foram dentes cariados, perdidos e obturados, presentes em 83% e 100% dos candidatos, respectivamente (P=0,03). A necessidade de tratamento odontológico foi igual nos dois grupos: 71% e 70%. Nos candidatos a transplante hepático, os fatores predisponentes para tratamento odontológico foram idade, cor e diagnóstico etiológico da cirrose hepática. Não identificamos fatores predisponentes para tratamento odontológico nos candidatos a transplante simultâneo pâncreas-rim. Conclusão: pacientes candidatos a transplante simultâneo de pâncreas-rim e transplante hepático apresentaram higiene bucal precária com presença de cárie, raízes residuais, gengivite e periodontite, revelando que a avaliação odontológica deve fazer parte do protocolo de atendimento dos pacientes em fila de espera para transplantes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the oral conditions and the main predisposing factors for dental treatment of patients on the waiting list for liver and simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation, in a single center. Methods: we evaluated 100 patients in the waiting list, 50 candidates for liver transplantation and 50 for simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation, from August 2015 to February 2018. We correlated extra and intraoral examinations with pre-transplant demographic variables. Results: the main oral alteration in the pancreas-kidney and liver transplant candidates were decayed, lost and filled teeth, present in 83% and 100% of the candidates, respectively (p=0.03). The need for dental treatment was equal in both groups: 71% and 70%. In liver transplant candidates, the predisposing factors for dental treatment were age, color and etiological diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. We did not identify predisposing factors for dental treatment in candidates for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. Conclusion: candidates for liver and for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation had poor oral hygiene, with cavities, residual roots, gingivitis and periodontitis, revealing that dental evaluation should be part of the transplantation waiting list.

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