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1.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 72(3): 236-41, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27546962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common entity in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. There is scanty data regarding acute kidney injury (AKI) in ICUs from our country and no data from the service setting. METHODS: All patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital for six months were included in the study. They were divided into two groups: surg gr (admitted in surgical ICU) and med gr (admitted in medical ICU). During the stay in ICU, patients were observed for the development of AKI depending on the creatinine values and hourly urine output. Staging was done based upon the Risk Injury Failure Loss and End stage kidney (RIFLE) criteria. Relevant data associated with development of AKI was collected for correlation. RESULTS: 17.15% patients developed AKI after admission to the ICU 40% patients admitted with sepsis developed AKI. An increased susceptibility to develop AKI was found on day 4 of admission in both the groups. Of the patients who developed AKI, the surg gr of patients had a higher sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score both on day of admission (7.85 vs 5.65) and on the day of development of AKI (9.47 vs 6.18) as compared to the medical group. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ARF in our study was 17.2% with the patients of polytrauma/MODS being of major concern. The initial 3-4 days are the most critical and susceptible patients must be intensive monitored during this time for prevention of ARF. Medical ICU patients develop ARF at a low SOFA score in comparison to surgical ICU patients and thus need greater attention.

3.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 71(1): 28-32, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25609860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The service setting has some unique strengths and weaknesses that must be kept in mind when organizing Hospital acquired infections (HAI) prevention interventions. METHODS: Following an initial study to gather data regarding HAI in the Surgical intensive care unit (ICU) we put into place various infection control interventions. The present study was carried out to analyse the effect of these interventions on the incidence of HAI in the ICU. RESULTS: The total admissions to the ICU were 253 patients. Eighty eight patients (34.78%) were admitted for more than 48 hr, 165 patients stayed for less than 48 h. The frequency of HAI was 7.95% (95% CI 3.54, 15). Hospital acquired pneumonia was observed in 2 of the 88 patients (2.27%) (95% CI 0.38, 7.30) which amounted to 9.70 infections per 1000 ventilator days. Bloodstream infection was detected in 3 out of 88 patients (3.4%) (95% CI 0.87, 8.99) amounting to 6.54 fresh infections per 1000 Central Venous Catheter days. Urinary tract infection was observed in 2 (2.27%) (95% CI 0.38, 7.30) at 2.86 fresh infections per 1000 catheter days. As compared to the previous study we found that there was a decline of HAI ranging from 60 to 70%. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that by meticulously following infection control protocols especially tailored to the service setting the incidence of HAI's can be reduced. However, the challenge is in maintaining the gains achieved since there is a rapid turnover of manpower in the ICU and a lack of a structured ICU design model.

4.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 69(1): 2-3, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24532925
5.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 67(1): 38-40, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27365759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BiSpecteral Index (BiS) monitoring is standard monitoring regimen in anaesthesia practice. It has also been used in cardiac surgery. It is especially important due to the high incidence of neurological injury or dysfunction that occurs following CPB. This is a retrospective study of 33 cases that were monitored with BiS during the course of coronary artery or valvular surgery, including the period of CPB. METHODS: Thirty three cases monitored with BiS were studied retrospectively. RESULT: From the recordings it was determined that the value of BiS which was ranging between 40 to 60 after induction, dropped below 25 at the onset of CPB. This change was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: This decrease in the BiS value is probably a result of hypo-perfusion and due to clear, oxygen - poor priming fluid reaching the brain. Other periods of hypotension also correlated with the low values of BiS. This cerebral hypoxia which would occur at this time could be the cause of the incidence of neurological dysfunction that is known to occur following CPB.

6.
Gastroenterology ; 81(3): 592-3, 1981 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7250646

RESUMO

A 71-yr-old diabetic patient was evaluated because of right upper quadrant pain. He was found to have a large hepatic abscess secondary to Yersinia enterocolitica infection. He lacked clinical evidence of bacteremia or gastrointestinal infection. It is postulated that Yersinia enterocolitica reached the liver through the portal system from an inapparent intestinal infection. This is the first reported case of a liver abscess secondary to Yersinia enterocolitica without evidence of systemic infection.


Assuntos
Abscesso Hepático/microbiologia , Yersiniose/diagnóstico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Abscesso Hepático/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Hepático/cirurgia , Masculino , Yersinia/isolamento & purificação , Yersiniose/tratamento farmacológico , Yersiniose/cirurgia
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