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Zootaxa ; 4622(1): zootaxa.4622.1.1, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716284


The parasitic isopod family Cymothoidae Leach, 1818 of the India exclusive economic zone is reviewed. A total of 56 nominal species corresponding to 48 valid species belonging to sixteen genera are reviewed from 73 host species belonging to 35 families. Mothocya plagulophora (Haller, 1880), Nerocila depressa Milne Edwards, 1840, Nerocila loveni Bovallius, 1887, Nerocila trichiura (Miers, 1877), Norileca triangulata (Richardson, 1910) and Ryukyua globosa Williams Bunkley-Williams, 1994 are redescribed. Indusa pustulosa Pillai, 1954 is synonymised with Agarna malayi Tiwari, 1952; Cymothoa krishnai Jayadev Babu Sanjeeva Raj, 1984 is synonymised with Cymothoa eremita (Brünnich, 1783) and Nerocila priacanthusi Kumari, Rao Shyamasundari, 1987 is synonymised with Nerocila arres Bowman Tareen, 1983. Ourozeuktes bopyroides (Lesueur, 1814) is revised and excluded from the Indian fauna. The Indian cymothoid species Agarna bengalensis Kumari, Rao Shaymasundari, 1990, Cymothoa asymmetrica Pillai, 1954 and Nerocila hemirhamphusi Shyamasundari, Rao Kumari, 1990 are regarded here as species inquirenda. A key to the Indian genera of the family Cymothoidae and keys to the Indian species of the genera Cymothoa, Joryma, Mothocya, and Nerocila are presented. A checklist of the valid Cymothoidae species until now reported from Indian marine fishes are compiled. Host preferences, morphological variability and distribution are discussed.

Isópodes , Parasitos , Animais , Crustáceos , Peixes , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Índia
J Parasit Dis ; 41(1): 55-61, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28316388


Isopods occur very commonly as parasites in food fishes. Parasitic isopods are typically marine and usually inhabit the warmer seas. They are blood-feeding; several species settle in the buccal cavity of fish, others live in the gill chamber or on the body surface including the fins. Isopods can cause morbidity and mortality in captive fish populations. The infestation usually pressure atrophy often accompanies the presence of larger parasites. The present study was aimed at collecting information on the neglected group of isopod parasites of the marine fishes from the Miri coastal environment, East Malaysia. A very little information available regarding the distribution of isopod parasites of Malaysian coastal environment. In the present study, nine isopod parasites were  oberved from ten marine fish species. The maximum number of parasites were observed in the months of June and October, 2013. Maximum prevalence was observed in October (50 %) and the minimum was observed in June (7.14 %). The parasitic infestation may lead to an economic loss in commercial fish species.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 64(4): 303-11, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27221683


PURPOSE: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) mediated resistance is more prevalent worldwide, especially among Gram-negative bacterial isolates, conferring resistance to the expanded spectrum cephalosporins. As limited data were available on the prevalence of ESBLs in this area, the current study was undertaken to determine the prevalence, antibacterial resistance patterns, and molecular detection and characterization of ESBL encoding resistance genes among ocular Gram-negative bacterial isolates from ocular infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was done on 252 ocular Gram-negative bacterial isolates recovered from ocular infections during a study period from February 2011 to January 2014. All isolates were subjected to detection of ESBLs by cephalosporin/clavulanate combination disc test and their antibacterial resistance pattern was studied. Molecular detection and characterization of ESBL encoding blaTEM -, blaSHV , blaOXA -, and blaCTX-M (phylogenetic groups 1, 2, 9, and 8/25) resistance genes by multiplex polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequence analysis. RESULTS: Of all Gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (44%) was the most common strain, followed by Enterobacter agglomerans and Klebsiella pneumoniae each (10%). Among the 252, 42 (17%) were ESBL producers. The major source of ESBL producers were corneal scraping specimens, highest ESBL production was observed in P. aeruginosa 16 (38%) and Escherichia coli 7 (16.6%). Among ESBL-producing genes, the prevalence of blaTEM -gene was the highest (83%) followed by blaOXA -gene (35%), blaSHV -gene (18.5%), and blaCTX-M-1 -gene (18.5%) alone or together. CONCLUSION: The higher rate of prevalence of ESBLs-encoding genes among ocular Gram-negative bacteria is of great concern, as it causes limitation to therapeutic options. This regional knowledge will help in guiding appropriate antibiotic use which is highly warranted.

Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Resistência beta-Lactâmica , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , beta-Lactamas/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/enzimologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
J Parasit Dis ; 35(2): 232-4, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23024512


Two parasitic cymothoidae (Crustacea, Isopoda) are reported parasitizing fishes Hemiramphidae in India. Ceratothoa angulata, found in the buccal cavity of its host, is reported for the first time from India. Mothocya plagulophora, a branchial species, already known from the Southwest coast, is now recorded from the Southeast coast of India. Host-parasite relationships are considered.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 345(1): 345-54, 2006 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16690032


The rat kidney H1 oxalate binding protein was isolated and purified. Oxalate binds exclusively with H1B fraction of H1 histone. Oxalate binding activity is inhibited by lysine group modifiers such as 4',4'-diisothiostilbene-2,2-disulfonic acid (DIDS) and pyridoxal phosphate and reduced in presence of ATP and ADP. RNA has no effect on oxalate binding activity of H1B whereas DNA inhibits oxalate binding activity. Equilibrium dialysis method showed that H1B oxalate binding protein has two binding sites for oxalate, one with high affinity, other with low affinity. Histone H1B was modeled in silico using Modeller8v1 software tool since experimental structure is not available. In silico interaction studies predict that histone H1B-oxalate interaction take place through lysine121, lysine139, and leucine68. H1B oxalate binding protein is found to be a promoter of calcium oxalate crystal (CaOx) growth. A 10% increase in the promoting activity is observed in hyperoxaluric rat kidney H1B. Interaction of H1B oxalate binding protein with CaOx crystals favors the formation of intertwined calcium oxalate dehydrate (COD) crystals as studied by light microscopy. Intertwined COD crystals and aggregates of COD crystals were more pronounced in the presence of hyperoxalauric H1B.

Histonas/metabolismo , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/ultraestrutura , Oxalatos/metabolismo , Cálculos Urinários/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Histonas/química , Masculino , Conformação Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/química , Oxalatos/química , Ligação Proteica , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas/métodos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Análise de Sequência de Proteína , Cálculos Urinários/química