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2.
N Engl J Med ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The selective cardiac myosin activator omecamtiv mecarbil has been shown to improve cardiac function in patients with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction. Its effect on cardiovascular outcomes is unknown. METHODS: We randomly assigned 8256 patients (inpatients and outpatients) with symptomatic chronic heart failure and an ejection fraction of 35% or less to receive omecamtiv mecarbil (using pharmacokinetic-guided doses of 25 mg, 37.5 mg, or 50 mg twice daily) or placebo, in addition to standard heart-failure therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of a first heart-failure event (hospitalization or urgent visit for heart failure) or death from cardiovascular causes. RESULTS: During a median of 21.8 months, a primary-outcome event occurred in 1523 of 4120 patients (37.0%) in the omecamtiv mecarbil group and in 1607 of 4112 patients (39.1%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86 to 0.99; P = 0.03). A total of 808 patients (19.6%) and 798 patients (19.4%), respectively, died from cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.92 to 1.11). There was no significant difference between groups in the change from baseline on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire total symptom score. At week 24, the change from baseline for the median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level was 10% lower in the omecamtiv mecarbil group than in the placebo group; the median cardiac troponin I level was 4 ng per liter higher. The frequency of cardiac ischemic and ventricular arrhythmia events was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with heart failure and a reduced ejection, those who received omecamtiv mecarbil had a lower incidence of a composite of a heart-failure event or death from cardiovascular causes than those who received placebo. (Funded by Amgen and others; GALACTIC-HF ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02929329; EudraCT number, 2016-002299-28.).

4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(11): 2160-2171, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985088

RESUMO

AIMS: The safety and efficacy of the novel selective cardiac myosin activator, omecamtiv mecarbil, in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is being tested in the Global Approach to Lowering Adverse Cardiac outcomes Through Improving Contractility in Heart Failure (GALACTIC-HF) trial. Here we describe the baseline characteristics of participants in GALACTIC-HF and how these compare with other contemporary trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adults with established HFrEF, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class ≥II, ejection fraction ≤35%, elevated natriuretic peptides and either current hospitalization for heart failure or history of hospitalization/emergency department visit for heart failure within a year were randomized to either placebo or omecamtiv mecarbil (pharmacokinetic-guided dosing: 25, 37.5, or 50 mg bid). A total of 8256 patients [male (79%), non-white (22%), mean age 65 years] were enrolled with a mean ejection fraction 27%, ischaemic aetiology in 54%, NYHA class II 53% and III/IV 47%, and median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide 1971 pg/mL. Heart failure therapies at baseline were among the most effectively employed in contemporary heart failure trials. GALACTIC-HF randomized patients representative of recent heart failure registries and trials with substantial numbers of patients also having characteristics understudied in previous trials including more from North America (n = 1386), enrolled as inpatients (n = 2084), systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg (n = 1127), estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (n = 528), and treated with sacubitril/valsartan at baseline (n = 1594). CONCLUSIONS: GALACTIC-HF enrolled a well-treated, high-risk population from both inpatient and outpatient settings, which will provide a definitive evaluation of the efficacy and safety of this novel therapy, as well as informing its potential future implementation.

5.
Clin Auton Res ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875456

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy with preserved ventricular function present with autonomic imbalance. This study evaluated the effects of exercise training (ET) in restoring peripheral and cardiac autonomic control and skeletal muscle phenotype in patients with subclinical chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: This controlled trial (NCT02295215) included 24 chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy patients who were randomized www.random.org/lists/ into two groups: those who underwent exercise training (n = 12) and those who continued their usual activities (n = 12). Eight patients completed the exercise training protocol, and 10 patients were clinically followed up for 4 months. Muscular sympathetic nerve activity was measured by microneurography and muscle blood flow (MBF) using venous occlusion plethysmography. The low-frequency component of heart rate variability in normalized units (LFnuHR) reflects sympathetic activity in the heart, and the low-frequency component of systolic blood pressure variability in normalized units reflects sympathetic activity in the vessels. The infusion of vasoactive drugs (phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside) was used to evaluate cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, and a vastus lateralis muscle biopsy was performed to evaluate atrogin-1 and MuRF-1 gene expression. RESULTS: The baroreflex sensitivity for increases (p = 0.002) and decreases (p = 0.02) in systolic blood pressure increased in the ET group. Muscle blood flow also increased only in the ET group (p = 0.004). Only the ET group had reduced resting muscular sympathetic nerve activity levels (p = 0.008) and sympathetic activity in the heart (LFnu; p = 0.004) and vessels (p = 0.04) after 4 months. Regarding skeletal muscle, after 4 months, participants in the exercise training group presented with lower atrogin-1 gene expression than participants who continued their activities as usual (p = 0.001). The reduction in muscular sympathetic nerve activity was positively associated with reduced atrogin-1 (r = 0.86; p = 0.02) and MuRF-1 gene expression (r = 0.64; p = 0.06); it was negatively associated with improved baroreflex sensitivity both for increases (r = -0.72; p = 0.020) and decreases (r = -0.82; p = 0.001) in blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: ET improved cardiac and peripheral autonomic function in patients with subclinical chagasic cardiomyopathy. ET reduced MSNA and sympathetic activity in the heart and vessels and increased cardiac parasympathetic tone and baroreflex sensitivity. Regarding peripheral muscle, after 4 months, patients who underwent exercise training had an increased cross-sectional area of type I fibers and oxidative metabolism of muscle fibers, and decreased atrogin-1 gene expression, compared to participants who continued their activities as usual. In addition, the reduction in MSNA was associated with improved cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, reduced sympathetic cardiovascular tone, and reduced atrogin-1 and MuRF-1 gene expression. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ID: NCT02295215. Registered in June 2013.

9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(1): 28-36, July 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: lil-755004

RESUMO

Background:

Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA) function in this disease still lacks.

Objective:

To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions) and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions.

Methods:

10 control subjects (CG), and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI); 30 with ECG alterations (GII); and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII). All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging.

Results:

Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF): (p <0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003), GI (p <0.001) and GII (p <0.001). Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF): (p = 0.004), lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07). Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF): (p = 0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05), GI (p<0.0001) and GII (p = 0.002). There was a negative correlation of E/e’average with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF), and a positive correlation of e’average with s’ wave (both septal and lateral walls) and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions.

Conclusion:

An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.

.

Fundamento:

A doença de Chagas é uma causa de miocardiopatia dilatada, sendo ainda pouco conhecida a função do átrio esquerdo (AE) nessa doença.

Objetivo:

Avaliar as diferenças nas funções do AE (reservatório, conduto e bomba) e sua correlação com os parâmetros ecocardiográficos das funções sistólica e diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (VE).

Método:

10 controles (GC) e os seguintes pacientes com doença de Chagas: 26 com a forma indeterminada (GI); 30 com alterações eletrocardiográficas (GII); e 19 com disfunção de VE (GIII). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a ecocardiografia bidimensional e em modo M, Doppler pulsado e Doppler tecidual.

Resultados:

Função de reservatório (fração de esvaziamento total: FET) (p < 0,0001), mais baixa no GIII do que no GC (p = 0,003), GI (p < 0,001) e GII (p < 0,001). Função de conduto (fração de esvaziamento passivo: FEP) (p = 0,004), mais baixa no GIII (GIII e GC, p = 0.06; GI e GII, p = 0.06; e GII e GIII, p = 0,07). Função de bomba (fração de esvaziamento ativo: FEA) (p = 0,0001), mais baixa no GIII do que no CG (p = 0,05), GI (p<0,0001) e GII (p = 0,002). Observou-se uma correlação negativa entre E/e’média e as funções de reservatório e de bomba (FET e FEA), e uma correlação positiva entre as ondas e’média e s’ (paredes septal e lateral) e as funções de reservatório, conduto e bomba.

Conclusão:

Observou-se comprometimento das funções do AE na miocardiopatia chagásica.

.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(1): 28-36, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25993486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, and information about left atrial (LA) function in this disease still lacks. OBJECTIVE: To assess the different LA functions (reservoir, conduit and pump functions) and their correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions. METHODS: 10 control subjects (CG), and patients with Chagas disease as follows: 26 with the indeterminate form (GI); 30 with ECG alterations (GII); and 19 with LV dysfunction (GIII). All patients underwent M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography, pulsed-wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. RESULTS: Reservoir function (Total Emptying Fraction: TEF): (p <0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.003), GI (p <0.001) and GII (p <0.001). Conduit function (Passive Emptying Fraction: PEF): (p = 0.004), lower in GIII (GIII and CG, p = 0.06; GI and GII, p = 0.06; and GII and GIII, p = 0.07). Pump function (Active Emptying Fraction: AEF): (p = 0.0001), lower in GIII as compared to CG (p = 0.05), GI (p<0.0001) and GII (p = 0.002). There was a negative correlation of E/e' (average) with the reservoir and pump functions (TEF and AEF), and a positive correlation of e' (average) with s' wave (both septal and lateral walls) and the reservoir, conduit and pump LA functions. CONCLUSION: An impairment of LA functions in Chagas cardiomyopathy was observed.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Circulation ; 131(1): 54-61, 2015 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25403646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical trials in heart failure have focused on the improvement in symptoms or decreases in the risk of death and other cardiovascular events. Little is known about the effect of drugs on the risk of clinical deterioration in surviving patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the angiotensin-neprilysin inhibitor LCZ696 (400 mg daily) with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (20 mg daily) in 8399 patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction in a double-blind trial. The analyses focused on prespecified measures of nonfatal clinical deterioration. In comparison with the enalapril group, fewer LCZ696-treated patients required intensification of medical treatment for heart failure (520 versus 604; hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.74-0.94; P=0.003) or an emergency department visit for worsening heart failure (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.85; P=0.001). The patients in the LCZ696 group had 23% fewer hospitalizations for worsening heart failure (851 versus 1079; P<0.001) and were less likely to require intensive care (768 versus 879; 18% rate reduction, P=0.005), to receive intravenous positive inotropic agents (31% risk reduction, P<0.001), and to have implantation of a heart failure device or cardiac transplantation (22% risk reduction, P=0.07). The reduction in heart failure hospitalization with LCZ696 was evident within the first 30 days after randomization. Worsening of symptom scores in surviving patients was consistently more common in the enalapril group. LCZ696 led to an early and sustained reduction in biomarkers of myocardial wall stress and injury (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin) versus enalapril. CONCLUSIONS: Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition prevents the clinical progression of surviving patients with heart failure more effectively than angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01035255.


Assuntos
Aminobutiratos/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Enalapril/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Neprilisina/antagonistas & inibidores , Tetrazóis/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Sobreviventes , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina/sangue
13.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 11(3): 367-9, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24136766

RESUMO

The association of anomalous right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery and constrictive pericarditis has never been showed in the literature. We present the first case of this unusual association in a patient with right heart failure. After diagnosis, the patient was referred to surgery and underwent phrenic-to-phrenic pericardiectomy; graft implant of right internal thoracic artery to right coronary artery; and ligation of the anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Such procedures solved the potential risk of sudden death related to anomalous right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery and alleviated the symptoms of heart failure caused by constrictive pericarditis.


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pericardite Constritiva/complicações , Adulto Jovem
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 11(3): 367-369, jul.-set. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-688643

RESUMO

A associação da artéria coronária direita anômala com origem na artéria pulmonar e pericardite constritiva ainda não foi descrita na literatura. Apresentamos aqui o primeiro caso dessa associação inusitada em um paciente com quadro de insuficiência cardíaca direita. Após o diagnóstico, o paciente foi encaminhado para tratamento cirúrgico, sendo submetido a pericardiectomia frênico a frênico, implante de enxerto da artéria mamária interna direita para a coronária direita e ligadura da origem anômala da coronária direita da artéria pulmonar. Tais procedimentos resolveram o potencial risco de morte súbita pela anomalia coronária e aliviaram os sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca causados pela pericardite constritiva.


The association of anomalous right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery and constrictive pericarditis has never been showed in the literature. We present the first case of this unusual association in a patient with right heart failure. After diagnosis, the patient was referred to surgery and underwent phrenic-to-phrenic pericardiectomy; graft implant of right internal thoracic artery to right coronary artery; and ligation of the anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Such procedures solved the potential risk of sudden death related to anomalous right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery and alleviated the symptoms of heart failure caused by constrictive pericarditis.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Pericardite
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(3): 210-4, 216-20, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19390710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), interstitial myocardial fibrosis is an important histological modification that has been associated with sudden death and evolution toward myocardial dilation. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of the collagen volume fraction in HCM. METHODS: An endomyocardial biopsy of the right ventricle was successfully performed in 21 symptomatic patients with HCM. The myocardial collagen volume fraction (CVF) was determined by histology. The CVF was also determined in fragments of nine normal hearts from subjects deceased from non-cardiac causes. The patients were divided into above-median CVF and below-median CVF groups, and their clinical and echocardiographic characteristics and survival curves were compared. RESULTS: Among the patients, the CVF ranged from 1.86% to 29.9%, median 6.19%; in normal hearts, from 0.13% to 1.46%, median 0.61% (p <0.0001 between HCM and control). There were no significant correlations between CVF and baseline echocardiographic measures. Patients with CVF < or =6.19% and CVF> 6.19% were compared and no baseline differences were observed. However, after an average follow-up period of 110 months, four deaths occurred (two sudden, two due to heart failure) in the group with increased CVF, whereas the patients of the group with lower CVF were all alive at the end of the period (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: For the first time, myocardial fibrosis was prospectively associated with a worse prognosis in patients with HCM. Efforts should be directed to the quantification of myocardial fibrosis in HCM, on the premise that its association with the prognosis can aid in the stratification of risk for defibrillator implantation, and in the prescription of drugs that potentially promote myocardial repair.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Colágeno , Miocárdio/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/mortalidade , Colágeno/análise , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(3): 222-226, mar. 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511633

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica (CMH), a fibrose miocárdica intersticial é uma importante alteração histológica que tem sido associada com morte súbita e evolução para dilatação. OBJETIVO: Avaliar, prospectivamente, o valor prognóstico da fração de colágeno na CMH. MÉTODOS: Biópsia endomiocárdica do ventrículo direito foi realizada com sucesso em 21 pacientes sintomáticos com CMH. A fração de volume de colágeno (FVC) miocárdico foi determinada por histologia. A FVC também foi determinada em fragmentos de nove corações normais de indivíduos falecidos por causas não-cardíacas. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos supra e infra-medianos em relação à FVC, sendo comparadas as características clínico-ecocardiográficas e as curvas de sobrevida. RESULTADOS: Entre os pacientes, a FVC variou de 1,86% a 29,9%, mediana 6,19%; nos corações normais, de 0,13% a 1,46%, mediana 0,36% (p<0,0001 entre CMH e controle). Não foram observadas correlações significativas entre FVC e medidas ecocardiográficas basais. Pacientes com FVC<6,19% e FVC>6,19% foram comparados e não foram observadas diferenças basais. Entretanto, após um período de seguimento médio de 110 meses, quatro mortes ocorreram (duas súbitas, duas por insuficiência cardíaca) no grupo com FVC maior, enquanto os pacientes do grupo com FVC menor estavam vivos ao final do período (p=0,02). CONCLUSÃO: Pela primeira vez, a fibrose miocárdica foi prospectivamente associada a um pior prognóstico em pacientes com CMH. Esforços devem ser direcionados para quantificação da fibrose miocárdica na CMH, assumindo que a associação com o prognóstico pode auxiliar na estratificação de risco para implante de desfibrilador e na prescrição de fármacos potencialmente reparadores miocárdicos.


BACKGROUND: In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), interstitial myocardial fibrosis is an important histological modification that has been associated with sudden death and evolution toward myocardial dilation. OBJECTIVE:To prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of the collagen volume fraction in HCM. METHODS: An endomyocardial biopsy of the right ventricle was successfully performed in 21 symptomatic patients with HCM. The myocardial collagen volume fraction (CVF) was determined by histology. The CVF was also determined in fragments of nine normal hearts from subjects deceased from non-cardiac causes. The patients were divided into above-median CVF and below-median CVF groups, and their clinical and echocardiographic characteristics and survival curves were compared. RESULTS: Among the patients, the CVF ranged from 1.86% to 29.9%, median 6.19%; in normal hearts, from 0.13% to 1.46%, median 0.61%(p <0.0001 between HCM and control). There were no significant correlations between CVF and baseline echocardiographic measures. Patients with CVF < 6.19% and CVF> 6.19% were compared and no baseline differences were observed. However, after an average follow-up period of 110 months, four deaths occurred (two sudden, two due to heart failure) in the group with increased CVF, whereas the patients of the group with lower CVF were all alive at the end of the period (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: For the first time, myocardial fibrosis was prospectively associated with a worse prognosis in patients with HCM. Efforts should be directed to the quantification of myocardial fibrosis in HCM, on the premise that its association with the prognosis can aid in the stratification of risk for defibrillator implantation, and in the prescription of drugs that potentially promote myocardial repair.


FUNDAMENTO: En la cardiomiopatía hipertrófica (CMH), la fibrosis miocárdica intersticial es una importante alteración histológica, que ha sido asociada con muerte súbita y evolución hacia dilatación. OBJETIVO:Evaluar, prospectivamente, el valor pronóstico de la fracción de colágeno en la CMH. MÉTODOS:Se realizó, con éxito, biopsia endomiocárdica del ventrículo derecho en 21 pacientes sintomáticos con CMH. La fracción de volumen de colágeno (FVC) miocárdico se determinó por medio de histología. Se determinó la FVC también en fragmentos de nueve corazones normales de individuos fallecidos por causas no cardiacas. Respecto a la FVC, se dividieron a los pacientes en grupos supra e inframedianos (FVC elevada y FVC baja, respectivamente), y se compararon las características clínicas y ecocardiográficas y las curvas de sobrevida. RESULTADOS: Entre los pacientes, la FVC tuvo variación del 1,86% al 29,9%, con mediana en el 6,19%. Ya en los corazones normales, del 0,13% al 1,46%, mediana en el 0,36% (p<0,0001 entre CMH y control). No se verificaron correlaciones significativas entre FVC y medidas ecocardiográficas basales. Se compararon a pacientes con FVC<6,19 por ciento y FVC>6,19%, sin que se observara diferencias basales. Sin embargo, tras un período de seguimiento promedio de 110 meses, cuatro muertes ocurrieron (dos súbitas, y otras dos por insuficiencia cardiaca) en el grupo con FVC mayor, mientras que los pacientes del grupo con FVC menor estaban vivos al final del período (p=0,02). CONCLUSIÓN: Por primera vez, se asoció prospectivamente la fibrosis miocárdica a un peor diagnóstico en pacientes con CMH. Se deben encaminar esfuerzos hacia la cuantificación de la fibrosis en la CMH, al aceptar que la asociación con el pronóstico puede auxiliar tanto en la estratificación de riesgo para implante de desfibrilador, como en la prescripción de fármacos potencialmente reparadores...


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Colágeno , Miocárdio/patologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/mortalidade , Colágeno/análise , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Fibrose , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr ; 20(4): 15-20, nov.-dez.2007. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-478380

RESUMO

Objetivo: a doença afeta mais de 10 milhões de pessoas na América Latina. Leva a cardiomiopatia dilatada inflamatória em 30% dos pacientes como conseqüência tardia da infecção pelo protozoário Trypanosoma cruzi, com pior prognóstico que as outras cardiomiopatias dilatadas. estudos prévios mostram aumento dos níveis circulantes do fator de necrose tumoral-alfa (TNF-x) em pacientes com cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica. Assim, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar efeito do bloqueio do TNF-x com Etanercept na função ventricular esquerda em hamsters sírios cronicamente infectados pelo T. cruzi...


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/veterinária , Experimentação Animal , Ecocardiografia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17094053

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chagas' disease is one of the most important causes of dilated cardiomyopathy in South and Central America. It is an inflammatory cardiomyopathy. We wanted to investigate whether it could have the same response to aldosterone antagonism as demonstrated before in other dilated cardiomyopathies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of spironolactone in myocardial remodelling in a Chagas cardiomyopathy model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 60 Sirius Hamsters divided into: control (C) infected (Inf) and Inf plus spironolactone (Infsp, 40 mg/kg/day) groups, for 11 months. Echocardiography with colour doppler was performed. Left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), fractional shortening (FS) and corrected isovolumic relaxation time (IRT) were evaluated, as well as interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) and myocardial inflammation. RESULT: The results demonstrated that survival was improved by use of spironolactone in the chronic phase (p<0.04). Body weight (BW) was C:190 g, Inf:167 g*, Infsp:198 g (*p<0.05, compared to C and Infsp), LVEDD/BW was C:0.31, Inf: 0.35*, Infsp: 0.29 (*p<0.05, compared to C and Infsp), FS was C:38, Inf: 35.5, Infsp: 38 (with no statistical difference) and IRT was C: 23 msec, Inf: 26 msec*, Infsp: 22 msec (p<0.05, compared to C and Infsp). ICVF (%) was attenuated at LV (C: 0.34+/-0.1, Inf: 1.75+/-0.7*, Infsp: 0.95+/-0.2*; *p<0.05, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Spironolactone attenuated the myocardial remodelling in Chagas cardiomyopathy, reduced mortality during the chronic phase and reduced inflammatory infiltration.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/farmacologia , Espironolactona/farmacologia , Trypanosoma cruzi , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Aldosterona/metabolismo , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Colágeno/análise , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Mesocricetus , Miocárdio/química
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 86(3): 175-80, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16612443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether NT pro-BNP levels are high in patients reporting pericardial diseases, as well as to investigate how they relate to diastolic dysfunction echocardiographic measures. METHODS: Twenty-five patients were split into two groups: 1) pericardial effusion (PE): 15 patients; 2) constrictive pericarditis (CP): 10 patients. A control group was made up with 30 individuals reporting no heart disease. Pericardial effusion was evaluated by bidimensional echocardiogram, with restriction evaluated by pulsed Doppler of mitral flow. CP diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. NT pro-BNP levels were measured by immunoassay and detected by electrochemiluminescence. RESULTS: From the 15 PD patients, 14 reported relevant PD, and only 1, moderate PD. Log NT pro-BNP was shown to be higher in PD (p < 0.05), with log mean of 2.31 pg/ml and CP (p < 0.05), with log mean of 2.67 pg/ml, when compared to control group, log mean of 1.32 pg/ml. No difference was reported between PD and CP (p = 0.149). The NT pro-BNP log showed to be correlated to peak velocity of the E wave (r = 0.845; p = 0.001) and with E/A (r = 0.717; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: NT pro-BNP is shown to have increased in pericardial diseases, and is associated to diastolic dysfunction. It may serve as an additional method in quantifying restriction.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diástole/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico por imagem , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Echocardiography ; 23(3): 197-201, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16524389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A global function index (GFI) derived from tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been proposed to improve the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of this index in a large selected HCM population. METHODS: GFI =[E/Ea]/Sa, was calculated at mitral annulus lateral and septal borders in 164 HCM patients and in 40 healthy volunteers. Group comparisons and correlations between GFI and other variables were performed. RESULTS: Of the 164 patients, 69 (42%) had a peak gradient >30 mmHg in the left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT). GFI (lateral or septal) was not normally distributed. There were differences among controls, obstructive HCM, and nonobstructive HCM (P < 0.0001), but significant overlap of GFI values were observed between groups. GFI was correlated to septal thickness (r = 0.44; P < 0.0001), left atrial diameter (r = 0.52; P < 0.0001), and LVOT gradient (r = 0.58; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In a selected HCM population, GFI was limited by its asymmetrical distribution and significant overlap of values between groups. Further studies are necessary to verify the reliability of GFI in the clinical practice and its position among other tissue Doppler indices.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Adolescente , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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