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1.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223838, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure is associated with exercise intolerance and sleep- disordered breathing; however, studies in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis are scarce. The purpose of our study was to assess exercise capacity and sleep in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) undergoing a pericardiectomy. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients scheduled for pericardiectomy due to symptomatic CCP. Were performed quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire-MLHFQ) and sleep questionnaires (Epworth, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI), serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum C-reactive protein, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test and overnight polysomnography immediately before and six months after pericardiectomy. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (76% males, age: 45.5±13.8 years, body mass index: 24.9±3.7 kg/m2, left ventricular ejection fraction: 60±6%) with CCP (76% idiopathic, 12% tuberculosis) were studied. As compared to the preoperative period, pericardiectomy resulted in reduction in BNP (143 (83.5-209.5) vs 76 (40-117.5) pg/mL, p = 0.011), improvement in VO2 peak (18.7±5.6 vs. 25.2±6.3 mL/kg/min, p<0.001), quality of life (MLHFQ score 62 (43,5-77,5) vs. 18 (8,5-22), p<0,001) and sleep (PSQI score 7.8±4.1 vs. 4.7±3.7, p<0.001) and no significant change in sleep disordered breathing (apnea hypopnea index-AHI 15.6 (8.3-31.7) vs. 14.6 (5.75-29.9) events/h, p = 0.253). CONCLUSION: Patients with symptomatic CCP showed reduced exercise capacity and sleep-disordered breathing. After pericardiectomy, there was improvement in exercise capacity and neutral effect on sleep-disordered breathing.

2.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 97(2): 140-145, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557036

RESUMO

Metabolic, inflammatory, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction are present in patients with heart failure. However, whether these changes are due to left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure etiology is unknown. We evaluated metabolism and inflammatory activity in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and Chagas cardiomyopathy (CHG) and their correlation with the ANS. Forty-six patients were divided into 3 groups: IDC, CHG, and control. We evaluated adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. ANS were analyzed by heart rate variability in time and frequency domains on a 24-hour Holter monitor. Levels of glucose, cholesterol, leptin, and adiponectin did not show differences between groups. Insulin levels were lower in CHG group (5.4 ± 3.3 µU/mL) when compared with control (8.0 ± 4.9 µU/mL) and IDC (9.9 ± 5.0 µU/mL) groups (p = 0.007). Insulin was positively associated with LFr/HFr ratio (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and with the LFr component (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and negatively associated with adiponectin (r = -0.603; p = 0.017) in CHG group. The addition of an adiponectin unit reduced average insulin by 0.332 µg/mL. Insulin levels were decreased in the CHG group when compared with the IDC group and were associated with ANS indexes and adiponectin levels.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Insulina/sangue , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
4.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(4): 428-433, out.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-970626

RESUMO

A Insuficiência cardíaca é uma síndrome clínica cuja prevalência vem aumentado nos últimos anos, sendo uma das principais causas de internação no Brasil e no mundo. A apresentação da insuficiência cardíaca aguda compreende dois espectros, quais sejam, insuficiência cardíaca crônica agudizada e insuficiência cardíaca nova e ambas estão associadas a alta morbidade e mortalidade. A primeira abordagem desses pacientes deve ser realizada de maneira sistemática para estabelecer o diagnóstico, classificação hemodinâmica e estratificação de risco para orientar adequadamente as condutas iniciais. A decisão terapêutica imediata é essencial para otimizar o manejo desses pacientes, visando a melhor evolução prognóstica intra e extra-hospitalar


Heart failure is a clinical syndrome that has been increasing over the last few years and is currently one of the main causes of hospitalization in Brazil and in the world. Acute heart failure has two forms of presentation - chronic acute decompensated heart failure and new heart failure, both conditions being associated with high morbidity and mortality. The first approach to these patients should be conducted systematically in order to establish the diagnosis, the hemodynamic classification, and the risk stratification in order to adequately guide the initial conducts. An immediate therapeutic decision is essential to optimize the intra- and extra-hospital management of these patients for better prognostic evolution


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Terapêutica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodinâmica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Comorbidade , Doença Aguda , Doença Crônica , Epidemiologia , Guias como Assunto/normas , Diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos
5.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 96(6): 541-549, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120671

RESUMO

Myocardial remodeling includes inappropriate collagen deposition in the interstitium. Erythropoietin (EPO) may have cardioprotective effects. We aimed to assess the role of EPO on myocardial remodeling during the chronic phase. We studied 60 Wistar rats divided into the following groups: control (CT), control + EPO (CT + EPO), myocardial infarction + EPO (MI + EPO), and myocardial infarction (MI). The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was quantified and echocardiography was performed. We quantified asymmetric dimethylarginine and glutathione by ELISA, and used real-time PCR to assess apoptosis and inflammation. Western blotting was used to evaluate inflammatory proteins and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis. For matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we performed zymography. Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed according to normality testing. ICVF was greater in MI groups (p < 0.001) and was attenuated by EPO (p = 0.05). The MMP-2 did not show any difference between groups. The TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 did not have difference between groups. The MI groups had worse fraction shortening (p < 0.001), without EPO protection (p = 0.666). The MI groups had increased left ventricle diastolic dimension (p < 0.001) without EPO attenuation (p = 0.79). EPO did not act on oxidative stress. Apoptosis and inflammation were not modulated by EPO. We concluded that EPO attenuated interstitial collagen accumulation, but did not protect from heart dilation or dysfunction.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/metabolismo , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, Nov. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887962

RESUMO

Abstract Background: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. Objective: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. Methods: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. Results: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. Conclusions: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos internacionais têm relatado o valor de perfil clínico e exames de imagem no diagnóstico e prognóstico da pericardite constritiva. Entretanto, dados da população brasileira são escassos. Objetivo: Avaliar as características clínicas, sensibilidade de exames de imagem e fatores relacionados ao óbito em uma série de casos de pericardite constritiva submetidos à pericardiectomia. Métodos: Pacientes com pericardite constritiva confirmada por cirurgia foram avaliados retrospectivamente quanto a variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais. Dois métodos diagnósticos foram utilizados: ecocardiograma transtorácico e ressonância cardíaca. Preditores de mortalidade foram determinados por análise univariada usando metodologia das proporções de Cox e hazard ratio. Todos os testes foram considerados bicaudais e um erro alfa ≤ 5% foi considerado como significante. Resultados: Foram estudados 84 pacientes com idade média de 44 ± 17,9 anos, sendo 67% do sexo masculino. Sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca (IC) predominantemente direita estiveram presentes com estase jugular, edema e ascite em 89%, 89% e 62% dos casos, respectivamente. Etiologia idiopática foi observada em 69% dos casos, seguida por tuberculose em 21%. Apesar do grau de IC, encontramos baixos níveis de BNP (mediana de 157 pg/mL). As sensibilidades diagnósticas para constrição do ecocardiograma e da ressonância foram 53,6% e 95,9%, respectivamente. Durante a evolução clínica, houve 9 óbitos (10,7%) e os fatores de risco foram: anemia, elevações de BNP, PCR, hipertensão pulmonar > 55 mmHg e fibrilação atrial. Conclusões: Pericardite constritiva manifesta-se com sinais e sintomas de IC biventricular com predomínio à direita e baixos níveis de BNP. A ressonância magnética apresenta melhor sensibilidade para diagnóstico. Marcadores clínicos, laboratoriais e de imagem estiveram associados ao óbito.

7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. METHODS: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. RESULTS: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Assuntos
Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardiectomia , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0131447, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26147101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) induces autonomic dysfunction and inflammatory activity, which may promote metabolic abnormalities. We studied metabolism and his correlation with Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and inflammation in CD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty subjects were divided into 4 groups: control group (CG), IF (indeterminate form) group; ECG group (ECG abnormalities and normal left ventricular systolic function), and LVD group (left ventricular sistolic dysfunction). Levels of adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were assayed in serum samples by ELISA. ANS was assessed by heart rate variability in frequency domain in 24-hour Holter and postural tilt test (rest and orthostatic position). High frequency (HFr) component values were used to estimate parasympathetic activity and low frequency (LFr) component, sympathetic activity. Analyzes were made of the correlations of each of the metabolic parameters (leptin and adiponectin) with the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 and TNF- alpha) and with the ANS assessment measurements. No significant differences were observed in leptin and insulin levels. Adiponectin was higher in ECG and LVD groups: [CG = 4766.5 (5529.5), IF = 4003.5 (2482.5), ECG = 8376.5 (8388.5), LVD = 8798 (4188.0) ng/mL, p<0.001)]. IL-6 and TNF-alpha were higher in LVD group: [IL-6: CG = 1.85 (6.41); IF = 1.58 (1.91); ECG = 1.0 (1.57); LVD= 31.44 (72.19) pg/ml; p = 0.001. TNF-alpha: CG = 22.57 (88.2); IF = 19.31 (33.16); ECG = 12.45 (3.07); LVD = 75.15 (278.57) pg/ml; p = 0.04]. Adiponectin levels had a positive association with the HFr component (r = 0.539; p = 0.038) and an inverse association with the LFr component (r = - 0.539; p = 0.038) in ECG group. Leptin levels had a negative association with the HFr component (r= - 0.632; p = 0.011) and a positive association with the LFr component (r = 0.632; p = 0.011) in LVD group. CONCLUSIONS: We found increased adiponectin levels in Chagas' heart disease with systolic dysfunction and in patients with ECG abnormalities and normal systolic function at rest. Adipocytokines levels (adiponectin and leptin) were associated with ANS parameters in Chagas' heart disease.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(1): 13-8, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25029470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac tumors are rare, mostly benign with high embolic potential. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the histological type of cardiac masses with their embolic potential, implantation site and long term follow up in patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Between January 1986 and December 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 185 consecutive patients who underwent excision of intracardiac mass (119 females, mean age 48±20 years). In 145 patients, the left atrium was the origin site. 72% were asymptomatic and prior embolization was often observed (19.8%). The diagnosis was established by echocardiography, magnetic resonance and histological examination. RESULTS: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. Myxoma was the most common (72.6%), followed by fibromas (6.9%), thrombi (6.4%) and sarcomas (6.4%). Ranging from 0.6cm to 15cm (mean 4.6 ± 2.5cm) 37 (19.8%) patients had prior embolization, stroke 10.2%, coronary 4.8%, peripheral 4.3% 5.4% of hospital death, with a predominance of malignant tumors (40% p < 0.0001). The histological type was a predictor of mortality (rhabdomyomas and sarcomas p = 0.002) and embolic event (sarcoma, lipoma and fibroelastoma p = 0.006), but not recurrence. Tumor size, atrial fibrillation, cavity and valve impairment were not associated with the embolic event. During follow-up (mean 80±63 months), there were 2 deaths (1.1%) and two recurrences 1 and 11 years after the operation, to the same cavity. CONCLUSION: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. The histological type was predictor of death and preoperative embolic event, while the implantation site carries no relation with mortality or to embolic event.


Assuntos
Embolia/complicações , Embolia/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Mixoma/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dispneia/complicações , Feminino , Fibroma/mortalidade , Fibroma/patologia , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mixoma/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(1): 13-18, 07/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-718105

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac tumors are rare, mostly benign with high embolic potential. Objectives: To correlate the histological type of cardiac masses with their embolic potential, implantation site and long term follow up in patients undergoing surgery. Methods: Between January 1986 and December 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 185 consecutive patients who underwent excision of intracardiac mass (119 females, mean age 48±20 years). In 145 patients, the left atrium was the origin site. 72% were asymptomatic and prior embolization was often observed (19.8%). The diagnosis was established by echocardiography, magnetic resonance and histological examination. Results: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. Myxoma was the most common (72.6%), followed by fibromas (6.9%), thrombi (6.4%) and sarcomas (6.4%). Ranging from 0.6cm to 15cm (mean 4.6 ± 2.5cm) 37 (19.8%) patients had prior embolization, stroke 10.2%, coronary 4.8%, peripheral 4.3% 5.4% of hospital death, with a predominance of malignant tumors (40% p < 0.0001). The histological type was a predictor of mortality (rhabdomyomas and sarcomas p = 0.002) and embolic event (sarcoma, lipoma and fibroelastoma p = 0.006), but not recurrence. Tumor size, atrial fibrillation, cavity and valve impairment were not associated with the embolic event. During follow-up (mean 80±63 months), there were 2 deaths (1.1%) and two recurrences 1 and 11 years after the operation, to the same cavity. Conclusion: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. The histological type was predictor of death and preoperative embolic event, while the implantation site carries no relation with mortality or to embolic event. .


Fundamento: Os tumores do coração são infrequentes, em sua maioria benignos e com alto potencial embólico. Objetivo: Correlacionar o tipo histológico do tumor cardíaco com seu potencial embólico, com o sítio de implantação e analisar a evolução tardia destes pacientes submetidos à cirurgia. Métodos: No período de dezembro de 1986 a setembro de 2011 foram retrospectivamente analisados 186 pacientes operados (119 do sexo feminino e idade média de 48 ± 20 anos). Foram 145 tumores de átrio esquerdo (77%), 72% dos pacientes assintomáticos e 19,8% com embolização prévia. O diagnóstico foi confirmado por ecocardiograma, ressonância magnética e exame histológico. Resultados: A maioria dos tumores situava-se nas câmaras esquerdas. O mixoma foi o mais frequente (72,6%), seguido dos fibromas (6,9%), trombos (6,4%) e sarcomas (6,4%). Seus tamanhos variaram de 0,6cm a 15 cm (média de 4,6 ± 2,5cm). Houve 37 embolizações prévias à operação (10,2% AVC, 4,8% IAM e 4,3% periférica). Foram 5,4% de óbito hospitalar, com predomínio nos tumores malignos (40% p < 0,0001). O tipo histológico foi preditor de mortalidade (rabdomioma e sarcomas p = 0,002) e de evento embólico (sarcomas, fibroelastoma e lipoma p = 0,006), porém não de recidiva. O tamanho tumoral, a fibrilação atrial, a cavidade e valva acometida não apresentaram relação com o evento embólico. Durante o seguimento (média de 80 ± 63 meses), houve 2 óbitos (1,1%) e duas recidivas tumorais 1 e 11 anos após a operação, ambas para a mesma cavidade. Conclusão: O tipo histológico foi preditor de óbito e de evento embólico pré-operatório, enquanto o sítio de implantação não. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Embolia/complicações , Embolia/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Mixoma/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dispneia/complicações , Seguimentos , Fibroma/mortalidade , Fibroma/patologia , Átrios do Coração , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Mixoma/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(6): 528-535, dez. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-701270

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Ainda não foram analisadas as características epidemiológicas das doenças da aorta torácica (DAT) no estado de São Paulo e no Brasil, assim como o seu impacto na sobrevida desses pacientes. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o impacto da mortalidade das DAT e caracterizá-la epidemiologicamente. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos dados do Sistema Único de Saúde para os códigos de DAT do registro de internações, de procedimentos e dos óbitos, a partir do Código Internacional de Doenças (CID-10), registrados na Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo durante o período de janeiro de 1998 a dezembro de 2007. RESULTADOS: Foram 9.465 óbitos por DAT, 5.500 homens (58,1%) e 3.965 mulheres (41,9%); 6.721 dissecções (71%) e 2.744 aneurismas, 86,3% diagnosticados no IML. Foram 6.109 internações, 67,9% do sexo masculino, sendo que 21,2% evoluíram a óbito (69% homens), com proporções semelhantes de dissecção e aneurisma entre os sexos, respectivamente 54% e 46%, porém com mortalidade distinta. Os homens com DAT morrem mais que as mulheres (OR = 1,5). A distribuição etária para óbitos e internações foi semelhante, com predomínio na sexta década. Foram 3.572 operações (58% das internações) com mortalidade de 20,3% (os pacientes mantidos em tratamento medicamentoso apresentaram mortalidade de 22,6%; p = 0,047). O número de internações, de cirurgias, de óbitos dos pacientes internados e geral de óbitos por DAT foi progressivamente superior ao aumento populacional no decorrer do tempo. CONCLUSÕES: Atuações específicas na identificação precoce desses pacientes, assim como a viabilização do seu atendimento, devem ser implementadas para reduzir a aparente progressiva mortalidade por DAT imposta à nossa população.


BACKGROUND: The epidemiological characteristics of thoracic aortic diseases (TAD) in the State of São Paulo and in Brazil, as well as their impact on the survival of these patients have yet to be analyzed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mortality impact of TAD and characterize it epidemiologically. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data from the public health system for the TAD registry codes of hospitalizations, procedures and deaths, from the International Code of Diseases (ICD-10), registered at the Ministry of Health of São Paulo State from January 1998 to December 2007. RESULTS: They were 9.465 TAD deaths, 5.500 men (58.1%) and 3.965 women (41.9%); 6.721 dissections (71%) and 2.744. aneurysms. In 86.3% of cases the diagnosis was attained during autopsy. There were 6.109 hospitalizations, of which 67.9% were males; 21.2% of them died (69% men), with similar proportions of dissection and aneurysm between sexes, respectively 54% and 46%, but with different mortality. Men with TAD die more often than women (OR = 1.5). The age distribution for deaths and hospitalizations was similar with predominance in the 6th decade. They were 3.572 surgeries (58% of hospitalizations) with 20.3% mortality (patients kept in clinical treatment showed 22.6% mortality; p = 0.047). The number of hospitalizations, surgeries, deaths of in-patients and general deaths by TAD were progressively greater than the increase in population over time. CONCLUSIONS: Specific actions for the early identification of these patients, as well as the viability of their care should be implemented to reduce the apparent progressive mortality from TAD seen among our population.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/classificação , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/classificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 101(6): 528-35, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24100695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epidemiological characteristics of thoracic aortic diseases (TAD) in the State of São Paulo and in Brazil, as well as their impact on the survival of these patients have yet to be analyzed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mortality impact of TAD and characterize it epidemiologically. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data from the public health system for the TAD registry codes of hospitalizations, procedures and deaths, from the International Code of Diseases (ICD-10), registered at the Ministry of Health of São Paulo State from January 1998 to December 2007. RESULTS: They were 9.465 TAD deaths, 5.500 men (58.1%) and 3.965 women (41.9%); 6.721 dissections (71%) and 2.744. aneurysms. In 86.3% of cases the diagnosis was attained during autopsy. There were 6.109 hospitalizations, of which 67.9% were males; 21.2% of them died (69% men), with similar proportions of dissection and aneurysm between sexes, respectively 54% and 46%, but with different mortality. Men with TAD die more often than women (OR = 1.5). The age distribution for deaths and hospitalizations was similar with predominance in the 6th decade. They were 3.572 surgeries (58% of hospitalizations) with 20.3% mortality (patients kept in clinical treatment showed 22.6% mortality; p = 0.047). The number of hospitalizations, surgeries, deaths of in-patients and general deaths by TAD were progressively greater than the increase in population over time. CONCLUSIONS: Specific actions for the early identification of these patients, as well as the viability of their care should be implemented to reduce the apparent progressive mortality from TAD seen among our population.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/classificação , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/classificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 67(9): 1063-9, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23018305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chagas' disease has spread throughout Latin America because of the high rate of migration among these countries. Approximately 30% of Chagas' patients will develop cardiomyopathy, and 10% of these will develop severe cardiac damage leading to heart failure. Beta-blockade improves symptoms and survival in heart failure patients; however, its efficacy has not been well established in Chagas' disease. We evaluated the role of carvedilol in cardiac remodeling and mortality in a Chagas' cardiomyopathy animal model. METHODS: We studied Trypanosoma cruzi infection in 55 Syrian hamsters that were divided into three groups: control (15), infected (20), and infected + carvedilol (20). Animals underwent echocardiography, electrocardiography, and morphometry for collagen evaluation in ventricles stained with picrosirius red. RESULTS: The left ventricular diastolic diameter did not change between groups, although it was slightly larger in infected groups, as was left ventricular systolic diameter. Fractional shortening also did not change between groups, although it was slightly lower in infected groups. Collagen accumulation in the interstitial myocardial space was significantly higher in infected groups and was not attenuated by carvedilol. The same response was observed in the perivascular space. The survival curve showed significantly better survival in the control group compared with the infected groups; but no benefit of carvedilol was observed during the study. However, in the acute phase (up to 100 days of infection), carvedilol did reduce mortality. CONCLUSION: Carvedilol did not attenuate cardiac remodeling or mortality in this model of Chagas' cardiomyopathy. The treatment did improve survival in the acute phase of the disease.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Carbazóis/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/tratamento farmacológico , Propanolaminas/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Carvedilol , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Colágeno/análise , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Mesocricetus , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clinics ; 67(9): 1063-1069, Sept. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-649387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chagas' disease has spread throughout Latin America because of the high rate of migration among these countries. Approximately 30% of Chagas' patients will develop cardiomyopathy, and 10% of these will develop severe cardiac damage leading to heart failure. Beta-blockade improves symptoms and survival in heart failure patients; however, its efficacy has not been well established in Chagas' disease. We evaluated the role of carvedilol in cardiac remodeling and mortality in a Chagas' cardiomyopathy animal model. METHODS: We studied Trypanosoma cruzi infection in 55 Syrian hamsters that were divided into three groups: control (15), infected (20), and infected + carvedilol (20). Animals underwent echocardiography, electrocardiography, and morphometry for collagen evaluation in ventricles stained with picrosirius red. RESULTS: The left ventricular diastolic diameter did not change between groups, although it was slightly larger in infected groups, as was left ventricular systolic diameter. Fractional shortening also did not change between groups, although it was slightly lower in infected groups. Collagen accumulation in the interstitial myocardial space was significantly higher in infected groups and was not attenuated by carvedilol. The same response was observed in the perivascular space. The survival curve showed significantly better survival in the control group compared with the infected groups; but no benefit of carvedilol was observed during the study. However, in the acute phase (up to 100 days of infection), carvedilol did reduce mortality. CONCLUSION: Carvedilol did not attenuate cardiac remodeling or mortality in this model of Chagas' cardiomyopathy. The treatment did improve survival in the acute phase of the disease.


Assuntos
Animais , Cricetinae , Feminino , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Carbazóis/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/tratamento farmacológico , Propanolaminas/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Colágeno/análise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Mesocricetus , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 98(5): 375-83, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22858653

RESUMO

In the past two years we observed several changes in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of patients with acute heart failure (acute HF), which led us to the need of performing a summary update of the II Brazilian Guidelines on Acute Heart Failure 2009. In the diagnostic evaluation, the diagnostic flowchart was simplified and the role of clinical assessment and echocardiography was enhanced. In the clinical-hemodynamic evaluation on admission, the hemodynamic echocardiography gained prominence as an aid to define this condition in patients with acute HF in the emergency room. In the prognostic evaluation, the role of biomarkers was better established and the criteria and prognostic value of the cardiorenal syndrome was better defined. The therapeutic approach flowcharts were revised, and are now simpler and more objective. Among the advances in drug therapy, the safety and importance of the maintenance or introduction of beta-blockers in the admission treatment are highlighted. Anticoagulation, according to new evidence, gained a wider range of indications. The presentation hemodynamic models of acute pulmonary edema were well established, with their different therapeutic approaches, as well as new levels of indication and evidence. In the surgical treatment of acute HF, CABG, the approach to mechanical lesions and heart transplantation were reviewed and updated. This update strengthens the II Brazilian Guidelines on Acute Heart Failure to keep it updated and refreshed. All clinical cardiologists who deal with patients with acute HF will find, in the guidelines and its summary, important tools to help them with the clinical practice for better diagnosis and treatment of their patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Doença Aguda , Brasil , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos
18.
J Card Fail ; 18(8): 654-9, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22858082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hallmark of Chagas disease (CD) is multifocal myocarditis and extensive fibrosis. We investigated the potential effect of colchicine on myocardial remodeling in experimental CD. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred Syrian hamsters were randomly divided into noninfected untreated control (CG), noninfected control treated with colchicine (COLG 0.4 mg kg(-1) d(-1) by gavage), infected (IG), and infected treated with colchicine (ICOLG, 0.4 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) groups. The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was evaluated by videomorphometry with picrosirius red staining. The gelatinolytic activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 were examined with the use of zymography. Myocarditis was described according to the Dallas criteria. Statistical comparisons were performed with parametric analysis of variance and Tukey test. ICVF (%) accumulation was attenuated in infected colchicine-treated animals in the left (CG 0.81 ± 0.13, COLG 0.85 ± 0.13, IG: 1.35 ± 0.31,* ICOLG 1.06 ± 0.19; *P < .05 compared with ICOLG) and right ventricles (CG 1.4 ± 0.36, COLG 1.26 ± 0.14, IG 1.97 ± 0.058,* ICOLG: 1.52 ± 0.23; *P < .05 compared with ICOLG). A significant increase in MMP-2 enzymatic activity (UA) was observed in ICOLG (17,432.8*) compared with GC (3731.6), COLG (2,792.6), and IG (4,286.3; *P < .001). In IG, 66% of animals had myocarditis compared with only 49% in ICOLG. CONCLUSIONS: Colchicine had a protective effect on myocardium, indicated by decreased interstitial myocardial fibrosis, increased intensity of MMP-2, and attenuated myocardial inflammation.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Trypanosoma cruzi , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico , Análise de Variância , Animais , Doença de Chagas/patologia , Colágeno , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Miocardite/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(2): 99-106, fev. 2011. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-579616

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A norepinefrina miocárdica está alterada na disfunção ventricular esquerda. Em pacientes com cardiomiopatia chagásica (CC), essa questão ainda não foi discutida. OBJETIVO: Determinar o nível de norepinefrina (NE) miocárdica em pacientes com CC e compará-la em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e relacionar NE miocárdica com a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE). MÉTODOS: Estudamos 39 pacientes com CC, divididos em grupo 1: 21 indivíduos com FEVE normal e grupo 2: 18 com FEVE diminuída. Dezessete pacientes com DAC foram divididos em grupo 3: 12 indivíduos com FEVE normal e grupo 4: 5 indivíduos com FEVE diminuída. Ecocardiografia bidimensional foi usada para medir a FEVE. A NE miocárdica foi determinada através de Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Eficiência (HPLC). RESULTADOS: A NE miocárdica na CC com e sem disfunção ventricular foi 1,3±1,3 e 6,1±4,2 pg/μg de proteína não-colagenosa, respectivamente (p<0,0001); na DAC com e sem disfunção ventricular, foi 3,3±3,0 e 9,8±4,2 pg/μg de proteína não-colagenosa, respectivamente (p<0,0001). Uma correlação positive foi observada entre a FEVE e a concentração de NE miocárdica em pacientes com CC (p<0,01; r = 0,57) e também naqueles com DAC (p<0,01; r=0,69). Uma diferença significante foi demonstrada entre as concentrações de NE em pacientes com FEVE normal (grupos 1 e 3; p = 0,0182), mas nenhuma diferença foi observada em pacientes com FEVE diminuída (grupos 2 e 4; p = 0,1467). CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com CC e fração de ejeção global normal apresentam uma denervação cardíaca precoce, quando comparados à pacientes com doença arterial coronariana.


BACKGROUND: Myocardial norepinephrine is altered in left ventricular impairment. In patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy (CC), this issue has not been addressed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of myocardial norepinephrine in patients with CC and compare it in patients with coronary artery disease, and to relate myocardial norepinephrine to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: We studied 39 patients with CC, divided into group 1: 21 individuals with normal LVEF and group 2: 18 individuals with decreased LVEF. Seventeen patients with coronary artery disease were divided into group 3: 12 individuals with normal LVEF and group 4: 5 individuals with decreased LVEF. Two-dimensional echocardiography was used to measure LVEF. Myocardial norepinephrine was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Myocardial norepinephrine in CC with and without ventricular dysfunction was 1.3±1.3 and 6.1±4.2 pg/μg noncollagen protein, respectively (p<0.0001); in coronary artery disease with and without ventricular dysfunction, it was 3.3±3.0 and 9.8±4.2 pgμg noncollagen protein, respectively (p<0.0001). A positive correlation was found between LVEF and myocardial norepinephrine concentration in the patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy (p<0.01, r = 0.57) and also in those with coronary artery disease (p<0.01, r=0.69). A significant difference was demonstrated between norepinephrine concentrations in patients with normal LVEF (groups 1 and 3; p = 0.0182), but no difference was found in patients with decreased LVEF (groups 2 and 4; p = 0.1467). CONCLUSION: In patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy and normal global ejection fraction there is an early cardiac denervation, when compared to coronary artery disease patients.


FUNDAMENTO: La norepinefrina miocárdica está alterada en la disfunción ventricular izquierda. En pacientes con cardiomiopatía chagásica (CC), esa cuestión aun no fue discutida. OBJETIVO: Determinar el nivel de norepinefrina (NE) miocárdica en pacientes con CC y compararla en pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria (EAC) y relacionar NE miocárdica con la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVI). MÉTODOS: 39 pacientes con CC, divididos en grupo 1: 21 individuos con FEVI normal y grupo 2: 18 con FEVI disminuida. Diecisiete pacientes con EAC fueron divididos en grupo 3: 12 individuos con FEVI normal y grupo 4: 5 individuos con FEVI disminuida. Ecocardiografía bidimensional fue usada para medir la FEVI. La NE miocárdica fue determinada a través de Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Eficiencia (HPLC). RESULTADOS: La NE miocárdica en la CC con y sin disfunción ventricular fue 1,3±1,3 y 6,1±4,2 pg/µg de proteína no colagenosa, respectivamente (p<0,0001); en la EAC con y sin disfunción ventricular, fue 3,3±3,0 y 9,8±4,2 pg/µg de proteína no colagenosa, respectivamente (p<0,0001). Una correlación positiva fue observada entre la FEVI y la concentración de NE miocárdica en pacientes con CC (p<0,01; r=0,57) y también en aquellos con EAC (p<0,01; r=0,69). Una diferencia significativa fue demostrada entre las concentraciones de NE en pacientes con FEVI normal (grupos 1 y 3; p = 0,0182), pero ninguna diferencia fue observada en pacientes con FEVI disminuida (grupos 2 y 4; p = 0,1467). CONCLUSIONES: Pacientes con CC y fracción de eyección global normal presentan una denervación cardíaca precoz, cuando son comparados a pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Miocárdio/química , Norepinefrina/análise , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Coração/inervação
20.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 96(2): 99-106, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21180891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial norepinephrine is altered in left ventricular impairment. In patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy (CC), this issue has not been addressed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of myocardial norepinephrine in patients with CC and compare it in patients with coronary artery disease, and to relate myocardial norepinephrine to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: We studied 39 patients with CC, divided into group 1: 21 individuals with normal LVEF and group 2: 18 individuals with decreased LVEF. Seventeen patients with coronary artery disease were divided into group 3: 12 individuals with normal LVEF and group 4: 5 individuals with decreased LVEF. Two-dimensional echocardiography was used to measure LVEF. Myocardial norepinephrine was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Myocardial norepinephrine in CC with and without ventricular dysfunction was 1.3±1.3 and 6.1±4.2 pg/µg noncollagen protein, respectively (p<0.0001); in coronary artery disease with and without ventricular dysfunction, it was 3.3±3.0 and 9.8±4.2 pg/µg noncollagen protein, respectively (p<0.0001). A positive correlation was found between LVEF and myocardial norepinephrine concentration in the patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy (p<0.01, r = 0.57) and also in those with coronary artery disease (p<0.01, r=0.69). A significant difference was demonstrated between norepinephrine concentrations in patients with normal LVEF (groups 1 and 3; p = 0.0182), but no difference was found in patients with decreased LVEF (groups 2 and 4; p = 0.1467). CONCLUSION: In patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy and normal global ejection fraction there is an early cardiac denervation, when compared to coronary artery disease patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Miocárdio/química , Norepinefrina/análise , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Coração/inervação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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