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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 116(2): 248-256, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The histopathological characteristics of Chagas disease (ChD) are: presence of myocarditis, destruction of heart fibers, and myocardial fibrosis. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a biomarker involved in the mechanism of fibrosis and inflammation that may be useful for risk stratification of individuals with ChD. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether high Gal-3 levels are associated with severe forms of Chagas cardiomyopathy (CC) and whether they are predictive of mortality. METHODS: We studied anti-T. cruzi positive blood donors (BD): Non-CC-BD (187 BD without CC with normal electrocardiogram [ECG] and left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]); CC-Non-Dys-BD (46 BD with CC with abnormal ECG but normal LVEF); and 153 matched serum-negative controls. This cohort was composed of 97 patients with severe CC (CC-Dys). We used Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman's correlation to test hypothesis of associations, assuming a two-tailed p<0.05 as significant. RESULTS: The Gal-3 level was 12.3 ng/mL for Non-CC-BD, 12.0 ng/mL for CC-Non-Dys-BD, 13.8 ng/mL for controls, and 15.4 ng/mL for CC-Dys. LVEF<50 was associated with higher Gal-3 levels (p=0.0001). In our linear regression adjusted model, we found association between Gal-3 levels and echocardiogram parameters in T. cruzi-seropositive subjects. In CC-Dys patients, we found a significant association of higher Gal-3 levels (≥15.3 ng/mL) and subsequent death or heart transplantation in a 5-year follow-up (Hazard ratio - HR 3.11; 95%CI 1.21-8.04; p=0.019). CONCLUSIONS: In ChD patients, higher Gal-3 levels were significantly associated with severe forms of the disease and more long-term mortality, which means it may be a useful means to identify high-risk patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):248-256).


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas , Biomarcadores , Galectina 3 , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1958, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of sympathectomy on the myocardium in an experimental model. METHODS: The study evaluated three groups of male Wistar rats: control (CT; n=15), left unilateral sympathectomy (UNI; n=15), and bilateral sympathectomy (BIL; n=31). Sympathectomy was performed by injection of absolute alcohol into the space of the spinous process of the C7 vertebra. After 6 weeks, we assessed the chronotropic properties at rest and stress, cardiovascular autonomic modulation, myocardial and peripheral catecholamines, and beta-adrenergic receptors in the myocardium. The treadmill test consisted of an escalated protocol with a velocity increment until the maximal velocity tolerated by the animal was reached. RESULTS: The bilateral group had higher levels of peripheral catecholamines, and consequently, a higher heart rate (HR) and blood pressure levels. This suggests that the activation of a compensatory pathway in this group may have deleterious effects. The BIL group had basal tachycardia immediately before the exercise test and increased tachycardia at peak exercise (p<0.01); the blood pressure had the same pattern (p=0.0365). The variables related to autonomic modulation were not significantly different between groups, with the exception of the high frequency (HF) variable, which showed significant differences in CT vs UNI. There was no significant difference in beta receptor expression between groups. There was a higher concentration of peripheral norepinephrine in the BIL group (p=0.0001), and no significant difference in myocardial norepinephrine (p=0.09). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that an extra cardiac compensatory pathway increases the sympathetic tonus and maintains a higher HR and higher levels of peripheral catecholamines in the procedure groups. The increase in HF activity can be interpreted as an attempt to increase the parasympathetic tonus to balance the greater sympathetic activity.

3.
Heart Lung Circ ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The best approach for aortic root disease remains controversial. Composite valve-graft conduit (CVG) replacement offers good results at short-term and long-term follow-up; on the other hand, valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSARR) has proven to be an excellent treatment alternative. This study aimed to analyse the outcomes after VSARR and compare whether preoperative moderate or severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and or the need for aortic valve repair (AVR) during this procedure influenced survival and freedom from reoperation rates. METHODS: From September 2005 to June 2018, 104 patients underwent VSARR using the reimplantation technique: 64% presented with preoperative moderate or severe AR, concomitant AVR was performed in 43.3%, Marfan syndrome was present in 16.3%, and 12.5% had a bicuspid aortic valve. Complete follow-up was obtained in 91% of the sample, echocardiographic results were available for 86% and the mean follow-up time was 1,893 days. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 2.9% and one death occurred 42 days after hospital discharge. In the latest echocardiographic assessment, 88.3% presented with mild AR or better. Freedom from reoperation at 8 years was 95.4%. There was no case of endocarditis and one patient had a stroke 2 years after the operation. There were no between-group differences in morbidity, mortality and complications during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: VSARR can be performed with low mortality rates and reasonable durability of the aortic valve. Neither moderate or severe AR nor the need for aortic valve repair during the procedure altered survival and freedom from reoperation.

6.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190488, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638886

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease (CD) is a neglected disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. One-third of infected patients will develop the cardiac form, which may progress to heart failure (HF). However, the factors that determine disease progression remain unclear. Increased angiotensin II activity is a key player in the pathophysiology of HF. A functional polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with plasma enzyme activity. In CD, ACE inhibitors have beneficial effects supporting the use of this treatment in chagasic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We evaluated the association of ACE I/D polymorphism with HF, performing a case-control study encompassing 343 patients with positive serology for CD staged as non-cardiomyopathy (stage A; 100), mild (stage B1; 144), and severe (stage C; 99) forms of Chagas heart disease. For ACE I/D genotyping by PCR, groups were compared using unconditional logistic regression analysis and adjusted for nongenetic covariates: age, sex, and trypanocidal treatment. RESULTS: A marginal, but not significant (p=0.06) higher prevalence of ACE I/D polymorphism was observed in patients in stage C compared with patients in stage A. Patients in stage C (CD with HF), were compared with patients in stages A and B1 combined into one group (CD without HF); DD genotype/D carriers were prevalent in the HF patients (OR = 2; CI = 1.013.96; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Our results of this cohort study, comprising a population from the Northeast region of Brazil, suggest that ACE I/D polymorphism is more prevalent in the cardiac form of Chagas disease with HF.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adulto , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Genótipo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(4): 683-689, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491013

RESUMO

Background Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a proinflammatory, profibrotic molecule implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. The role of Gal-3 in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) is not clear. Objective The aim of this study was to assess plasma Gal-3 in patients with CCP and correlate it with clinical, functional and histologic parameters. Methods We prospectively evaluated 25 symptomatic patients with CCP referred for pericardiectomy and 21 healthy controls. Patients underwent clinical assessment, Gal-3 and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurements, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) at baseline. Six months after pericardiectomy CPET was repeated. An alpha error < 5% was considered statistically significant, with a confidence interval of 95%. Results Twenty-five patients with a median age of 45 years were included. Etiology was mainly idiopathic (n = 19, 76%); and 14 (56%) patients had NYHA functional class III/IV. Median BNP and Gal-3 were 143 (89-209) pg/dL and 14.8 (9.7-17.2) ng/mL, respectively. Gal-3 levels were not significantly higher in CCP patients than in control (p = 0.22). There were no significant correlations of Gal-3 with BNP, echocardiographic and cardiac magnetic resonance measures and histological findings. After pericardiectomy, it was found a statistically significant correlation between Gal-3 and the CPTE measures test duration (r = -0.79; p < 0.001) and exercise time (r = -0.79; p < 0.001). Conclusions Patients with CCP had normal levels of Gal-3 as compared to the controls. Gal-3 did not correlate with morphological and functional measures before pericardiectomy. However, the associations between Gal-3 and exercise intolerance after pericardiectomy may suggest a role of Gal-3 in prognosis prediction after pericardiectomy. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):683-689).


Assuntos
Pericardite Constritiva , Doença Crônica , Galectina 3 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardiectomia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 683-689, Abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IIERPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1100302

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A galectina-3 (Gal-3) é uma molécula pró-inflamatória e pró-fibrótica, envolvida na patogênese da insuficiência cardíaca. O papel da Gal-3 em pacientes com pericardite constritiva crônica (PCC) não está claro. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os níveis de Gal-3 em pacientes com PCC e correlacioná-los com parâmetros clínicos, funcionais e histológicos. MÉTODOS: Nós avaliamos prospectivamente 25 pacientes sintomáticos com PCC agendados à pericardiectomia e 21 controles sadios. Os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, medidas de Gal-3 e peptídeo natriurético do tipo B (BNP), ecocardiografia, ressonância magnética cardíaca e teste cardiopulmonar de exercício (TCPE) no período basal. Seis meses após a pericardiectomia, repetiu-se o TCPE. Um erro alfa < 5% foi considerado estatisticamente significativo, com um intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 25 pacientes com idade mediana de 45 anos. A etiologia foi principalmente idiopática (n = 19, 76%), e 14 (56%) apresentaram classe funcional New York Heart Association (NYHA) III/IV. Os valores medianos de BNP e Gal-3 foram 143 (89-209) pg/dL e 14,8 (9,7-17,2) ng/mL, respectivamente. Os níveis de Gal-3 não foram estatisticamente maiores nos pacientes com PCC que em controles (p = 0,22). Não foram encontradas correlações significativas da Gal-3 com BNP, medidas ecocardiográficas e de ressonância magnética cardíaca, e achados histológicos. Após a pericardiectomia, encontrou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significativa entre Gal-3 e medidas do TCPE ­ duração do teste (r = ­0,79; p < 0,001) e tempo de exercício (r = ­0,79; p < 0,001). CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com PCC apresentaram níveis normais de Gal-3, quando comparados aos indivíduos controles. A Gal-3 não se correlacionou com medidas morfológicas e funcionais antes da pericardiectomia. No entanto, associações entre Gal-3 e intolerância ao exercício após pericardiectomia pode sugerir um papel da Gal-3 na predição de prognóstico após a pericardiectomia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardite Constritiva , Galectina 3
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190488, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1136799

RESUMO

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease (CD) is a neglected disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. One-third of infected patients will develop the cardiac form, which may progress to heart failure (HF). However, the factors that determine disease progression remain unclear. Increased angiotensin II activity is a key player in the pathophysiology of HF. A functional polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with plasma enzyme activity. In CD, ACE inhibitors have beneficial effects supporting the use of this treatment in chagasic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We evaluated the association of ACE I/D polymorphism with HF, performing a case-control study encompassing 343 patients with positive serology for CD staged as non-cardiomyopathy (stage A; 100), mild (stage B1; 144), and severe (stage C; 99) forms of Chagas heart disease. For ACE I/D genotyping by PCR, groups were compared using unconditional logistic regression analysis and adjusted for nongenetic covariates: age, sex, and trypanocidal treatment. RESULTS: A marginal, but not significant (p=0.06) higher prevalence of ACE I/D polymorphism was observed in patients in stage C compared with patients in stage A. Patients in stage C (CD with HF), were compared with patients in stages A and B1 combined into one group (CD without HF); DD genotype/D carriers were prevalent in the HF patients (OR = 2; CI = 1.013.96; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Our results of this cohort study, comprising a population from the Northeast region of Brazil, suggest that ACE I/D polymorphism is more prevalent in the cardiac form of Chagas disease with HF.

10.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223838, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure is associated with exercise intolerance and sleep- disordered breathing; however, studies in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis are scarce. The purpose of our study was to assess exercise capacity and sleep in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) undergoing a pericardiectomy. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients scheduled for pericardiectomy due to symptomatic CCP. Were performed quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire-MLHFQ) and sleep questionnaires (Epworth, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI), serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum C-reactive protein, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test and overnight polysomnography immediately before and six months after pericardiectomy. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (76% males, age: 45.5±13.8 years, body mass index: 24.9±3.7 kg/m2, left ventricular ejection fraction: 60±6%) with CCP (76% idiopathic, 12% tuberculosis) were studied. As compared to the preoperative period, pericardiectomy resulted in reduction in BNP (143 (83.5-209.5) vs 76 (40-117.5) pg/mL, p = 0.011), improvement in VO2 peak (18.7±5.6 vs. 25.2±6.3 mL/kg/min, p<0.001), quality of life (MLHFQ score 62 (43,5-77,5) vs. 18 (8,5-22), p<0,001) and sleep (PSQI score 7.8±4.1 vs. 4.7±3.7, p<0.001) and no significant change in sleep disordered breathing (apnea hypopnea index-AHI 15.6 (8.3-31.7) vs. 14.6 (5.75-29.9) events/h, p = 0.253). CONCLUSION: Patients with symptomatic CCP showed reduced exercise capacity and sleep-disordered breathing. After pericardiectomy, there was improvement in exercise capacity and neutral effect on sleep-disordered breathing.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Pericardiectomia/métodos , Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Polissonografia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 97(2): 140-145, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557036

RESUMO

Metabolic, inflammatory, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction are present in patients with heart failure. However, whether these changes are due to left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure etiology is unknown. We evaluated metabolism and inflammatory activity in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and Chagas cardiomyopathy (CHG) and their correlation with the ANS. Forty-six patients were divided into 3 groups: IDC, CHG, and control. We evaluated adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. ANS were analyzed by heart rate variability in time and frequency domains on a 24-hour Holter monitor. Levels of glucose, cholesterol, leptin, and adiponectin did not show differences between groups. Insulin levels were lower in CHG group (5.4 ± 3.3 µU/mL) when compared with control (8.0 ± 4.9 µU/mL) and IDC (9.9 ± 5.0 µU/mL) groups (p = 0.007). Insulin was positively associated with LFr/HFr ratio (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and with the LFr component (r = 0.562; p = 0.029) and negatively associated with adiponectin (r = -0.603; p = 0.017) in CHG group. The addition of an adiponectin unit reduced average insulin by 0.332 µg/mL. Insulin levels were decreased in the CHG group when compared with the IDC group and were associated with ANS indexes and adiponectin levels.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Insulina/sangue , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 09.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
13.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(4): 428-433, out.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-970626

RESUMO

A Insuficiência cardíaca é uma síndrome clínica cuja prevalência vem aumentado nos últimos anos, sendo uma das principais causas de internação no Brasil e no mundo. A apresentação da insuficiência cardíaca aguda compreende dois espectros, quais sejam, insuficiência cardíaca crônica agudizada e insuficiência cardíaca nova e ambas estão associadas a alta morbidade e mortalidade. A primeira abordagem desses pacientes deve ser realizada de maneira sistemática para estabelecer o diagnóstico, classificação hemodinâmica e estratificação de risco para orientar adequadamente as condutas iniciais. A decisão terapêutica imediata é essencial para otimizar o manejo desses pacientes, visando a melhor evolução prognóstica intra e extra-hospitalar


Heart failure is a clinical syndrome that has been increasing over the last few years and is currently one of the main causes of hospitalization in Brazil and in the world. Acute heart failure has two forms of presentation - chronic acute decompensated heart failure and new heart failure, both conditions being associated with high morbidity and mortality. The first approach to these patients should be conducted systematically in order to establish the diagnosis, the hemodynamic classification, and the risk stratification in order to adequately guide the initial conducts. An immediate therapeutic decision is essential to optimize the intra- and extra-hospital management of these patients for better prognostic evolution


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Terapêutica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodinâmica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Comorbidade , Doença Aguda , Doença Crônica , Epidemiologia , Guias como Assunto/normas , Diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos
14.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 96(6): 541-549, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120671

RESUMO

Myocardial remodeling includes inappropriate collagen deposition in the interstitium. Erythropoietin (EPO) may have cardioprotective effects. We aimed to assess the role of EPO on myocardial remodeling during the chronic phase. We studied 60 Wistar rats divided into the following groups: control (CT), control + EPO (CT + EPO), myocardial infarction + EPO (MI + EPO), and myocardial infarction (MI). The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was quantified and echocardiography was performed. We quantified asymmetric dimethylarginine and glutathione by ELISA, and used real-time PCR to assess apoptosis and inflammation. Western blotting was used to evaluate inflammatory proteins and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis. For matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we performed zymography. Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed according to normality testing. ICVF was greater in MI groups (p < 0.001) and was attenuated by EPO (p = 0.05). The MMP-2 did not show any difference between groups. The TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 did not have difference between groups. The MI groups had worse fraction shortening (p < 0.001), without EPO protection (p = 0.666). The MI groups had increased left ventricle diastolic dimension (p < 0.001) without EPO attenuation (p = 0.79). EPO did not act on oxidative stress. Apoptosis and inflammation were not modulated by EPO. We concluded that EPO attenuated interstitial collagen accumulation, but did not protect from heart dilation or dysfunction.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/metabolismo , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, Nov. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-887962

RESUMO

Abstract Background: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. Objective: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. Methods: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. Results: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. Conclusions: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos internacionais têm relatado o valor de perfil clínico e exames de imagem no diagnóstico e prognóstico da pericardite constritiva. Entretanto, dados da população brasileira são escassos. Objetivo: Avaliar as características clínicas, sensibilidade de exames de imagem e fatores relacionados ao óbito em uma série de casos de pericardite constritiva submetidos à pericardiectomia. Métodos: Pacientes com pericardite constritiva confirmada por cirurgia foram avaliados retrospectivamente quanto a variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais. Dois métodos diagnósticos foram utilizados: ecocardiograma transtorácico e ressonância cardíaca. Preditores de mortalidade foram determinados por análise univariada usando metodologia das proporções de Cox e hazard ratio. Todos os testes foram considerados bicaudais e um erro alfa ≤ 5% foi considerado como significante. Resultados: Foram estudados 84 pacientes com idade média de 44 ± 17,9 anos, sendo 67% do sexo masculino. Sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca (IC) predominantemente direita estiveram presentes com estase jugular, edema e ascite em 89%, 89% e 62% dos casos, respectivamente. Etiologia idiopática foi observada em 69% dos casos, seguida por tuberculose em 21%. Apesar do grau de IC, encontramos baixos níveis de BNP (mediana de 157 pg/mL). As sensibilidades diagnósticas para constrição do ecocardiograma e da ressonância foram 53,6% e 95,9%, respectivamente. Durante a evolução clínica, houve 9 óbitos (10,7%) e os fatores de risco foram: anemia, elevações de BNP, PCR, hipertensão pulmonar > 55 mmHg e fibrilação atrial. Conclusões: Pericardite constritiva manifesta-se com sinais e sintomas de IC biventricular com predomínio à direita e baixos níveis de BNP. A ressonância magnética apresenta melhor sensibilidade para diagnóstico. Marcadores clínicos, laboratoriais e de imagem estiveram associados ao óbito.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pericardiectomia , Ecocardiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
16.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(5): 457-465, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. METHODS: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables. Two methods were used: transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Mortality predictors were determined by use of univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards model and hazard ratio. All tests were two-tailed, and an alpha error ≤ 5% was considered statically significant. RESULTS: We studied 84 patients (mean age, 44 ± 17.9 years; 67% male). Signs and symptoms of predominantly right heart failure were present with jugular venous distention, edema and ascites in 89%, 89% and 62% of the cases, respectively. Idiopathic etiology was present in 69.1%, followed by tuberculosis (21%). Despite the advanced heart failure degree, low BNP levels (median, 157 pg/mL) were found. The diagnostic sensitivities for constriction of echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging were 53.6% and 95.9%, respectively. There were 9 deaths (10.7%), and the risk factors were: anemia, BNP and C reactive protein levels, pulmonary hypertension >55 mm Hg, and atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging had better diagnostic sensitivity. Clinical, laboratory and imaging markers were associated with death.


Assuntos
Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardiectomia , Pericardite Constritiva/diagnóstico , Pericardite Constritiva/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0131447, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26147101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) induces autonomic dysfunction and inflammatory activity, which may promote metabolic abnormalities. We studied metabolism and his correlation with Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and inflammation in CD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty subjects were divided into 4 groups: control group (CG), IF (indeterminate form) group; ECG group (ECG abnormalities and normal left ventricular systolic function), and LVD group (left ventricular sistolic dysfunction). Levels of adiponectin, leptin, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were assayed in serum samples by ELISA. ANS was assessed by heart rate variability in frequency domain in 24-hour Holter and postural tilt test (rest and orthostatic position). High frequency (HFr) component values were used to estimate parasympathetic activity and low frequency (LFr) component, sympathetic activity. Analyzes were made of the correlations of each of the metabolic parameters (leptin and adiponectin) with the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 and TNF- alpha) and with the ANS assessment measurements. No significant differences were observed in leptin and insulin levels. Adiponectin was higher in ECG and LVD groups: [CG = 4766.5 (5529.5), IF = 4003.5 (2482.5), ECG = 8376.5 (8388.5), LVD = 8798 (4188.0) ng/mL, p<0.001)]. IL-6 and TNF-alpha were higher in LVD group: [IL-6: CG = 1.85 (6.41); IF = 1.58 (1.91); ECG = 1.0 (1.57); LVD= 31.44 (72.19) pg/ml; p = 0.001. TNF-alpha: CG = 22.57 (88.2); IF = 19.31 (33.16); ECG = 12.45 (3.07); LVD = 75.15 (278.57) pg/ml; p = 0.04]. Adiponectin levels had a positive association with the HFr component (r = 0.539; p = 0.038) and an inverse association with the LFr component (r = - 0.539; p = 0.038) in ECG group. Leptin levels had a negative association with the HFr component (r= - 0.632; p = 0.011) and a positive association with the LFr component (r = 0.632; p = 0.011) in LVD group. CONCLUSIONS: We found increased adiponectin levels in Chagas' heart disease with systolic dysfunction and in patients with ECG abnormalities and normal systolic function at rest. Adipocytokines levels (adiponectin and leptin) were associated with ANS parameters in Chagas' heart disease.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(1): 13-8, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25029470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac tumors are rare, mostly benign with high embolic potential. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the histological type of cardiac masses with their embolic potential, implantation site and long term follow up in patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Between January 1986 and December 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 185 consecutive patients who underwent excision of intracardiac mass (119 females, mean age 48±20 years). In 145 patients, the left atrium was the origin site. 72% were asymptomatic and prior embolization was often observed (19.8%). The diagnosis was established by echocardiography, magnetic resonance and histological examination. RESULTS: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. Myxoma was the most common (72.6%), followed by fibromas (6.9%), thrombi (6.4%) and sarcomas (6.4%). Ranging from 0.6cm to 15cm (mean 4.6 ± 2.5cm) 37 (19.8%) patients had prior embolization, stroke 10.2%, coronary 4.8%, peripheral 4.3% 5.4% of hospital death, with a predominance of malignant tumors (40% p < 0.0001). The histological type was a predictor of mortality (rhabdomyomas and sarcomas p = 0.002) and embolic event (sarcoma, lipoma and fibroelastoma p = 0.006), but not recurrence. Tumor size, atrial fibrillation, cavity and valve impairment were not associated with the embolic event. During follow-up (mean 80±63 months), there were 2 deaths (1.1%) and two recurrences 1 and 11 years after the operation, to the same cavity. CONCLUSION: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. The histological type was predictor of death and preoperative embolic event, while the implantation site carries no relation with mortality or to embolic event.


Assuntos
Embolia/complicações , Embolia/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Mixoma/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dispneia/complicações , Feminino , Fibroma/mortalidade , Fibroma/patologia , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mixoma/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(1): 13-18, 07/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-718105

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac tumors are rare, mostly benign with high embolic potential. Objectives: To correlate the histological type of cardiac masses with their embolic potential, implantation site and long term follow up in patients undergoing surgery. Methods: Between January 1986 and December 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 185 consecutive patients who underwent excision of intracardiac mass (119 females, mean age 48±20 years). In 145 patients, the left atrium was the origin site. 72% were asymptomatic and prior embolization was often observed (19.8%). The diagnosis was established by echocardiography, magnetic resonance and histological examination. Results: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. Myxoma was the most common (72.6%), followed by fibromas (6.9%), thrombi (6.4%) and sarcomas (6.4%). Ranging from 0.6cm to 15cm (mean 4.6 ± 2.5cm) 37 (19.8%) patients had prior embolization, stroke 10.2%, coronary 4.8%, peripheral 4.3% 5.4% of hospital death, with a predominance of malignant tumors (40% p < 0.0001). The histological type was a predictor of mortality (rhabdomyomas and sarcomas p = 0.002) and embolic event (sarcoma, lipoma and fibroelastoma p = 0.006), but not recurrence. Tumor size, atrial fibrillation, cavity and valve impairment were not associated with the embolic event. During follow-up (mean 80±63 months), there were 2 deaths (1.1%) and two recurrences 1 and 11 years after the operation, to the same cavity. Conclusion: Most tumors were located in the left side of the heart. The histological type was predictor of death and preoperative embolic event, while the implantation site carries no relation with mortality or to embolic event. .


Fundamento: Os tumores do coração são infrequentes, em sua maioria benignos e com alto potencial embólico. Objetivo: Correlacionar o tipo histológico do tumor cardíaco com seu potencial embólico, com o sítio de implantação e analisar a evolução tardia destes pacientes submetidos à cirurgia. Métodos: No período de dezembro de 1986 a setembro de 2011 foram retrospectivamente analisados 186 pacientes operados (119 do sexo feminino e idade média de 48 ± 20 anos). Foram 145 tumores de átrio esquerdo (77%), 72% dos pacientes assintomáticos e 19,8% com embolização prévia. O diagnóstico foi confirmado por ecocardiograma, ressonância magnética e exame histológico. Resultados: A maioria dos tumores situava-se nas câmaras esquerdas. O mixoma foi o mais frequente (72,6%), seguido dos fibromas (6,9%), trombos (6,4%) e sarcomas (6,4%). Seus tamanhos variaram de 0,6cm a 15 cm (média de 4,6 ± 2,5cm). Houve 37 embolizações prévias à operação (10,2% AVC, 4,8% IAM e 4,3% periférica). Foram 5,4% de óbito hospitalar, com predomínio nos tumores malignos (40% p < 0,0001). O tipo histológico foi preditor de mortalidade (rabdomioma e sarcomas p = 0,002) e de evento embólico (sarcomas, fibroelastoma e lipoma p = 0,006), porém não de recidiva. O tamanho tumoral, a fibrilação atrial, a cavidade e valva acometida não apresentaram relação com o evento embólico. Durante o seguimento (média de 80 ± 63 meses), houve 2 óbitos (1,1%) e duas recidivas tumorais 1 e 11 anos após a operação, ambas para a mesma cavidade. Conclusão: O tipo histológico foi preditor de óbito e de evento embólico pré-operatório, enquanto o sítio de implantação não. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Embolia/complicações , Embolia/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Mixoma/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dispneia/complicações , Seguimentos , Fibroma/mortalidade , Fibroma/patologia , Átrios do Coração , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Mixoma/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia
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