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1.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40: e20180299, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the population's knowledge of the terms "sepsis" and "acute myocardial infarction" (AMI). METHOD: Cross-sectional quantitative study. Data was collected through the application of a questionnaire to two groups of participants, as follows: individuals who visit parks in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul and companions of patients of a university hospital in Porto Alegre. Analysis of the results was performed by descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTSThe sample consisted of 1,986 respondents: 1,455 parkgoers and 531 companions of patients admitted to the hospital. Regarding the knowledge of sepsis, only 19.1% of the respondents had already heard about the subject. However, compared to knowledge about AMI, it was found that 98.7% knew the term. CONCLUSIONS: The study found that the scarce knowledge of the population about the term "sepsis" is related to the social level of the respondents, demonstrating poor access to information about health care.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Parques Recreativos , Sepse , Terminologia como Assunto , Visitas a Pacientes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parques Recreativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Visitas a Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180299, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014140

RESUMO

Resumo OBJETIVO Identificar o conhecimento da população referente aos termos "sepse" e "infarto agudo do miocárdio" (IAM). MÉTODO Estudo transversal, quantitativo. Coleta de dados realizada com aplicação de um questionário, para dois grupamentos de participantes distintos: frequentadores de parques selecionados de Porto Alegre/RS e acompanhantes de pacientes internados em um hospital universitário de Porto Alegre/RS. A análise dos resultados foi realizada pela estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS A amostra constitui-se de 1986 entrevistados, 1455 de parques e 531 acompanhantes de pacientes internados no hospital. Em relação ao conhecimento de sepse, apenas 19,1% dos entrevistados já tinham ouvido falar sobre o tema, já, em comparação ao conhecimento do IAM, 98,7% souberam responder sobre o termo. CONCLUSÕES Evidenciou-se que o déficit de conhecimento da população sobre o termo "sepse" está diretamente relacionado com o nível social dos entrevistados, demonstrando um déficit no acesso à informação no cuidado em saúde.


Resumen OBJETIVO Identificar el conocimiento de la población referente al término "sepsis" e "infarto del miocardio" (IAM). MÉTODO Estudio transversal, cuantitativo. La recolección de datos realizada con aplicación de un cuestionario, para dos grupos de participantes distintos: frecuentadores de parques selecionados de Porto Alegre/RS y acompañantes de pacientes internados en un hospital universitario de Porto Alegre/RS. El análisis de los resultados fue realizado por la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS La muestra se constituye de 1986 entrevistados, 1455 de parques y 531 acompañantes de pacientes internados en el hospital. En cuanto al conocimiento de sepsis, sólo el 19,1% de los entrevistados ya había oído hablar sobre el tema, ya en comparación al conocimiento del IAM, el 98,7% supieron responder sobre el término. CONCLUSIONES Se evidenció que el déficit de conocimiento de la población sobre el término "sepsis" está directamente relacionado con el nivel social de los entrevistados, demostrando un déficit en el acceso a la información en el cuidado en salud.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To identify the population's knowledge of the terms "sepsis" and "acute myocardial infarction" (AMI). METHOD Cross-sectional quantitative study. Data was collected through the application of a questionnaire to two groups of participants, as follows: individuals who visit parks in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul and companions of patients of a university hospital in Porto Alegre. Analysis of the results was performed by descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTSThe sample consisted of 1,986 respondents: 1,455 parkgoers and 531 companions of patients admitted to the hospital. Regarding the knowledge of sepsis, only 19.1% of the respondents had already heard about the subject. However, compared to knowledge about AMI, it was found that 98.7% knew the term. CONCLUSIONS The study found that the scarce knowledge of the population about the term "sepsis" is related to the social level of the respondents, demonstrating poor access to information about health care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse , Infarto do Miocárdio , Terminologia como Assunto , Visitas a Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Parques Recreativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 16(1): 48-56, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-877246

RESUMO

Objetivo: apreender as representações do pai frente ao cuidado do filho prematuro nos primeiros dias após a alta hospitalar. Método: estudo de abordagem qualitativa. Participaram sete pais que possuíam filhos prematuros hospitalizados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. A coleta de dados ocorreu no período de março a junho de 2015. Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se o referencial metodológico do discurso do sujeito coletivo. Resultados: os discursos foram agrupados em três temas: 1) Vivendo as emoções da primeira noite com o filho em casa; 2) Responsabilizando-se pelo cuidado do filho prematuro em casa; 3) Colocando em prática os cuidados aprendidos com a equipe de enfermagem durante a hospitalização. Conclusão: o pai tem participado do cuidado do filh . A equipe de enfermagem deve estar preparada para incentivar a presença do pai no ambiente hospitalar, envolvendo-o nos cuidados precocemente, para que possa sentir-se mais seguro no momento em que estiver com o filho no domicílio. (AU)


Aim: to better understand the experiences of fathers regarding the care of their premature child in the first days after discharge. Method: qualitative approach study. Seven parents participated, who had preterm infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit. Data collection took place in the period from March to June 2015. For data analysis, the methodological reference of the discourse of the collective subject was used. Results: the speeches were grouped into three themes: 1) Experiencing the emotions of the first night with the child at home; 2) Taking responsibility for the care of the premature child at home; 3) Putting into practice the care measures learned from the nursing team during the hospitalization period. Conclusion: the fathers participated in the care of the child. The nursing team should be prepared to encourage the presence of the father in hospital environments, involving him in the early care practices, so that he can feel more secure when the child is brought home. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Relações Pai-Filho , Cuidado do Lactente/psicologia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Equipe de Enfermagem , Paternidade
4.
Acta Stomatol Croat ; 50(2): 128-133, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27789910

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Solvents may be used to remove the filling materials. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of formulated orange oil, orange oil and formulated eucalyptol in dissolving F3 ProTaper Universal Gutta-percha points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 200 samples were used and divided into four groups, further divided in fifty samples for each solvent. The samples were weighed on an analytical balance before being subjected to the action of solvents. Subsequently, they were put onto watch glasses, 7X45mm in length, and immersed into solutions for the following times: 5, 10, 20, 25 and 30 minutes. The loss of mass was recorded by weighing samples after every minute of action of the solvent on the points. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: All solvents showed that the first five minutes of action was the period of greatest dissolving power. In terms of immersion time, xylol (control group) exhibited a markedly superior ability in dissolving the gutta-percha points compared to other solvents and, also, showed statistically significant differences. A continuous dissolution was observed in all groups. Formulated orange oil presented a markedly superior solvent effect on filling materials compared to orange oil and formulated eucalyptol; however, there were no statistically significant differences. CONCLUSION: Considering the results obtained and methodology employed, it can be concluded that xylol was the most effective solvent in dissolving gutta-percha points, followed by formulated orange oil, orange oil and formulated eucalyptol oil.

5.
Lasers Med Sci ; 29(1): 279-88, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23649614

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess, by light microscopy and histomorphometry, the repair of surgical fractures fixed with internal rigid fixation (IRF) treated or not with IR laser (λ780 nm, 50 mW, 4 × 4 J/cm(2) = 16 J/cm(2), ϕ = 0.5 cm(2), CW) associated or not to the use of hydroxyapatite and guided bone regeneration. Surgical tibial fractures were created under general anesthesia on 15 rabbits that were divided into 5 groups, maintained on individual cages, at day/night cycle, fed with solid laboratory pelted diet, and had water ad libidum. The fractures in groups II, III, IV, and V were fixed with miniplates. Animals in groups III and V were grafted with hydroxyapatite and GBR technique used. Animals in groups IV and V were irradiated at every other day during two weeks (4 × 4 J/cm(2), 16 J/cm(2) = 112 J/cm(2)). Observation time was that of 30 days. After animal death, specimens were taken, routinely processed to wax, cut and stained with HA and Sirius red, and used for histological assessment. The results of both analyses showed a better bone repair on all irradiated subjects especially when the biomaterial and GBR were used. In conclusion, the results of the present investigation are important clinically as they are suggestive that the association of hydroxyapatite, and laser light resulted in a positive and significant repair of complete tibial fractures treated with miniplates.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Fraturas da Tíbia/radioterapia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Substitutos Ósseos , Terapia Combinada , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Durapatita , Masculino , Coelhos , Fraturas da Tíbia/patologia
6.
Lasers Med Sci ; 28(3): 815-22, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22833288

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess, by Raman spectroscopy and laser fluorescence, the repair of surgical fractures fixed with wire osteosynthesis treated or not with infrared laser (λ780 nm, 50 mW, 4 × 4 J/cm(2) =16 J/cm(2), ϕ=0.5 cm(2), CW) associated or not to the use of hydroxyapatite and guided bone regeneration. Surgical tibial fractures were created under general anesthesia on 15 rabbits that were divided into five groups, maintained on individual cages, at day/night cycle, fed with solid laboratory pelted diet, and had water ad libitum. The fractures in groups II, III, IV, and V were fixed with wires. Animals in groups III and V were grafted with hydroxyapatite (HA) and guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique used. Animals in groups IV and V were irradiated at every other day during 2 weeks (4 × 4 J/cm(2), 16 J/cm(2) =112 J/cm(2)). Observation time was that of 30 days. After animal death, specimens were taken and kept in liquid nitrogen and used for Raman spectroscopy. The Raman results showed basal readings of 1,234.38 ± 220. Groups WO+B+L showed higher readings (1,680.22 ± 822) and group WO+B the lowest (501.425 ± 328). Fluorescence data showed basal readings of 5.83333 ± 0.7. Groups WO showed higher readings (6.91667 ± 0.9) and group WO+B+L the lowest (1.66667 ± 0.5). There were significant differences between groups on both cases (p<0.05). Pearson correlation was negative and significant (R (2) = -0.60; p<0.001), and it was indicative that, when the Raman peaks of calcium hydroxyapatite (CHA) are increased, the level of fluorescence is reduced. It is concluded that the use of near-infrared lasertherapy associated to HA graft and GBR was effective in improving bone healing on fractured bones as a result of the increasing deposition of CHA measured by Raman spectroscopy and decrease of the organic components as shown by the fluorescence readings.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Fraturas da Tíbia/radioterapia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Animais , Substitutos Ósseos , Fios Ortopédicos , Cerâmica , Durapatita , Fluorescência , Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Coelhos , Análise Espectral Raman
7.
Lasers Med Sci ; 28(2): 513-8, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22526972

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess, by Raman spectroscopy, the repair of surgical fractures fixed with internal rigid fixation (IRF) treated or not with IR laser (λ780 nm, 50 mW, 4 × 4 J/cm(2) = 16 J/cm(2), ϕ = 0.5 cm(2), CW) associated or not to the use of hydroxyapatite and guided bone regeneration (GBR). Surgical tibial fractures were created under general anesthesia on 15 rabbits that were divided into five groups, maintained on individual cages, at day/night cycle, fed with solid laboratory pelted diet and had water ad libitum. The fractures in groups II, III, IV and V were fixed with miniplates. Animals in groups III and V were grafted with hydroxyapatite and GBR technique used. Animals in groups IV and V were irradiated at every other day during 2 weeks (4 × 4 J/cm(2), 16 J/cm(2) = 112 J/cm(2)). Observation time was that of 30 days. After animal death, specimens were taken and kept in liquid nitrogen and used for Raman spectroscopy. Raman spectroscopy showed significant differences between groups (p < 0.001). Basal readings showed mean value of 1,234 ± 220.1. Group internal rigid fixation + biomaterial + laser showed higher readings (3,521 ± 2,670) and group internal rigid fixation + biomaterial the lowest (212.2 ± 119.8). In conclusion, the results of the present investigation are important clinically as spectral analysis of bone component evidenced increased levels of CHA on fractured sites by using the association of laser light to a ceramic graft.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Substitutos Ósseos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Animais , Placas Ósseas , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Cerâmica , Durapatita , Masculino , Coelhos , Análise Espectral Raman , Fraturas da Tíbia/radioterapia , Fraturas da Tíbia/terapia
8.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 29(4): 245-54, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21457090

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate, by light microscopy, the effects of laser phototherapy (LPT) at 780 nm or a combination of 660 and 790 nm, on the inflammatory process of the rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) induced by carrageen. BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are frequent in the population and generally present an inflammatory component. Previous studies have evidenced positive effects of laser phototherapy on TMDs. However, its mechanism of action on the inflammation of the TMJ is not known yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five Wistar rats were divided into 9 groups: G1, Saline; G2, Saline + LPT IR; G3, Saline + LPT IR + R; G4, Carrageenan; G5, Carrageenan + LPT IR; G6, Carrageenan + LPT IR + R; G7, previous LPT + Carrageenan; G8, previous LPT + carrageenan + LPT IR; and G9, previous LPT + carrageenan + LPT IR + R, and then subdivided in subgroups of 3 and 7 days. After animal death, specimens were taken, routinely cut and stained with HE, Sirius Red, and Toluidine Blue. Descriptive analysis of components of the TMJ was done. The synovial cell layers were counted. RESULTS: Injection of saline did not produced inflammatory reaction and the irradiated groups did not present differences compared to nonirradiated ones. After carrageenan injection, intense inflammatory infiltration and synovial cell layers proliferation were observed. The infrared irradiated group presented less inflammation and less synovial cell layers number compared to other groups. Previous laser irradiation did not improve the results. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that the LPT presented positive effects on inflammatory infiltration reduction and accelerated the inflammation process, mainly with IR laser irradiation. The number of synovial cell layers was reduced on irradiated group.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/radioterapia , Animais , Carragenina , Inflamação/radioterapia , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Fotomicrografia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Articulação Temporomandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Articulação Temporomandibular/efeitos da radiação , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/induzido quimicamente
9.
Hig. aliment ; 25(194/195): 79-85, mar.-abr. 2011. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-607072

RESUMO

O mercado de produtos com baixo teor de lactose ainda é pouco explorado no Brasil, porém muitas pessoas sofrem de intolerância à lactose e muitos produtos lácteos cristalizam-se com maior facilidade devido à baixa solubilidade desse dissacarídeo. A hidrólise da lactose é um processo promissor para a indústria de alimentos porque possibilita o desenvolvimento de novos produtos sem lactose em suas composições. Esta operação oferece certas vantagens uma vez que ela diminui os riscos de cristalização em derivados lácteos e aumenta o poder adoçante. O objetivo deste trabalho foi fazer uma revisão de como utilizar a enzima ß – galactosidase no processo de redução do teor de lactose do leite a ser utilizado para a produção de doce de leite, aumentando o seu tempo de armazenamento, através da redução da arenosidade causada pela cristalização da lactose no processo de concentração.


Assuntos
beta-Galactosidase , Doces , Laticínios , Conservação de Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Substitutos do Leite Humano
10.
Ciênc. rural ; 40(11): 2356-2360, nov. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-569236

RESUMO

O pão de queijo é um produto genuinamente brasileiro, surgido em época indefinida nas fazendas de Minas Gerais, tendo como matéria-prima básica o polvilho azedo ou doce. Atualmente vem se destacando pelo consumo e pela produção nacional, chegando aos dias atuais até mesmo ao mercado internacional. Apesar de sua aceitação, o pão de queijo ainda não possui um padrão de qualidade e tecnologia de produção definidos devido à grande variedade de ingredientes opcionais. Diversas formulações são comercializadas e identificadas como "pão de queijo". O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a viabilidade da utilização de queijo tipo ricota na elaboração de pão de queijo. Foram realizadas análises físicas de densidade, espessura da crosta, coeficiente de expansão, cor, textura e análise sensorial. As porcentagens de queijo utilizadas nas formulações foi 30 por cento para o queijo meia cura e 30, 40 e 50 por cento para o queijo tipo ricota, em relação à porcentagem de polvilho azedo. Em relação aos parâmetros analisados, conclui-se que o aumento da porcentagem de queijo tipo ricota na elaboração de pão de queijo tem como consequência um produto mais macio, com menor gomosidade, fracturabilidade, mastigabilidade e com uma espessura da crosta menor, não diferindo sensorialmente de pães de queijo elaborados com queijo minas meia cura. Conclui-se também que é viável produzir pão de queijo com a substituição total do queijo minas meia cura pelo queijo tipo ricota.


The cheese bread is a genuinely Brazilian product, which appeared in undefined time in the farms of Minas Gerais, with the basic raw material, cassava starch or sour cassava starch. Today has been highlighted by consumption and domestic production, up to today, even to the international market. Despite its acceptance, the cheese bread does not have a standard of quality and production technology defined by the great variety of optional ingredients. Several formulations are marketed and labeled as "cheese bread". The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of using ricotta cheese in the preparation of cheese. Physical analyzes density, crustal thickness, coefficient of expansion, color, texture and sensory. The percentages of cheese used in the formulations was 30 percent for half the cheese curing and 30 percent, 40 percent and 50 percent for the ricotta cheese, in relation to the percentage of cassava starch. The parameters analyzed it is concluded that increasing the percentage of ricotta cheese in the preparation of cheese bread has resulted in a softer, less gumminess, fracture, and chewiness of the crust with a thickness less, no difference in sensory cheese bread made with cheese half cure. It also follows that it is feasible to produce cheese bread with total replacement of the cheese half cure for ricotta cheese.

11.
Rev. APS ; 12(2)abr.-jun. 2009.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-556350

RESUMO

Este estudo buscou identificar a influência exercida pelo Estágio Supervisionado na formação do cirurgião-dentista,em consonância com as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais -DCN, por meio da percepção de uma turma de alunos do último semestre do curso de graduação em Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG. A metodologia consistiu na aplicação de dois questionários fechados,um antes e outro após a realização do estágio, com algumas questões de sim/não e outras de escala, utilizando o modelo de Likert, formuladas com base no texto das DCN. Os resultados indicam que o Estágio Supervisionado exerce papel importante na incorporação das competências/habilidades descritas nas DCN, sendo que o percentual dos alunos que se consideraram MUITO/COMPLETAMENTE capazes de realizar as atividades relacionadas à "Atenção à Saúde", "Tomada de Decisões", "Comunicação", "Administração e Gerenciamento" e "Educação Permanente" foi maior após a realização do estágio, enquanto o dos que se consideraram INCAPAZES/POUCO capazes foi menor. Somente quanto à competência/habilidade "Liderança" a diferença obtida foi pequena, indicando influência menos expressiva nesse aspecto.


This study aimed to identify the influence of supervisedtraining (ST) on the formation of the Bachelor of DentalSurgery, according to the Brazilian National Curricular Directives(NCD), as seen through the perception of a seniorclass of dental students from the Minas Gerais FederalUniversity. The quantitative methodology consisted of oftwo closed questionnaires - one before and another afterST - with some YES/NO questions and other questionsusing the Likert Scale. Question formulation was based onthe NCD text. The results indicate that ST has an importantrole in the incorporation of the abilities/competenciesdescribed in the NCD. The number of students that consideredthemselves VERY/COMPLETELY able to performthe activities related to ?Healthcare?, ?Decision Making?,?Communication?, ?Administration and Management?and ?Permanent Education? was higher after ST, whereasthe number of students that considered themselves NOTVERY/REASONABLY or NOT able was lower. Thecompetency/ability ?Leadership? was the only one to showa non-significant influence of ST.


Assuntos
Educação Superior , Educação em Odontologia , Educação Baseada em Competências , Capacitação Profissional
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