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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(3): 355-357, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596829

RESUMO

We aimed to compare processing speed (PS) and its subcomponents in schizophrenia (SC) and schizoaffective disorder (SA). Thirty-five patients were divided into two groups (SC=18; SA=17). PS tasks from the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery Central/South America version were used. Additional PS subcomponents were analyzed (i.e., behavioral execution, response processing, and accuracy). SA obtained significant higher scores than SC in response processing, verbal fluency and the PS general domain. Our results indicate that PS is a potential cognitive marker to differentiate between SC and SA. Further research with larger samples must be conducted.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Projetos Piloto , Transtornos Psicóticos/complicações , Esquizofrenia/complicações
2.
Rev. ecuat. neurol ; 26(3): 215-219, sep.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003985

RESUMO

RESUMEN Antecedentes: Se ha reportado que los pacientes con esquizofrenia presentan alteraciones en el procesamiento emocional, específicamente en la percepción de emociones. Sin embargo, poco se sabe sobre otros aspectos de este proceso, como la regulación emocional. Objetivo: Evaluar y comparar la regulación emocional y neurocognición en pacientes con esquizofrenia y sujetos control, así como identificar correlaciones entre regulación emocional, neurocognición y datos demográficos. Método: Se evaluaron nueve pacientes (GE) y nueve controles (GC). Se obtuvieron datos demográficos, para evaluar regulación emocional se utilizó la Prueba de Inteligencia Emocional Mayer-Salovey Caruso, sección Manejo de Emociones y se realizó una breve evaluación neurocognitiva. Resultados: El GE tuvo un desempeño significativamente inferior que el GC en la prueba de regulación emocional y en neurocognición (p<.05). No se encontraron correlaciones entre regulación emocional, neurocognición, datos demográficos y clínicos. Discusión y conclusión: Los pacientes con esquizofrenia presentan menor capacidad de regulación emocional y alteraciones en la neurocognición. Estos resultados son consistentes con lo descrito en la literatura.


ABSTRACT Background: It has been reported that schizophrenia patients display emotional processing impairments, specifically in the emotion perception domain. However, less is known about other domains of emotional processing, like emotion regulation. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess and compare emotion regulation abilities and neurocognition in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls, as well as to identify correlations between emotion regulation, neurocognition and demographic data. Methods: 9 patients (GE) and 9 controls (GC) were recruited. Demographic data was obtained. To assess emotion regulation, the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test -Managing Emotions section- was administered. Finally, a brief neurocognitive assessment was conducted. Results: The GE showed significant poorer performance than the GC in the emotion regulation test as well as in the neurocognitive assessment (p < .05). No correlations were identified between emotion regulation, neurocognition, demographic and clinical data. Discussion and conclusion: Schizophrenia patients show emotion regulation impairment, as well as neurocognitive deficits. Our results are consistent with other studies.

3.
Actas Esp Psiquiatr ; 45(5): 218-26, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044446

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia patients show impairments in social cognition (SC), which is a set of cognitive processes that underlie social interactions. The research about SC in schizophrenia has identified four main domains: Theory of mind (ToM), social perception, attributional style and emotional processing. The present review aims to summarize the most recent and consistent findings about SC in patients with schizophrenia, unaffected relatives and ultra-high risk for psychosis individuals (UHR), as well as its association with clinical variables and functional outcome. METHODS: A systematic PsycINFO and Pubmed/Medline databases search was conducted. RESULTS: ToM impairments have been observed in schizophrenia patients, unaffected relatives and UHR. Emotional processing disturbance has been consistently reported in schizophrenia patients and UHR. ToM and emotional processing have been correlated with symptomatology and functional outcome. However, inconsistencies have been found across studies that assess ToM and emotional processing as predictors of psychosis. Social perception and attributional style are affected in schizophrenia, but the research in at- risk populations is scarce, and their relationship with symptoms or functional outcome is not clear. CONCLUSIONS: All domains of SC are impaired in schizophrenia. Non affected relatives and UHR also display deficits of SC. More research must be conducted to assess the reliability of SC domains as endophenotypes or predictors of conversion to psychosis in at-risk populations.


Assuntos
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Percepção Social , Emoções , Humanos , Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/genética , Medição de Risco , Comportamento Social , Teoria da Mente
4.
Actas esp. psiquiatr ; 45(5): 218-226, sept.-oct. 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-167713

RESUMO

Introducción. Los pacientes con esquizofrenia presentan alteraciones en cognición social (CS), que es un conjunto de procesos cognitivos que subyace a las interacciones sociales. En la investigación sobre CS en esquizofrenia se identifican cuatro componentes principales: teoría de la mente (TM), percepción social, estilo atributivo y procesamiento emocional. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo resumir los hallazgos más recientes y consistentes sobre la CS en pacientes con esquizofrenia, familiares no afectados e individuos en riesgo ultra-alto de psicosis (RUA), así como su asociación con variables clínicas y funcionalidad del paciente. Método.Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada en las bases de datos PsycINFO y Pubmed/Medline. Resultados. Los déficits en TM se han observado en pacientes con esquizofrenia, familiares no afectados y sujeto en RUA. Se han reportado consistentemente alteraciones de procesamiento emocional en pacientes con esquizofrenia y RUA. La TM y el procesamiento emocional se correlacionan con sintomatología y funcionalidad. Sin embargo, existen inconsistencias en estudios sobre TM y procesamiento emocional como predictores de psicosis. La percepción social y el estilo atributivo están afectados en la esquizofrenia, pero la investigación en poblaciones en riesgo es escasa y su relación con la sintomatología y funcionalidad no es del todo clara. Conclusiones.Todos los componentes de la CS están alterados en la esquizofrenia. Los familiares no afectados y las personas en RUA también presentan déficits de CS. Se debe realizar más investigación sobre la confiabilidad de los componentes de la CS como endofenotipos o predictores de conversión a psicosis en poblaciones en riesgo (AU)


Introduction. Schizophrenia patients show impairments in social cognition (SC), which is a set of cognitive processes that underlie social interactions. The research about SC in schizophrenia has identified four main domains: Theory of mind (ToM), social perception, attributional style and emotional processing. The present review aims to summarize the most recent and consistent findings about SC in patients with schizophrenia, unaffected relatives and ultra-high risk for psychosis individuals (UHR), as well as its association with clinical variables and functional outcome. Methods. A systematic PsycINFO and Pubmed/Medline databases search was conducted. Results. ToM impairments have been observed in schizophrenia patients, unaffected relatives and UHR. Emotional processing disturbance has been consistently reported in schizophrenia patients and UHR. ToM and emotional processing have been correlated with symptomatology and functional outcome. However, inconsistencies have been found across studies that assess ToM and emotional process-ing as predictors of psychosis. Social perception and attributional style are affected in schizophrenia, but the research in at- risk populations is scarce, and their relationship with symptoms or functional outcome is not clear. Conclusions: All domains of SC are impaired in schizophrenia. Non affected relatives and UHR also display deficits of SC. More research must be conducted to assess the reliability of SC domains as endophenotypes or predictors of conversion to psychosis in at-risk populations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Habilidades Sociais , Esquizofrenia/complicações , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Teoria da Mente , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/epidemiologia
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