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J Card Surg ; 35(11): 3017-3024, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827179


BACKGROUND AND AIM: Access to specialized cardiac surgery is a problem in emerging countries. Here, we reflect on the approach we used to establish a cardiac surgery unit in Trinidad and Tobago. METHODS: The program started in 1993 with monthly visits by a team from Bristol Heart Institute. A group of local doctors, nurses, and perfusionists were identified for training, and a senior nurse moved to the island to start a teaching program. The visiting support was gradually reduced, and the local team gained independence in managing the service in 2006. RESULTS: The initial low volume surgery increased to around 380 cases a year with the implementation of comprehensive service in 2006. Most patients required coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). In-hospital mortality declined from 5% in the nascent years to below 2% thereafter. In the last 5 years (2015-2019), 1764 patients underwent surgery (mean age 59.6 ± 10.8 years, 66% male). The majority were East-Indian-Caribbean (79.1%) or Afro-Caribbean (16.7%), half had diabetes, and two-thirds hypertension (EuroScore II 1.8 ± 1.9). The majority (1363 patients) underwent CABG (99.5% off-pump; conversion to on-pump 1.5%). The mean number of grafts was 2.5 ± 0.7 with 98.5% and 23.1% receiving one and two or more arterial grafts, respectively. In-hospital mortality was 1.1%, re-exploration for bleeding 2%, stroke 0.1%, mediastinitis 0.2%. The length of the postoperative hospital stay was 5.8 ± 2 days. CONCLUSION: Frequent outside visits complemented by training in an overseas center, and transfer of knowledge proved to be an effective strategy to develop a cardiac surgery unit in an emerging country with results comparable to accepted international standards.

Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Torácica , Idoso , Comorbidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia