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1.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851528

RESUMO

Background: Arterial pressure volume index (API) and arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) contribute to the development of vascular damage and cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between common API/AVI trajectories and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is unknown.Methods: A total of 488 consecutive hypertensive patients with HFpEF who repeatedly underwent API/AVI measurements were prospectively examined. We then applied API/AVI measurements into actual clinical practice. Latent mixture modeling was performed to identify API/AVI trajectories. Hazards ratios (HRs) were measured using Cox proportional hazard models.Results: We identified four distinct API/AVI trajectory patterns: low (7.6%), moderate (43.8%), high (28.9%), and very high (19.7%). Compared with the low group, higher API trajectories were associated with increased risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.97-4.26; very high group, adjusted HR: 2.46, 95%CI: 1.18-3.79). Consistently, higher AVI trajectories were also associated with a higher risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.58, 95%CI: 1.23-5.47; very high group, adjusted HR: 3.12, 95%CI: 1.83-6.08), compared with the low trajectory group.Conclusion: High API/AVI trajectories are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients with HFpEF. Among these patients, measuring API/AVI may improve risk stratification and provide additional information to tailor treatment strategies.

2.
Nat Chem ; 10(6): 638-643, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29610461

RESUMO

Phase control plays an important role in the precise synthesis of inorganic materials, as the phase structure has a profound influence on properties such as conductivity and chemical stability. Phase-controlled preparation has been challenging for the metallic-phase group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides (the transition metals are Mo and W, and the chalcogens are S, Se and Te), which show better performance in electrocatalysis than their semiconducting counterparts. Here, we report the large-scale preparation of micrometre-sized metallic-phase 1T'-MoX2 (X = S, Se)-layered bulk crystals in high purity. We reveal that 1T'-MoS2 crystals feature a distorted octahedral coordination structure and are convertible to 2H-MoS2 following thermal annealing or laser irradiation. Electrochemical measurements show that the basal plane of 1T'-MoS2 is much more active than that of 2H-MoS2 for the electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction in an acidic medium.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 644: 862-872, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743884

RESUMO

Boreal forests store large amounts of organic carbon and are susceptible to climate changes, particularly rising temperature, changed soil water and increased fire frequency. The young post-fire ecosystems might occupy larger proportions of the boreal forests region with the expected increases in fire frequency in the future and change the carbon (C) balance of this region. However, it is unclear how soil C fluxes in the post-fire boreal forest response to the climate changes. Therefore, a two-year field experiment was conducted in a boreal forest to investigate the effects of fire on the soil C (CO2 and CH4) fluxes and the responses of these fluxes to simulated warmer and drier climate conditions. The results showed that the boreal forest recovered form wildfire 7-8 years had higher soil CO2 flux than the mature forest. Furthermore, the treatments of warming, drying and the combination of warming and drying increased growing season cumulative soil CO2 flux in the post-fire forest by 15.8%, 20.4% and 34.2%, respectively. However, the boreal forest soil changed from a weak CH4 source to a weak CH4 sink after fire disturbance. Although CH4 absorption increased by warming and drying treatments, the interaction of warming and drying led to a decrease in soil CH4 uptake. The results indicated that the post-fire soil showed CO2 and CH4 fluxes with a greater global warming potential than before burning and that the global warming potential of the soil gas fluxes further increased by warming and drying. The predictive power of models of C cycle-climate feedbacks could be increased by incorporating the distinct ecosystem following fire with permafrost degradation and climate change across the boreal zone.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(42): 11199-11204, 2017 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28973933

RESUMO

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss worldwide, with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) a major risk factor. Myocilin (MYOC) dominant gain-of-function mutations have been reported in ∼4% of POAG cases. MYOC mutations result in protein misfolding, leading to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the trabecular meshwork (TM), the tissue that regulates IOP. We use CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome editing in cultured human TM cells and in a MYOC mouse model of POAG to knock down expression of mutant MYOC, resulting in relief of ER stress. In vivo genome editing results in lower IOP and prevents further glaucomatous damage. Importantly, using an ex vivo human organ culture system, we demonstrate the feasibility of human genome editing in the eye for this important disease.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Edição de Genes , Terapia Genética/métodos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/terapia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/genética , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos
5.
Sci Rep ; 6: 34687, 2016 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27703215

RESUMO

Tibet's forests, in contrast to China's other forests, are characterized by primary forests, high carbon (C) density and less anthropogenic disturbance, and they function as an important carbon pool in China. Using the biomass C density data from 413 forest inventory sites and a spatial forest age map, we developed an allometric equation for the forest biomass C density and forest age to assess the spatial biomass C stocks and variation in Tibet's forests from 2001 to 2050. The results indicated that the forest biomass C stock would increase from 831.1 Tg C in 2001 to 969.4 Tg C in 2050, with a net C gain of 3.6 Tg C yr-1 between 2001 and 2010 and a decrease of 1.9 Tg C yr-1 between 2040 and 2050. Carbon tends to allocate more in the roots of fir forests and less in the roots of spruce and pine forests with increasing stand age. The increase of the biomass carbon pool does not promote significant augmentation of the soil carbon pool. Our findings suggest that Tibet's mature forests will remain a persistent C sink until 2050. However, afforestation or reforestation, especially with the larger carbon sink potential forest types, such as fir and spruce, should be carried out to maintain the high C sink capacity.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Solo/química , Árvores/química , Biomassa , Sequestro de Carbono , Florestas , Tibet
6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 18(9): 831-834, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27655539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the possible immunological mechanism of wheezing attack in children with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS: A total of 25 under-5-year-old children with wheezing following CMV infection were enrolled. The expression of serum regulatory T cells (Treg)/T helper 17 (Th17) cytokines interleukin (IL)-10, IL-6, and IL-17, and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were determined. Twenty age-matched healthy children were selected as the control group. RESULTS: The wheezing group had a significantly reduced serum IL-10 level, significantly increased IL-6 and IL-17 levels, significantly reduced levels of natural killer cells, and significantly increased levels of CD8+ T cells and CD19+ B cells, as compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Wheezing children with CMV infection have Treg/Th17 imbalance and cellular immune dysfunction, which may be an important immunological mechanism of the development of wheezing in children after CMV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Sons Respiratórios/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Sons Respiratórios/etiologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia
7.
Stem Cell Reports ; 4(2): 297-311, 2015 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25619437

RESUMO

Postnatal mammary gland development and differentiation occur during puberty and pregnancy. To explore the role of DNA methylation in these processes, we determined the genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression profiles of CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(hi), CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(lo), and CD24(+)CD61(-)CD29(lo) cell populations that were previously associated with distinct biological properties at different ages and reproductive stages. We found that pregnancy had the most significant effects on CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(hi) and CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(lo) cells, inducing distinct epigenetic states that were maintained through life. Integrated analysis of gene expression, DNA methylation, and histone modification profiles revealed cell-type- and reproductive-stage-specific changes. We identified p27 and TGFß signaling as key regulators of CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(lo) cell proliferation, based on their expression patterns and results from mammary gland explant cultures. Our results suggest that relatively minor changes in DNA methylation occur during luminal differentiation compared with the effects of pregnancy on CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(hi) and CD24(+)CD61(+)CD29(lo) cells.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/citologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Antígenos de Superfície/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferase 1 , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/genética , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Ativação Enzimática , Epigênese Genética , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/metabolismo , Imunofenotipagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Fenótipo , Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Maturidade Sexual/genética , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Ai Zheng ; 27(4): 413-7, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18423129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no standard regimen for advanced gastric cancer. FOLFOX4 regimen [oxaliplatin(L-OHP) with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] and DP(O)F regimen [docetaxel (TXT), oxaliplatin (L-OHP)/cisplatin (DDP) with 5-FU] are usually used in treating gastric cancer with satisfactory efficacy. This study was to compare the efficacy, time to disease progression (TTP), overall survival (OS) and toxicity of the two regimens for advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 70 chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced gastric cancer were analyzed. Of the 70 patients, 34 were treated with FOLFOX4 regimen, 36 were treated with DP(O)F regimen. The patients in FOLFOX4 group received intravenous infusion of L-OHP (85 mg/m(2)) at Day 1, bolus injection of 5-FU (400 mg/m(2)) at Days 1-2, and continuous intravenous infusion of 5-FU (600 mg/m(2)) for 22 h at Days 1-2; 14 days as one cycle. The patients in DP(O)F group received administration of TXT [20 mg x (m2 x w)(-1)], intravenous infusion of DDP (40 mg/m(2)) at Days 2-3 or L-OHP (100 mg/m(2)) at Day 2, and intravenous infusion of 5-FU (500 mg/m(2)) at Days 1-5; 21 days as one cycle. RESULTS: The objective response rates were 45.4% in FOLFOX4 group and 52.8% in DP(O)F group (P=0.628). The median TTP was 5.27 months in FOLFOX4 group and 4.70 months in DP(O)F group (P=0.848). The median survival time was 8.97 months in FOLFOX4 group and 12.17 months in DP(O)F group (P=0.095). The most frequent adverse events were nausea, vomit and hematologic toxicities. The occurrence rates of grade III-IV leukopenia and neutropenia were significantly lower in FOLFOX4 group than in DP(O)F group (11.8% vs. 36.1%, P=0.025; 17.6% vs. 41.7%, P=0.038). One patient in FOLFOX4 group died of liver function failure. CONCLUSION: Both FOLFOX4 and DP(O)F regimens are effective in treating advanced gastric cancer. The hematologic toxicities of DP(O)F regimen are worse than those of FOLFOX4 regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Oxaliplatina , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxoides/administração & dosagem
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