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1.
J Org Chem ; 85(6): 4463-4474, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081000

RESUMO

Herein is reported the asymmetric allylic benzylation of Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) carbonates with 2-methylbenzophenone (MBP) derivatives as nonstabilized photogenerated C-nucleophiles. The dual activation of both reaction partners, chiral Lewis-base activation of the electrophile and light activation of the nucleophile, enables the stereoselective installation of benzyl groups at the allylic position to forge tertiary and quaternary carbon centers.

2.
Molecules ; 24(12)2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234368

RESUMO

The synthesis of heterobimetallic complexes remains a synthetic challenge in the field of organometallic chemistry. A possible approach in this regard might be the use of a bidentate heteroditopic bis(carbene) ligand that combines an imidazol-2-ylidene (nNHC) with a 1,2,3-triazol-5-ylidene (tzNHC) connected by an organic spacer. The optimized strategy to heterobimetallic complexes with this type of ligand involves a 3-step procedure: (i) Coordination of the nNHC, functionalized with a 1,2,3-triazole ring, to a metal center; (ii) formation of the triazolium ring by alkylation of the triazole N-3; (iii) deprotonation of the tzNHC precursor and coordination of the second metal center. Following this procedure, a novel Au(I)-Ag(I) dinuclear complex was isolated and its properties were compared to the analogous homobimetallic Ag(I)-Ag(I) and Au(I)-Au(I) complexes. The study was completed by the determination of the molecular structures of some synthetic intermediates.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Ouro/química , Metano/análogos & derivados , Prata/química , Alquilação , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Imidazóis/química , Ligantes , Metano/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Triazóis/química
3.
Dalton Trans ; 47(35): 12079-12084, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019732

RESUMO

We report the design and synthesis of a Cu(ii) metallocycle (1) and use the possibility to expand the Cu(ii) coordination sphere to self-assemble mechanically interlocked species via interpenetration. Metallocycle 1 can be used as a platform to reversibly assemble a 1D + 1D → 1D coordination-driven polyrotaxane (3), where 1 acts as the hosting ring as well as the stopper, and 4,4'-bipyridine is the guest-axle. A coordinating solvent can substitute the 4,4'-bipyridine axle to disassemble the polyrotaxane (3 → 2) that is easily restored by further adding 4,4'-bipyridine (2 → 3). Other polyrotaxanes can be isolated by reacting 1 with pyridine (4) and phenylpyridine (5). Interconversion among the presented species is demonstrated and ensured by the open position of each copper center in platform 1.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 57(4): 1859-1869, 2018 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389113

RESUMO

The electronic properties of three vanadium phthalocyaninato (Pc) based complexes (PcV, PcVO, and PcVI; I-III, respectively) were theoretically investigated and corresponding VL2,3-edge XAS spectra modeled. Ground state (GS) DFT outcomes indicated that II is more stable than III by 141 kcal/mol; moreover, the Ziegler transition state method allowed us to estimate the PcV-X bond dissociation energy and to quantify σ/π contributions to the V-X interaction. As such, the Nalewajski-Mrozek V-X and V-N bond multiplicity indexes (V-O/V-I = 2.48/1.22; V-N = 0.64, 0.51, and 0.58 in I-III, respectively) state that the V-X bond strength and nature affect the V-N interaction. The coordination of X to V in the I → II/I → III reactions implies the transfer of two/one electrons from I to X. In both cases, the oxidation involves only the V ion; moreover, V 3d based orbitals from which electrons are transferred were identified. Literature I/IIL2,3-edge XAS data were modeled by exploiting the DFT/ROCIS method. The same protocol was adopted to predict IIIL2,3-edge XAS spectra. Theoretical results indicated that, along the whole series, spectral features lying at the lowest excitation energies (EEs) are mostly generated by states having the same GS spin multiplicity and involve 2pV → SOMO (single occupied molecular orbital) single electronic excitations. XAS features at higher EEs include only states with the same GS spin multiplicity in I, while states with both ΔS = 0 and ΔS = +1 (S = total spin quantum number) are present in II and III with significant, in some cases prevailing, contributions from metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excitations. Beyond the role played by MLCT transitions in determining XAS patterns, it is noteworthy that they involve only Pc-based empty orbitals with no participation of the X-based virtual levels.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 514: 528-533, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29289735

RESUMO

In this work, powders of Single Wall Carbon Nanohorns (SWCNHs), a typical hydrophobic material, were oxidized with concentrated HNO3 with the aim of surface carboxylation and consequent improved hydrophilicity and dispersibility in polar solvents. Dynamic Light Scattering and ζ-potential measurements demonstrated that very stable colloidal suspensions of SWCNH in water were obtained in total absence of stabilizers. By properly optimizing the reaction parameters, the suspensions achieved stability even higher than colloids with similar composition but prepared with the use of surfactants. Surface damage and oxidation degree of SWCNHs were evaluated by SEM microscopy, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Residual Gas Analysis, XPS and UV-visible spectroscopy.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(24): 5981-5986, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29188716

RESUMO

Hybrid organic/inorganic perovskite nanoparticles (NPs) have garnered remarkable research attention because of their promising photophysical properties. New and interesting properties emerge after combining perovskite NPs with semiconducting materials. Here, we report the synthesis and investigation of a composite material obtained by mixing CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals with the semiconducting polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). By the combination of structural techniques and optical and magnetic spectroscopies we observed multiple effects of the perovskite NPs on the P3HT: (i) an enlargement of P3HT crystalline domains, (ii) a strong p-doping of the P3HT, and (iii) an enhancement of interchain order typical of H-aggregates. These observations open a new avenue toward innovative perovskite NP-based applications.

7.
ACS Omega ; 2(10): 6298-6308, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457238

RESUMO

Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 nanocomposite materials were studied as bifunctional systems for depuration of wastewater. They are able to efficiently adsorb and decompose rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO), used as model pollutants. Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 nanocomposites were synthesized at room temperature and ambient pressure by means of controlled hydrolysis of BiCl3 in the presence of a surfactant (Brij 76). Cold treatments of the pristine samples with UV light or thermal annealing at different temperatures (370-500 °C) and atmospheres (air, Ar/30% O2) were adopted to modulate the relative amounts of Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 and hence the morphology, surface area, ζ-potential, optical absorption in the visible range, and the adsorption/degradation of pollutants. The best performance was achieved by (BiO)2CO3-rich samples, which adsorbed 80% of MO and decomposed the remaining 20% by visible light photocatalysis. Irrespective of the dye, all of the samples were able to almost complete the adsorption step within 10 min contact time. Bi12O17Cl2-rich composite materials displayed a lower adsorption ability, but thanks to the stronger absorption in the visible range they behaved as more effective photocatalysts. The obtained results evidenced the ability of the employed strategy to modulate sample properties in a wide range, thus pointing out the effectiveness of this approach for the synthesis of multifunctional inorganic materials for environmental remediation.

8.
Soft Matter ; 12(1): 238-45, 2016 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26463728

RESUMO

A terminally protected, hydrophobic dipeptide Boc-L-Cys(Me)-L-Leu-OMe (1) was synthesized and its 3D-structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. This peptide is able to hierarchically self-assemble in a variety of superstructures, including hollow rods, ranging from the nano- to the macroscale, and organogels. In addition, 1 is able to drive fullerene (C60) or multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in an organogel by co-assembling with them. A hybrid 1-C60­MWCNT organogel was prepared and converted (through a high vacuum-drying process) into a robust, high-volume, water insoluble, solid material where C60 is well dispersed over the entire superstructure. This ternary material was successfully tested as a catalyst for: (i) the reduction reaction of water-soluble azo compounds mediated by NaBH4 and UV-light with an overall performance remarkably better than that provided by C60 alone, and (ii) the NaBH4-mediated reduction of benzoic acid to benzyl alcohol. Our results suggest that the self-assembly properties of 1 might be related to the occurrence in its single crystal structure of a sixfold screw axis, a feature shared by most of the linear peptides known so far to give rise to nanotubes.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/química , Fulerenos/química , Nanotubos/química , Ácido Benzoico/química , Álcool Benzílico/química , Boroidretos/química , Catálise , Cristalização , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Leucina/análogos & derivados , Oxirredução
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(65): 12947-9, 2015 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26165598

RESUMO

DMSO promotes dimensional variability driving the formation of Cu-bpy architectures such as a 3D nanoporous network (1) and a 1D chiral polymer (2) self-assembled from achiral building blocks. The same solvent rules a reversible conversion between 1 and 2.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(89): 13761-4, 2014 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25250982

RESUMO

PTA hosted in a copper metallo-supramolecular triangle undergoes post-assembly oxidation to form PTAO in aerated solutions. The oxidation is triggered by selected co-solvents that also govern the formation of the final crystalline product leading to a discrete host-guest triangle {PTAO@[Cu(o-L)]3} or to a 1D coordination polymer {(PTAO)2@[Cu8][Cu2]}∞ containing a {Cu8} ring with a double hosting pocket.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 53(14): 7276-87, 2014 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25004081

RESUMO

A constitutional dynamic library (CDL) of Cu(II) metallo-supramolecular polygons has been studied as a bench test to examine an interesting selection case based on molecular recognition. Sorting of the CDL polygons is achieved through a proper guest that is hosted into the triangular metallo-macrocycle constituent. Two selection mechanisms are observed, a guest induced path and a guest templated self-assembly (virtual library approach). Remarkably, the triangular host can accommodate several guests with a degree of selectivity ranging from ∼1 to ∼10(4) for all possible guest pairs. A double level selection operates: guests drive the CDL toward the triangular polygon, and, at the same time, this is able to pick a specific guest from a set of competitive molecules, according to a selectivity-affinity correlation. Association constants of the host-guest systems have been determined. Guest competition and exchange studies have been analyzed through variable temperature UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Molecular structures and electronic properties of the triangular polygon and of the host-guest systems also have been studied by means of all electrons density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations including dispersive contributions. DFT outcomes ultimately indicate the dispersive nature of the host-guest interactions, while TDDFT results allow a thorough assignment of the host and host-guests spectral features.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 42(21): 7534-8, 2013 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23588786

RESUMO

A small coordination constitutional dynamic library (CDL) is self-assembled from Cu(2+) ions and the ortho bis-(3-acetylacetone)benzene ligand. Two coordination polygons, a rhomboid and a triangle, establish a dynamic equilibrium. Quantitative sorting of the rhomboidal polygon is reversibly obtained by crystallization. Thermodynamic and kinetic aspects ruling the CDL system have been elucidated.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 51(9): 5409-16, 2012 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22515419

RESUMO

Highly versatile coordinating ligands are designed and synthesized with two ß-diketonate groups linked at the carbon 3 through a phenyl ring. The rigid aromatic spacer is introduced in the molecules to orient the two acetylacetone units along different angles and coordination vectors. The resulting para, meta, and ortho bis-(3-acetylacetonate)benzene ligands show efficient chelating properties toward Cu(II) ions. In the presence of 2,2'-bipyridine, they promptly react and yield three dimers, 1, 2, and 3, with the bis-acetylacetonate unit in bridging position between two metal centers. X-ray single crystal diffraction shows that the compounds form supramolecular chains in the solid state because of intermolecular interactions. Each of the dinuclear complexes shows a magnetic behavior which is determined by the combination of structural parameters and spin polarization effects. Notably, the para derivative (1) displays a moderate antiferromagnetic coupling (J = -3.3 cm(-1)) along a remarkably long Cu···Cu distance (12.30 Å).


Assuntos
Derivados de Benzeno/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Cobre/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Isomerismo , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(25): 3115-7, 2012 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22337527

RESUMO

Cu(II) and a bis-ß-diketone ligand generate a small constitutional dynamic library (CDL). The designed introduction of a well suited guest drives the self-sorting of the system toward a supramolecular triangle. Alternatively, the triangle self-assembly is templated by the same guest in a one-pot synthesis.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Cobre , Cetonas , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(20): 5744-6, 2011 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21503341

RESUMO

Chromium(III)-based wheels close-pack on the Ag(110) surface forming a quasi-hexagonal 2D network following direct sublimation in ultra high vacuum (UHV). Wheels organization and chemical integrity have been proved through in situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) studies.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 40(12): 2725-34, 2011 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21311776

RESUMO

We report a detailed physical analysis on a family of isolated, antiferro-magnetically (AF) coupled, chromium(III) finite chains, of general formula (Cr(RCO(2))(2)F)(n) where the chain length n = 6 or 7. Additionally, the chains are capped with a selection of possible terminating ligands, including hfac (= l,l,l,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dionate(l-)), acac (= pentane-2,4-dionate(l-)) or (F)(3). Measurements by inelastic neutron scattering (INS), magnetometery and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy have been used to study how the electronic properties are affected by n and capping ligand type. These comparisons allowed the subtle electronic effects the choice of capping ligand makes for odd member spin 3/2 ground state and even membered spin 0 ground state chains to be investigated. For this investigation full characterisation of physical properties have been performed with spin Hamiltonian parameterisation, including the determination of Heisenberg exchange coupling constants and single ion axial and rhombic anisotropy. We reveal how the quantum spin energy levels of odd or even membered chains can be modified by the type of capping ligand terminating the chain. Choice of capping ligands enables Cr-Cr exchange coupling to be adjusted by 0, 4 or 24%, relative to Cr-Cr exchange coupling within the body of the chain, by the substitution of hfac, acac or (F)(3) capping ligands to the ends of the chain, respectively. The manipulation of quantum spin levels via ligands which play no role in super-exchange, is of general interest to the practise of spin Hamilton modelling, where such second order effects are generally not considered of relevance to magnetic properties.

17.
Chemistry ; 15(19): 4931-43, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19308978

RESUMO

N,N-Dialkylcarbamato complexes of copper(II), [Cu(O(2)CNR(2))(2)] (R = All = allyl, C(3)H(5); iPr, CH(CH(3))(2)) were prepared with the aim of functionalizing silica and nanostructured silica-zirconia matrices. The mixed matrices for the grafting reactions were prepared by copolymerizing MAPTMS (methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane), the precursor for the silica matrix, with the zirconium tetranuclear derivative [Zr(4)O(2)(OMc)(12)] (OMc = methacrylate), the precursor for the zirconia nanoparticles. Suspension of the silica and silica-zirconia matrices in a solution of the copper dialkylcarbamate led to the functionalization of the respective substrates. The composition, microstructure, morphology, and physicochemical nature of the copper species grafted on the matrices were investigated by FTIR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), EPR, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), XRD, TEM, and dinitrogen adsorption. The effect of selected experimental parameters (the nature of the copper precursor and of the matrix, grafting time, thermal treatment) on the grafting reaction was investigated. The Cu/Si ratio is increased by increasing the grafting time and the ZrO(2)-SiO(2) matrix is more reactive to attack by the carbamato complexes than either prepared or commercial SiO(2). After functionalization of the matrix, thermal treatment yielded nanostructured copper(II) oxide clusters, average diameter 12-15 nm, uniformly supported on the silica and on the silica-zirconia matrices.

18.
Chemistry ; 14(17): 5144-58, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18470853

RESUMO

We report the synthesis and structural characterisation of a family of finite molecular chains, specifically [{[R(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(6)F(11)(O(2)CCMe(3))(10)]}(2)] (in which R=nPr 1, Et 2, nBu 3), [{Et(2)NH}(2){[Et(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(7)F(12)(O(2)CCMe(3))(12)][HO(2)CCMe(3)](2)}(2)] (4), [{[Me(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(6)F(11)(O(2)CCMe(3))(10)]2.5 H(2)O}(4)] (5) and [{[iPr(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(7)F(12)(O(2)CCMe(3))(12)]}(2)] (6). The structures all contain horseshoes of chromium centres, with each Cr...Cr contact within the horseshoe bridged by a fluoride and two pivalates. The horseshoes are linked through hydrogen bonds to the secondary ammonium cations in the structure, leading to di- and tetra-horseshoe structures. Through magnetic measurements and inelastic neutron scattering studies we have determined the exchange coupling constants in 1 and 6. In 1 it is possible to distinguish two exchange interactions, J(A)=-1.1 meV and J(B)=-1.4 meV; J(A) is the exchange interactions at the tips of the horseshoe and J(B) is the exchange within the body of the horseshoe (1 meV=8.066 cm(-1)). For 6 only one interaction was needed to model the data: J=-1.18 meV. The single-ion anisotropy parameters for Cr(III) were also derived for the two compounds as: for 1, D(Cr)=-0.028 meV and |E(Cr)|=0.005 meV; for 6, D(Cr)=-0.031 meV. Magnetic-field-dependent inelastic neutron scattering experiments on 1 allowed the Zeeman splitting of the first two excited states and level crossings to be observed. For the tetramer of horseshoes (5), quantum Monte Carlo calculations were used to fit the magnetic susceptibility behaviour, giving two exchange interactions within the horseshoe (-1.32 and -1.65 meV) and a weak inter-horseshoe coupling of +0.12 meV. Multi-frequency variable-temperature EPR studies on 1, 2 and 6 have also been performed, allowing further characterisation of the spin Hamiltonian parameters of these chains.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (13): 1560-2, 2008 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18354799

RESUMO

Synthetic and structural studies of Cr horseshoes are reported which show that these compounds demonstrate a rich supramolecular chemistry through H-bonding interactions, and can act as ligands for metal clusters.

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