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ACS Nano ; 8(3): 2532-40, 2014 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24547977


We fabricate a field-effect transistor by covalently functionalizing PbS nanoparticles with tetrathiafulvalenetetracarboxylate. Following experimental results from cyclic voltammetry and ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we postulate a near-resonant alignment of the PbS 1Sh state and the organic HOMO, which is confirmed by atomistic calculations. Considering the large width of interparticle spacing, we observe an abnormally high field-effect hole mobility, which we attribute to the postulated resonance. In contrast to nanoparticle devices coupled through common short-chained ligands, our system maintains a large degree of macroscopic order as revealed by X-ray scattering. This provides a different approach to the design of hybrid organic-inorganic nanomaterials, circumvents the problem of phase segregation, and holds for versatile ways to design ordered, coupled nanoparticle thin films.

Chem Soc Rev ; 42(7): 2654-78, 2013 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23192158


Nanocomposites, composed of organic and inorganic building blocks, can combine the properties from the parent constituents and generate new properties to meet current and future demands in functional materials. Recent developments in nanoparticle synthesis provide a plethora of inorganic building blocks, building the foundation for constructing hybrid nanocomposites with unlimited possibilities. The properties of nanocomposite materials depend not only on those of individual building blocks but also on their spatial organization at different length scales. Block copolymers, which microphase separate into various nanostructures, have shown their potential for organizing inorganic nanoparticles in bulk/thin films. Block copolymer-based supramolecules further provide more versatile routes to control spatial arrangement of the nanoparticles over multiple length scales. This review provides an overview of recent efforts to control the hierarchical assemblies in block copolymer-based hybrid nanocomposites.

ACS Nano ; 4(5): 2721-9, 2010 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20402495


Organic small molecule semiconductors have many advantages over their polymer analogues. However, to fabricate organic semiconductor-based devices using solution processing, it is requisite to eliminate dewetting to ensure film uniformity and desirable to assemble nanoscopic features with tailored macroscopic alignment without compromising their electronic properties. To this end, we present a modular supramolecular approach. A quaterthiophene organic semiconductor is attached to the side chains of poly(4-vinylpyridine) via noncovalent hydrogen bonds to form supramolecular assemblies that act as p-type semiconductors in field-effect transistors. In thin films, the quaterthiophenes can be readily assembled into microdomains, tens of nanometers in size, oriented normal to the surface. The supramolecules exhibited the same field-effect mobilities as that of the quaterthiophene alone (10(-4) cm(2)/(V.s)). Since the organic semiconductors can be readily substituted, this modular supramolecular approach is a viable method for the fabrication of functional, nanostructured organic semiconductor films using solution processing.

Nat Mater ; 8(12): 979-85, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19838181


Precise control of the spatial organization of nanoscopic building blocks, such as nanoparticles, over multiple length scales is a bottleneck in the 'bottom-up' generation of technologically important materials. Only a few approaches have been shown to achieve nanoparticle assemblies without surface modification. We demonstrate a simple yet versatile approach to produce stimuli-responsive hierarchical assemblies of readily available nanoparticles by combining small molecules and block copolymers. Organization of nanoparticles into one-, two- and three-dimensional arrays with controlled inter-particle separation and ordering is achieved without chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or block copolymers. Nanocomposites responsive to heat and light are demonstrated, where the spatial distribution of the nanoparticles can be varied by exposure to heat or light or changing the local environment. The approach described is applicable to a wide range of nanoparticles and compatible with existing fabrication processes, thereby enabling a non-disruptive approach for the generation of functional devices.