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Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2102038, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729950


Glutamine metabolism of tumor cells plays a crucial role in maintaining cell homeostasis and reducing oxidative damage. Herein, a valid strategy of inhibiting glutamine metabolism is proposed to amplify the oxidative damage of photodynamic therapy (PDT) to tumor cells. Specifically, the authors develop a drug co-delivery system (designated as CeV) based on chlorine e6 (Ce6) and V9302 via the self-assembly technology. In spite of the strong hydrophobicity of therapeutic agents, the assembled CeV holds a favorable dispersibility in water and an improved cellular uptake capability. Under light irradiation, the internalized CeV is capable of generating abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS) for PDT. More importantly, CeV can reduce the uptake of glutamine through V9302-mediated alanine-serine-cysteine transporter of type-2 (ASCT2) inhibition, leading to a reduced glutathione (GSH) production and an amplified oxidative stress. As a result, CeV has a robust PDT efficacy on tumor inhibition by the blockade of glutamine transport. Notably, CeV exhibits a superiority on tumor suppression over the single treatment as well as the combined administration of Ce6 and V9302, which indicates the advantage of CeV for synergistic treatment. It may serve as a novel nanoplatform for developing a drug co-delivery system to improve PDT efficiency by inhibiting cell metabolism.

Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(12): e2100198, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938637


Photodynamic therapy (PDT) often suffers from the exacerbated tumor hypoxia and the heterogeneous distribution of photosensitizers, leading to an inefficient ROS productivity and availability. In this work, a mitochondria targeted O2 economizer (designated as Mito-OxE) is developed to improve PDT efficiency by alleviating tumor hypoxia and enhancing the subcellular localization of photosensitizers. Specifically, the photosensitizer of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is modified with the hydrophilic polyethylene glycol and the lipophilic cation of triphenylphosphine (TPP) to fabricate the biocompatible mitochondria targeted photosensitizers (designated as Mito-PSs). And Mito-OxE is prepared by using Mito-PSs to load the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation inhibitors of atovaquone (ATO). Benefiting from the targeting capability of TPP, Mito-OxE can selectively accumulate in mitochondria after cellular uptake. Subsequently, the mitochondrial respiration would be suppressed to with the participation of ATO, resulting in a local hypoxia mitigation for enhanced PDT. Compared with Mito-PSs, Mito-OxE maximizes the therapeutic effect against hypoxic tumors under light irradiation. This design of mitochondria targeted O2 economizer would advance the development of targeted drug delivery system for effective PDT regardless of hypoxic microenvironment.

Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Hipóxia Tumoral