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1.
Case Rep Gastroenterol ; 12(2): 217-223, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29928186

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease presenting from mild localized inflammation to severe infected necrotic pancreatic tissue. In the literature, there are a few cases of hypothermia-induced AP. However, the association between hypothermia and AP is still a myth. Generally, mortality from acute pancreatitis is nearly 3-6%. Here, we present a 40-year-old chronic alcoholic female who presented with acute pancreatitis induced by transient hypothermia. A 40-year-old chronic alcoholic female was hypothermic at 81°F on arrival which was improved to 91.7°F with warming blanket and then around 97°F in 8 h. Laboratory tests including complete blood count, lipid panel, and comprehensive metabolic panels were within the normal limit. Serum alcohol level was 0.01, amylase 498, lipase 1,200, ammonia 26, serum carboxyhemoglobin level 2.4, and ß-HCG was negative. The entire sepsis workup was negative. During rewarming period, she had one episode of witnessed generalized tonic-clonic seizure. It was followed by transient hypotension. Fluid challenge was successful with 2 L of normal saline. Sonogram (abdomen) showed fatty liver and trace ascites. CAT scan (abdomen and pelvis) showed evidence of acute pancreatitis without necrosis, peripancreatic abscess, pancreatic mass, or radiopaque gallstones. The patient was managed medically and later discharged from the hospital on the 4th day as she tolerated a normal low-fat diet. In our patient, transient hypothermia from chronic alcohol abuse and her social circumstances might predispose to microcirculatory disturbance resulting in acute pancreatitis. Early and aggressive fluid resuscitation prevents complications.

2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20182018 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29301800

RESUMO

Catamenial or cyclical anaphylaxis is a complex clinical syndrome with poorly reported incidence and prevalence in the literature review. The underlying mechanism is still a myth although a few proposed hypotheses are stated. Early recognition of these symptoms will bring optimal treatment and prevent unnecessary intubation and complications. Here, we present a 48-year-old woman without significant medical and family history with recurrent angioedema in the setting of catamenial anaphylaxis or cyclical anaphylaxis in the setting of progesterone hypersensitivity.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/fisiopatologia , Hipersensibilidade/fisiopatologia , Progesterona/fisiologia , Anafilaxia/etiologia , Angioedema/etiologia , Angioedema/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Ciclo Menstrual/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 495(1): 533-538, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29097202

RESUMO

Processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) occurs through sequential cleavages first by ß-secretase and then by the γ-secretase complex. However, abnormal processing of APP leads to excessive production of ß-amyloid (Aß) in the central nervous system (CNS), an event which is regarded as a primary cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In particular, gene mutations of the γ-secretase complex-which contains presenilin 1 or 2 as the catalytic core-could trigger marked Aß accumulation. Olfactory dysfunction usually occurs before the onset of typical AD-related symptoms (eg, memory loss or muscle retardation), suggesting that the olfactory system may be one of the most vulnerable regions to AD. To date however, little is known about why the olfactory system is affected so early by AD prior to other regions. Thus, we examined the distribution of secretases and levels of APP processing in the olfactory system under either healthy or pathological conditions. Here, we show that the olfactory system has distinct APP processing machineries. In particular, we identified higher expressions levels and activity of γ-secretase in the olfactory epithelium (OE) than other regions of the brain. Moreover, APP c-terminal fragments (CTF) are markedly detected. During AD progression, we note increased expression of presenilin2 of γ-secretases in the OE, not in the OB, and show that neurotoxic Aß*56 accumulates more quickly in the OE. Taken together, these results suggest that the olfactory system has distinct APP processing machineries under healthy and pathological conditions. This finding may provide a crucial understanding of the unique APP-processing mechanisms in the olfactory system, and further highlights the correlation between olfactory deficits and AD symptoms.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/biossíntese , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/biossíntese , Bulbo Olfatório/metabolismo , Mucosa Olfatória/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos
4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 60(1): 68-72, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20055288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices of first aid measures in undergraduate students of Karachi. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at six colleges of Karachi, three of which were medical colleges and three non-medical colleges. Knowledge was assessed regarding various emergency situations with the help of a questionnaire. The target population size was 460, based on 50% prevalence and 95% confidence interval. The eventual sample size achieved was 446. RESULTS: A total of 446 students were interviewed. Seventy eight students (17.5%) had formal First Aid (FA) training. The mean number of correct answers of students with FA training was 10.3 (+/- 3.5) as opposed to 8.58 (+/- 4.0) in those without FA training (p < 0.001, 95% CI) with a mean difference of 7.84%. The mean number of correct answers by medical students with FA training was 11.2 (+/- 2.9) as opposed to 7.2 (+/- 3.43) by non-medical students (p < 0.001, 95% CI) with a mean difference of 18.14%. Students having received formal first aid training scored better than those who had not (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: First aid training programmes should be introduced at school and college level in developing countries to decrease the early mortality and morbidity of accidents and emergencies.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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