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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 438-446, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1040107

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Distress has a potentiating effect on complications of heart disease. Early identification of distress and psychosocial management could help patients to deal with the disease and improve their quality of life. However, in Brazil, there is no specific instrument for evaluation of distress in cardiac patients. Objectives: To describe the validation process of the Screening Tool for Psychosocial Distress (STOP-D) for the Brazilian population. Methods: Cross-sectional, observational study with a quantitative approach. A total of 144 patients (including outpatients and inpatients) were interviewed at the waiting room of the outpatient cardiology clinic or in cardiology wards. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and distress was assessed using two instruments - the Brazilian version of the STOP-D and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). First, we performed an exploratory factor analysis and analysis of the accuracy of the STOP-D score by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curvet. Results: The factorability analysis of the correlation matrix did not detect any factor that made the factorial solution unfeasible. The instrument showed a single-factor nature, confirmed by the criterion of eigenvalues, with an 85% accuracy in predicting distress. A cut-off point of 15.5 was chosen for distress using the ROC curve. Conclusions: The Brazilian version of the STOP-D is an adequate instrument for the screening of heart disease patient for distress. It can be easily used by any health professional and would contribute to the promotion of a comprehensive support to cardiac patients.

4.
Echocardiography ; 36(7): 1338-1345, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is an important tool in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. However, there is hesitation in clinical practice for using it in patients with Chagas disease (CD) due to the arrhythmogenic potential of this heart condition. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and variables associated with arrhythmias during DSE in a population of patients with CD. METHODS: A population of 205 consecutive patients with CD and suspected coronary heart disease was assessed through a retrospective database analysis. CD was confirmed in all patients by serological testing. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients selected was 64 years, and 65.4% of the patients were female. Significant arrhythmias occurred as follows: nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in 7.3% of patients; supraventricular tachycardia and sustained ventricular tachycardia in 1%; and atrial fibrillation in 0.5%. Nonsignificant arrhythmias occurred as follows: premature ventricular contractions in 48% of patients and bigeminy in 4.4%. Values for the wall-motion score index at rest greater than 1.12 and 1.18 were independently correlated with the occurrence of nonsignificant arrhythmias (odds ratio [OR] = 2.90, P < 0.001) and significant arrhythmias (OR = 4.23, P = 0.044), respectively. CONCLUSION: DSE should be considered a safe examination in patients with CD despite the known increased risk of arrhythmias in this group of patients. The occurrence of arrhythmias was low in this study. Abnormal wall-motion score index values at rest were associated with the occurrence of significant and nonsignificant arrhythmias during the test.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 134-142, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-988182

RESUMO

Background: The evaluation of the functional capacity of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) by means of the distance covered in the six-minute walk test (6MWT) has assumed great importance, since the 6MWD is a predictor of mortality and hospitalization in this population, however the determinants of better distance traveled in patients with HF are little explored, especially in the Brazilian population. Objective: To evaluate the determinants of 6MWD in patients with chronic HF. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 81 HF patients in outpatient treatment. 6MWD was used as the outcome variable and sociodemographic, clinical, physical-functional and emotional data were submitted to multiple regression analysis using the stepwise method with a significance level of 5%. Results: Mean age of participants was 56.71 years; the 6MWD showed a bivariate correlation with age (r = -0.27, p = 0.01), maximal inspiratory pressure (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), maximal expiratory pressure (r = 0.36, p < 0.01), handgrip strength (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), Borg scale (-0.22, p = 0.04), Charlson index (r = -0.25, p = 0.02) and modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale (r = -0.42, p < 0.01). In the multivariate analysis, the variables gender (p = 0.001), age (0.004), forced vital capacity (FVC) (p = 0.016) and mMRC (p = 0.001) simultaneously explained 37% of variance in the 6MWD. Conclusion: Higher levels of dyspnea on daily life activities, female sex, older age and lower forced vital capacity are determinants of a shorter 6MWD in patients with chronic HF


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Padrões de Referência , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Teste de Caminhada/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Doença de Chagas , Análise Ética
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 134-142, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989988

RESUMO

The evaluation of the functional capacity of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) by means of the distance covered in the six-minute walk test (6MWT) has assumed great importance, since the 6MWD is a predictor of mortality and hospitalization in this population, however the determinants of better distance traveled in patients with HF are little explored, especially in the Brazilian population. Objective: To evaluate the determinants of 6MWD in patients with chronic HF. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 81 HF patients in outpatient treatment. 6MWD was used as the outcome variable and sociodemographic, clinical, physical-functional and emotional data were submitted to multiple regression analysis using the stepwise method with a significance level of 5%. Results: Mean age of participants was 56.71 years; the 6MWD showed a bivariate correlation with age (r = -0.27, p = 0.01), maximal inspiratory pressure (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), maximal expiratory pressure (r = 0.36, p < 0.01), handgrip strength (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), Borg scale (-0.22, p = 0.04), Charlson index (r = -0.25, p = 0.02) and modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale (r = -0.42, p < 0.01). In the multivariate analysis, the variables gender (p = 0.001), age (0.004), forced vital capacity (FVC) (p = 0.016) and mMRC (p = 0.001) simultaneously explained 37% of variance in the 6MWD. Conclusion: Higher levels of dyspnea on daily life activities, female sex, older age and lower forced vital capacity are determinants of a shorter 6MWD in patients with chronic HF


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Padrões de Referência , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Teste de Caminhada/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Doença de Chagas , Análise Ética
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 55-60, jan.-fev. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-981607

RESUMO

Background: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism has been associated with different clinical and echocardiographic parameters in patients with heart failure (HF). However, no studies have been investigated such association with HF caused by Chagas disease. Objectives: To perform a genetic study to evaluate the frequency of ACE polymorphism in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease attending a university hospital in the central-west region and its association with echocardiographic findings. Methods: Descriptive study of ACE polymorphism (I/D) and echocardiographic data of 103 patients with HF caused by Chagas disease. Echocardiographic parameters were compared between the genotypes using the ANOVA test. Results: Genotypic distribution of the ACE polymorphism was 16.5% DD, 57.3% DI and 26.2% II. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of genotypes between men and women. The echocardiographic findings were: left ventricular ejection fraction: 43.8 ± 14.8 (DD) vs. 42.3 ± 11.6 (ID) vs. 44.9 ± 13.0 (II), p = 0.664; left ventricular diastolic diameter: 59.2 ± 9.7 (DD) vs. 60.3 ± 7.6 (ID) vs. 59.7 ± 78.1 (II), p = 0.879; left ventricular systolic diameter: 48.6 ± 12.8 (DD) vs. 50.6 ± 9.7 (ID) vs. 49.3 ± 11.9 (II), p = 0.753; and left atrial volume: 44.9 ± 10.1 (DD) vs. 40.9 ± 9.6 (ID) vs. 38.2 ± 7.8 (II), p = 0.068. Significant correlation coefficients were found for gender, age, ethnicity, heart rate and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: ACE polymorphism was not associated with echocardiographic findings in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Volume Sistólico , Angiotensinas , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Variância , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Doença de Chagas , Dislipidemias , Estudo Observacional , Genética
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 55-60, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-984521

RESUMO

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism has been associated with different clinical and echocardiographic parameters in patients with heart failure (HF). However, no studies have been investigated such association with HF caused by Chagas disease. Objectives: To perform a genetic study to evaluate the frequency of ACE polymorphism in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease attending a university hospital in the central-west region and its association with echocardiographic findings. Methods: Descriptive study of ACE polymorphism (I/D) and echocardiographic data of 103 patients with HF caused by Chagas disease. Echocardiographic parameters were compared between the genotypes using the ANOVA test. Results: Genotypic distribution of the ACE polymorphism was 16.5% DD, 57.3% DI and 26.2% II. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of genotypes between men and women. The echocardiographic findings were: left ventricular ejection fraction: 43.8 ± 14.8 (DD) vs. 42.3 ± 11.6 (ID) vs. 44.9 ± 13.0 (II), p = 0.664; left ventricular diastolic diameter: 59.2 ± 9.7 (DD) vs. 60.3 ± 7.6 (ID) vs. 59.7 ± 78.1 (II), p = 0.879; left ventricular systolic diameter: 48.6 ± 12.8 (DD) vs. 50.6 ± 9.7 (ID) vs. 49.3 ± 11.9 (II), p = 0.753; and left atrial volume: 44.9 ± 10.1 (DD) vs. 40.9 ± 9.6 (ID) vs. 38.2 ± 7.8 (II), p = 0.068. Significant correlation coefficients were found for gender, age, ethnicity, heart rate and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: ACE polymorphism was not associated with echocardiographic findings in patients with HF caused by Chagas disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Volume Sistólico , Angiotensinas , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Variância , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Doença de Chagas , Dislipidemias , Estudo Observacional , Genótipo
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
11.
J Interv Cardiol ; 31(4): 450-454, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29356080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the systematic chain of care for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) referred for primary angioplasty in a capital city in Midwestern Brazil. BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction is recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality and as a public health problem worldwide. Early specialized care is crucial for a good prognosis. METHODS: All STEMI patients receiving care through the public health system at two tertiary care centers from March 2012 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Symptom onset-to-balloon time and door-to-balloon time were analyzed and compared with current guideline recommendations. RESULTS: A total of 835 patients were included. Median symptom onset-to-balloon time was 32 h. A total of 783 (94%) patients had had symptoms for more than 12 h and 507 (61%) for more than 24 h. Only 51 (6%) patients arrived within 12 h of symptom onset and were treated with primary angioplasty. Among these patients, median door-to-balloon time was 37 min, in accordance with guideline recommendations. CONCLUSION: Treatment of STEMI through the public health system in a capital city in Midwestern Brazil falls short of the recommended guidelines due to failure in the initial links of the chain of care. This potentially reversible failure has an important impact on patient outcomes and on health care burden.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Reperfusão Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(3): 249-256, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29266804

RESUMO

AIMS: The SHIFT trial showed that ivabradine reduced heart rate (HR) and the risk of cardiovascular outcomes. Concerns remain over the efficacy and safety of ivabradine on heart failure (HF) due to Chagas disease (ChD). We therefore conducted a post hoc analysis of the SHIFT trial to investigate the effect of ivabradine in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: SHIFT was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in symptomatic systolic stable HF, HR ≥ 70 b.p.m., and in sinus rhythm. The ChD HF subgroup included 38 patients, 20 on ivabradine, and 18 on placebo. The ChD HF subgroup showed high prevalence of bundle branch right block and, compared with the overall SHIFT population, lower systolic blood pressure; higher use of diuretics, cardiac glycosides, and antialdosterone agents; and lower use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin II receptor blocker or target daily dose of beta-blocker. ChD HF presented a poor prognosis (all-cause mortality at 2 years was ~60%). The mean twice-daily dose of ivabradine was 6.26 ± 1.15 mg and placebo 6.43 ± 1.55 mg. Ivabradine reduced HR from 77.9 ± 3.8 to 62.3 ± 10.1 b.p.m. (P = 0.005) and improved functional class (P = 0.02). A trend towards reduction in all-cause death was observed in ivabradine arm vs. placebo (P = 0.07). Ivabradine was not associated with serious bradycardia, atrioventricular block, hypotension, or syncope. CONCLUSIONS: ChD HF is an advanced form of HF with poor prognosis. Ivabradine was effective in reducing HR in these patients and improving functional class. Although our results are based on a very limited sample and should be interpreted with caution, they suggest that ivabradine may have a favourable benefit-risk profile in ChD HF patients.

13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(4): 307-312, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene may contribute to the increase in blood pressure and consequently to the onset of heart failure (HF). The role of polymorphism is very controversial, and its identification in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease in the Brazilian population is required. OBJECTIVE: To determine ACE polymorphism in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease and patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction, and to evaluate the relationship of the ACE polymorphism with different clinical variables. METHODS: This was a comparative clinical study with 193 participants, 103 of them with HF secondary to Chagas disease and 90 with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction. All patients attended the outpatient department of the General Hospital of the Federal University of Goias general hospital. Alleles I and D of ACE polymorphism were identified by polymerase chain reaction of the respective intron 16 fragments in the ACE gene and visualized by electrophoresis. RESULTS: In the group of HF patients, 63% were male, whereas 53.6% of patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction were female (p = 0,001). The time from diagnosis varied from 1 to 50 years. Distribution of DD, ID and II genotypes was similar between the two groups, without statistical significance (p = 0,692). There was no difference in clinical characteristics or I/D genotypes between the groups. Age was significantly different between the groups (p = 0,001), and mean age of patients with HF was 62.5 years. CONCLUSION: No differences were observed in the distribution of (Insertion/Deletion) genotype frequencies of ACE polymorphism between the studied groups. The use of this genetic biomarker was not useful in detecting a possible relationship between ACE polymorphism and clinical manifestations in HF secondary to Chagas disease.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Idoso , Alelos , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 307-312, Oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887945

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Changes in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene may contribute to the increase in blood pressure and consequently to the onset of heart failure (HF). The role of polymorphism is very controversial, and its identification in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease in the Brazilian population is required. Objective: To determine ACE polymorphism in patients with HF secondary to Chagas disease and patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction, and to evaluate the relationship of the ACE polymorphism with different clinical variables. Methods: This was a comparative clinical study with 193 participants, 103 of them with HF secondary to Chagas disease and 90 with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction. All patients attended the outpatient department of the General Hospital of the Federal University of Goias general hospital. Alleles I and D of ACE polymorphism were identified by polymerase chain reaction of the respective intron 16 fragments in the ACE gene and visualized by electrophoresis. Results: In the group of HF patients, 63% were male, whereas 53.6% of patients with Chagas disease without systolic dysfunction were female (p = 0,001). The time from diagnosis varied from 1 to 50 years. Distribution of DD, ID and II genotypes was similar between the two groups, without statistical significance (p = 0,692). There was no difference in clinical characteristics or I/D genotypes between the groups. Age was significantly different between the groups (p = 0,001), and mean age of patients with HF was 62.5 years. Conclusion: No differences were observed in the distribution of (Insertion/Deletion) genotype frequencies of ACE polymorphism between the studied groups. The use of this genetic biomarker was not useful in detecting a possible relationship between ACE polymorphism and clinical manifestations in HF secondary to Chagas disease.


Resumo Fundamento: Alterações no gene da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina (ECA) podem contribuir para o aumento da pressão arterial e consequentemente para o surgimento de insuficiência cardíaca (IC). O papel do polimorfismo ainda é bastante controverso, sendo necessária sua identificação em pacientes com IC de etiologia chagásica na população brasileira. Objetivo: Determinar o polimorfismo da ECA em portadores de IC com etiologia chagásica e pacientes com doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica, e avaliar a relação do polimorfismo ECA com diferentes variáveis clínicas. Métodos: Trata-se um estudo clínico comparativo com 193 participantes, destes, 103 com IC de etiologia chagásica e 90 pacientes com doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica, todos em atendimento ambulatorial no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás. Os alelos D e I do polimorfismo da ECA foram identificados por reação em cadeia da polimerase dos respectivos fragmentos provenientes do íntron 16 no gene da ECA e visualizados em eletroforese. Resultados: Dos portadores de IC, 63 % eram do gênero masculino, enquanto nos portadores de doença de Chagas sem disfunção sistólica 53,6% eram do gênero feminino (p = 0,001). O tempo de diagnóstico variou de 1 a 50 anos. A distribuição dos genótipos DD, DI e II foi semelhante entre os dois grupos, não apresentando significância estatística (p = 0,692). Nenhuma interação foi observada em relação às características clínicas e os genótipos D/I entre os grupos. A idade foi significativamente diferente entre os grupos (p = 0,001), e a média de idade dos pacientes com IC foi de 62,5 anos. Conclusão: Não foram observadas diferenças na distribuição das frequências dos genótipos (Deleção/Inserção) do polimorfismo ECA entre os grupos estudados. A utilização deste biomarcador genético não se mostrou útil na tentativa de se conhecer a existência da relação do polimorfismo ECA e as manifestações clínicas da IC de etiologia chagásica.

15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 108(3): 246-254, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28443956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors are extensively studied in heart failure; however, their role in severe Chagasic heart failure have not been established. OBJECTIVES: To identify the association of clinical and laboratory factors with the prognosis of severe Chagasic heart failure, as well as the association of these factors with mortality and survival in a 7.5-year follow-up. METHODS: 60 patients with severe Chagasic heart failure were evaluated regarding the following variables: age, blood pressure, ejection fraction, serum sodium, creatinine, 6-minute walk test, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, QRS width, indexed left atrial volume, and functional class. RESULTS: 53 (88.3%) patients died during follow-up, and 7 (11.7%) remained alive. Cumulative overall survival probability was approximately 11%. Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (HR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.04 - 4.31; p<0.05) and indexed left atrial volume ≥ 72 mL/m2 (HR = 3.51; 95% CI: 1.63 - 7.52; p<0.05) were the only variables that remained as independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia on Holter and indexed left atrial volume > 72 mL/m2 are independent predictors of mortality in severe Chagasic heart failure, with cumulative survival probability of only 11% in 7.5 years.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Volume Cardíaco/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Creatinina/sangue , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sódio/sangue , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/mortalidade , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Teste de Caminhada
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(3): 246-254, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-838703

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Prognostic factors are extensively studied in heart failure; however, their role in severe Chagasic heart failure have not been established. Objectives: To identify the association of clinical and laboratory factors with the prognosis of severe Chagasic heart failure, as well as the association of these factors with mortality and survival in a 7.5-year follow-up. Methods: 60 patients with severe Chagasic heart failure were evaluated regarding the following variables: age, blood pressure, ejection fraction, serum sodium, creatinine, 6-minute walk test, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, QRS width, indexed left atrial volume, and functional class. Results: 53 (88.3%) patients died during follow-up, and 7 (11.7%) remained alive. Cumulative overall survival probability was approximately 11%. Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (HR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.04 - 4.31; p<0.05) and indexed left atrial volume ≥ 72 mL/m2 (HR = 3.51; 95% CI: 1.63 - 7.52; p<0.05) were the only variables that remained as independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: The presence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia on Holter and indexed left atrial volume > 72 mL/m2 are independent predictors of mortality in severe Chagasic heart failure, with cumulative survival probability of only 11% in 7.5 years.


Resumo Fundamento: Fatores prognósticos são bastante estudados na insuficiência cardíaca (IC), mas ainda não possuem um papel estabelecido na IC grave de etiologia chagásica. Objetivo: Identificar a associação de fatores clínicos e laboratoriais com o prognóstico da IC grave de etiologia chagásica, bem como a associação desses fatores com a taxa de mortalidade e a sobrevida em um seguimento de 7,5 anos. Métodos: 60 pacientes portadores de IC grave de etiologia chagásica foram avaliados com relação às seguintes variáveis: idade, pressão arterial, fração de ejeção, sódio plasmático, creatinina, teste de caminhada de 6 minutos, taquicardia ventricular não sustentada, largura do QRS, volume do átrio esquerdo indexado e classe funcional. Resultados: 53 (88,3%) pacientes foram a óbito durante o período de seguimento e 7 (11,7%) permaneceram vivos. A probabilidade de sobrevida geral acumulada foi de aproximadamente 11%. Taquicardia ventricular não sustentada (HR = 2,11; IC 95%: 1,04 - 4,31; p<0,05) e volume do átrio esquerdo indexado ≥ 72 ml/m2 (HR = 3,51; IC 95%: 1,63 - 7,52; p<0,05) foram as únicas variáveis que permaneceram como preditores independentes de mortalidade. Conclusão: A presença de taquicardia ventricular não sustentada ao Holter e o volume do átrio esquerdo indexado > 72 ml/m2 são preditores independentes de mortalidade na IC chagásica grave, com probabilidade de sobrevida acumulada de apenas 11% em 7,5 anos.

18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 122-128, Feb. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-838692

RESUMO

Abstract Background: A few decades ago, patients with Chagas disease were predominantly rural workers, with a low risk profile for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). As urbanization has increased, they became exposed to the same risk factors for CAD of uninfected individuals. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has proven to be an important tool in CAD diagnosis. Despite being a potentially arrhythmogenic method, it is safe for coronary patients without Chagas disease. For Chagas disease patients, however, the indication of DSE in clinical practice is uncertain, because of the arrhythmogenic potential of that heart disease. Objectives: To assess DSE safety in Chagas disease patients with clinical suspicion of CAD, as well as the incidence of arrhythmias and adverse events during the exam. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a database of patients referred for DSE from May/2012 to February/2015. This study assessed 205 consecutive patients with Chagas disease suspected of having CAD. All of them had their serology for Chagas disease confirmed. Results: Their mean age was 64±10 years and most patients were females (65.4%). No patient had significant adverse events, such as acute myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, asystole, stroke, cardiac rupture and death. Regarding arrhythmias, ventricular extrasystoles occurred in 48% of patients, and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia in 7.3%. Conclusion: DSE proved to be safe in this population of Chagas disease patients, in which no potentially life-threatening outcome was found.


Resumo Fundamento: Até poucas décadas atrás, os pacientes chagásicos eram predominantemente trabalhadores rurais, com baixo perfil de risco para doença obstrutiva coronária. Com a crescente urbanização, passaram a ter os mesmos fatores de risco para doença aterosclerótica que indivíduos não infectados. O ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina (EED) é uma importante ferramenta no diagnóstico de coronariopatia. É referido, porém, como um método potencialmente arritmogênico, mas seguro, em pacientes coronarianos não chagásicos. Entretanto, há insegurança na prática clínica de indicá-lo no paciente chagásico, devido ao potencial arritmogênico já intrínseco nesta cardiopatia. Objetivos: Analisar a segurança do EED em uma população de chagásicos com suspeita clínica de coronariopatia. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de um banco de dados de pacientes encaminhados para a realização do EED entre maio/2012 e fevereiro/2015. Avaliou-se pacientes consecutivos portadores de doença de Chagas e com suspeita de coronariopatia. Confirmou-se a sorologia para doença de Chagas em todos os pacientes. Resultados: A média etária dos 205 pacientes analisados foi de 64 ± 10 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (65,4%). Nenhum paciente apresentou eventos adversos significativos, como infarto agudo do miocárdio, fibrilação ventricular, assistolia, acidente vascular encefálico, ruptura cardíaca ou morte. Quanto às arritmias, extrassístoles ventriculares frequentes ocorreram em 48% dos pacientes, taquicardia ventricular não sustentada em 7,3%, bigeminismo em 4,4%, taquicardia supraventricular e taquicardia ventricular sustentada em 1% e fibrilação atrial em 0,5%. Conclusão: O EED mostrou ser um exame seguro nessa população de pacientes chagásicos, onde nenhum desfecho grave foi encontrado.

19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 108(2): 122-128, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099588

RESUMO

Background:: A few decades ago, patients with Chagas disease were predominantly rural workers, with a low risk profile for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). As urbanization has increased, they became exposed to the same risk factors for CAD of uninfected individuals. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has proven to be an important tool in CAD diagnosis. Despite being a potentially arrhythmogenic method, it is safe for coronary patients without Chagas disease. For Chagas disease patients, however, the indication of DSE in clinical practice is uncertain, because of the arrhythmogenic potential of that heart disease. Objectives:: To assess DSE safety in Chagas disease patients with clinical suspicion of CAD, as well as the incidence of arrhythmias and adverse events during the exam. Methods:: Retrospective analysis of a database of patients referred for DSE from May/2012 to February/2015. This study assessed 205 consecutive patients with Chagas disease suspected of having CAD. All of them had their serology for Chagas disease confirmed. Results:: Their mean age was 64±10 years and most patients were females (65.4%). No patient had significant adverse events, such as acute myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, asystole, stroke, cardiac rupture and death. Regarding arrhythmias, ventricular extrasystoles occurred in 48% of patients, and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia in 7.3%. Conclusion:: DSE proved to be safe in this population of Chagas disease patients, in which no potentially life-threatening outcome was found. Fundamento:: Até poucas décadas atrás, os pacientes chagásicos eram predominantemente trabalhadores rurais, com baixo perfil de risco para doença obstrutiva coronária. Com a crescente urbanização, passaram a ter os mesmos fatores de risco para doença aterosclerótica que indivíduos não infectados. O ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina (EED) é uma importante ferramenta no diagnóstico de coronariopatia. É referido, porém, como um método potencialmente arritmogênico, mas seguro, em pacientes coronarianos não chagásicos. Entretanto, há insegurança na prática clínica de indicá-lo no paciente chagásico, devido ao potencial arritmogênico já intrínseco nesta cardiopatia. Objetivos:: Analisar a segurança do EED em uma população de chagásicos com suspeita clínica de coronariopatia. Métodos:: Análise retrospectiva de um banco de dados de pacientes encaminhados para a realização do EED entre maio/2012 e fevereiro/2015. Avaliou-se pacientes consecutivos portadores de doença de Chagas e com suspeita de coronariopatia. Confirmou-se a sorologia para doença de Chagas em todos os pacientes. Resultados:: A média etária dos 205 pacientes analisados foi de 64 ± 10 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (65,4%). Nenhum paciente apresentou eventos adversos significativos, como infarto agudo do miocárdio, fibrilação ventricular, assistolia, acidente vascular encefálico, ruptura cardíaca ou morte. Quanto às arritmias, extrassístoles ventriculares frequentes ocorreram em 48% dos pacientes, taquicardia ventricular não sustentada em 7,3%, bigeminismo em 4,4%, taquicardia supraventricular e taquicardia ventricular sustentada em 1% e fibrilação atrial em 0,5%. Conclusão:: O EED mostrou ser um exame seguro nessa população de pacientes chagásicos, onde nenhum desfecho grave foi encontrado.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia
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