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1.
Ind Psychiatry J ; 30(Suppl 1): S52-S55, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lockdown was implemented to restrict the transmission of COVID-19. This brought upon many unforeseen hurdles, including mental health problems. AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the impact of lockdown on mental health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using Google Form, which the participants were requested to complete online. The questionnaire included sociodemographic information and general health questionnaire (GHQ)-12, which was used to screen for mental health. RESULTS: A total of 343 participants took part in the study in which 113 participants (32.9%) were having GHQ score of less than or equal to 12. The study showed that people aged less than 41 years were able to concentrate more during lockdown (75.6%) as compared to people aged more than 41 years (65%). Younger participants who were less than 41 years reported sleep disorders associated with late-night entertainment and TV viewing (24.5%). Many experienced stress during lockdown, but it was more in people over 60 years (63.7%). CONCLUSIONS: An appreciable proportion of the participants faced stress during lockdown. Elderly people were more affected. Sleeping disorders were associated with late-night entertainment and TV viewing in younger people.

2.
Indian J Public Health ; 65(3): 256-260, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a public health concern currently demanding continuous efforts to understand its epidemiology. Pimpri-Chinchwad township with a population of over 25 lakhs is located in Maharashtra, one of the worst affected states in India. After the incidence peaked in the township in mid-September 2020, cases started declining even as lockdown restrictions were eased. OBJECTIVES: A seroprevalence study was conducted to understand the transmission dynamics of the pandemic in this region. METHODS: We carried out a population-based seroprevalence study for IgG antibodies for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) among 5000 residents 12 years and above selected by the cluster random sampling. We selected 50 clusters in slums, 80 clusters in tenements, and 70 clusters from housing societies. The field work for collection of samples was carried out from October 07 to October 17, 2020. We used kit from Abbott (SARS-CoV-2 IgG), which employs chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay technology. The prevalence of IgG antibodies was expressed as point estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). These were weighted for areas and cluster effect and further adjusted for test performance. RESULTS: The overall seropositivity for IgG was 34.04% (95% CIl 31.3%-36.8%). Slum dwellers had 40.9% positivity rate (95% CI 37.0%-44.7%), those in tenements 41.2% (95% CI 37.7%-44.8%) and people living in housing societies had 29.8% positivity (95% CI 25.8%-33.8%). CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of population had encountered the novel coronavirus approaching partial, if not complete, herd immunity, which may partly explain the declining trend in spite of easing of lockdown restrictions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Imunidade Coletiva , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Índia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 1(1): 20-6, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24478995

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The biggest challenge in implementing the primary health care principles is of equitable distribution of health care to all. The rural masses and urban slum dwellers are most vulnerable to lack of access to health care. AIM: To study access to health services among slum dwellers and rural population. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey in an urban slum and surrounding rural areas in field practice area of a medical college. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured instrument along with qualitative techniques such as focus group discussions, were used to collect information on access and utilization of health services from 865 individuals of both sexes and all ages selected from urban slums, villages, and indoor and outdoor patients. Access to basic determinants of good health such as housing, water, and sanitation was also elicited. Besides, health needs based on self-reported disease conditions were compiled. RESULTS: More than 50% of respondents were living in poor housing and insanitary conditions. Besides the burden of communicable diseases and malnutrition (especially in children), risk of lifestyle diseases as evidenced by high Body mass index in 25% of adults surveyed was found. Private medical practitioners were more accessible than government facilities. More than 60% sought treatment from private medical facilities for their own ailments (for sickness in children this proportion was 74%). People who visited government facilities were more dissatisfied with the services (30.88%) than those who visited private facilities (18.31%). This difference was significant (OR=1.99, 95% confidence interval 1.40 to 2.88; χ(2) =15.95, df=1, P=0.007). The main barriers to health care identified were waiting time long, affordability, poor quality of care, distance, and attitude of health workers. CONCLUSION: The underprivileged in India continue to have poor access to basic determinants of good health as well as to curative services from government sources during illness.

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