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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 72(1 Pt 2): 016406, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16090098


An experimental determination of particle charge in a bulk dc discharge plasma covering a wide range of neutral gas pressures, was recently reported [S. Ratynskaia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 085001 (2004)]. The charges obtained were several times smaller than the predictions of collisionless orbital motion limited theory. This discrepancy was attributed to the effect of ion-neutral collisions. In the present paper a more detailed description of this experiment is provided and additional experimental results obtained with particles of different sizes are reported. The measurements are compared with molecular dynamics simulations of particle charging for conditions similar to those of the experiment, with other available experimental data on particle charge in the bulk of gas discharges, and with a simple analytical model accounting for ion-neutral collisions. All the considered evidence indicates that ion-neutral collisions represent a very important factor, which significantly affects (reduces) the particle charge under typical discharge conditions.

Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 65(6 Pt 2): 066403, 2002 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12188831


Electrostatic probe measurements of low frequency plasma fluctuations and anomalous particle and energy flux densities in a magnetized plasma are presented. A method allowing the simultaneous recording of instantaneous electric field, electron density, and temperature is invoked. The method is applied to flux density measurements in a weakly ionized, low beta plasma created in a toroidal device without magnetic rotational transform. It is also used to identify modes belonging to different dispersion branches and to obtain the dispersion relations for these modes. For the plasma states studied, the phase velocities and the cross phase between the electron density and electric field agree with those predicted from a local, linear stability analysis for electrostatic flute modes and drift waves. The instability threshold, however, is one order of magnitude higher than predicted by theory for unsheared flow. The fluxes measured are consistent with the estimated ionization rate.