Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 32
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different shaping protocols on the root canal geometry and remaining dentin thickness of mandibular premolars with radicular grooves (RG) and two canals by means of micro-CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mandibular premolars with RG and two canals were matched based on their similar morphological dimensions and assigned to 2 experimental groups according to the canal preparation (n=8): XP-endo Shaper (XPS) and ProTaper Next (PTN) systems. Before and after preparation, morphometric measurements of the volume, surface area, structure model index, area, perimeter, roundness, major and minor diameters, as well as untouched canal walls, canal transportation, and dentin wall thickness were evaluated. Data were statistically compared within and between groups using the independent sample t test (α=5%). RESULTS: XPS revealed less changes in volume, surface area, area, perimeter, and major and minor diameters (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in structure model index (SMI), roundness, and percentage of untouched canal walls between groups (P>0.05). XPS resulted in less apical canal transportation and a higher remaining dentin thickness toward the RG compared to PTN in lingual canals (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: XPS revealed fewer changes in root canal geometry as well as lower transportation and a greater remaining dentin thickness in the lingual canals toward the RG compared to PTN. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Internal and external anatomical characteristics of mandibular premolars might have an influence on biomechanical preparation. Considering the risk of perforation, the canal preparation using XPS appears to be more conservative compared to PTN.

2.
Microsc Res Tech ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351220

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of chitosan, zirconium oxide, and hydroxyapatite on the apatite-like forming ability, porosity, and bond-strength of calcium-aluminate cements (C). Three hundred bovine root-slices were assigned to one of five groups, according to the material: MTA, C, C + chitosan (Cchi), C + zirconium oxide (Czio), and C + hydroxyapatite (Chap), and within each group, two subgroups, according to the immersion: deionized water or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) up to 14 days. Assessments (n = 10) of apatite-like forming ability were performed using scanning-electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction. PBS was evaluated for pH and Ca2+ release (n = 10). Bond-strength was analyzed by push-out test (n = 10) and porosity by micro-CT (n = 10). Chemical and push-out data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α = .05). Porosity data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and SNK tests (α = .05). Similar Ca/P ratios were observed between all groups (p > .05). The pH of MTA and Cchi were higher than that of other cements at d 3 and 6 (p < .05). Cchi had a higher release of Ca2+ up to 6 days (p < .05). All cements had lower porosity after PBS (p < .05). Cchi and Chap had similar porosity reduction (p > .05), and were higher than MTA, C, and Czio (p < .05). Cchi had higher bond-strength than the other groups (p < .05). PBS samples had higher bond-strength (p < .05). All cements had hydroxyapatite deposition and the chitosan blend had the lowest porosity and the highest bond-strength.

3.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249663

RESUMO

This study evaluated the syringe/needle (SN), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) and XP-endo Finisher (XP) in the removal of Ca(OH)2 -based paste and the bond strength (BS) values of an epoxy resin (AH Plus) and silicate (MTA)-based sealers to root dentin. Eighty lower premolars were assigned: control group (CT), SN, PUI and XP, and subdivided according to the sealer (n = 10) for BS. SN has the lowest removal followed by PUI and XP. AH Plus had higher BS for CT compared with SN in all root thirds. CT and XP presented similar BS in the apical and middle thirds and higher than SN and PUI. For MTA, similar BS was observed in the cervical and apical thirds, and in the middle third, CT, PUI and XP presented similar values and higher than SN. PUI and XP methods presented higher efficiency in the Ca(OH)2 removal, and the residual Ca(OH)2 provides a reduction in BS of the AH Plus.

4.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 611-616, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237232

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial potential of a calcium silicate-based sealer (Bio-C Sealer, Angelus) against common bacteria in primary and secondary endodontic infections. Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans were exposed to fresh Bio-C Sealer for 24 h by the agar diffusion method (n=5). Additionally, the antibacterial activity was investigated against E. faecalis and S. mutans biofilms (48 h old) grown in discs with 4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in height. (n=3) of set discs of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus), EndoFill (Dentsply-Mallefer), Sealer 26 (Dentsply), AH Plus (Dentsply), Sealapex (Sybron-Endo) and EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by colony forming unity (CFU) counting using ImageJ software. Data were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Holm-Sidak test (a=5%). Fresh Bio-C Sealer exhibited antimicrobial activity against all bacteria evaluated by agar diffusion method, except for S. mutans. Set discs of all endodontic sealers tested showed similar CFU values for E. faecalis (p>0.05). S. mutans in biofilms showed higher susceptibility to EndoFill compared with the other sealers (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicate that fresh Bio-C Sealer does not inhibit S. mutans growth, but exhibits antibacterial activity against E. faecalis, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and E. coli. After setting, the Bio-C Sealer exhibits an antimicrobial potential comparable to that of the other sealers evaluated in E. faecalis biofilm, but lower than that of EndoFill for S. mutans biofilm.


Assuntos
Resinas Epóxi , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio , Enterococcus faecalis , Escherichia coli , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 611-616, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132345

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial potential of a calcium silicate-based sealer (Bio-C Sealer, Angelus) against common bacteria in primary and secondary endodontic infections. Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans were exposed to fresh Bio-C Sealer for 24 h by the agar diffusion method (n=5). Additionally, the antibacterial activity was investigated against E. faecalis and S. mutans biofilms (48 h old) grown in discs with 4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in height. (n=3) of set discs of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus), EndoFill (Dentsply-Mallefer), Sealer 26 (Dentsply), AH Plus (Dentsply), Sealapex (Sybron-Endo) and EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by colony forming unity (CFU) counting using ImageJ software. Data were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Holm-Sidak test (a=5%). Fresh Bio-C Sealer exhibited antimicrobial activity against all bacteria evaluated by agar diffusion method, except for S. mutans. Set discs of all endodontic sealers tested showed similar CFU values for E. faecalis (p>0.05). S. mutans in biofilms showed higher susceptibility to EndoFill compared with the other sealers (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicate that fresh Bio-C Sealer does not inhibit S. mutans growth, but exhibits antibacterial activity against E. faecalis, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and E. coli. After setting, the Bio-C Sealer exhibits an antimicrobial potential comparable to that of the other sealers evaluated in E. faecalis biofilm, but lower than that of EndoFill for S. mutans biofilm.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o potencial antibacteriano do novo cimento biocerâmico (Bio-C Sealer, Angelus) contra bactérias comuns em infecções endodônticas primárias e secundárias. Culturas de Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus e Streptococcus mutans foram expostos a amostras frescas do Bio-C sealer durante 24 h pelo método de difusão em agar (n=5). A atividade antibacteriana de amostras dos cimentos Bio-C Sealer (Angelus), EndoFill (Dentsply-Mallefer), Sealer 26 (Dentsply), AH Plus (Dentsply), Sealapex (Sybron-Endo) e EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler) após a presa também foi investigada em biofilmes de 48 h das bactérias E. faecalis e S. mutans, crescidos em discos com 4 mm de diâmetro e 2 mm de altura. A atividade antibacteriana foi avaliada por contagem das unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) utilizando o software ImageJ. Os dados foram comparados por ANOVA a um critério seguido pelo pós-teste Holm-Sidak (a=5%). Amostras frescas do Bio-C Sealer exibiram atividade antimicrobiana contra todas as bactérias avaliadas pelo método de difusão em ágar, exceto para S. mutans. A análise da formação de biofilme mostrou que todos os cimentos endodônticos testados apresentaram valores similares de UFC para E. faecalis (p> 0,05), enquanto biofilmes de S. mutans foram mais suscetíveis ao EndoFill em comparação com os demais cimentos (p<0,05). Conclui-se que o cimento Bio-C Sealer fresco exibe atividade antibacteriana para E. faecalis, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa e E. coli, mas não inibe o crescimento de S. mutans. Após a presa, o cimento Bio-C Sealer exibe potencial antimicrobiano similar ao dos demais cimentos avaliados em biofilme de E. faecalis, mas inferior ao do EndoFill para S. mutans.

6.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 555-562, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515428

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid (CA), and 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) activated with a rotary microbrush (CanalBrush) on root dentin microhardness, roughness, and epoxy-based sealer bond strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty single-rooted bovine incisors were instrumented and divided into 8 groups according to treatment: 1. 17% EDTA; 2. 17% EDTA+2% CHX; 3. 10% CA; 4. 10% CA+2% CHX; 5. 17% EDTA with CanalBrush; 6. 17% EDTA+2% CHX with CanalBrush; 7. 10% CA with CanalBrush; and 8. 10% CA+2% CHX with CanalBrush. Ten roots in each group were split into halves and submitted to microhardness and roughness analyses (n = 10). Following endodontic filling with AH Plus sealer, 10 roots in each group underwent push-out bond strength testing (n = 10). Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: All groups had similar microhardness values (p > 0.05) which was higher in the apical third than in the middle and cervical thirds (p < 0.05). The CanalBrush groups had higher roughness than the no-activation groups (p < 0.05), with significantly higher roughness in the cervical third than in the apical third (p < 0.05). All groups exhibited similar bond strength (p > 0.05), with the cervical third being higher, followed by the middle and apical thirds (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Microbrush activation had a direct impact on dentin roughness and did not influence the dentin microhardness or the retention of epoxy-based sealer to the root canal.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Animais , Bovinos , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina , Ácido Edético , Teste de Materiais , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular
7.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e44, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846387

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of proanthocyanidin (PA) and chlorhexidine (CHX) on the bond strength (BS), failure pattern, and resin-dentin interface morphology of the endodontic sealers EndoREZ and AH Plus after 24 h and 6 months of water storage. A total of 120 prepared bovine roots were divided into six groups: AH Plus, CHX+AH Plus, PA+AH Plus, EndoREZ, CHX+EndoREZ, and PA+EndoREZ. Dentin was treated for 1 or 5 min with 2% CHX or 15% PA, respectively. Roots were filled and stored in water for 24 h or 6 months (n = 10). Root slices were subjected to push-out test and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were compared using two-way ANOVA and student's t-test (α = 5%). BS decreased over time for AH Plus and untreated EndoREZ (p < 0.05). At 24 h, AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ (p < 0.001), with no differences among treatments for both sealers (p > 0.05). At 6 months, EndoREZ had higher BS values for CHX and PA than control (p < 0.05). AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ (p < 0.001), while with CHX or PA, similar BS was observed in both sealers (p > 0.05). Cohesive and mixed failures were observed in all groups. SEM revealed sealer tags in the root dentin. In conclusion, BS decreased with time and AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ in untreated dentin; however, CHX or PA enhanced long-term BS of EndoREZ. Overall, dentin treatment affected failure pattern and resin-dentin interface morphology, particularly for EndoREZ.


Assuntos
Clorexidina/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Animais , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Resistência à Tração
8.
Microsc Res Tech ; 81(2): 191-197, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29083081

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 24% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) gel and 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) in dentin permeability and smear layer removal from root canals instrumented with NiTi rotary system using histochemical staining and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Overall, 43 premolars were classified into two experimental groups, EDTA (n = 20) and CHX (n = 20), and a negative control (NC) (n = 3). All specimens were instrumented and the irrigant solutions were used after each file change. The EDTA group received a final rinse with 5-ml 1% NaOCl followed by a 5-ml 0.9% saline solution; the CHX group received a final rinse with 10-ml 0.9% saline solution; and the negative control group received a final rinse with only 0.9% saline solution. Fifteen teeth from each group were prepared for histochemical staining and evaluation of dentin permeability using the image-scanning software Axion Vision (v.4.8.2). Five remaining teeth were prepared for analysis using SEM for morphological analysis. The study found that 24% EDTA gel increased the permeability of dentin in all thirds evaluated and also demonstrated an increased cleaning ability, with dentinal walls free of smear layer and open dentinal tubules, as compared to 2% CHX gel. It was concluded that EDTA was efficient in cleaning the dentinal tubules and increased dentin permeability.


Assuntos
Clorexidina/farmacologia , Permeabilidade da Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Géis/farmacologia , Humanos , Microscopia/métodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/métodos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e44, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-889491

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of proanthocyanidin (PA) and chlorhexidine (CHX) on the bond strength (BS), failure pattern, and resin-dentin interface morphology of the endodontic sealers EndoREZ and AH Plus after 24 h and 6 months of water storage. A total of 120 prepared bovine roots were divided into six groups: AH Plus, CHX+AH Plus, PA+AH Plus, EndoREZ, CHX+EndoREZ, and PA+EndoREZ. Dentin was treated for 1 or 5 min with 2% CHX or 15% PA, respectively. Roots were filled and stored in water for 24 h or 6 months (n = 10). Root slices were subjected to push-out test and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were compared using two-way ANOVA and student's t-test (α = 5%). BS decreased over time for AH Plus and untreated EndoREZ (p < 0.05). At 24 h, AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ (p < 0.001), with no differences among treatments for both sealers (p > 0.05). At 6 months, EndoREZ had higher BS values for CHX and PA than control (p < 0.05). AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ (p < 0.001), while with CHX or PA, similar BS was observed in both sealers (p > 0.05). Cohesive and mixed failures were observed in all groups. SEM revealed sealer tags in the root dentin. In conclusion, BS decreased with time and AH Plus had higher BS than EndoREZ in untreated dentin; however, CHX or PA enhanced long-term BS of EndoREZ. Overall, dentin treatment affected failure pattern and resin-dentin interface morphology, particularly for EndoREZ.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Resistência à Tração
10.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 125(5): 403-409, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28833579

RESUMO

The use of matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) inhibitors, such as 12-methacryloyloxy-dodecyl-pyridinium-bromide (MDPB), might improve the adhesion of glass-fiber (GF) and polyfiber (PF) posts to root dentine. This study assessed the effect of an MDPB-containing adhesive on the long-term bond strength of GF or PF posts to bovine dentine. Bovine endodontically treated roots were randomly divided into six groups, according to the post type and adhesive system used, as follows: GF serrated post + MDBP-free adhesive; GF serrated post + MDPB-containing adhesive; GF smooth post + MDBP-free adhesive; GF smooth post + MDPB-containing adhesive; PF post + MDBP-free adhesive; PF post + MDPB-containing adhesive. Specimens were stored in water for 6 months, thermocycled (500 cycles wk-1 ), and submitted to the pull-out test and failure pattern analysis. The cement-dentin interface was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The pull-out data were analyzed using anova and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). No significant interaction between the type of post and the adhesive system was found. Polyfiber posts showed lower bond strength than GF posts, whether serrated or smooth, and the bond strength of the serrated and smooth GF posts was not significantly different. Adhesive failures were predominant in all groups. The type of retainer influenced the bond strength, and MDPB-containing adhesive did not improve the long-term bond strength of posts to dentine.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Compostos de Piridínio/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Animais , Bovinos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Braz Dent J ; 27(4): 424-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27652705

RESUMO

Root canal irrigants are used to minimize the negative effects of smear layer on endodontic sealer retention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of agitation of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with ultrasonic, 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser on the retention of an epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls. Forty single-rooted bovine teeth were instrumented with ProTaper rotary system and divided into four groups according to the final irrigation protocol (n = 10): (1) 17% EDTA (control); (2) 17% EDTA with 50-s ultrasonic agitation; (3) 17% EDTA with 50-s diode laser (2-W) agitation; and (4) 17% EDTA with 50-s Nd:YAG (1.5-W) laser agitation. After endodontic filling with gutta-percha F5 master cone and Sealer 26, the roots were sectioned at the cervical, middle, and apical root thirds to obtain 1.5-mm slices. Push-out tests were performed using a universal testing machine at a 1 mm/min crosshead speed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). Apical root thirds had significant higher retention values than cervical and middle thirds (p < 0.05). EDTA with 1064-nm Nd:YAG or 980-nm diode laser presented the highest retention values and was significantly different from EDTA with ultrasonic agitation and EDTA only (p < 0.05). Adhesive failures were predominant to EDTA only group. Mixed failures were predominant to all agitation groups. 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser EDTA agitation enhanced the retention of the epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls compared with that due to EDTA only or EDTA with ultrasonic agitation.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Ácido Edético/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Lasers , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Humanos
12.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 34(10): 460-466, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27564314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laser irradiation on flexural strength, elastic modulus, and surface roughness and morphology of glass fiber posts (GFPs). BACKGROUND DATA: Laser treatment of GFPs has been introduced to improve its adhesion properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 GFPs were divided into 4 groups according to the irradiation protocol: GC-no irradiation, GYAG-irradiation with erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet [Er:YAG], GCR-irradiation with erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG), and GDI-irradiation with diode laser. The GFP roughness and morphology were evaluated through laser confocal microscopy before and after surface treatment. Three-point bending flexural test measured flexural strength and elastic modulus. Data about elastic modulus and flexural strength were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni test (p < 0.05). The effect of roughness was evaluated using the linear mixed effects model and Bonferroni test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Laser treatment changed surface roughness in the groups GCR (p = 0.000) and GDI (p = 0.007). The mean flexural strength in GYAG (995.22 MPa) was similar to that in GC (980.48 MPa) (p = 1.000) but different from that in GCR (746.83 MPa) and that in GDI (691.34 MPa) (p = 0.000). No difference was found between the groups GCR and GDI (p = 0.86). For elastic modulus: GYAG (24.47 GPa) was similar to GC (25.92 GPa) (p = 1.000) but different from GCR (19.88 GPa) (p = 0.002) and GDI (17.20 GPa) (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: The different types of lasers, especially Er,Cr:YSGG and 980 ηm diode, influenced the mechanical properties of GFPs.


Assuntos
Vidro/efeitos da radiação , Lasers , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 424-429, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-794623

RESUMO

Abstract Root canal irrigants are used to minimize the negative effects of smear layer on endodontic sealer retention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of agitation of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with ultrasonic, 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser on the retention of an epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls. Forty single-rooted bovine teeth were instrumented with ProTaper rotary system and divided into four groups according to the final irrigation protocol (n = 10): (1) 17% EDTA (control); (2) 17% EDTA with 50-s ultrasonic agitation; (3) 17% EDTA with 50-s diode laser (2-W) agitation; and (4) 17% EDTA with 50-s Nd:YAG (1.5-W) laser agitation. After endodontic filling with gutta-percha F5 master cone and Sealer 26, the roots were sectioned at the cervical, middle, and apical root thirds to obtain 1.5-mm slices. Push-out tests were performed using a universal testing machine at a 1 mm/min crosshead speed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). Apical root thirds had significant higher retention values than cervical and middle thirds (p < 0.05). EDTA with 1064-nm Nd:YAG or 980-nm diode laser presented the highest retention values and was significantly different from EDTA with ultrasonic agitation and EDTA only (p < 0.05). Adhesive failures were predominant to EDTA only group. Mixed failures were predominant to all agitation groups. 1064-nm Nd:YAG and 980-nm diode laser EDTA agitation enhanced the retention of the epoxy-based sealer to the root canal walls compared with that due to EDTA only or EDTA with ultrasonic agitation.


Resumo Irrigantes para canais radiculares são usados para minimizar os efeitos negativos da camada de smear na retenção do cimento obturador. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da agitação do ácido etilenodiaminotetracético a 17% (EDTA) com ultrassom, Nd:YAG 1064-nm e laser diodo 980-nm na retenção de um cimento obturador à base de resina epóxica nas paredes do canal radicular. Quarenta dentes bovinos unirradiculares foram instrumentados com o sistema rotatório ProTaper e divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação final (n = 10): (1) EDTA 17% (controle); (2) EDTA 17% com agitação ultrassônica por 50-s; (3) EDTA 17% com agitação com laser diodo (2-W) por 50-s; e (4) EDTA 17% com agitação com laser Nd:YAG (1,5-W) por 50-s. Após obturação endodôntica com cone principal F5 e cimento Sealer 26, as raízes foram seccionadas nos terços radiculares cervical, médio e apical para obtenção de slices de 1,5-mm. Testes de push-out foram realizados utilizando uma máquina universal de ensaios com velocidade de carga de 1 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados utilizando os testes two-way ANOVA e Tukey's (α=0,05). Os terços radiculares apicais tiveram força de adesão significantemente maior que os terços cervical e médio (p<0,05). EDTA com Nd:YAG 1064-nm ou laser diodo 980-nm apresentaram os maiores valores de força de adesão e foram significantemente diferentes do EDTA com agitação ultrassônica e EDTA apenas (p < 0,05). Falhas adesivas foram predominantes apenas no grupo EDTA. Falhas mistas foram predominantes em todos os grupos de agitação. A agitação do EDTA com Nd:YAG 1064-nm e laser diodo 980-nm aumentou a força de adesão do cimento à base de resina epóxica às paredes do canal radicular comparado com a obtida com EDTA apenas ou EDTA com agitação ultrassônica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dentina/química , Ácido Edético/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Lasers , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(3): 303-308, May-June 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-782815

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of restorative protocol with sodium ascorbate on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a universal adhesive to intracoronal bleached dentin. One hundred-and-twenty bovine dentin fragments were randomly divided into 12 groups (n=10), according to the bleaching procedure (unbleached and bleached) and restorative protocol (no treatment, 10% sodium ascorbate -10SA, 35% sodium ascorbate -35SA and two-step etch-and-rinse -ER or one-step self-etch -SE Scotchbond universal adhesive approaches). Four whitening sessions were performed using 35% hydrogen peroxide. The samples from control groups were kept in relative humidity at 37 °C. Immediately after bleaching procedures, the assigned antioxidant solution was applied on dentin and restorative procedures were performed following either the ER or the SE approach. After 24 h, the specimens were subjected to SBS test. Data (MPa) were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). Lower SBS values were found for bleached specimens (8.54 MPa) compared with those unbleached (12.13 MPa) (p<0.05). The bond strength of the sodium ascorbate-treated groups was higher than those untreated, regardless of the strategy employed (p<0.05). Groups restored without sodium ascorbate showed lower bond strength values for both ER (8.32 MPa) and SE (8.28 MPa) adhesive strategies. The group treated with 10SA submitted to ER approach (10.14 MPa) was similar to untreated groups (p>0.05). It may be concluded that bond strength of composite resin to intracoronal dentin was affected by restorative protocol and reduced by bleaching.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do protocolo restaurador empregando ascorbato de sódio na resistência ao cisalhamento do adesivo universal à dentina intracoronária clareada. Cento e vinte fragmentos de dentina bovina foram aleatoriamente divididos em doze grupos (n=10), de acordo com o procedimento clareador (clareados e não clareados) e protocolo restaurador (sem tratamento, ascorbato de sódio 10% (10AS), ascorbato de sódio (35AS) e estratégia de condicionamento total de dois passos (ER) ou estratégia autocondicionante de um passo (SE) com o sistema adesivo Scotchbond universal. Quatro sessões de clareamento foram realizadas empregando peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%. Os espécimes do grupo controle foram mantidos em umidade relativa a 37 °C. Imediatamente após os procedimentos de clareamento, as soluções antioxidantes selecionadas foram empregadas na dentina e os procedimentos restauradores foram realizados seguindo as estratégias ER ou SE. Após 24 h, os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência ao cisalhamento. Os dados (MPa) foram analisados pela ANOVA e teste de Tukey (?=0,05). Os menores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento foram encontrados para os espécimes clareados (8,54 MPa) comparados com aqueles não clareados (12,13 MPa) (p<0,05). A resistência de união dos grupos tratados com ascorbato de sódio foi maior que aqueles não tratados (p<0,05), independentemente da estratégia empregada. Grupos restaurados sem ascorbato de sódio demonstraram menores valores de resistência de união para ambas as estratégias adesivas ER (8,32 MPa) e SE (8,28 MPa) (p<0,05). O grupo tratado com ascorbato de sódio a 10% submetido à estratégia ER (10,14 MPa) foi similar ao não tratado (p>0,05). Pode ser concluído que a resistência de união da resina composta à dentina intracoronária foi afetada pelo protocolo restaurador e reduzida pelo clareamento.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Adesivos , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Colagem Dentária , Dentina/química , Teste de Materiais
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 302016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26910020

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different root canal filling techniques on the bond strength of epoxy resin-based sealers. Sixty single-rooted canines were prepared using ProTaper (F5) and divided into the following groups based on the root filling technique: Lateral Compaction (LC), Single Cone (SC), and Tagger Hybrid Technique (THT). The following subgroups (n = 10) were also created based on sealer material used: AH Plus and Sealer 26. Two-millimeter-thick slices were cut from all the root thirds and subjected to push-out test. Data (MPa) was analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The push-out values were significantly affected by the sealer, filling technique, and root third (p < 0.05). AH Plus (1.37 ± 1.04) exhibited higher values than Sealer 26 (0.92 ± 0.51), while LC (1.80 ± 0.98) showed greater bond strength than THT (1.16 ± 0.50) and SC (0.92 ± 0.25). The cervical (1.45 ± 1.14) third exhibited higher bond strength, followed by the middle (1.20 ± 0.72) and apical (0.78 ± 0.33) thirds. AH Plus/LC (2.26 ± 1.15) exhibited the highest bond strength values, followed by AH Plus/THT (1.32 ± 0.61), Sealer 26/LC (1.34 ± 0.42), and Sealer 26/THT (1.00 ± 0.27). The lowest values were obtained with AH Plus/SC and Sealer 26/SC. Thus, it can be concluded that the filling technique affects the bond strength of sealers. LC was associated with higher bond strength between the material and intra-radicular dentine than THT and SC techniques.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Análise de Variância , Bismuto/química , Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Guta-Percha/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 302016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26676199

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effect of two thermoplastic obturation systems (MicroSeal and Obtura II) on bond strength of different sealers to intraradicular dentin. Sixty root canals of human canines were prepared using ProTaper rotary files (crown-down technique) and irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA. The root canals were filled by MicroSeal, Obtura II, or lateral compaction techniques using AH Plus and Epiphany SE. 1.5 mm thick root slices were subjected to the push-out test. ANOVA and Tukey's test showed that the bond strength values (MPa) observed in the groups obturated with MicroSeal (2.96 ± 2.72) and Obtura II (2.68 ± 2.18) did not significantly differ from each other (p > 0.05) but were significantly higher than that observed in the group obturated with lateral condensation (2.01 ± 1.48; p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in strength (p > 0.05) among the root canal thirds (cervical: 2.44 ± 2.03; middle: 2.50 ± 2.27; and apical: 2.70 ± 2.34). Adhesive failures were predominant (60%) in all groups. In conclusion, MicroSeal and Obtura II techniques, using AH plus sealer, increased the resistance to displacement of the filling material, when compared with lateral compaction. Moreover, when used with Epiphany SE, these obturation systems did not affect the bond strength of the material to root dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Análise de Variância , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Guta-Percha/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e24, 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952025

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different root canal filling techniques on the bond strength of epoxy resin-based sealers. Sixty single-rooted canines were prepared using ProTaper (F5) and divided into the following groups based on the root filling technique: Lateral Compaction (LC), Single Cone (SC), and Tagger Hybrid Technique (THT). The following subgroups (n = 10) were also created based on sealer material used: AH Plus and Sealer 26. Two-millimeter-thick slices were cut from all the root thirds and subjected to push-out test. Data (MPa) was analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The push-out values were significantly affected by the sealer, filling technique, and root third (p < 0.05). AH Plus (1.37 ± 1.04) exhibited higher values than Sealer 26 (0.92 ± 0.51), while LC (1.80 ± 0.98) showed greater bond strength than THT (1.16 ± 0.50) and SC (0.92 ± 0.25). The cervical (1.45 ± 1.14) third exhibited higher bond strength, followed by the middle (1.20 ± 0.72) and apical (0.78 ± 0.33) thirds. AH Plus/LC (2.26 ± 1.15) exhibited the highest bond strength values, followed by AH Plus/THT (1.32 ± 0.61), Sealer 26/LC (1.34 ± 0.42), and Sealer 26/THT (1.00 ± 0.27). The lowest values were obtained with AH Plus/SC and Sealer 26/SC. Thus, it can be concluded that the filling technique affects the bond strength of sealers. LC was associated with higher bond strength between the material and intra-radicular dentine than THT and SC techniques.

18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e1, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-768263

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effect of two thermoplastic obturation systems (MicroSeal and Obtura II) on bond strength of different sealers to intraradicular dentin. Sixty root canals of human canines were prepared using ProTaper rotary files (crown-down technique) and irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA. The root canals were filled by MicroSeal, Obtura II, or lateral compaction techniques using AH Plus and Epiphany SE. 1.5 mm thick root slices were subjected to the push-out test. ANOVA and Tukey's test showed that the bond strength values (MPa) observed in the groups obturated with MicroSeal (2.96 ± 2.72) and Obtura II (2.68 ± 2.18) did not significantly differ from each other (p > 0.05) but were significantly higher than that observed in the group obturated with lateral condensation (2.01 ± 1.48; p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in strength (p > 0.05) among the root canal thirds (cervical: 2.44 ± 2.03; middle: 2.50 ± 2.27; and apical: 2.70 ± 2.34). Adhesive failures were predominant (60%) in all groups. In conclusion, MicroSeal and Obtura II techniques, using AH plus sealer, increased the resistance to displacement of the filling material, when compared with lateral compaction. Moreover, when used with Epiphany SE, these obturation systems did not affect the bond strength of the material to root dentin.


Assuntos
Humanos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Análise de Variância , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Guta-Percha/química , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
19.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 33(7): 349-56, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of agitation of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with 1064 nm Nd:YAG and 980 nm diode laser on root dentin microhardness and superficial roughness (with confocal laser scanning microscopy [CLSM]). BACKGROUND DATA: Root canal irrigants are used in an attempt to minimize the negative effects of smear layer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five bovine roots were sectioned longitudinally and divided into five groups (n=10 each): (1) deionized water, (2) 17% EDTA, (3) 17% EDTA with 60 sec manual agitation, (4) 17% EDTA with 50 sec diode laser (2 W) agitation, and (5) 17% EDTA with 50 sec Nd:YAG (1.5 W) laser agitation. Microhardness and superficial roughness values were calculated before and after the procedures at the cervical, middle, and apical root thirds. Microhardness was statistically analyzed using two way ANOVA, paired t test, and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). Roughness was statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, paired t test, and Student-Newman-Keuls tests (α=0.05%). RESULTS: Statistically significant differences in microhardness and roughness were observed between the deionized water group and others. EDTA with 1064 nm Nd:YAG or 980 nm diode laser presented the lowest microhardness and the highest roughness values and was significantly different from EDTA with manual agitation and EDTA only (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in microhardness or dentin roughness between the root thirds (p>0.05). CLSM analysis showed that the control samples exhibited smoother surfaces than that of the EDTA groups. CONCLUSIONS: Nd:YAG 1064 nm and 980-nm diode laser EDTA agitation caused greater reduction in microhardness and increased roughness of root dentin than EDTA only or EDTA with manual agitation.


Assuntos
Ácido Edético , Lasers Semicondutores , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Raiz Dentária/ultraestrutura , Animais , Bovinos , Dureza/efeitos da radiação , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
20.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 33(5): 266-73, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25954828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess any long-term chemical and morphological Nd:YAG laser modifications on irradiated primary enamel. BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies on irradiated primary human enamel employed methodologies that evaluated the short-term effects only. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-six irradiated (with and/or without fluoride) primary enamel teeth from high-caries-risk children, which were exfoliated over a 1-year period, were collected, and the sample surface area was submitted for scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The subsurface was analyzed by Knoop microhardness and light microscopy (LM). Data were analyzed by one way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05) and Kruskall-Wallis and Tukey tests (α=0.05). RESULTS: FTIR analysis revealed a higher concentration of phosphate and carbonate in the irradiated (0.987±0.064) and lower concentration in the control groups (1.477±0.310). SEM analysis showed that the control samples exhibited a slightly smoother surface than the irradiated groups. The EDS analysis did not show any differences in the amount of calcium, phosphorus, or fluoride among the groups. The microhardness analysis revealed that sealant (249.86±7.15) and laser irradiation (262.44±22.69) led to higher hardness values than the negative control group (128.35±25.19). LM indicated significantly reduced caries formation in the laser (5.35±5.38%) and the laser plus acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) groups (10.35±0.88%) compared with the negative control group (72.56±12.86%). CONCLUSIONS: Even with the limitations of the present study, these results suggest that Nd:YAG irradiation clinically modified the chemical composition of the enamel surface regardless of fluoride concentration, which successfully inhibited demineralization of primary tooth enamel over a 1-year period without significant morphological changes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Fluoreto de Fosfato Acidulado/uso terapêutico , Criança , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Decíduo/patologia , Dente Decíduo/efeitos da radiação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...