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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111621, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396141

RESUMO

The study explored the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon tolerance of indigenous biosurfactant producing microorganisms. Three bacterial species were isolated from crude oil contaminated sites of Haldia, West Bengal. The three species were screened for biosurfactant production and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as Brevundimonas sp. IITISM 11, Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 19 and Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 24. The strains showed emulsification activities of 51%, 57% and 63%, respectively. The purified biosurfactants were characterised using FT-IR, GC-MS and NMR spectroscopy and found to have structural similarities to glycolipopeptides, cyclic lipopeptides and glycolipids. The biosurfactants produced were found to be stable under a wide range of temperature (0-100 °C), pH (4-12) and salinity (up to 20% NaCl). Moreover, the strains displayed tolerance to high concentrations (275 mg/L) of anthracene and fluorene and showed a good amount of cell surface hydrophobicity with different hydrocarbons. The study reports the production and characterisation of biosurfactant by Brevundimonas sp. for the first time. Additionally, the kinetic parameters of the bacterial strains grown on up to 300 mg/L concentration of anthracene and fluorene, ranged between 0.0131 and 0.0156 µmax (h-1), while the Ks(mg/L) ranged between 59.28 and 102.66 for Monod's Model. For Haldane-Andrew's model, µmax (h-1) varied between 0.0168 and 0.0198. The inhibition constant was highest for Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 19 on anthracene and Brevundimonas sp. IITISM 11 on fluorene. The findings of the study suggest that indigenous biosurfactant producing strains have tolerance to high PAH concentrations and can be exploited for bioremediation purposes.


Assuntos
Antracenos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Fluorenos/metabolismo , Tensoativos/metabolismo , Antracenos/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fluorenos/química , Glicolipídeos , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Cinética , Petróleo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tensoativos/química
2.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(22): 27422-27434, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587164

RESUMO

Thermal power generating industries affect the surrounding environment in various ways. Fly ash escapes along with flue gases and can be found in undesirable quantities in soil and water sources in the region. The water quality of an area must be evaluated regularly to ensure the quality of potable water. The present study evaluates the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon concentrations of several important physico-chemical parameters and heavy-metal contents of groundwater samples collected from sites near the Koradi Thermal Power Plant, a major source of power generation in the Nagpur Region. The maximum amount of total dissolved solids observed during the two seasons studied were 1571 mg/l and 1591 mg/l which is within the desirable limit implying that fly ash contamination did not affect this water quality parameter. The total hardness of samples from GW-3, GW-5 and GW-9 were 844 mg/l, 775 mg/l and 675 mg/l during pre-monsoon season, while GW-3 and GW-5 along with GW-4 continued to show high levels of total hardness at 1015 mg/l, 741 mg/l and 650 mg/l, respectively. These values are higher than the permissible limit due to the high levels of ions of bicarbonate, calcium, sodium and sulphate derived from fly ash leachate. Statistical analysis showed that sulphides, total hardness, electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids were the significant water quality parameters of the region. The evaluation of the parameters found that the three water sources (GW-3, GW-5 and GW-9) out of 10 are the most affected groundwater sources of fly ash pollution.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Cinza de Carvão , Monitoramento Ambiental , Centrais Elétricas , Qualidade da Água
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