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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8104107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149140

RESUMO

A series of sulfonamide-bearing azaheterocyclic Schiff base derivatives 3(a-j) were synthesized as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. The substituted benzene sulfonyl chlorides 1(a-d) were reacted with N2H4 to get aromatic sulfonyl hydrazides 2(a-d). The intermediate hydrazides 2(a-d) were treated with substituted aldehydes to afford azaheterocyclic sulfonamide Schiff bases 3(a-j). The spectral data of synthesized compounds confirmed the formation of the final products. The inhibitory effects of 3(a-j) on carbonic anhydrase activity were determined, and it was found that derivative 3c exhibited the most potent activity with IC500.84 ± 0.12 µM among all other derivatives and is also more active than standard acetazolamide (IC500.91 ± 0.12). The enzyme inhibitory kinetics results determined by Lineweaver-Burk plots revealed that compound 3c inhibits the enzyme by noncompetitive mode of inhibition with K i value 8.6 µM. The molecular docking investigations of the synthesized analogues 3(a-j) were evaluated which assured that synthesized compounds bind well inside the active binding site of the target enzyme. Cytotoxicity on human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and MCF-7 cell lines was performed, and it was found that most of the synthesized analogues were nontoxic on these cell lines and the toxic effects follow the dose-dependent manner. Based on our investigations, it was suggested that analogue 3c may serve as core structure to project carbonic anhydrase inhibitors with greater potency.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 94: 103445, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826809

RESUMO

In the current research work, different N-(substituted-phenyl)-4-{(4-[(E)-3-phenyl-2-propenyl]-1-piperazinyl}butanamides have been synthesized according to the protocol described in scheme 1. The synthesis was initiated by reacting various substituted anilines (1a-e) with 4-chlorobutanoyl chloride (2) in aqueous basic medium to give various electrophiles, 4-chloro-N-(substituted-phenyl)butanamides (3a-e). These electrophiles were then coupled with 1-[(E)-3-phenyl-2-propenyl]piperazine (4) in polar aprotic medium to attain the targeted N-(substituted-phenyl)-4-{(4-[(E)-3-phenyl-2-propenyl]-1-piperazinyl}butanamides (5a-e). The structures of all derivatives were identified and characterized by proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), carbon-nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) and Infra-Red (IR) spectral data along with CHN analysis. The in vitro inhibitory potential of these butanamides was evaluated against Mushroom tyrosinase, whereby all compounds were found to be biologically active. Among them, 5b exhibited highest inhibitory potential with IC50 value of 0.013 ± 0.001 µM. The same compound 5b was also assayed through in vivo approach, and it was explored that it significantly reduced the pigments in zebrafish. The in silico studies were also in agreement with aforesaid results. Moreover, these molecules were profiled for their cytotoxicity through hemolytic activity, and it was found that except 5e, all other compounds showed minimal toxicity. The compound 5a also exhibited comparable results. Hence, some of these compounds might be worthy candidates for the formulation and development of depigmentation drugs with minimum side effects.

3.
Toxicol Rep ; 6: 897-903, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516842

RESUMO

In the study presented here, a novel chlorobenzylated bi-heterocyclic hybrid molecule (7) was synthesized and its structural confirmation was carried out by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and CHN analysis data. This compound 7 was subjected to biological study with B16F10 mouse melanoma cells. The anti-proliferative results showed that 7 showed no significant toxicity at concentrations ranging of 0-44 µM. The treatment of B16F10 cells with 7 at aforementioned concentration range indicated that migration of cells was significantly lower than that of the control cells in a dose dependent manner. The possible migration inhibitory effect of these melanoma cells was further evaluated through gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 secreted from B16F10 cells. It was inferred from our results that 7 was not affecting the expression and activity of these enzymes. Some other zinc-dependent matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were involved in the inhibitory progression. Taken together, compound 7 inhibited migrations of B16F10 mouse melanoma cells. Therefore, it may deserve consideration as a potential agent for the treatment of cancer.

4.
Mol Divers ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396774

RESUMO

We have designed and synthesized a novel acidic ionic liquid and explored its catalytic efficiency for the synthesis of 1,2,4-triazolidine-3-thione derivatives. A simple reaction between aldehydes and thiosemicarbazide for short time in 60:40 v/v water/ethanol at room temperature offers target 1,2,4-triazolidine-3-thione derivatives. The formation of target compounds is confirmed by NMR, IR and ESI-MS analysis. Pleasingly, synthesized compounds show noteworthy acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity with much lower IC50 values 0.0269 ± 0.0021-1.1725 ± 0.0112 µM than standard Neostigmine methylsulphate. In addition, synthesized 1,2,4-triazolidine-3-thiones exhibits significant free radical scavenging activity as compared to standard vitamin C. The studies on validation of Lipinski's rule through chemoinformatics properties and molecular docking analysis are in support of in vitro analysis. Therefore, overall present study illustrates synthesis of some new 1,2,4-triazolidines-3-thiones which can serve as a template for drug designing such as AChE inhibitors. Herein, we proposed ionic liquid-catalyzed ease of synthetic approach for medicinally important 1,2,4-triazolidine-3-thiones and their bio-evaluations.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103201, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445195

RESUMO

We have carried out the synthesis of new 4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)furan-2-carboxamide derivatives by the reaction between isatoic anhydride, 2-furoic hydrazide and substituted salicylaldehydes in ethanol: water (5:5 v/v) solvent system using p-TSA as a catalyst under ultrasound irradiation at room temperature. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were confirmed through spectral techniques such as IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and LCMS. The important features of this protocol include simple and easy workup procedure, reaction carried out at ambient temperature, use of ultrasound and high yield of oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)furan-2-carboxamides in short reaction time. The synthesized compounds 4a-4j were screened against tyrosinase enzyme and all these compounds found to be potent inhibitors with much lower IC50 value of 0.028 ±â€¯0.016 to 1.775 ±â€¯0.947 µM than the standard kojic acid (16.832 ±â€¯1.162 µM). The kinetics mechanism for compound 4e was analyzed by Lineweaver-Burk plots which revealed that compound inhibited tyrosinase non-competitively by forming an enzyme-inhibitor complex. Along with this all the synthesized compounds (4a-4j) were scanned for their DPPH free radical scavenging ability. The outputs received through in vitro and in silico analysis are coherent to the each other with good binding energy values (kcal/mol) posed by synthesized ligands.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 91: 103138, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446329

RESUMO

In the designed research work, a series of 2-furoyl piperazine based sulfonamide derivatives were synthesized as therapeutic agents to target the Alzheimer's disease. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were characterized through spectral analysis and their inhibitory potential was evaluated against butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). The cytotoxicity of these sulfonamides was also ascertained through hemolysis of bovine red blood cells. Furthermore, compounds were inspected by Lipinki Rule and their binding profiles against BChE were discerned by molecular docking. The protein fluctuations in docking complexes were recognized by dynamic simulation. From our in vitro and in silico results 5c, 5j and 5k were identified as promising lead compounds for the treatment of targeted disease.

7.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(8): e1900061, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338866

RESUMO

Elastase is the only enzyme that has the capability to degrade elastin and collagen, the two proteins essential for skin and bones. The synthesis of some densely substituted piperidines functionalized with the trifluoromethyl group (4a-j) was carried out. The newly prepared compounds were subjected to elastase enzyme inhibitory potential and antioxidant activity assays. Among the series, 4i (IC50 = 0.341 ± 0.001 µM) exhibited the maximum inhibition against elastase. Binding analysis delineated that the fluorine atom of ligand 4i showed hydrogen and hydrophobic bonds with Thr41 and Thr96, with bond distances of 3.84 and 5.631 Å, respectively. The obtained results indicate that these trifluoromethyl functionalized piperidine derivatives could be considered as potential candidates to treat skin disorders.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/farmacologia , Elastase Pancreática/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/farmacologia , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/síntese química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pâncreas/enzimologia , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Piperidinas/síntese química , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/síntese química , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Suínos
8.
Bioorg Chem ; 90: 103063, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220666

RESUMO

The enzyme tyrosinase plays a vital role in melanin biosynthesis and enzymatic browning of vegetables and fruits. A series of novel quinolinyl thiourea analogues (11a-j) were synthesized by reaction of 3-aminoquinoline and corresponding isothiocyanates, in moderate to excellent yields with different substitutions and their inhibitory effect on mushroom tyrosinase and free radical scavenging activity were evaluated. The compound N-(quinolin-3-ylcarbamothioyl)hexanamide (11c) exhibited the maximum tyrosinase inhibitory effect (IC50 = 0.0070 ±â€¯0.0098 µM) compared to other derivatives and the reference Kojic acid (IC50 = 16.8320 ±â€¯0.0621 µM). The docking studies were carried out and the compound (11c) showed most negative estimated free energy of -7.2 kcal/mol in mushroom tyrosinase active site. The kinetic analysis revealed that the compound (11c) inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase non-competitively to form the complex of enzyme and inhibitor. The results revealed that 11c could be identified as putative lead compound for the design of efficient tyrosinase inhibitors.

9.
Molecules ; 24(8)2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999646

RESUMO

A series of symmetrical salicylaldehyde-bishydrazine azo molecules, 5a-5h, have been synthesized, characterized by 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, and evaluated for their in vitro α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitory activities. All the synthesized compounds efficiently inhibited both enzymes. Compound 5g was the most potent derivative in the series, and powerfully inhibited both α-glucosidase and α-amylase. The IC50 of 5g against α-glucosidase was 0.35917 ± 0.0189 µM (standard acarbose IC50 = 6.109 ± 0.329 µM), and the IC50 value of 5g against α-amylase was 0.4379 ± 0.0423 µM (standard acarbose IC50 = 33.178 ± 2.392 µM). The Lineweaver-Burk plot indicated that compound 5g is a competitive inhibitor of α-glucosidase. The binding interactions of the most active analogues were confirmed through molecular docking studies. Docking studies showed that 5g interacts with the residues Trp690, Asp548, Arg425, and Glu426, which form hydrogen bonds to 5g with distances of 2.05, 2.20, 2.10 and 2.18 Å, respectively. All compounds showed high mutagenic and tumorigenic behaviors, and only 5e showed irritant properties. In addition, all the derivatives showed good antioxidant activities. The pharmacokinetic evaluation also revealed promising results.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/química , Animais , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/síntese química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Estrutura Molecular , Suínos
10.
Molecules ; 24(5)2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823444

RESUMO

A small library of new drug-1,3,4-thiazidazole hybrid compounds (3a⁻3i) was synthesized, characterized, and assessed for their acetyl cholinesterase enzyme (AChE) inhibitory and free radical scavenging activities. The newly synthesized derivatives showed promising activities against AChE, especially compound 3b (IC50 18.1 ± 0.9 nM), which was the most promising molecule in the series, and was substantially more active than the reference drug (neostigmine methyl sulfate; IC50 2186.5 ± 98.0 nM). Kinetic studies were performed to elucidate the mode of inhibition of the enzyme, and the compounds showed mixed-type mechanisms for inhibiting AChE. The Ki of 3b (0.0031 µM) indicates that it can be very effective, even at low concentrations. Compounds 3a⁻3i all complied with Lipinski's Rule of Five, and showed high drug-likeness scores. The pharmacokinetic parameters revealed notable lead-like properties with insignificant liver and skin-penetrating effects. The structure⁻activity relationship (SAR) analysis indicated π⁻π interactions with key amino acid residues related to Tyr124, Trp286, and Tyr341.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Tiadiazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Bioorg Chem ; 86: 459-472, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772647

RESUMO

The present research was designed for the selective synthesis of novel bi-heterocyclic acetamides, 9a-n, and their tyrosinase inhibition to overwhelm the problem of melanogenesis. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by spectral techniques such as 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and EI-MS along with elemental analysis. The inhibitory effects of these bi-heterocyclic acetamides (9a-n) were evaluated against tyrosinase and all these molecules were recognized as potent inhibitors relative to the standard used. The Kinetics mechanism was analyzed by Lineweaver-Burk plots which explored that compound, 9h, inhibited tyrosinase competitively by forming an enzyme-inhibitor complex. The inhibition constants Ki calculated from Dixon plots for this compound was 0.0027 µM. The computational study was coherent with the experimental records and these ligands exhibited good binding energy values (kcal/mol). The hemolytic analysis revealed their mild cytotoxicity towards red blood cell membranes and hence, these molecules can be pondered as nontoxic medicinal scaffolds for skin pigmentation and related disorders.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 86: 624-630, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807935

RESUMO

Selective inhibition of carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme is an active area of research for medicinal chemists. In the current account, a hybrid pharmacophore approach was employed to design sulfonamide, amide and amine containing new series of potent carbonic anhydrase II inhibitors. The aromatic fragment associated with pharmacophore was altered suitably in order to find effective inhibitors of CA-II. All the derivatives 4a-4m showed better inhibition compared to the standard acetazolamide. In particular, compound 4l exhibited significant inhibition with IC50 value of 0.01796 ±â€¯0.00036 µM. The chemo-informatics analysis justified that all the designed compounds possess <10 HBA and <5 HBD. The ligands-protein binding analyses showed that 4l confined in the active binding pocket with three hydrogen bonds observed with His63, Asn66 and Thr197 residues.

13.
Bioorg Chem ; 86: 197-209, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711702

RESUMO

Keeping in mind the pharmacological importance of 2-aminothiazole and 1,2,4-triazole heterocyclic moieties, a series of novel ethylated bi-heterocyclic acetamide hybrids, 9a-p, was synthesized in a multi-step protocol. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR and EI-MS spectral studies. The inhibitory effects of these bi-heterocyclic acetamides (9a-n) were evaluated against elastase and all these molecules were identified as potent inhibitors relative to the standard used. The Kinetics mechanism was analyzed by Lineweaver-Burk plots which revealed that, 9h, inhibited elastase competitively by forming an enzyme-inhibitor complex. The inhibition constants Ki calculated from Dixon plots for this compound was 0.9 µM. The computational study was articulate with the experimental results and these ligands unveiled good binding energy values (kcal/mol). So, these molecules can be considered as promising medicinal scaffolds for the treatment of skin melanoma, wrinkle formation, uneven pigmentation, and solar elastosis.

14.
J Neurophysiol ; 121(4): 1381-1397, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759043

RESUMO

The precise patterns of neuronal assembly during development determine all functional outputs of a nervous system; these may range from simple reflexes to learning, memory, cognition, etc. To understand how brain functions and how best to repair it after injury, disease, or trauma, it is imperative that we first seek to define fundamental steps mediating this neuronal assembly. To acquire the sophisticated ensemble of highly specialized networks seen in a mature brain, all proliferated and migrated neurons must extend their axonal and dendritic processes toward targets, which are often located at some distance. Upon contact with potential partners, neurons must undergo dramatic structural changes to become either a pre- or a postsynaptic neuron. This connectivity is cemented through specialized structures termed synapses. Both structurally and functionally, the newly formed synapses are, however, not static as they undergo consistent changes in order for an animal to meet its behavioral needs in a changing environment. These changes may be either in the form of new synapses or an enhancement of their synaptic efficacy, referred to as synaptic plasticity. Thus, synapse formation is not restricted to neurodevelopment; it is a process that remains active throughout life. As the brain ages, either the lack of neuronal activity or cell death render synapses dysfunctional, thus giving rise to neurodegenerative disorders. This review seeks to highlight salient steps that are involved in a neuron's journey, starting with the establishment, maturation, and consolidation of synapses; we particularly focus on identifying key players involved in the synaptogenic program. We hope that this endeavor will not only help the beginners in this field to understand how brain networks are assembled in the first place but also shed light on various neurodevelopmental, neurological, neurodegenerative, and neuropsychiatric disorders that involve synaptic inactivity or dysfunction.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas/etiologia , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/etiologia , Neurogênese , Sinapses/fisiologia , Animais , Humanos , Plasticidade Neuronal , Sinapses/patologia
15.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 352(3): e1800278, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624805

RESUMO

Novel bi-heterocyclic benzamides were synthesized by sequentially converting 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanoic acid (1) into ethyl 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanoate (2), 4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanohydrazide (3), and a nucleophilic 5-[3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propyl]-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiol (4). In a parallel series of reactions, various electrophiles were synthesized by reacting substituted anilines (5a-k) with 4-(chloromethyl)benzoylchloride (6) to afford 4-(chloromethyl)-N-(substituted-phenyl)benzamides (7a-k). Finally, the nucleophilic substitution reaction of 4 was carried out with newly synthesized electrophiles, 7a-k, to acquire the targeted bi-heterocyclic benzamides, 8a-k. The structural confirmation of all the synthesized compounds was done by IR, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, EI-MS, and CHN analysis data. The inhibitory effects of these bi-heterocyclic benzamides (8a-k) were evaluated against alkaline phosphatase, and all these molecules were identified as potent inhibitors relative to the standard used. The kinetics mechanism was ascribed by evaluating the Lineweaver-Burk plots, which revealed that compound 8b inhibited alkaline phosphatase non-competitively to form an enzyme-inhibitor complex. The inhibition constant Ki calculated from Dixon plots for this compound was 1.15 µM. The computational study was in full agreement with the experimental records and these ligands exhibited good binding energy values. These molecules also exhibited mild cytotoxicity toward red blood cell membranes when analyzed through hemolysis. So, these molecules might be deliberated as nontoxic medicinal scaffolds to render normal calcification of bones and teeth.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/antagonistas & inibidores , Benzamidas/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Animais , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/toxicidade , Bovinos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/toxicidade , Membrana Eritrocítica/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinética , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Bioorg Chem ; 84: 518-528, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610971

RESUMO

An efficient one-pot four-component strategy involving aldehydes, amines, alkynes and isothiocyanates has been developed to access a novel series of thiazolidine-2-imines (5a-x). This process operates under the action of a cooperative catalysis composed of Cu(I) and Zn(II) delivering the desired five-membered heterocyclic compounds in good to excellent yields. Notably, this transformation avoids the use of pre-formed imines or propargylamines and proceeds via an intramolecular 5-exo-dig hydrothiolation reaction of the in situ formed propargyl thiourea. Furthermore, the biological application of these motifs was demonstrated in terms of their strong acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity where compound 5s was identified as the lead AChE inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.0023 ±â€¯0.0002 µM, 88-folds stronger inhibition than standard drug (neostigmine methyl sulphate; IC50 = 0.203 ±â€¯0.004 µM). Molecular docking analysis reinforced the in vitro biological activity results revealing the formation of several useful interactions of the potent lead with amino acid residues in the active site of the enzyme.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Colinesterase/síntese química , Iminas/química , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Catálise , Inibidores da Colinesterase/metabolismo , Cobre/química , Humanos , Iminas/metabolismo , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Termodinâmica , Tiazóis/química , Zinco/química
17.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 93(2): 123-131, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29923689

RESUMO

A variety of 5-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4-thioxo-2-(substituted phenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazin-6-ones (3a-k) have been synthesized from 1,3-oxazine-5-carbonitriles (2a-k). The protocol represents an efficient, facile, and novel route from easily available precursors to unprecedented structures that share 1,3-oxazine and tetrazole motifs of utmost value. All the synthesized compounds (3a-k) were evaluated for their inhibitory potential against mushroom tyrosinase. Results revealed that all examined 1,3-oxazine-tetrazole hybrids exhibited significant tyrosinase inhibitory activity while compound 3d having 2-bromophenyl moiety was the most potent among the series with IC50 value 0.0371 ± 0.0018 µM as compared to the reference kojic acid (IC50  = 16.832 ± 0.73 µM). Inhibitory kinetics showed that compound 3d behaves as a competitive inhibitor. The molecular docking analysis was performed against target protein to investigate the binding mode. Moreover, compounds 3j and 3k displayed superior DPPH radical scavenging activity than other analogues.


Assuntos
Agaricales/enzimologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Oxazinas/química , Tetrazóis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Cinética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pironas/química , Pironas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tetrazóis/metabolismo
18.
Drug Res (Stuttg) ; 69(2): 111-120, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086567

RESUMO

In this study, a new series of sulfonamides derivatives was synthesized and their inhibitory effects on DPPH and jack bean urease were evaluated. The in silico studies were also applied to ascertain the interactions of these molecules with active site of the enzyme. Synthesis was initiated by the nucleophilic substitution reaction of 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-ethanamine (1: ) with 4-(acetylamino)benzenesulfonyl chloride (2): in aqueous sodium carbonate at pH 9. Precipitates collected were washed and dried to obtain the parent molecule, N-(4-{[(4-methoxyphenethyl)amino]sulfonyl}phenyl)acetamide (3): . Then, this parent was reacted with different alkyl/aralkyl halides, (4A-M: ), using dimethylformamide (DMF) as solvent and LiH as an activator to produce a series of new N-(4-{[(4-methoxyphenethyl)-(substituted)amino]sulfonyl}phenyl)acetamides (5A-M: ). All the synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, EI-MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and CHN analysis data. All of the synthesized compounds showed higher urease inhibitory activity than the standard thiourea. The compound 5 F: exhibited very excellent enzyme inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 0.0171±0.0070 µM relative to standard thiourea having IC50 value of 4.7455±0.0546 µM. Molecular docking studies suggested that ligands have good binding energy values and bind within the active region of taget protein. Chemo-informatics properties were evaluated by computational approaches and it was found that synthesized compounds mostly obeyed the Lipinski' rule.


Assuntos
Acetamidas/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Acetamidas/síntese química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Canavalia , Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/síntese química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos/química , Picratos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Urease/química , Urease/metabolismo
19.
Bioorg Chem ; 83: 63-75, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342387

RESUMO

Present work aimed to synthesize some unique bi-heterocyclic benzamides as lead compounds for the in vitro inhibition of urease enzyme, followed by in silico studies. These targeted benzamides were synthesized in good yields through a multi-step protocol and their structures were confirmed by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, EI-MS and elemental analysis. The in vitro screening results showed that most of the ligands exhibited good inhibitory potentials against the urease. Chemo-informatics analysis envisaged that all these compounds obeyed the Lipinski's rule. Molecular docking results showed that 7h exhibited good binding energy value (-8.40 kcal/mol) and was bound within the active region of urease enzyme. From the present investigation, it was inferred that some of these potent urease inhibitors might serve as novel templates in drug designing.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oxidiazóis/farmacologia , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Canavalia/enzimologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Oxidiazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Urease/metabolismo
20.
Bioorg Chem ; 84: 170-176, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502628

RESUMO

A novel series of silyl-yne containing chalcone derivatives 5a-5j was synthesized by exploiting Sonogashira coupling reaction and Claisen-Schimdt condensation reaction. The synthesized derivative were characterized by spectroscopic and elemental analysis. The selective inhibition of carbonic anhydrases is considered critical in the field of medicinal chemistry because carbonic anhydrases exits in several isoforms. Synthesized compounds were subjected to carbonic anhydrase -II assay. Except 5j, the other derivatives exhibited better potential than standard acetazolamide. Compound 5e was found to be potent derivative in the series with IC50 value 0.054 ±â€¯0.001 µM. Binding analysis revealed that most potent derivative 5e binds in the active site of CA-II and single π-π stacking interaction was observed between ring structure of ligand and Phe129 having bond length 4.90 Å. Pharmacokinetics elicited that compounds obey Lipinski's rule and show significant drug score.


Assuntos
Anidrase Carbônica II/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Anidrase Carbônica II/metabolismo , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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