Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 288
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare outcomes in patients with bicuspid versus tricuspid anatomy undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: TAVR has shown excellent safety and efficacy in patients with tricuspid aortic valve stenosis, but limited data are available on the use of self-expanding valves in patients with bicuspid valves. METHODS: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT Registry was used to analyze patients who underwent TAVR with the Evolut R or Evolut PRO valves. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were analyzed through 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Between July 2015 and September 2018 a total of 932 patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis underwent elective TAVR with the self-expanding Evolut R or Evolut PRO valve. These patients were compared with a group of 26,154 patients with tricuspid aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR during that same time period. At baseline, patients with bicuspid valves were younger, had fewer cardiac comorbidities, and had lower Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality scores (5.3 ± 4.2% vs. 6.9 ± 4.8%; p < 0.001). To account for these differences, propensity matching was performed, which resulted in 929 matched pairs. Within these match groups, the rates of all-cause mortality at 30 days (2.6% vs. 1.7%; p = 0.18) and 1 year (10.4% vs. 12.1%; p = 0.63), as well the rate of stroke at 30 days (3.4% vs. 2.7%; p = 0.41) and 1 year (3.9% vs. 4.4%; p = 0.93), were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: All-cause mortality, stroke, and valve hemodynamics did not differ at 30 days or 1 year between patient groups. In patients at increased surgical risk, TAVR for bicuspid aortic valve stenosis indicates acceptable safety outcomes with low complications rates.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473912

RESUMO

Transcatheter mitral valve repair with MitraClip (Abbott) is largely an elective procedure. The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has posed challenges to health care systems; in many cases elective interventions have been curtailed. Patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and cardiogenic shock are high-risk surgical candidates and at risk of a poor outcome without intervention. The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the Society of Coronary Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) recently proposed joint guidance on triage of structural heart disease (SHD) interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic. We present two illustrative cases of severe MR and cardiogenic shock that were successfully treated with MitraClip amidst the COVID-19 pandemic with good outcomes at short term follow-up.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(19): 2430-2442, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subclinical leaflet thrombosis has been reported after bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement, characterized using 4-dimensional computed tomographic imaging by hypoattenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) and reduced leaflet motion (RLM). The incidence and clinical implications of these findings remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, predictors, and hemodynamic and clinical correlates of HALT and RLM after aortic bioprosthetic replacement. METHODS: A prospective subset of patients not on oral anticoagulation enrolled in the Evolut Low Risk randomized trial underwent computed tomographic imaging 30 days and 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgery. The primary endpoint was the frequency of HALT at 30 days and 1 year, analyzed by an independent core laboratory using standardized definitions. Secondary endpoints included RLM, mean aortic gradient, and clinical events at 30 days and 1 year. RESULTS: At 30 days, the frequency of HALT was 31 of 179 (17.3%) for TAVR and 23 of 139 (16.5%) for surgery; the frequency of RLM was 23 of 157 (14.6%) for TAVR and 19 of 133 (14.3%) for surgery. At 1 year, the frequency of HALT was 47 of 152 (30.9%) for TAVR and 33 of 116 (28.4%) for surgery; the frequency of RLM was 45 of 145 (31.0%) for TAVR and 30 of 111 (27.0%) for surgery. Aortic valve hemodynamic status was not influenced by the presence or severity of HALT or RLM at either time point. The rates of HALT and RLM were similar after the implantation of supra-annular, self-expanding transcatheter, or surgical bioprostheses. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of computed tomographic imaging abnormalities of aortic bioprostheses were frequent but dynamic in the first year after self-expanding transcatheter and surgical aortic valve replacement, but these findings did not correlate with aortic valve hemodynamic status after aortic valve replacement in patients at low risk for surgery. (Medtronic Evolut Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Low Risk Patients; NCT02701283).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243493

RESUMO

AIMS : Indexed effective orifice area (EOAi) charts are used to determine the likelihood of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). The aim of this study is to validate whether these EOAi charts, based on echocardiographic normal reference values, can accurately predict PPM. METHODS AND RESULTS : In the PERIcardial SurGical AOrtic Valve ReplacemeNt (PERIGON) Pivotal Trial, 986 patients with aortic valve stenosis/regurgitation underwent AVR with an Avalus valve. Patients were randomly split (50:50) into training and test sets. The mean measured EOAs for each valve size from the training set were used to create an Avalus EOAi chart. This chart was subsequently used to predict PPM in the test set and measures of diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive value) were assessed. PPM was defined by an EOAi ≤0.85 cm2/m2, and severe PPM was defined as EOAi ≤0.65 cm2/m2. The reference values obtained from the training set ranged from 1.27 cm2 for size 19 mm up to 1.81 cm2 for size 27 mm. The test set had an incidence of 66% of PPM and 24% of severe PPM. The EOAi chart inaccurately predicted PPM in 30% of patients and severe PPM in 22% of patients. For the prediction of PPM, the sensitivity was 87% and the specificity 37%. For the prediction of severe PPM, the sensitivity was 13% and the specificity 98%. CONCLUSION : The use of echocardiographic normal reference values for EOAi charts to predict PPM is unreliable due to the large proportion of misclassifications.

7.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac Surgical Societies Valve Labeling Task Force consensus document acknowledged inconsistent sizing and labelling of prosthetic heart valves. This study compared labeled size, internal diameter, and hemodynamics of different surgical and transcatheter valve types implanted into the same size annulus, measured by pre-procedural computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Patients were retrospectively sorted into 3 CT- annular diameter size groups: small (<23mm), medium (23-26mm), and large (>26mm). Surgical valves were sorted into 4 categories based on tissue and design: (stentless porcine, standard stented bovine, wraparound stented bovine and stented porcine). Comparisons were made within the surgical types and to a transcatheter valve. Echocardiograms were independently assessed and CTs were centrally measured. RESULTS: 726 surgical and 923 transcatheter valve paired data sets were analyzed. Among the various valve types implanted into the same size CT annulus there were significant differences for size, internal diameter, and hemodynamics within all 3 size groups. Root enlargement procedures occurred in 1.2% with no differences across valve types or size groups. Transcatheter valve hemodynamics were similar to stentless valves and were significantly better than all stented valves. There was no difference in hemodynamics between the 2 bovine stented valve types and stented porcine valves were inferior to all valve types. CONCLUSIONS: This study documents prosthetic heart valve sizing and labelling inconsistencies exist. Using preoperative CT annular dimensions is the most accurate method to compare size, internal diameter, and hemodynamics of bioprosthetic aortic valves because it compares values between various valve types implanted into the same size annulus.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the survival outcomes of primary cardiac sarcoma in a US nationwide cancer database. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried to identify patients with primary cardiac sarcoma from 1973 to 2015. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank tests were performed to compare overall survival for subpopulations, stratified on year at diagnosis (dichotomized into 2 periods: 1973-2005 and 2006-2015), pathological types, whether patients were treated with surgery or not, and surgery and chemotherapy combinations. Multivariable Cox regression was performed to estimate the adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of potentially clinically important factors. RESULTS: A total of 442 patients (mean age, 47.2 ± 18.7 years; male 52.0%) were identified. Most patients were white (78.1%) and diagnosed at age 20 to 60 years (70.2%). Angiosarcoma (43.2%) was the most common histologic type. Overall, the median survival was 7 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survivals were 40.7%, 15.6%, and 9.8%, respectively. Patients who were diagnosed within the recent decade (2006-2015) did not achieve a better overall survival (P = .13). Surgery (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.37-0.64; P < .001) and chemotherapy (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.54-0.92; P = .009) were independently associated with improved overall survival. Increasing age (adjusted hazard ratio of 5-year increment, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.11; P < .001) was independently associated with worse survival. CONCLUSIONS: At the population level, primary cardiac sarcoma has a poor prognosis. Both surgery and chemotherapy are associated with improved survival, whereas increasing age at diagnosis was associated with worse survival.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171679

RESUMO

Emergent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is a strategy that has been used for management of severely decompensated patients who are unlikely to tolerate an open procedure (Kolte et al., 2018). Recently, in the context of degenerated valve bioprosthesis, valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve replacement has become an acceptable management strategy (Kalra et al., 2019 [2]). Here, we present this rare case of a 25-year-old, post-partum female with DiGeorge Syndrome, who presented with severe bioprosthetic valve stenosis leading to heart failure. She initially had received a biologic valve in order to have children; however, following delivery of her child, she developed valve failure that was severe enough to preclude her from receiving a surgical aortic valve replacement. ViV TAVR was performed emergently to improve heart failure and bridge the time to definitive treatment, when she would be able to safely receive a mechanical valve. After valve placement, echocardiogram showed no evidence of aortic regurgitation or paravalvular leak with a mean gradient of 2 mmHg, and she was ultimately discharged. Our patient was recovering well at her two-month follow up appointment. This case highlights the need for further research in the use of ViV TAVR in younger patient populations in emergent situations.

14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): 323-331, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the 2-year results of the SURTAVI (Surgical Replacement and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) trial and confirm the interim Bayesian analysis. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a self-expanding valve was noninferior to surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis and intermediate operative risk using Bayesian statistical methods. Novel Bayesian designs have been used to shorten the time to primary endpoint analysis in randomized clinical trials, although the predictive value of Bayesian analysis compared with frequentist approaches remains debated. METHODS: The SURTAVI trial randomized 1,660 patients. An interim analysis was performed 1 year after the 1,400th patient was treated to estimate the primary 2-year endpoint of all-cause mortality or disabling strokes for all patients. RESULTS: The Kaplan-Meier rate for the complete 2-year primary endpoint was 12.7% in the TAVR group and 12.6% in the surgery group (0.0% difference; 95% confidence interval: -3.4% to 3.5%), compared with 12.6% with TAVR and 14.0% with surgery (-1.4% difference; Bayesian credible interval: -5.2% to 2.3%) in the interim Bayesian analysis. A comparison of individual clinical, hemodynamic, and quality-of-life endpoints using Bayesian and frequentist methods found no significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: The complete analysis of all patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate risk for surgery in the SURTAVI trial confirmed the noninferiority, with respect to the frequency of all-cause mortality or disabling stroke, of TAVR to surgery, as determined in the interim Bayesian analysis. Follow-up will extend out to 10 years.

15.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 45: 151477, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062474

RESUMO

Cardiac paragangliomas (PGs) are very rare tumors that comprise less than 1% of all cardiac tumors. PGs can occur sporadically, but inherited syndromes may also play a role in the development of PGs. Approximately one-third of PGs are associated with mutations in the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) complex, specifically SDHB, as part of syndrome-associated PGs or sporadic PGs. SDH mutations have been assessed by SDHB immunohistochemistry, as negative staining indicates a high likelihood of mutation in PGs in other sites, but not in cardiac PGs. This study aims to evaluate the clinical and pathologic characteristic of cardiac PG cases and assess the expression of SDHB by immunohistochemistry. A retrospective chart analysis of 10 patients with cardiac PG was performed to assess the patient age, sex, size, site of the tumor, and clinical symptoms. Histologically the tumors showed the classic pattern of nested tumor cells surrounded by sustentacular cells. Immunohistochemistry for SDHB was performed in five cases. One case showed a complete absence of SDHB immunohistochemical staining and the others showed staining ranging from a weak-to-strong granular cytoplasmic staining pattern. We conclude that SDHB immunostaining is cost-effective in identifying cases with SDH mutation. It is recommended to assess SDH mutation in patients with cardiac PG to predict the aggressive behavior that has been reported by previous studies from PGs of other sites.

16.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 95(1): 69-76, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of stroke volume index (SVI) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis, comparing those undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and those with surgical AVR (SAVR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 742 patients from the CoreValve US Pivotal High-Risk Trial randomized to TAVR (n=389) or SAVR (n=353) from February 2011 to September 2012 were stratified by an SVI of 35 mL/m2 and LVEF of 50% for comparing all-cause mortality at 1 year. RESULTS: The prevalence of an SVI of less than 35 mL/m2 in patients who underwent TAVR and SAVR was 35.8% (125 of 349) and 31.3% (96 of 307), respectively; LVEF of less than 50% was present in 18.1% (63 of 348) and 19.6% (60 of 306), respectively. Among patients with an SVI of less than 35 mL/m2, 1-year mortality was similar between patients with TAVR and SAVR (16.3% vs 22.2%; P=.25). However, in those with an SVI of 35 mL/m2 or greater, 1-year mortality was lower in those with TAVR than SAVR (10.3% vs 17.3%; P=.03). In patients with an LVEF of less than 50%, mortality was not affected by AVR approach (P>.05). In patients with an LVEF of 50% or higher, TAVR was associated with lower mortality than SAVR when SVI was preserved (9.8% vs 18.6%; P=.01). Mortality was not affected by SVI within the same AVR approach when LVEF was 50% or higher. CONCLUSION: In patients with severe aortic stenosis at high risk, there is a significant interaction between AVR approach and the status of SVI and LVEF. When LVEF or SVI was reduced, prognosis was similar regardless of AVR approach. In those with preserved LVEF or SVI, TAVR was associated with a better prognosis than SAVR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01240902.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Volume Sistólico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): 170-179, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973793

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the evolution of early outcomes for 3 iterative self-expanding transcatheter aortic valves. BACKGROUND: Over the past decade there have been rapid advancements in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) technologies, including 3 generations of supra-annular self-expanding transcatheter systems. METHODS: Data from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry for patients undergoing TAVR with CoreValve, Evolut R, or Evolut PRO valves to treat tricuspid aortic stenosis between January 2014 and September 2017 were obtained. Patient risk and echocardiographic data are site reported. Valves analyzed included 23-, 26-, and 29-mm sizes to fit 18- to 26-mm annular diameters. Propensity score matching was performed using the Evolut PRO group as the common reference. RESULTS: Of 18,874 patients undergoing TAVR at 381 centers, 5,514 patients were implanted with CoreValve, 11,295 with Evolut R, and 2,065 with Evolut PRO valves. At 30 days, there were significantly fewer patients with more than mild aortic regurgitation for the unmatched (7.8% CoreValve, 5.2% Evolut R, and 2.8% Evolut PRO; p < 0.001) and matched populations (8.3% CoreValve, 5.4% Evolut R, and 3.4% Evolut PRO; p = 0.032). The mean aortic valve gradients at 30 days in the matched populations were <8 mm Hg for all 3 valves (7.3 mm Hg CoreValve, 7.5 mm Hg Evolut R, 7.2 mm Hg Evolut PRO). CONCLUSIONS: Advancements in transcatheter valve technologies and expanding indications for TAVR have resulted in improved outcomes for patients undergoing TAVR in the United States with self-expanding, supra-annular valves. In particular, the addition of an outer pericardial tissue wrap designed to enhance sealing at the level of the aortic annulus has resulted in very low rates of significant aortic regurgitation while maintaining excellent hemodynamic status.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA