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1.
Orv Hetil ; 160(42): 1663-1672, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608687

RESUMO

Introduction: Many disease-specific questionnaires, which analyze patients' functional status, quality of life or the progression of the disease, have been validated in Hungarian. The low back pain (LBP) patients' knowledge about their problem has not been measured by an officially validated Hungarian tool. Aim: The aim of our study was to translate and validate the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire (LKQ) and to assess its validity and reliability. Method: We used the translation-back translation method as the first step. Then we used a synthesis of the back translations reviewed by independent translators. We enrolled 218 people in our study: 101 of them were chronic LBP patients and 73 acute LBP patients. For the validation process, we used the Roland-Morris Disability Index to compare our questionnaire. We calculated Cronbach's alpha values and correlation coefficients. Results: The Hungarian version of LKQ correlated well with the Roland-Morris Index and it proved to be a valid questionnaire (correlation coefficient: -0.393; Cronbach's alpha value 0.894). Conclusion: We found the Hungarian version of LKQ a valid and reliable tool to measure patients' knowledge about LBP. We recommend future studies should apply bigger and more homogenous populations to assess LBP disease-specific knowledge in this country. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(42): 1663-1672.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Dor Lombar , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Hungria , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 13 Suppl 1: 148-55, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25894145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Training on organ donation and transplantation is relevant for transplantation improvement. This study aimed at investigating the perceived benefits of Transplant Procurement Management training programs on professional competence development and career evolutions of health care workers in organ donation and transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was developed in 5 languages (Spanish, English, Italian, French, and Portuguese) and its link was emailed to 6839 individuals. They were asked to forward it to other professionals in organ donation and transplantation. The link was also shared on Facebook and at relevant congresses. Two research questions on the perceived influence of specialized training programs were identified. RESULTS: A total of 1102 participants (16.1%) took the survey; 87% reported participating in Transplant Procurement Management training programs, of which 95% selected Transplant Procurement Management courses as the most influential training they had participated in. For research question one, 98% reported influence on knowledge (score 4.5 [out of 5]), 93% on technical (4.2) and communication skills (4.1), 89% on attitude toward organ donation and transplantation (4.1), 92% on motivation to work (4.2), 91% on desire to innovate (4.0), 87% and 79% on ability to change organ donation and trans plantation practices (3.9) and policies (3.5). For research question 2, main and interaction effects for position at the time of training and type of training were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Transplant Procurement Management training programs had positive perceived effects.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Capacitação em Serviço , Competência Profissional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Internet , Descrição de Cargo , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Recursos Humanos
3.
Vaccine ; 30(48): 6824-32, 2012 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23000124

RESUMO

The alarming national data on the mortality and morbidity rates of cervical cancer as well as the results of a Hungarian survey demonstrating adolescents' low level of understanding of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV vaccination encouraged the authors to conduct an educational intervention. The aim of this survey was to explore the impact of a brief, HPV-focused program on adolescents' knowledge, beliefs and attitudes. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was completed by 394 male and female adolescents in September, 2010, in Hungary. Half of the students (48.5%) then had a one-off educational intervention on aspects cervical cancer lasting 45 min lesson, while the rest of the participants, the control group, did not have the educational intervention. Three months following the education, both groups were retested using the same questionnaire. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Following the education, significant increase was detected in cervical cancer awareness: causal relationship between HPV and cervical cancer (7.9% → 22.1%, p<0.05), or perception of HPV vaccination (61.3% → 85.9%, p<0.05). Similarly, health-related beliefs have enhanced, such as 'HPV may cause cervical cancer' (64.9% → 81.0%, p<0.05) or 'cervical cancer may be prevented by vaccination' (66.5% → 85.3%, p<0.05). Our data also highlighted that Hungarian adolescents have been practising extremely risky sexual behaviour. Nearly half of the sexually active adolescents had engaged in 'one-night relationship' (41.1%) as well as having sexual intercourse without any contraceptive safety measures (44.3%). In addition to providing adolescents with clear and meaningful information about the implications of a HPV infection and addressing their fears of screening and vaccination, health education should focus on promoting safe sex behaviour by promoting the use of condoms and reducing the number of sexual partners to limit the spread of HPV, and also on encouraging the participation in regular cervical screenings, thus reducing the incidence of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Vaccine ; 29(47): 8591-8, 2011 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21939711

RESUMO

Hungary takes the fourth place regarding the incidence and the fifth regarding the mortality of cervical cancer among the member countries of the European Union, with 500 deaths due to this preventable illness and nearly 1200 new cases diagnosed every year. Although the vaccines have been available for 3 years, the estimated rate of the female population vaccinated against HPV is approximately 10% in the 12-26-year-age cohort. The aim of this study was to determine factors and motivations affecting the uptake of HPV vaccination among Hungarian adolescents. Examining the effects of some possible sociodemographic predictors (age and gender) and the exposure to health information on HPV vaccine acceptability were also focused on, as well as assessing the most trusted sources of information about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). A nationwide anonymous questionnaire survey with a sample of 1769 students attending public primary or secondary schools was organised by the authors in 16 Hungarian cities and towns. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Adolescents' awareness of HPV was relatively low. Only 35% of the participants reported they had heard about HPV prior to the survey. Almost 70% of the potentially affected study population had not heard about the vaccine previously. Every fourth student did not believe that vaccination against HPV can prevent cervical cancer. If the vaccination was available free of charge, almost 80% of respondents would request it, but in case they had to pay for it, this number would significantly decrease. Significantly better knowledge and also more positive attitudes towards HPV vaccination was found in relation to the number of information sources. The majority of respondents (62-83%) were open for further information about STDs. The main trusted mediators were school-health services (61.3%), education on health at school (49.2%), health professionals (42.2%) and electronic media (24.6%). Since Hungarian adolescent students expect guidance about STDs principally from school health education, an urgent need for well-designed, HPV-focused educational programmes emerges. Launching such programmes would be especially important for the adolescent population to increase their awareness of the risks associated with HPV infection thus reducing the high incidence of cervical cancer in Hungary in the future.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Masculino , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Vaccine ; 29(32): 5122-9, 2011 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21624417

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent gynaecological malignancies worldwide. The Hungarian incidence and mortality of this disease take the 4th-5th places within the European Union. A survey including 785 male and female adults was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitudes concerning HPV vaccination. We focused on the difficulties of the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer and examined some potential sociodemographic predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability. Our findings have identified some important issues like: incomplete knowledge, intense distrust and financial concerns. Almost half of the college students (45.6%) are unaware of HPV infections. We confirmed previous findings that older age and female gender correlates with better knowledge on STDs, including HPV. We found that greater exposure to health information comes with better knowledge and more positive attitudes towards vaccination. One quarter of survey respondents do not believe that cervical cancer may be prevented by vaccination. More than half of the adults do not trust national health care system and the preparedness of Hungarian doctors. General attitudes towards vaccination are broadly positive, 80% of survey participants had expressed desire towards HPV vaccination, however if there was a need to pay for the vaccination the willingness would decrease by half. Primary prevention through HPV-focused educational programs, clear communication and financial support would be important for public health to reduce the high incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in Hungary in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Saúde Pública , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia
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