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Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 258-265, set. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012419


ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to perform a systematic review to identify the most frequent uses of PLA/ PGA in alveolar bone regeneration and their results. A study was designed to answer the question: What are the most frequent uses of PLA/PLGA and their copolymers in alveolar bone regeneration?. A systematic search was done on MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS from April 1993 to December 2017. The search string used on MEDLINE was: (((polylactic acid) OR PLA) OR PLA-based copolymers) OR PLA blends) OR PLA scaffolds)) AND ((("Bone Regeneration"[Mesh]) OR bone regeneration) OR guided bone regeneration). The search was complemented by a manual review of the references from the articles included. Most of the studies selected were weak and, regarding the most frequent uses of PLA/PGA, 13 studies used it as a resorbable membrane, two as an absorbable mesh, one as an absorbable screw and three as filling material. Based on our results, the authors consider that PLA/PGA requires a delicate relation between the mechanical resistance and the degradation process. PLA/PGA does not interrupt bone regeneration; however, the influence in cellular events related to bone regeneration and later osseointegration have not been identified.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta revisión fue realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura para identificar los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA en regeneración ósea en área maxilofacial y sus resultados. Se diseñó un estudio para responder a la pregunta: ¿Cuáles son los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PLGA y sus copolímeros en regeneración ósea en el sector maxilofacial?. Los estudios seleccionados fueron en su mayoría débiles y sobre los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA, 13 estudios lo utilizaron como membrana reabsorbible, 2 estudios como malla absorbible, un estudio como tornillo absorbible y 3 estudios como material de relleno. En base a nuestros resultados, los autores estiman que PLA/PGA requiere una delicada relación entre la resistencia mecánica que ofrece y la degradación que se produce; PLA/ PGA no interrumpe la regeneración ósea, sin embargo, no se ha identificado la potencialidad o influencia que presenta en los eventos celulares de la regeneración y posterior oseointegración.

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen ; 33(6): 362-372, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29734821


OBJECTIVE: We conducted a longitudinal study to explore the clinical and pathological correlates of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in institutionalized patients with dementia. METHODS: Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were extracted from 182 nursing home patients (mean age [standard deviation]: 81.3 [6.9], 78.0% female, and 83.4% moderate to severe dementia), which were divided according to the CMBs number and location. One-year follow-up data were obtained from 153 patients, and postmortem pathological diagnosis was available in 40 patients. RESULTS: Cerebral microbleeds were observed in 42.9% of patients and were associated with MRI ischemic lesions ( P < .0005). In the adjusted analysis, lobar CMB predicted worsening of parkinsonism (standardized ß: 0.43) and gait (standardized ß: 0.24). A pathological diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease was less frequent in the brains of patients with lobar and deep CMB (33.3% vs 85.3%; P < .05). CONCLUSION: Cerebral microbleeds were linked to cerebrovascular disease and predicted motor deterioration in institutionalized people with advanced dementia.

Front Aging Neurosci ; 7: 133, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26388764


AIMS: Pilot studies applying a humanoid robot (NAO), a pet robot (PARO) and a real animal (DOG) in therapy sessions of patients with dementia in a nursing home and a day care center. METHODS: In the nursing home, patients were assigned by living units, based on dementia severity, to one of the three parallel therapeutic arms to compare: CONTROL, PARO and NAO (Phase 1) and CONTROL, PARO, and DOG (Phase 2). In the day care center, all patients received therapy with NAO (Phase 1) and PARO (Phase 2). Therapy sessions were held 2 days per week during 3 months. Evaluation, at baseline and follow-up, was carried out by blind raters using: the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), the Severe Mini Mental State Examination (sMMSE), the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), the Apathy Scale for Institutionalized Patients with Dementia Nursing Home version (APADEM-NH), the Apathy Inventory (AI) and the Quality of Life Scale (QUALID). Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests performed by a blinded investigator. RESULTS: In the nursing home, 101 patients (Phase 1) and 110 patients (Phase 2) were included. There were no significant differences at baseline. The relevant changes at follow-up were: (Phase 1) patients in the robot groups showed an improvement in apathy; patients in NAO group showed a decline in cognition as measured by the MMSE scores, but not the sMMSE; the robot groups showed no significant changes between them; (Phase 2) QUALID scores increased in the PARO group. In the day care center, 20 patients (Phase 1) and 17 patients (Phase 2) were included. The main findings were: (Phase 1) improvement in the NPI irritability and the NPI total score; (Phase 2) no differences were observed at follow-up.

J Neurol ; 262(5): 1198-208, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25740664


The multimodal assessment of capacities in severe dementia (MAC-SD), a novel cognitive and functional assessment, was developed for use with patients with severe dementia. Its psychometric attributes were examined in a unicenter, open, observational study. The MAC-SD along with the Spanish language Severe Mini Mental Exam were administered to 103 patients with a diagnosis of severe dementia. Psychometric analyses were performed to determine acceptability, reliability, validity, and responsiveness. As a whole, the MAC-SD sections showed no floor effects, satisfactory internal consistency, reproducibility, construct validity, precision, and sensitivity to change. The MAC-SD performed as a useful, valid, and potentially responsive tool to measure cognition and functioning in the most advanced stages of dementia.

Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Demência/complicações , Demência/diagnóstico , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Demência/psicologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Entrevista Psiquiátrica Padronizada , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Psicol. Caribe ; (22): 37-49, jul.-dic. 2008. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-635762


Este artículo muestra los resultados preliminares de una investigación en la que se establece el nivel de prevalencia de dificultades en la lectura en niños de siete años, pertenecientes a 4 colegios privados no bilingües de estrato socioeconómico medio alto de la ciudad de Barranquilla (Colombia). Para esta investigación se utilizaron el CEPA, WISC-R Abreviado, Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (ENI). Se determinó que la prevalencia de dificultades de lectura en la población de estudio fue de 3.32%.

This article shows research preliminary results, in which the prevalence level of reading disabilities is established in 7-year old children belonging to 4 middle class private non-bilingual schools in the district of Barranquilla. The assessment tools used for this study were CEPA, Abbreviated WISC-R and ENI (Neuropsychological Children Evaluation). The reading disabilities prevalence level was determined to be, in this study, of 3.32%.