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Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e189444, fev. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363181


Felines play a leading role in the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection, but there is scarce information about the epidemiology of Neospora caninum, particularly in feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected cats. Cats seropositive to T. gondii do not usually show symptoms unless they are immunosuppressed, such as FIV-infected cats. The same relationship remains poorly known for N. caninum, although it has been associated with neurological disorders in HIV-infected people. Since FIV-infected cats are prone to develop encephalitis of unknown etiology, this study aimed to evaluate the presence of specific antibodies to T. gondii and N. caninum in a shelter for stray cats naturally infected with FIV. A total of 104 serum samples from cats living in a shelter, located in São Paulo city (Brazil), was assessed for T. gondii and N. caninum specific antibody by indirect fluorescent-antibody test (IFAT). Of the 104 cats, 25 (24%) were infected with FIV and, aside from these, 8 (32%) had antibodies against T. gondii (titers from 16 to 128). Only 1 (4%) of the FIV-infected cats had antibodies against N. caninum, which was the first record of coinfection. Among the FIV-naïve cats, 11 (14%) were positive for T. gondii(titers from 16 to 256) and only 1 (1.2%) had antibodies against N. caninum. Serologically positive reactions to T. gondii and N. caninum were not correlated with age or sex (p>0.05), and there was no correlation between FIV and the occurrence of anti-T. gondii or anti-N. caninum antibodies (p>0.05). Further studies encompassing larger cat populations from different origins and locations are essential to clarify the prevalence of T. gondii and N. caninum antibodies in FIV-positive cats.(AU)

Os felinos têm um papel importante na epidemiologia da infecção por Toxoplasma gondii, mas pouco se sabe sobre a epidemiologia da infecção por Neospora caninum em gatos, particularmente em gatos infectados com o vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV). Gatos soropositivos para Toxoplasma gondii geralmente não apresentam sintomas a não ser que estejam imunossuprimidos, como gatos infectados com FIV. A mesma relação ainda é pouco conhecida para N. caninum, embora tenha sido associada a distúrbios neurológicos em pessoas infectadas pelo HIV. Considerando que gatos infectados com FIV são propensos a desenvolver encefalite de etiologia desconhecida, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a presença de anticorpos específicos para T. gondii e N. caninum em gatos infectados com FIV. Um total de 104 amostras de soro de gatos residentes em um abrigo na cidade de São Paulo, Brasil, foram avaliadas para a presença de anticorpos contra T. gondii e N. caninum pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI). Dos 104 gatos, 25 (24%) estavam infectados com FIV e destes 8, (32%) tinham anticorpos contra T. gondii (titulação entre 16 e 128). Apenas 1 (4%) dos gatos infectados com FIV apresentava anticorpos contra N. caninum, sendo este o primeiro registro dessa coinfecção. Entre os gatos não infectados com FIV, 11 (14%) foram positivos para T. gondii (titulação entre 16 e 256) e apenas 1 (1,2%) tinha anticorpos contra N. caninum. A reação sorologicamente positiva para T. gondii e N. caninum não foi correlacionada com a idade ou sexo (p> 0,05), nem houve correlação entre FIV e ocorrência de anticorpos para T. gondii ou N. caninum(p> 0,05). Estudos subsequentes abrangendo populações maiores de gatos de diferentes origens e locais são essenciais para esclarecer a prevalência de anticorpos contra T. gondii e N. caninum em animais acometidos por FIV.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Gatos , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida Felina/imunologia , Vírus da Imunodeficiência Felina/imunologia , Neospora/imunologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Toxoplasmose Animal/diagnóstico , Coinfecção
Vet Dermatol ; 33(2): 113-e32, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734438


BACKGROUND: Fungal culture is widely used as a diagnostic tool for detecting dermatophytosis. However, the presence of fungal contaminants can influence the culture's performance and compromise the diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the sample processing time can affect the performance of fungal culture for the diagnosis of Microsporum canis infection in cats. ANIMALS: Forty Persian cats. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Hair and scale samples were collected by combing the coat using a 5 × 5 cm sterile polyester carpet. The carpets were assigned randomly to four groups based on time point of processing samples after collection (i.e. used for culture on a selective agar medium for dermatophytes): Group 1: 8 h (n = 10); Group 2: 24 h (n = 10); Group 3: 48 h (n = 10); and Group 4: 72 h (n = 10). Cultures were compared regarding the degree of fungal invasion by either M. canis or nondermatophytic contaminant moulds (NDM). RESULTS: Processing samples after 24 h of storage resulted in increased isolation rates of NDM and decreased isolation rates of M. canis. Samples processed after 48 h and 72 h presented more than half of the plates with a high degree of fungal contamination (i.e. NDM occupying ≥50% of the total fungal mass). However, samples processed after 8 h and 24 h presented a lower degree (P < 0.05) of NDM plate invasion and higher recovery rates of M. canis when compared to samples processed after 48 h and 72 h. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Delayed processing time is closely associated with the overgrowth of contaminants and with lower recovery rates of M. canis.

Doenças do Gato , Dermatomicoses , Animais , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Gatos , Dermatomicoses/diagnóstico , Dermatomicoses/microbiologia , Dermatomicoses/veterinária , Cabelo/microbiologia , Microsporum , Manejo de Espécimes/veterinária
JFMS Open Rep ; 7(1): 2055116920981247, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33489305


CASE SUMMARY: This case report describes a 9-year-old neutered male cat with a functional adrenal tumor showing aggression toward other cats in the household, excessive meowing and urine spraying. The diagnosis was made based on the clinical signs, an enlarged right adrenal gland on ultrasound, penile spines and elevated sex hormones on an adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test. The cat was submitted to celiotomy and adrenalectomy. Histopathological examination confirmed the adrenocortical adenoma. Three months after surgery the penile spines disappeared and urine spraying, as well as excessive meowing, had greatly decreased; however, aggressive behavior took much longer to stop and required behavior therapy. RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: Functional adrenal tumors producing only sex hormones and behavioral changes are uncommon. The cat reported herein started showing behavioral changes before spines appeared on the penis, and structural alterations in the adrenal gland at the abdominal ultrasonography were detected. Considering all the possible implications resulting from severe behavior problems such as cat-cat aggression, from a permanent separation of the cats to relinquishment, a detailed investigation of underlying medical mechanisms in these animals is crucial from the start. Examinations may need to be repeated later in the course.

J Feline Med Surg ; 23(2): 190-193, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478638


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of an EDTA-based method for measuring cat blood bioamines. METHODS: Test 1 involved collecting blood samples from seven university laboratory cats. The samples were transferred to EDTA, heparin and plain tubes to determine concentrations of four bioamines (serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine [adrenaline] and norepinephrine [noradrenaline]). Correlation of measurements performed on EDTA plasma, with those performed on heparinized plasma or serum were assessed by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). In test 2, blood samples from five owned cats were collected and stored in EDTA tubes and divided between duplicate Eppendorf tubes labeled as different cats for blinding purposes and analyzed independently for the same four bioamines as in test 1. Reliability of concentration determination for these duplicates was assessed by ICCs and coefficients of variation (CVs). RESULTS: In test 1, there was no significant correlation between the EDTA plasma serotonin and serum serotonin concentrations. There was also no significant correlation between EDTA plasma and heparin plasma concentrations for either epinephrine or norepinephrine. There was a statistically significant but weak correlation between EDTA plasma and heparin plasma dopamine concentrations. In test 2, there was no correlation for repeat-analyzed serotonin and epinephrine concentrations. Although there were statistically significant correlations for dopamine and norepinephrine, CVs for each analyte were in excess of 30%. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Before any further attempt is made to measure and report on neurotransmitter concentrations in domestic cats, it is essential that the robustness of the methodology is carefully validated and the data presented.

Neurotransmissores , Animais , Gatos , Ácido Edético , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
J Feline Med Surg ; 23(2): 86-97, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684120


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the safety and efficacy of a novel multidrug lomustine-based chemotherapeutic protocol for cats with high-grade multicentric or mediastinal lymphoma, in an area endemic for feline leukemia virus (FeLV). METHODS: This prospective study included owned cats, diagnosed (cytologically) with multicentric or mediastinal lymphoma and treated with the LOPH (lomustine, vincristine [Oncovin; Antibióticos do Brasil], prednisolone and hydroxydaunorubicin [doxorubicin]) protocol. A complete blood count was performed before every chemotherapy session and any significant abnormalities recorded as possible related toxicities. Median survival time (MST) and disease-free interval were estimated by Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: Twenty-one cats were included in this study. Nineteen (90.5%) tested positive for FeLV and were therefore considered to have persistent viremia. Complete response was reported in 81% (n = 17/21), while three had partial remission and one had no response. Seven cats finished the induction protocol within 20-31 weeks (23.1 ± 4.5; median 20) and all seven received a maintenance protocol. The MST (lymphoma-related survival) for the 21 cats was 214 days. The MST was 214 days for cats with mediastinal lymphoma (n = 13), but it was not reached for multicentric lymphoma (n = 8; P = 0.9). The MST of cats with persistent FeLV antigenemia was 171 days. Grade I anorexia and vomiting occurred in 19% of the cats (n = 4/21). Hematologic toxicity was found in 100% of the cats at some point during their treatment, but it was mostly grade I or II. Neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia occurred in 16/21, 21/21 and 15/21 cats, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The LOPH protocol was well tolerated by cats with lymphoma and persistent FeLV viremia, and resulted in a better MST than similar studies with other protocols. Novel studies and controlled trials are necessary in order to evaluate the efficacy of different protocols according to the lymphoma subtype, anatomic form and FeLV status.

Doenças do Gato , Leucemia Felina , Linfoma , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico , Gatos , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Leucemia Felina/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Felina/epidemiologia , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/veterinária , Estudos Prospectivos , Vincristina
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e186835, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363083


Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Dirofilaria immitis, a nematode found mainly in the pulmonary artery and right chambers of the heart, lungs, and large vessels of dogs. This parasitism also occasionally occurs in cats, causing an amicrofilaremic and asymptomatic infection, resulting in severe illness and rapid death. In this case report, it was described acute clinical signs and histopathological alterations in a domestic cat with heartworm disease from the city of Mossoró, the Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The nematode species, D. immitis, was confirmed by morphological and molecular analyses. This is the first documented and full report of feline heartworm disease in northeastern Brazil.(AU)

A dirofilariose é uma doença zoonótica causada por Dirofilaria immitis, um nematódeo que parasita cães, principalmente a artéria pulmonar e as câmaras direitas do coração, pulmões e grandes vasos. Este parasita também ocorre ocasionalmente em gatos, geralmente causando uma infecção amicrofilarêmica e assintomática, que pode resultar em doença grave e morte rápida. Neste relato de caso, são apresentados os sinais clínicos agudos e alterações histopatológicas em um gato doméstico do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, com dirofilariose. A espécie de nematóide, D. immitis, foi confirmada por análises morfológicas e moleculares. Este é o primeiro relato documentado e completo de dirofilariose felina no Nordeste do Brasil.(AU)

Animais , Masculino , Gatos , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Dirofilaria immitis , Dirofilariose/diagnóstico , Evolução Fatal
Animals (Basel) ; 10(1)2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936805


It is often suggested that both latrining and spraying in the home are associated with increased stress in cats. However, the scientific evidence for this is weak. We therefore examined faecal cortisol metabolite (FCM) levels in subjects using a case-control design. Eleven spraying and 12 problematic latrining cats (assessed as healthy after detailed medical examinations on an initial population of 18 spraying and 23 latrining cats) were assessed along with behaviourally normal and similarly healthy control subjects from the same multi-cat (n = 3-9) households. Individual faecal samples were collected by owners from both "case" and "control" cats after observing them defecate in all but one pair in each group. A total of five samples per cat (typically taken on a weekly basis) were collected and submitted to extraction procedures prior to FCM analysis via an 11-oxoaetiocholanolone enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Participant cats, both "cases" (nine "sprayers" and eight "latriners") and controls, were also individually video recorded (together with the owner) for 5 min in a dedicated room. FCM levels were significantly higher in individuals ("sprayers" and their controls) from spraying households than from the latrining households ("latriners" and their controls), but there was no significant difference between cats from the same household. Within a video observation test, cats from spraying houses spent proportionally more time moving (as opposed to stationary), but again there was no difference between cats from the same house. These results indicate that households in which a cat exhibits urine spraying, are generally more aroused, but "sprayers" are not more aroused than their housemates. Accordingly, we suggest appropriate management needs to be applied to the whole household to help alleviate the potential stress of all the cats in the home, and not just the one expressing this through urinary spraying behaviour.

Vet Rec ; 186(16): e9, 2020 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624133


BACKGROUND: Geographical variations in feline behaviour problems exist. The occurrence of feline behaviour problems in different regions are therefore important to prepare professionals for the emerging needs of cat owners. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-five feline behaviour cases that were referred to a veterinary behaviourist in São Paulo (Brazil) during the period 2008-2014 are described. RESULTS: Inter-cat aggression was the main behavioural complaint reported (31%), followed by housesoiling (26.4%). Unlike other international studies, inter-cat aggression was more frequently seen than inappropriate elimination. Oral repetitive behaviours, including problems such as psychogenic alopecia and pica, were also a prevalent problem (ie, 16.8% of the cases). Human-directed aggression accounted for 13.5% of the cases, taking fourth place in the list of the most common feline behavioural problems. Female and male cats were equally likely to be presented (51% and 49% of cases, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights potentially geographical or temporal variation in the behavioural problems that need to be recognised by veterinary behaviourists in order to meet the emerging needs of owners.

Gatos/psicologia , Comportamento Problema , Animais , Brasil , Encaminhamento e Consulta
J Feline Med Surg ; 22(8): 805-808, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592711


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic concordance between the toothbrush and carpet techniques for the detection of Microsporum canis in cats in a field study. METHODS: Thirty-nine Persian cats from a cattery were used. Fungal culture samples from the haircoat of each cat were collected by stroking the coat with a sterile toothbrush and a 5 × 5 cm-sized sterile carpet square (n = 78 total samples). Specimens were inoculated onto Mycosel Agar and incubated at 25°C for 21 days. Both techniques were compared using the following parameters: number of plates without fungal growth, number of plates with contaminant growth and number of plates positive for dermatophytes. RESULTS: The feline population in the study cattery was 39. Thirty (77%) were symptomatic and nine (23%) asymptomatic. The diagnosis was made via carpet and toothbrush methods and 78 cultures were performed. On day 21, M canis was detected in all culture plates. No contaminant molds were observed. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The concordance rate between the carpet and toothbrush techniques among the 78 evaluable culture plates was 100%. Both methods are equally effective for collecting material for Mcanis culture. Additionally, both techniques are inexpensive and easy to perform in feline clinical practice.

Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Cultura/veterinária , Dermatomicoses/veterinária , Microsporum/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Doenças do Gato/microbiologia , Gatos , Técnicas de Cultura/métodos , Dermatomicoses/diagnóstico , Dermatomicoses/microbiologia
Vet Rec ; 186(18): e22, 2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874922


BACKGROUND: Behavioural case loads may vary due to cultural differences, and so it is important to know how these differ with geography. METHODS: One hundred and eighty dog cases referred to a veterinary behaviourist in São Paulo (Brazil) during the period of 2008-2014 are described. RESULTS: Aggression against people was the most common behavioural complaint (22.2 per cent of the cases), followed by apparent fears and phobias (13.3 per cent). Forms of aggression against other dogs (12.2 per cent) and repetitive behaviours (11.1 per cent) were third and fourth most frequent, respectively. Female and male patients were equally reported (47.6 and 52.4 per cent, respectively). These results differ slightly from the findings of other international studies, in which aggression was the main behavioural complaint with fears and phobias less common. CONCLUSION: Regional demographic reviews of the case loads of veterinary behaviour specialists help the profession recognise the problems of most concern to pet owners in a given area and thus local priorities, as well as opening up the potential to generate new hypotheses relating to the reasons for regional differences.

Comportamento Animal , Cães/psicologia , Comportamento Problema , Animais , Brasil , Encaminhamento e Consulta
J Feline Med Surg ; 21(8): 772-779, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30261793


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a case-control medical evaluation of cats from multi-cat households presenting with inappropriate latrining and spraying behavior. METHODS: Owners of 18 'spraying' and 23 'latrining' cats with normal control subjects available from the same households were recruited for a case-control study. Otherwise overtly healthy dyads (each dyad consisting of a case cat and a control cat) were brought together to the veterinary hospital of the University of São Paulo for a medical work-up (ie, physical examination, complete blood count, biochemical profile, urinalysis and urine culture, abdominal ultrasound of the urinary system and in females, where possible, cystoscopy). RESULTS: Medical problems were identified with similar frequency in the 'sprayers' (38.9%), 'latriners' (39.1%) and controls of the latrining group (26.1%), but not the controls of the spraying group (5.5%). The difference between 'cases' and 'controls' from spraying households was significant. Common potential health-related changes include renal insufficiency, cystitis and bladder lithiasis. Renal calculi, higher creatinine levels (within normal reference interval) and 'glomerulations' (detected during cystoscopy) were also found in the remaining sprayers and latriners that were considered clinically healthy. Post-cystoscopy, a new form of periuria occurred in two cats (one sprayer and one latriner). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: These results indicate that spraying or latrining behavior in the home, as well as living with a cat that is not using the litter box as a latrine, are all associated with a higher level of urinary tract abnormalities; living with a cat that is spraying, however, does not have this association. The findings also suggest that both forms of periuria might be associated with interstitial cystitis. We therefore conclude that all cats with periuria need to be carefully evaluated medically and that treatment of latrine-related problems should consider all cats in the house, whereas spraying may be more focused on the individual displaying the problem.

Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Doenças do Gato , Doenças Urológicas , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/fisiopatologia , Gatos , Doenças Urológicas/epidemiologia , Doenças Urológicas/fisiopatologia
BMC Vet Res ; 13(1): 109, 2017 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412947


BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats. CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a T. foetus infection in a seven-month-old, entire male domestic shorthair kitten with a six-month history of persistent large intestinal diarrhoea, faecal incontinence, prostration, apathy and weight loss. Parasites were microscopically observed and confirmed by PCR and DNA sequencing. Molecular analyses were carried out comparing the sequence obtained in this study with T. foetus and T. suis. Retrieved from GenBank. After treatment with ronidazole, the cat showed resolution of clinical signs. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first clinical case of T. foetus infection in a chronic diarrheic cat in Brazil and South America, confirming the presence of this pathogen in this part of the world and highlighting the importance of this protozoa being considered in the differential diagnosis of cats presenting diarrhoea of the large intestine. Our case report enriches our knowledge on the geographical distribution of T. foetus in cats in Brazil and provides further understanding of the clinical significance of feline intestinal trichomoniasis in this country.

Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Diarreia/veterinária , Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/diagnóstico , Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antiprotozoários/administração & dosagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico , Gatos , DNA de Protozoário/análise , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Diarreia/parasitologia , Masculino , Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/tratamento farmacológico , Ronidazole/administração & dosagem , Tritrichomonas foetus/genética
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(6): 555-561, jun. 2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-716346


Investigou-se a ocorrência de nefrolitíase e/ou ureterolitíase em 72 gatos portadores de doença renal crônica (DRC), classificados predominantemente no estágio II, segundo os critérios designados pela IRIS - International Renal Interest Society. Destes pacientes, 47 (65,27por cento) apresentaram litíase renal e ou ureteral. Não houve diferença estatística entre o grupo de estudo (DRC com cálculo) e o grupo controle (DRC sem cálculo) em relação à idade (p=0,274). Apesar disso, os pacientes portadores de nefrolitíase e/ou ureterolitíase apresentaram maiores indícios de lesão renal, caracterizados por diferenças estatisticamente relevantes da densidade urinária (p=0,013) e pelo menor tamanho dos rins direito (p=0,009) e esquerdo (p=0,048). Encontrou-se similaridade entre os grupos em relação a outros parâmetros, tais como as concentrações plasmáticas de cálcio total, cálcio ionizado, fósforo, sódio, potássio e paratormônio intacto (PTHi). Os valores das concentrações séricas de ureia e bicarbonato diferiram entre os grupos, com valores de p=0,039 e p=0,037, respectivamente. Além disso, foi mensurada a pressão arterial, que se manteve inalterada na comparação entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo controle. Os resultados obtidos reforçam a necessidade de acompanhamento ultrassonográfico de todos os pacientes portadores de DRC, mesmo daqueles assintomáticos ou em estágios iniciais da doença.

Nephrolithiasis and/or ureterolithiasis were investigated by means of ultrasonography in 72 cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD), predominantly classified in stage II, according to IRIS - International Renal Interest Society criteria. Of these patients, 47 (65.27 percent) had nephrolithiasis and/or ureterolithiasis. There was no statistical difference between the study group (CKD with calculi) and control group (CKD without calculi) regarding age (p=0.274). Nevertheless, patients with nephrolithiasis and/or ureterolithiasis had greater evidence of renal injury, characterized by statistically significant differences in the urinary density (p=0.013) and the smaller size of the right kidney (p=0.009) and left kidney (p=0.048), measured in the longitudinal plane. There were no difference between groups in the other parameters investigated such as plasmatic total calcium, ionized calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and intact parathyroid hormone concentrations. The values of serum urea and bicarbonate differ between groups with p=0.039 and p=0.037, respectively. Furthermore, arterial blood pressure was measured, remaining unchanged between the groups. One can conclude that nephrolithiasis and/or ureterolithiasis are common findings in cats with CKD and these results reinforce the need to perform image investigation in cats with CKD even in the asymptomatic ones, or those in the early stages of the disease.

Animais , Gatos , Gatos , Nefrolitíase/etiologia , Nefrolitíase/veterinária , Patologia , Ureterolitíase/etiologia , Ureterolitíase/veterinária , Evolução Clínica/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(2): 229-235, fev. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-670959


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently observed in cats and it is characterized as a multisystemic illness, caused by several underlying metabolic changes, and secondary renal hyperparathyroidism (SRHPT) is relatively common; usually it is associated with the progression of renal disease and poor prognosis. This study aimed at determining the frequency of SRHPT, and discussing possible mechanisms that could contribute to the development of SRHPT in cats at different stages of CKD through the evaluation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism, as well as acid-base status. Forty owned cats with CKD were included and divided into three groups, according to the stages of the disease, classified according to the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) as Stage II (n=12), Stage III (n=22) and Stage IV (n=6). Control group was composed of 21 clinically healthy cats. Increased serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations were observed in most CKD cats in all stages, and mainly in Stage IV, which hyperphosphatemia and ionized hypocalcemia were detected and associated to the cause for the development of SRHPT. In Stages II and III, however, ionized hypercalcemia was noticed suggesting that the development of SRHPT might be associated with other factors, and metabolic acidosis could be involved to the increase of serum ionized calcium. Therefore, causes for the development of SRHPT seem to be multifactorial and they must be further investigated, mainly in the early stages of CKD in cats, as hyperphosphatemia and ionized hypocalcemia could not be the only factors involved.

A doença renal crônica (DRC) em gatos é frequentemente observada e caracteriza-se como alteração multissistêmica, causada por alterações metabólicas, e o hiperparatireoidismo secundário renal (HPTSR) seria o mais comum e usualmente está associada com progressão da doença renal e mau prognóstico. Esse estudo teve como objetivo determinar a frequência do HPTSR, e discutir os possíveis mecanismos que podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de SRHPT em gatos em diferentes estágios de DRC, pela avaliação do metabolismo do cálcio e fósforo, bem como do equilíbrio ácido-base. Quarenta gatos com DRC foram divididos em três subgrupos, de acordo com a classificação proposta pela International Renal Interest Society (IRIS), Estágio II (n=12), Estágio III (n=22) e Estágio IV (n=6). O grupo-controle foi composto por 21 gatos clinicamente saudáveis. O aumento das concentrações séricas de paratormônio intacto (PTHi) foi observado na maioria dos casos, mas principalmente no Estágio IV, no qual a hiperfosfatemia e a hipocalcemia ionizada parecem estar associadas ao desenvolvimento do HPTSR. No entanto, nos Estágios II e III, observou-se hipercalcemia ionizada, sugerindo que, nestes estágios, o desenvolvimento do HPTSR possa estar associado a outros fatores, e a acidose metabólica pode estar envolvida com o desenvolvimento de hipercalcemia ionizada. Assim, outros fatores, além da hiperfosfatemia e da hipocalcemia ionizada, possam estar envolvidos com o desenvolvimento do HPTSR, principalmente nos estágios iniciais da DRC. Futuros estudos são necessários para uma melhor compreensão da fisiopatologia do HPTSR em gatos.

Animais , Gatos , Cetose/veterinária , Falência Renal Crônica/veterinária , Gatos/metabolismo , Hiperfosfatemia/veterinária , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/veterinária , Doenças Metabólicas/veterinária , Hormônio Paratireóideo
Ciênc. rural ; 35(6): 1325-1330, nov.-dez. 2005. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-417670


O presente estudo teve como objetivos, avaliar o uso da orbifloxacina nas cistites bacterianas de felinos, e seus possíveis efeitos colaterais, mormente a nefro e/ou hepatotoxicidade. Para tanto, foram colhidas amostras de urina de 53 gatos com históricos variados, mas com predisposição à infecção urinária. A cistite bacteriana foi comprovada, através de exame microbiológico, em 13 pacientes. No entanto, apenas 10 apresentaram infecção por agentes sensíveis a orbifloxacina. Esses 10 pacientes foram então submetidos ao tratamento com orbifloxacina na dose de 2,5mg kg-1 a cada 24 horas por 10 dias. Não houve crescimento bacteriano nas amostras de urina submetidas à cultura, 72 horas após a interrupção do tratamento. Não foram observados sinais de nefro e/ou hepatotoxicidade nesses pacientes, uma vez que os níveis séricos de alanina aminotransferase (ALT), aspartato aminotransferase (AST), fosfatase alcalina (FA), albumina, uréia e creatinina não tiveram variação significativa após o uso do fármaco. Portanto, os resultados apresentados sugerem que a orbifloxacina pode ser usada como agente antimicrobiano nas infecções urinárias de felinos.

Animais , Bactérias , Gatos , Cistite
Ciênc. rural ; 34(1): 315-321, jan.-fev. 2004.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-358352


A doença idiopática do trato urinário inferior dos felinos (DITUIF) continua sendo um grande desafio para o clínico veterinário uma vez que, apesar dos avanços nas técnicas diagnósticas, sua etiologia continua por ser determinada. O objetivo do presente trabalho é demonstrar as principais semelhanças entre a doença urinária felina e a cistite intersticial humana (CI), principalmente no que se refere à comprovaçäo do caráter neurogênico da inflamaçäo vesical, o papel do estresse na gênese e/ou exacerbaçäo dos sinais clínicos da doença, e os principais achados cistoscópicos e histopatológicos em ambas as síndromes urinárias. Conclui-se, portanto, que além da dieta comercial, podem existir outros fatores com participaçäo na inflamaçäo vesical de felinos com DITUI.

Ciênc. rural ; 31(6): 1045-1049, nov.-dez. 2001. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-313155


Com o objetivo de caracterizar a inflamaçäo da bexiga envolvida na doença idiopática do trato urinário inferior dos felinos e de se comprovar seu caráter crônico, procedeu-se à análise histopatológica e morfométrica da bexiga de felinos que haviam apresentado recidivas da doença urinária e que näo apresentavam sinais clínicos por, pelo menos, seis meses antes dos exames macro e microscópicos da bexiga. Foram utilizados 15 felinos, machos e fêmeas, de raças e idades variadas, sendo oito felinos com doença idiopática do trato urinário inferior e assintomáticos e sete felinos hígidos. Os resultados evidenciaram espessamento das camadas mucosa e muscular da bexiga, infiltrado inflamatório mononuclear acentuado na mucosa e muscular, petéquias subepiteliais, hiperplasia e pregueamento epitelial, aumento no número de vasos sangüíneos na lâmina própria, e infiltrado inflamatório perineural, alteraçöes estas encontradas apenas nos felinos com doença idiopática do trato urinário inferior. Esses achados sugerem cistite crônica.

Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Gatos , Cistite , Doenças do Gato/patologia , Sistema Urinário/patologia , Doença Crônica , Recidiva
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 4(1): 35-38, jan./abr. 1997. il.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413344


Para avaliar a freqüência da infecção pelo vírus da leucemia felina (VLF), 298 gatos doentes, atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia da Universidade de São Paulo, foram submetidos ao teste imunoenzimático para a detecção de antígenos virais do VLF (Leukassay F., Pitman Moore Inc.). Dos animais submetidos ao teste, 37 (12,5%) apresentaram-se positivos, com diagnóstico clínico de hemobartonelose (10), linfoma mediastinal (7), icterícia e febre (3), peritonite infecciosa felina (2), anemia hipoplásica (2), uveíte (2), gastroenterite (2), trombocitopenia (2), periodontite (2) atrofia do timo (1), doença respiratória crônica (1) e contactante e assintomático (1). A maioria dos animais acometidos situava-se na faixa etária de 30 a 36 meses, tendo o mais jovem um mês e o mais velho 12 anos de idade. A infecção foi observada com maior freqüência entre os machos, que responderam por 67,5% dos casos, havendo também predominância dos felinos sem raça definida.

Serum samples from 298 sick cats were submitted to enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for detecting feline leukemia virus (Felv) antigen (Leukassay F., Pitman Moore), aiming to evaluate the frequence of Felv infection among domestic cats. Thirty seven Felv (12.5%) positiva cats were found. The reagents were observed among cats with clinical diagnosis of hemobartonellosis (10), mediastinal lymphoma (7), jaundice and fever (3), feline infectious peritonitis (2), hypoplastic anemia (2), uveitides (2), gastroenteritidis (2), trombocytopenia (1), periodontitides (2), atrophy of thymus (1), chronic respiratory disease (1), carcinoma (1), and asymptomatic (1). The great majority of cats were 30 to 36 months old, being the youngest one month old and the oldest one, twelve years. Felv infection was more frequent among male cats (67.5%) and in short haired domestic cats.

Animais , Gatos , Testes Imunológicos/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/virologia , Prevalência , Imunofluorescência/veterinária , Vírus da Leucemia Felina , Antígenos Virais