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JAC Antimicrob Resist ; 1(3): dlz060, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222934


Objectives: To map published data of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions that are currently being carried out in hospitals and clinics in the public and private health sectors of South Africa in line with the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) strategy of South Africa. Methods: A systematic scoping review was conducted to identify AMS initiatives in the public and private health sectors of South Africa for the period 1 January 2000 to 31 March 2019. An electronic search of databases was made including PubMed, Scopus, a key medical journal (South African Medical Journal), University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) WorldCat iCatalogue and AMR networks: Federation of Infectious Diseases Societies in South Africa (FIDSSA). Reference lists of published articles were also reviewed for inclusion. Keywords included 'antimicrobial antibiotic stewardship South Africa'. Findings: Of a total of 411 articles, using a stepwise screening process, 18 articles were selected for inclusion in the review. The interventions/initiatives were divided into four broad categories: (i) AMS intervention: prescription audits and usage; (ii) AMS intervention: education and its impact; (iii) other AMS interventions; and (iv) the role of different healthcare professionals in AMS. Conclusions: The data identifies a need for and the value of AMS in both the public and private health sectors of South Africa. Initiatives are carried out across both sectors but more attention needs to be focused on AMS implementation in line with the National AMR Strategy of South Africa. Collaboration between the different sectors will aid in overcoming the AMR challenge.

Am J Pharm Educ ; 72(3): 51, 2008 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18698384


OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of pharmacoeconomics education at US pharmacy colleges and schools in 2007. METHODS: An e-mail survey was developed and sent to pharmacoeconomics instructors at all US colleges of pharmacy. RESULTS: Of the 90 colleges and schools of pharmacy that completed the survey, 7 colleges and schools did not currently have someone teaching pharmacoeconomics (eg, new school or looking for instructor). For the 83 colleges and schools that had an instructor who taught pharmacoeconomics, 69 covered pharmacoeconomic-related topics in a required course only; 5, in an elective course only; and 9, in both a required and elective course. The number of hours of pharmacoeconomic-related topics presented in required courses ranged from 1 to 48 hours (mean = 21 +/- 14; median = 19). CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacoeconomics education courses are offered at the majority of US colleges and schools of pharmacy. There was a wide range of hours devoted to pharmacoeconomic-related topics and the topics covered in these colleges and schools varied. Although the majority of US colleges and schools of pharmacy offer pharmacoeconomics courses, official guidelines are needed for the specific aspects and topics that should be covered in the classroom.

Farmacoeconomia , Educação em Farmácia , Faculdades de Farmácia , Universidades , Currículo , Farmacoeconomia/organização & administração , Farmacoeconomia/normas , Educação em Farmácia/organização & administração , Educação em Farmácia/normas , Correio Eletrônico , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Faculdades de Farmácia/organização & administração , Faculdades de Farmácia/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Universidades/organização & administração , Universidades/normas