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1.
Cir Pediatr ; 30(2): 83-88, 2017 Apr 20.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28857530

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dynamic compression system is the elective treatment for chondrogladiolar pectus carinatum. Nevertheless, its high cost poses a problem for its prescription in places where it is not subsidized. This article analyzes the experience of the Paediatric Plastic Surgery Service at a third grade hospital in the treatment of this deformity with a static compression system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study presents a descriptive, retrospective analysis of 30 patients with pectus carinatum treated with a static compression system. Furthermore, we describe the protocol of treatment used at our unit, and we analyse the satisfaction with bracing therapy, and its relation to therapeutic compliance. RESULTS: The study includes 28 boys and 2 girls. 93% of the patients presented a chondrogladiolar pectus carinatum. At the moment of finishing the study, 11 patients have completed the treatment, 14 still bracing, and 5 were lost in the follow-up. Satisfaction questionnaires were answered by 19 patients. CONCLUSION: Bracing therapy with static compression system is the treatment of choice for chondrogladiolar pectus carinatum in our unit, because of its effectiveness and lower price. Quality of life questionnaires show better marks in patients that are in the second phase of treatment.


Assuntos
Braquetes , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Pectus Carinatum/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Acta pediatr. esp ; 74(2): 45-49, feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-150592

RESUMO

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio es analizar a los pacientes remitidos a cirugía para practicar una frenotomía en el periodo neonatal y revisar su correcta indicación, ya que en la actualidad no existe consenso en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la anquiloglosia. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 136 pacientes con anquiloglosia derivados a la consulta de cirugía plástica pediátrica. Se recogieron datos sobre la remisión a la consulta, problemas de lactancia y experiencia anterior y posterior a la intervención. Resultados: Los principales motivos de consulta se relacionaron con problemas en la técnica de lactancia materna (69 pacientes [65,7%]). El dolor durante la toma era el síntoma más habitual, aunque 33 pacientes (31,4%) no presentaban síntomas. En la mayoría de los casos, la remisión a cirugía la realizó el pediatra de zona (85 pacientes [80%]). El tipo más frecuente de anquiloglosia en la muestra fue el tipo II. Sólo se detectó 1 caso de recidiva. La ansiedad debida a la separación durante la frenotomía fue la experiencia negativa más frecuente entre las madres. Discusión: La falta de indicaciones establecidas para la frenotomía, así como la relativa facilidad de la aplicación de la técnica en la edad neonatal y el auge de las campañas de lactancia materna, está derivando en un exceso de indicación quirúrgica como tratamiento de la anquiloglosia. Debe promoverse la creación de guías que definan unos criterios adecuados de tratamiento, así como favorecer la remisión a la consulta de lactancia como un paso previo a la cirugía (AU)


Introduction: The aim of this study is to analyze patients referred to frenotomy surgery during neonatal period and to review their correct indication, as nowadays there is no consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia. Material and methods: A retrospective study of 136 patients with ankyloglossia referred to pediatric plastic surgery. Data collection was based on the consultation, breastfeeding problems and experiences before and after intervention. Results: The main reasons to attend consultation were related to breastfeeding technique (69 patients [65.7%]), and pain in between takes the more frequent symptom, nevertheless 33 patients (31.4%) had no symptoms. In most cases, referral to surgery was done by the pediatrician (85 patients [80%]). The most common type of ankyloglossia in the sample was type II. Only one case of recurrence was detected. Separation anxiety during frenotomy was the most frequent negative experience among mothers. Discussion: The lack of guidelines established for frenotomy and the relative ease of application of the technique in the neonatal age and the rise of breastfeeding campaigns, is leading to an excess of surgical indication as treatment of ankyloglossia. To create guidelines defining an appropriate criteria of treatment should be promoted, and to facilitate referrals to lactation consultation as a step prior to surgery (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Freio Lingual/patologia , Aleitamento Materno/efeitos adversos , Freio Lingual/cirurgia , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Freio Lingual/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos da Lactação/cirurgia , Ansiedade de Separação/complicações , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos
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