Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 235
Filtrar
1.
Am J Cardiovasc Dis ; 11(5): 659-678, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34849299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is thought to be worse in women than in age-matched men. We assessed whether such differences occur in the UK Pan-London dataset and if age, and particularly menopause, influences upon outcome. METHODS: We undertook an observational cohort study of 26,799 STEMI patients (20,633 men, 6,166 women) between 2005-2015 at 8 centres across London, UK. Patient details were recorded at the time of the procedure into local databases using the British Cardiac Intervention Society (BCIS) PCI dataset. Primary outcome was all-cause mortality at a median follow-up of 4.1 years (IQR: 2.2-5.8 years). RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a higher mortality rate in women versus men (15.6% men vs. 25.3% women, P<0.0001). Univariate Cox analysis revealed that female sex was a predictor of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.69 95% CI: 1.59-1.82). However, after multivariate adjustment, this effect of female sex diminished (HR: 1.05 95% CI: 0.90-1.25). In a sub-group analysis, we compared the sexes separated by age into the ≤55 and the >55 year olds. Age-stratified Cox analysis revealed that female sex was a univariate predictor of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.60 95% CI: 1.25-2.05) in the ≤55 group and in the >55 group (HR: 1.38 95% CI: 1.28-1.47). However, after regression adjustment incorporating the propensity score into a proportional hazard model as a covariate, whilst female sex was not a significant predictor of all-cause mortality in the ≤55 group it was a predictor in the >55 group. Moreover, whilst age did not influence outcome in <55 group, this effect in the >55 group was correlated with age. CONCLUSIONS: Overall women have a worse all-cause mortality following primary PCI for STEMI compared to men. However, this effect was driven predominantly by women >55 years of age since after adjusting for co-morbidities the risk in younger women did not differ significantly from that in men. These observations support the view that as women advance past the menopausal years their risk of further events following revascularization increases substantially and we suggest that routine assessment of hormonal status may improve clinical decision-making and ultimately outcome for women post-PCI.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34920129

RESUMO

Uni-dimensional Doppler echocardiography data provide the mainstay of quantative assessment of aortic stenosis, with the transvalvular pressure drop a key indicator of haemodynamic burden. Sophisticated methods of obtaining velocity data, combined with improved computational analysis, are facilitating increasingly robust and reproducible measurement. Imaging modalities which permit acquisition of three-dimensional blood velocity vector fields enable angle-independent valve interrogation and calculation of enhanced measures of the transvalvular pressure drop. This manuscript clarifies the fundamental principles of physics that underpin the evaluation of aortic stenosis and explores modern techniques that may provide more accurate means to grade aortic stenosis and inform appropriate management.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 1965-1974, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with significant coronary artery disease would produce noninferior clinical results when compared with no PCI (control arm). BACKGROUND: PCI in patients undergoing TAVR is not without risk, and there are no randomized data to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and significant coronary artery disease with Canadian Cardiovascular Society class ≤2 angina were randomly assigned to receive PCI or no PCI prior to TAVR. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or rehospitalization at 1 year. Noninferiority testing (prespecified margin of 7.5%) was performed in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: At 17 centers, 235 patients underwent randomization. At 1 year, the primary composite endpoint occurred in 48 (41.5%) of the PCI arm and 47 (44.0%) of the no-PCI arm. The requirement for noninferiority was not met (difference: -2.5%; 1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 8.5%; 1-sided noninferiority test P = 0.067). On analysis of the as-treated population, the difference was -3.7% (1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 7.5%; P = 0.050). Mortality was 16 (13.4%) in the PCI arm and 14 (12.1%) in the no-PCI arm. At 1 year, there was no evidence of a difference in the rates of stroke, myocardial infarction, or acute kidney injury, with higher rates of any bleed in the PCI arm (P = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Observed rates of death and rehospitalization at 1 year were similar between PCI and no PCI prior to TAVR; however, the noninferiority margin was not met, and PCI resulted in a higher incidence of bleeding. (Assessing the Effects of Stenting in Significant Coronary Artery Disease Prior to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation; ISRCTN75836930).


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Canadá , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(10): 1332-1335, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471889

RESUMO

We describe the case of a 73-year-old woman presenting with heart failure, a degenerating bioprosthetic mitral valve, and severely dilated left atrium, and highlight the role of multimodality imaging in planning transseptal transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve implantation. (Level of Difficulty: Advanced.).

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 23(10): 1775-1783, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363280

RESUMO

AIMS: We report the 2-year outcomes of the MitrAl ValvE RepaIr Clinical (MAVERIC) trial. Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is associated with poor outcomes for which there remains an unmet clinical need. ARTO is a transcatheter annular reduction device for the treatment of FMR and an emerging alternative for patients at high surgical risk. The MAVERIC trial was designed to evaluate the safety and performance of the ARTO system in FMR and heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: MAVERIC is an international multicentre, prospective, single arm study enrolling patients with FMR grade ≥ 2, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥II symptoms despite maximal medical therapy. Patients were excluded if they had significant structural mitral valve abnormality or life expectancy <1 year. The primary outcome measures were a composite safety outcome and efficacy defined as mitral regurgitation (MR) reduction 30 days post-procedure. Secondary outcome measures included safety, change in MR grade, NYHA class and hospitalization for HF at 2 years. Forty-five patients were enrolled. The composite safety outcome was met (2/45 adverse events at 30 days) and no device-related deaths occurred at 2-year follow-up. A sustained reduction in MR [grade < 2: 21/31 (68%) vs. 31/31(0%); P < 0.0001], left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (90.0 ± 30 vs. 106 ± 26 mL/m2 ; P = 0.004) and anteroposterior diameter (35.5 ± 4.7 vs. 41.4 ± 4.6 mm; P < 0.0001) was seen at 2 years compared to baseline. Progressive symptomatic improvement [NYHA class ≤II: 27/34 (80%) vs. 12/34 (36%); P < 0.0001] and a reduction in HF hospitalizations (19.8% 2 years post vs. 52.3% 2 years prior; P < 0.001) were seen at 2 years compared to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: The ARTO system is a safe and effective treatment for FMR with reductions in left ventricular end-diastolic volumes sustained to 2 years.

8.
Heart Rhythm O2 ; 2(4): 365-373, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430942

RESUMO

Background: Patients who improve following cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) have left ventricular (LV) remodeling and improved cardiac output (CO). Effects on the systemic circulation are unknown. Objective: To explore the effects of CRT on aortic and pulmonary blood flow and systemic afterload. Methods: At CRT implant patients underwent a noninvasive assessment of central hemodynamics, including wave intensity analysis (n = 28). This was repeated at 6 months after CRT. A subsample (n = 11) underwent an invasive electrophysiological and hemodynamic assessment immediately following CRT. CRT response was defined as reduction in LV end-systolic volume ≥15% at 6 months. Results: In CRT responders (75% of those in the noninvasive arm), there was a significant increase in CO (from 3 ± 2 L/min to 4 ± 2 L/min, P = .002) and LV dP/dtmax (from 846 ± 162 mm Hg/s to 958 ± 194 mm Hg/s, P = .001), immediately after CRT in those in the invasive arm. They demonstrated a significant increase in aortic forward compression wave (FCW) both acutely and at follow-up. The relative change in LV dP/dtmax strongly correlated with changes in the aortic FCW (R s 0.733, P = .025). CRT responders displayed a significant reduction in afterload, and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance and pulse wave velocity acutely; there was a significant decrease in acute pulmonary afterload measured by the pulmonary FCW and forward expansion wave. Conclusion: Improved cardiac function following CRT is attributable to a combination of changes in the cardiac and cardiovascular system. The relative importance of these 2 mechanisms may then be important for optimizing CRT.

9.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127530

RESUMO

AIMS: Durability of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is key to its expansion. We sought to identify incidence of valve thrombosis and predictors of valve thrombosis in our single centre with associated coagulation testing pre-TAVI and post-TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: This single-centre observational study comprised patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI discussed in the Heart Team meeting . Patients were followed up with echocardiography at 120 days to identify incidence of elevated transvalvular gradient and multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with an increased odds of developing valve thrombosis. In addition, 11 patients underwent baseline, day 1 and day 120 post-TAVI coagulation testing. Between August 2017 and August 2019, 437 consecutive patients underwent transfemoral TAVI. Of these patients, 207/437 (47.4%) had 3-month follow-up echo data available and were analysed. Of these patients, 26/207 (12.6%) had elevated transvalvular gradients. These patients tended to be younger (80±14 vs 83±6 years; p=0.047) with a lower ejection fraction (49±13 vs 54%±11%; p=0.021), with a greater proportion of the population experiencing atrial fibrillation (14/21, 54% vs 68/181, 38%; p=0.067). Following multivariable analysis, there remained a trend towards higher eccentricity index associated with elevated gradients. Baseline (pre-TAVI) elevation of thrombin antithrombin levels (56±63; reference range 1.0-4.1 ng/L) and PF 1+2 (791±632; reference range 69-229 ng/mL) normalised at 120 days post-TAVI CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that in the cohort of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI in our centre: younger age, poor ejection fraction, atrial fibrillation and increased baseline eccentricity of the aortic valve annulus were present to a greater extent in patients exhibiting elevated transvalvular gradients at 3-month follow-up. Further work is required to delineate the extent of coagulation derangement and confirm predictors of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Cardiopatias/sangue , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Trombose/sangue , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/sangue , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
10.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyC) is a novel biomarker of myocardial injury, with a promising role in the triage and risk stratification of patients presenting with acute cardiac disease. In this study, we assess the weekly biological variation of cMyC, to examine its potential in monitoring chronic myocardial injury, and to suggest analytical quality specification for routine use of the test in clinical practice. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers were included. Non-fasting samples were obtained once a week for ten consecutive weeks. Samples were tested in duplicate on the Erenna® platform by EMD Millipore Corporation. Outlying measurements and subjects were identified and excluded systematically, and homogeneity of analytical and within-subject variances was achieved before calculating the biological variability (CVI and CVG), reference change values (RCV) and index of individuality (II). RESULTS: Mean age was 38 (range, 21-64) years, and 16 participants were women (53%). The biological variation, RCV and II with 95% confidence interval (CI) were: CVA (%) 19.5 (17.8-21.6), CVI (%) 17.8 (14.8-21.0), CVG (%) 66.9 (50.4-109.9), RCV (%) 106.7 (96.6-120.1)/-51.6 (-54.6 to -49.1) and II 0.42 (0.29-0.56). There was a trend for women to have lower CVG. The calculated RCVs were comparable between genders. CONCLUSIONS: cMyC exhibits acceptable RCV and low II suggesting that it could be suitable for disease monitoring, risk stratification and prognostication if measured serially. Analytical quality specifications based on biological variation are similar to those for cardiac troponin and should be achievable at clinically relevant concentrations.

11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(8): 936-944, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009236

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) failure is often managed by an urgent implantation of a supplementary valve during the procedure (2-valve TAVR [2V-TAVR]). Little is known about the factors associated with or sequelae of 2V-TAVR. Objective: To examine the incidence, causes, and outcomes of 2V-TAVR. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was performed using data from an international registry of 21 298 TAVR procedures performed from January 1, 2014, through February 28, 2019. Among the 21 298 patients undergoing TAVR, 223 patients (1.0%) undergoing 2V-TAVR were identified. Patient-level data were available for all the patients undergoing 2V-TAVR and for 12 052 patients (56.6%) undergoing 1V-TAVR. After excluding patients with missing 30-day follow-up or data inconsistencies, 213 2V-TAVR and 10 010 1V-TAVR patients were studied. The 2V-TAVR patients were compared against control TAVR patients undergoing a 1-valve TAVR (1V-TAVR) using 1:4 17 propensity score matching. Final analysis included 1065 (213:852) patients. Exposures: Urgent implantation of a supplementary valve during TAVR. Main Outcomes and Measures: Mortality at 30 days and 1 year. Results: The 213 patients undergoing 2V-TAVR had similar age (mean [SD], 81.3 [0.5] years) and sex (110 [51.6%] female) as the 10 010 patients undergoing 1V-TAVR (mean [SD] age, 81.2 [0.5] years; 110 [51.6%] female). The 2V-TAVR incidence decreased from 2.9% in 2014 to 1.0% in 2018 and was similar between repositionable and nonrepositionable valves. Bicuspid aortic valve (odds ratio [OR], 2.20; 95% CI, 1.17-4.15; P = .02), aortic regurgitation of moderate or greater severity (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.49-2.73; P < .001), atrial fibrillation (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.07-1.93; P = .02), alternative access (OR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.72-3.89; P < .001), early-generation valve (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.69-3.19; P < .001), and self-expandable valve (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.17-2.43; P = .004) were associated with higher 2V-TAVR risk. In 165 patients (80%), the supplementary valve was implanted because of residual aortic regurgitation after primary valve malposition (94 [46.4%] too high and 71 [34.2%] too low). In the matched 2V-TAVR vs 1V-TAVR cohorts, the rate of device success was 147 (70.4%) vs 783 (92.2%) (P < .001), the rate of coronary obstruction was 5 (2.3%) vs 3 (0.4%) (P = .10), stroke rate was 9 (4.6%) vs 13 (1.6%) (P = .09), major bleeding rates were 25 (11.8%) vs 46 (5.5%) (P = .03) and annular rupture rate was 7 (3.3%) vs 3 (0.4%) (P = .03). The hazard ratios for mortality were 2.58 (95% CI, 1.04-6.45; P = .04) at 30 days, 1.45 (95% CI, 0.84-2.51; P = .18) at 1 year, and 1.20 (95% CI, 0.77-1.88; P = .42) at 2 years. Nontransfemoral access and certain periprocedural complications were independently associated with higher risk of death 1 year after 2V-TAVR. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, valve malposition was the most common indication for 2V-TAVR. Incidence decreased over time and was low overall, although patients with a bicuspid or regurgitant aortic valve, nontransfemoral access, and early-generation or self-expandable valve were at higher risk. These findings suggest that compared with 1V-TAVR, 2V-TAVR is associated with high burden of complications and mortality at 30 days but not at 1 year.

12.
Interv Cardiol ; 16: e07, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035831

RESUMO

Over the past decade, several transcatheter devices have been developed to address the treatment of severe mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients at high surgical risk, mainly aimed at repairing the native mitral valve (MV). MV repair devices have recently been shown to have high efficacy and safety. However, to replicate promising trial results, specific anatomical and pathophysiological criteria have to be met and operators need a high level of experience. As yet, the longer-term durability of transcatheter MV repair remains unknown. Transcatheter MV replacement (TMVR) might be a treatment option able to target various anatomies, reliably abolish MR, and foster ease of use with a standardised implantation protocol. This review presents upcoming TMVR devices and available data and discusses how TMVR might further advance the field of transcatheter treatment of MR.

13.
Physiol Rep ; 9(10): e14768, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042307

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) can adversely affect left ventricular (LV) performance during exercise by impairment of contractile function in the presence of increasing afterload. By performing invasive measures of LV pressure-volume and coronary pressure and flow during exercise, we sought to accurately measure this with comparison to the control group. Sixteen patients, with CCS class >II angina and CAD underwent invasive simultaneous measurement of left ventricular pressure-volume and coronary pressure and flow velocity during cardiac catheterization. Measurements performed at rest were compared with peak exercise using bicycle ergometry. The LV contractile function was measured invasively using the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship, a load independent marker of contractile function (Ees). Vascular afterload forces were derived from the ratio of LV end-systolic pressure to stroke volume to generate arterial elastance (Ea). These were combined to assess cardiovascular performance (ventricular-arterial [VA] coupling ratio [Ea/Ees]). Eleven patients demonstrated flow-limiting (FL) CAD (hyperemic Pd/Pa <0.80; ST-segment depression on exercise); five patients without flow-limiting (NFL) CAD served as the control group. Exercise in the presence of FL CAD was associated impairment of Ees, increased Ea, and deterioration of VA coupling. In the control cohort, exercise was associated with increased Ees and improved VA coupling. The backward compression wave energy directly correlated with the magnitude contraction as measured by dP/dTmax (r = 0.88, p = 0.004). This study demonstrates that in the presence of flow-limiting CAD, exercise to maximal effort can lead to impairment of LV contractile function and a deterioration in VA coupling compared to a control cohort.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 337: 29-37, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029618

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Refractory angina (RA) is considered the end-stage of coronary artery disease, and often has no interventional treatment options. Coronary sinus Reducer (CSR) is a recent addition to the therapeutic arsenal, but its efficacy has only been evaluated on small populations. The RESOURCE registry provides further insights into this therapy. METHODS: The RESOURCE is an observational, retrospective registry that includes 658 patients with RA from 20 centers in Europe, United Kingdom and Israel. Prespecified endpoints were the amelioration of anginal symptoms evaluated with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) score, the rates of procedural success and complications, and MACEs as composite of all-cause mortality, acute coronary syndromes, and stroke. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 502 days (IQR 225-1091) after CSR implantation, 39.7% of patients improved by ≥2 CCS classes (primary endpoint), and 76% by ≥1 class. Procedural success was achieved in 96.7% of attempts, with 3% of procedures aborted mostly for unsuitable coronary sinus anatomy. Any complication occurred in 5.7% of procedures, but never required bailout surgery nor resulted in intra- or periprocedural death or myocardial infarction. One patient developed periprocedural stroke after inadvertent carotid artery puncture. At the last available follow-up, overall mortality and MACE were 10.4% and 14.6% respectively. At one, three and five years, mortality rate at Kaplan-Meier analysis was 4%, 13.7%, and 23.4% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CSR implantation is safe and reduces angina in patients with refractory angina.


Assuntos
Seio Coronário , Canadá , Seio Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Coronário/cirurgia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Israel , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
15.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current cardiovascular disease (CVD) primary prevention guidelines prioritize risk stratification by using clinical risk scores. However, subclinical atherosclerosis may rest long term undetected. This study aimed to evaluate multiple subclinical atherosclerosis parameters in relation to several CV risk scores in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS: A cross-sectional, single-center study included 120 asymptomatic CVD subjects. Four CVD risk scores were computed: SCORE, Framingham, QRISK, and PROCAM. Subclinical atherosclerosis has been determined by carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), aortic and brachial augmentation indexes (AIXAo, respectively AIXbr), aortic systolic blood pressure (SBPao), and ankle-brachial index (ABI). RESULTS: The mean age was 52.01 ± 10.73 years. For cIMT-SCORE was more sensitive; for PWV-Framingham score was more sensitive; for AIXbr-QRISK and PROCAM were more sensitive while for AIXao-QRISK presented better results. As for SBPao-SCORE presented more sensitive results. However, ABI did not correlate with any CVD risk score. CONCLUSIONS: All four CV risk scores are associated with markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic population, except for ABI, with specific particularities for each CVD risk score. Moreover, we propose specific cut-off values of CV risk scores that may indicate the need for subclinical atherosclerosis assessment.

16.
J Clin Med ; 10(8)2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924077

RESUMO

Over the past decade, indications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have progressed rapidly-procedural numbers now exceed those of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in many countries, and TAVI is now a realistic and attractive alternative to SAVR in low-risk patients. Neurocognitive outcomes after TAVI and SAVR remain an issue and sit firmly under the spotlight as TAVI moves into low-risk cohorts. Cognitive decline and stroke carry a significant burden and predict future functional decline, reduced mobility, poor quality of life and increased mortality. Early TAVI trials used varying neurocognitive definitions, and outcomes differed significantly as a result. Recent international consensus statements defining endpoints following TAVI and SAVR have standardised neurological outcomes and facilitate interpretation and comparison between trials. The latest TAVI and SAVR trials have demonstrated more consistent and favourable neurocognitive outcomes for TAVI patients, and cerebral embolic protection devices offer the prospect of further refinement and improvement.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 14(8): 1644-1658, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744155

RESUMO

A plethora of catheter-based strategies have been developed to treat mitral valve disease. Evolving 3-dimensional (3D) multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) technology can accurately reconstruct the mitral valve by means of 3-dimensional computational modeling (3DCM) to allow virtual implantation of catheter-based devices. 3D printing complements computational modeling and offers implanting physician teams the opportunity to evaluate devices in life-size replicas of patient-specific cardiac anatomy. MDCT-derived 3D computational and 3D-printed modeling provides unprecedented insights to facilitate hands-on procedural planning, device training, and retrospective procedural evaluation. This overview summarizes current concepts and provides insight into the application of MDCT-derived 3DCM and 3D printing for the planning of transcatheter mitral valve replacement and closure of paravalvular leaks. Additionally, future directions in the development of 3DCM will be discussed.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 14(5): 962-974, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721195

RESUMO

Understanding the cardiac-coronary interaction is fundamental to developing treatment strategies for ischemic heart disease. We sought to examine the impact of afterload reduction following isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) administration on LV properties and coronary hemodynamics to further our understanding of the cardiac-coronary interaction. Novel methodology enabled real-time simultaneous acquisition and analysis of coronary and LV hemodynamics in vivo using coronary pressure-flow wires (used to derive coronary wave energies) and LV pressure-volume loop assessment. ISDN administration resulted in afterload reduction, reduced myocardial demand, and increased mechanical efficiency (all P<0.01). Correlations were demonstrated between the forward compression wave (FCW) and arterial elastance (r=0.6) following ISDN. In the presence of minimal microvascular resistance, coronary blood flow velocity exhibited an inverse relationship with LV elastance. In summary this study demonstrated a reduction in myocardial demand with ISDN, an inverse relationship between coronary blood flow velocity and LV contraction-relaxation and a direct correlation between FCW and arterial elastance. The pressure volume-loop and corresponding parameters b The pressure volume loop before (solid line) and after (broken line) Isosorbide dintrate.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...