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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) quantitative flow ratio (QFR) on clinical outcomes in patients with de novo 3-vessel disease (3VD) treated with contemporary PCI. BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of post-PCI QFR in patients treated with state-of-art PCI for de novo 3VD is undetermined. METHODS: All vessels treated in the SYNTAX (SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery) II trial were retrospectively screened and analyzed for post-PCI QFR. The primary endpoint of this substudy was vessel-oriented composite endpoint (VOCE) at 2 years, defined as the composite of vessel-related cardiac death, vessel-related myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. The receiver-operating characteristic curve was used to calculate the optimal cutoff value of post-PCI QFR for predicting 2-year VOCE. All the analyzable vessels were stratified on the basis of the optimal cutoff value. RESULTS: A total of 968 vessels treated with PCI were screened. Post-PCI QFR was analyzable in 771 (79.6%) vessels. A total of 52 (6.7%) VOCEs occurred at 2 years. The mean value of post-PCI QFR was 0.91 ± 0.07. The diagnostic performance of post-PCI QFR to predict 2-year VOCE was moderate (area under the curve: 0.702; 95% confidence interval: 0.633 to 0.772), with the optimal cutoff value of post-PCI QFR for predicting 2-year VOCE 0.91 (sensitivity 0.652, specificity 0.635). The incidence of 2-year VOCE in the vessels with post-PCI QFR <0.91 (n = 284) was significantly higher compared with vessels with post-PCI QFR ≥0.91 (n = 487) (12.0% vs. 3.7%; hazard ratio: 3.37; 95% confidence interval: 1.91 to 5.97; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A higher post-PCI QFR value is associated with improved vessel-related clinical outcomes in state-of-the art PCI practice for de novo 3VD. Achieving a post-PCI QFR value ≥0.91 in all treated vessels should be a target when treating de novo 3VD. These findings require confirmation in future prospective trials.

3.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289016

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess acute performance of the 95-µm ArterioSorb oriented poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffold in comparison with the Xience metallic drug-eluting stent (DES) in porcine coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 15 nonatherosclerotic Yucatan mini pigs, ArterioSorb in 3.0/14 mm and Xience in 3.0/15 mm were implanted in 25 and 15 vessels, respectively. Acute performance was evaluated by using quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Following three-dimensional reconstruction of coronary arteries, endothelial shear stress (ESS) was quantified using non-Newtonian steady-flow simulation. Acute recoil measured by QCA was comparable in the two arms. Post-procedural flow and scaffold/stent area by OCT did not differ between the two devices. ESS post-procedure was comparable between ArterioSorb and Xience (2.21±1.97 vs. 2.25±1.71 Pa, p=0.314). CONCLUSIONS: Acute recoil, luminal dimensions and ESS in ArterioSorb oriented-PLLA scaffold with thin struts of 95 µm were comparable to Xience metallic DES.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(10): 1722-1728, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853082

RESUMO

Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel technique to calculate fractional flow reserve (FFR), without hyperemia induction or a pressure wire, and has not yet been validated in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), who are at increased risk of coronary microvascular dysfunction. The purpose of our study was to compare the diagnostic performance of QFR in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Patients who underwent invasive coronary angiography and subsequent invasive FFR measurement within 6 months were included. QFR was determined in all coronary arteries in which invasive FFR was performed, using a dedicated software package. Diagnostic accuracy and the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) were determined for QFR, using an invasive FFR cut-off value of ≤0.80 as the reference standard. In total, 320 coronary arteries from 66 (25%) diabetic and 193 (75%) nondiabetic patients were analyzed. On a vessel-based analysis, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity showed no significant difference between diabetic and nondiabetic patients: 88% versus 85% (p = 0.47), 71% versus 69% (p = 0.72), and 95% versus 91% (p = 0.24). Moreover, the AUC was not significantly different between patients with and without DM, 0.91 versus 0.93 (p = 0.74). The per-vessel AUC was significantly higher for QFR compared with percent diameter stenosis in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients, 0.91 versus 0.76 (p <0.05) and 0.93 versus 0.77 (p <0.001), respectively. In conclusion, we showed a good diagnostic performance of QFR which was independent of the presence of DM.

7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(4): 711-723, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552522

RESUMO

A dedicated software package that could semi-automatically assess differences in aortic maximal cross-sectional diameters from consecutive CT scans would most likely reduce the post-processing time and effort by the physicians. The aim of this study was to present and assess the quality of a new tool for the semi-automatic quantification of thoracic aorta dilation dimensions. Twenty-nine patients with two CTA scans of the thoracic aorta for which the official clinical report indicated an increase in aortic diameters were included in the study. Aortic maximal cross-sectional diameters of baseline and follow-up studies generated semi-automatically by the software were compared with corresponding manual measurements. The semi-automatic measurements were performed at seven landmarks defined on the baseline scan by two operators. Bias, Bland-Altman plots and intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated between the two methods and, for the semi-automatic software, also between two observers. The average time difference between the two scans of a single patient was 1188 ± 622 days. For the semi-automatic software, in 2 out of 29 patients, manual interaction was necessary; in the remaining 27 patients (93.1%), semi-automatic results were generated, demonstrating excellent intraclass correlation coefficients (all values ≥ 0.91) and small differences, especially for the proximal aortic arch (baseline: 0.19 ± 1.30 mm; follow-up: 0.44 ± 2.21 mm), the mid descending aorta (0.37 ± 1.64 mm; 0.37 ± 2.06 mm), and the diaphragm (0.30 ± 1.14 mm; 0.37 ± 1.80 mm). The inter-observer variability was low with all errors in diameters ≤ 1 mm, and intraclass correlation coefficients all ≥ 0.95. The semi-automatic tool decreased the processing time by 40% (13 vs. 22 min). In this work, a semi-automatic software package that allows the assessment of thoracic aorta diameters from baseline and follow-up CTs (and their differences), was presented, and demonstrated high accuracy and low inter-observer variability.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Software , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Aorta Torácica/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/patologia , Automação , Dilatação Patológica , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Fluxo de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535361

RESUMO

Aims: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a recently developed technique to calculate fractional flow reserve (FFR) based on 3D quantitative coronary angiography and computational fluid dynamics, obviating the need for a pressure-wire and hyperaemia induction. QFR might be used to guide patient selection for FFR and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) referral in hospitals not capable to perform FFR and PCI. We aimed to investigate the feasibility to use QFR to appropriately select patients for FFR referral. Methods and results: Patients who underwent invasive coronary angiography in a hospital where FFR and PCI could not be performed and were referred to our hospital for invasive FFR measurement, were included. Angiogram images from the referring hospitals were retrospectively collected for QFR analysis. Based on QFR cut-off values of 0.77 and 0.86, our patient cohort was reclassified to 'no referral' (QFR ≥0.86), referral for 'FFR' (QFR 0.78-0.85), or 'direct PCI' (QFR ≤0.77). In total, 290 patients were included. Overall accuracy of QFR to detect an invasive FFR of ≤0.80 was 86%. Based on a QFR cut-off value of 0.86, a 50% reduction in patient referral for FFR could be obtained, while only 5% of these patients had an invasive FFR of ≤0.80 (thus, these patients were incorrectly reclassified to the 'no referral' group). Furthermore, 22% of the patients that still need to be referred could undergo direct PCI, based on a QFR cut-off value of 0.77. Conclusion: QFR is feasible to use for the selection of patients for FFR referral.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426299

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography based computational flow dynamic (CFD) modeling provides detailed information about the local flow behavior in stented/scaffolded vessel segments. Our aim is to investigate the in-vivo effect of strut thickness and strut protrusion on endothelial wall shear stress (ESS) distribution in ArterioSorb Absorbable Drug-Eluting Scaffold (ArterioSorb) and Absorb everolimus-eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (Absorb) devices that struts with similar morphology (quadratic structure) but different thickness. In three animals, six coronary arteries were treated with ArterioSorb. At different six animals, six coronary arteries were treated with Absorb. Following three-dimensional(3D) reconstruction of the coronary arteries, Newtonian steady flow simulation was performed and the ESS were estimated. Mixed effects models were used to compare ESS distribution in the two devices. There were 4591 struts in the analyzed 477 cross-sections in Absorb (strut thickness = 157 µm) and 3105 struts in 429 cross-sections in ArterioSorb (strut thickness = 95 µm) for the protrusion analysis. In cross-section level analysis, there was significant difference between the scaffolds in the protrusion distances. The protrusion was higher in Absorb (97% of the strut thickness) than in ArterioSorb (88% of the strut thickness). ESS was significantly higher in ArterioSorb (1.52 ± 0.34 Pa) than in Absorb (0.73 ± 2.19 Pa) (p = 0.001). Low- and very-low ESS data were seen more often in Absorb than in ArterioSorb. ArterioSorb is associated with a more favorable ESS distribution compared to the Absorb. These differences should be attributed to different strut thickness/strut protrusion that has significant effect on shear stress distribution.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to investigate the applicability of quantitative flow ratio (QFR) in patients with 3-vessel disease and to demonstrate the impact of functional SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score derived from QFR (fSSQFR) on clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: The applicability of QFR in patients with 3-vessel disease and the feasibility of fSSQFR have not yet been investigated. METHODS: All lesions interrogated using instantaneous wave-free ratio and/or fractional flow reserve in the SYNTAX II trial were retrospectively screened and analyzed for QFR. The diagnostic performance of QFR was investigated using hybrid wire-derived pressure assessment (instantaneous wave-free ratio and fractional flow reserve), used in the trial as a reference. Patients with analyzable QFR in 3 vessels were stratified according to fSSQFR to evaluate its clinical prognostic value on the basis of 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint. RESULTS: QFRs were analyzable in 71.0% of lesions (836 lesions). The diagnostic performance of QFR to predict binary wire-based ischemia was substantial (area under the curve 0.81, accuracy 73.8%), with a positive predictive value of 85.9%. Independent predictors of diagnostic discordance were lesions in side branches, involvement of bifurcation or trifurcation, and small vessel. According to the 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint, fSSQFR reclassified 26.1% of the patients (36 of 138) in the high- to intermediate-risk group into the low-risk group appropriately (net reclassification improvement 0.32, p < 0.001). The area under the curve for fSSQFR to predict the 2-year patient-oriented composite endpoint was higher than that of the classic anatomic SYNTAX score (0.68 vs 0.56, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: QFR demonstrated substantial applicability in patients with 3-vessel disease. The fSSQFR has the potential to further refine prognostic risk estimation compared with the classic anatomic SYNTAX score.

12.
Eur Heart J ; 39(35): 3314-3321, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137305

RESUMO

Aims: Pressure-wire assessment of coronary stenosis is considered the invasive reference standard for detection of ischaemia-generating lesions. Recently, methods to estimate the fractional flow reserve (FFR) from conventional angiography without the use of a pressure wire have been developed, and were shown to have an excellent diagnostic accuracy. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at determining the diagnostic performance of angiography-derived FFR for the diagnosis of haemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. Methods and results: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the diagnostic performance of angiography-derived FFR systems were performed. The primary outcome of interest was pooled sensitivity and specificity. Thirteen studies comprising 1842 vessels were included in the final analysis. A Bayesian bivariate meta-analysis yielded a pooled sensitivity of 89% (95% credible interval 83-94%), specificity of 90% (95% credible interval 88-92%), positive likelihood ratio (+LR) of 9.3 (95% credible interval 7.3-11.7) and negative likelihood ratio (-LR) of 0.13 (95% credible interval 0.07-0.2). The summary area under the receiver-operating curve was 0.84 (95% credible interval 0.66-0.94). Meta-regression analysis did not find differences between the methods for pressure-drop calculation (computational fluid dynamics vs. mathematical formula), type of analysis (on-line vs. off-line) or software packages. Conclusion: The accuracy of angiography-derived FFR was good to detect haemodynamically significant lesions with pressure-wire measured FFR as a reference. Computational approaches and software packages did not influence the diagnostic accuracy of angiography-derived FFR. A diagnostic strategy trial with angiography-derived FFR evaluating clinical endpoints is warranted.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the performance of various cardiac computed tomography (CT)-derived atherosclerotic plaque metrics for predicting provocable myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: The association of coronary arterial diameter stenosis with myocardial ischemia is only modest, but cardiac CT provides several other, readily available atherosclerosis metrics, which may have incremental value. METHODS: The study analyzed 873 nonstented coronary arteries and their myocardial perfusion territories in 356 patients (mean 62 years of age) enrolled in the CORE320 (Coronary Artery Evaluation using 320-row Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography and Myocardial Perfusion) study. Myocardial perfusion defects in static CT perfusion imaging were graded at rest and after adenosine in 13 myocardial segments using a 4-point scale. The summed difference score was calculated by subtracting the summed rest score from the summed stress score. Reversible ischemia was defined as summed difference score ≥1. In a sensitivity analysis, results were also provided using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as the reference standard. Vessel based predictor variables included maximum percent diameter stenosis, lesion length, coronary calcium score, maximum cross-sectional calcium arc, percent atheroma volume (PAV), low-attenuation atheroma volume, positive (external) vascular remodeling, and subjective impression of "vulnerable plaque." The study used logistic regression models to assess the association of plaque metrics with myocardial ischemia. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, all plaque metrics were associated with reversible ischemia. In the adjusted logistic model, only maximum percent diameter stenosis (1.26; 95% confidence interval: 1.15 to 1.38) remained an independent predictor. With SPECT as outcome variable, PAV and "vulnerable" plaque remained predictive after adjustment. In vessels with intermediate stenosis (40% to 70%), no single metric had clinically meaningful incremental value. CONCLUSIONS: Various plaque metrics obtained by cardiac CT predict provocable myocardial ischemia by CT perfusion imaging through their association with maximum percent stenosis, while none had significant incremental value. With SPECT as reference standard, PAV and "vulnerable plaque" remained predictors of ischemia after adjustment but the predictive value added to stenosis assessment alone was small.

16.
Circ J ; 82(6): 1575-1583, 2018 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Development of methods for accurate reconstruction of bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) and assessing local hemodynamics is crucial for investigation of vascular healing after BRS implantation.Methods and Results:Patients with BRS that crossed over in a coronary bifurcation were included for analysis. Reconstructions of the coronary lumen and BRS were performed by fusion of optical coherence tomography and coronary angiography generating a tree model (TM) and a hybrid model with BRS (TM-BRS). A virtual BRS model with thinner struts was created and all 3 models were analyzed using computational fluid dynamics to derive: (1) time-average shear stress (TASS), (2) TASS gradient (TASSG), which represents SS heterogeneity, and (3) fractional flow reserve (FFR). Reconstruction of the BRS was successful in all 10 patients. TASS and TASSG were both higher by TM-BRS than by TM in main vessels (difference 0.27±4.30 Pa and 10.18±27.28 Pa/mm, P<0.001), with a remarkable difference at side branch ostia (difference 13.51±17.40 Pa and 81.65±105.19 Pa/mm, P<0.001). With thinner struts, TASS was lower on the strut surface but higher at the inter-strut zones, whereas TASSG was lower in both regions (P<0.001 for all). Computational FFR was lower by TM-BRS than by TM for both main vessels and side branches (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Neglecting BRS reconstruction leads to significantly lower SS and SS heterogeneity, which is most pronounced at side branch ostia. Thinner struts can marginally reduce SS heterogeneity.

17.
Atherosclerosis ; 273: 136-144, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relation between FFR and local coronary flow patterns is incompletely understood. We aimed at developing a novel hemodynamic index to quantify disturbed coronary flow, and to investigate its relationship with lesion-associated pressure-drop, and fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: Three-dimensional angiographic reconstruction and computational fluid dynamics were applied to simulate pulsatile coronary flow. Disturbed vorticity index (DVI) was derived to quantify the stenosis-induced flow disturbance. The relation between DVI and pressure-drop was assessed in 9 virtual obstruction models. Furthermore, we evaluated the correlation between DVI, FFR, hyperemic flow velocity, and anatomic parameters in 84 intermediate lesions from 73 patients. RESULTS: In virtual models, DVI increased with increasing flow rate, stenosis severity, and lesion complexity. The correlation between DVI and pressure-drop across all models was excellent (determination coefficient R2 = 0.85, p < 0.001). In vivo, DVI showed a correlation with FFR (rho (ρ) = -0.74, p < 0.001) that was stronger than the relations of FFR with hyperemic flow velocity (ρ = -0.27, p=0.015), lesion length (ρ = -0.36, p=0.001) and percent diameter stenosis (ρ = -0.40, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: DVI, a novel index to quantify disturbed flow, was related to pressure-drop in virtual obstruction models and showed a strong inverse relation with FFR in intermediate lesions in vivo. It supports the prognostic value of FFR and may provide additional information about sources of energy loss when measuring FFR.

18.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 11(3): e007107, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29555835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel diagnostic modality for functional testing of coronary artery stenosis without the use of pressure wires and induction of hyperemia. QFR is based on computation of standard invasive coronary angiographic imaging. The purpose of WIFI II (Wire-Free Functional Imaging II) was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic performance of QFR in unselected consecutive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: WIFI II was a predefined substudy to the Dan-NICAD study (Danish Study of Non-Invasive Diagnostic Testing in Coronary Artery Disease), referring 362 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease on coronary computed tomographic angiography for diagnostic invasive coronary angiography. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) was measured in all segments with 30% to 90% diameter stenosis. Blinded observers calculated QFR (Medis Medical Imaging bv, The Netherlands) for comparison with FFR. FFR was measured in 292 lesions from 191 patients. Ten (5%) and 9 patients (5%) were excluded because of FFR and angiographic core laboratory criteria, respectively. QFR was successfully computed in 240 out of 255 lesions (94%) with a mean diameter stenosis of 50±12%. Mean difference between FFR and QFR was 0.01±0.08. QFR correctly classified 83% of the lesions using FFR with cutoff at 0.80 as reference standard. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.86 (95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.91) with a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 77%, 86%, 75%, and 87%, respectively. A QFR-FFR hybrid approach based on the present results enables wire-free and adenosine-free procedures in 68% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Functional lesion evaluation by QFR assessment showed good agreement and diagnostic accuracy compared with FFR. Studies comparing clinical outcome after QFR- and FFR-based diagnostic strategies are required. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02264717.

19.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(2): e006023, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nonculprit lesion (NCL) management in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients with multivessel disease is debated. We sought to assess whether quantitative flow ratio (QFR), a noninvasive tool to identify potentially flow-limiting lesions, may be reliable in this scenario. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present proof-of-concept study is based on a 3-step process: (1) identification of the QFR reproducibility in NCLs assessment (cohort A, n=31); (2) prospective validation of QFR diagnostic accuracy in respect to fractional flow reserve (cohort B, n=45); and (3) investigation of long-term clinical outcomes of NCLs stratified according to QFR (cohort C, n=110). A blinded core laboratory computed QFR values for all NCLs. Cohort A showed a good correlation and agreement between QFR values at index (acute) and at staged (subacute, 3-4 days later) procedures (r=0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-0.99; mean difference, 0.004 [-0.027 to 0.34]). The inter-rater agreement was κ=0.9. In cohort B, fractional flow reserve and QFR identified 16 (33%) and 17 (35%) NCLs potentially flow limiting. Sensitivity, specificity, negative, and positive predictive values were 88%, 97%, 94%, and 94%. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.96 (95% confidence interval, 0.89-0.99). Finally, in cohort C, we identified 110 ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients where at least 1 NCL was left untreated. Patients with NCLs showing a QFR value ≤0.80 were at higher risk of adverse events (hazard ratio, 2.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-4.5; P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In a limited and selected study population, our study showed that QFR computation may be a safe and reliable tool to guide coronary revascularization of NCLs in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients.

20.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 34(4): 495-502, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29080150

RESUMO

We sought to assess in-stent variations in fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to associate any drop in FFR with findings by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Suboptimal post-PCI FFR values were previously associated with poor outcomes. It is not known to which extent in-stent pressure loss contributes to reduced FFR. In this single-arm observational study, 26 patients who previously underwent PCI with drug-eluting stent or scaffold implantation were enrolled. Motorized FFR pullback during continuous intravenous adenosine infusion and OCT assessments was performed. Post-PCI FFR < 0.94 was defined as suboptimal. At a median of 63 days after PCI (interquartile range: 59-64 days), 18 out of 26 patients (72%) had suboptimal FFR. The in-stent drop in FFR was significantly higher in patients with suboptimal FFR vs. patients with optimal FFR (0.08 ± 0.07 vs. 0.01 ± 0.02, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an in-stent FFR variation of > 0.03 was associated with suboptimal FFR. In patients with suboptimal FFR, the OCT analyses revealed higher mean neointimal area (respectively: 1.06 ± 0.80 vs. 0.51 ± 0.23 mm2; p = 0.018) and higher neointimal thickness of covered struts (respectively 0.11 ± 0.07 vs. 0.06 ± 0.01 mm; p = 0.021). Suboptimal FFR values following stent-implantation are mainly caused by significant in-stent pressure loss during hyperemia. This finding is associated to a larger neointimal proliferation.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hiperemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Hiperplasia , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neointima , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
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