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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PYRAMID was an international post-marketing registry that aimed to collect data on the long-term safety and effectiveness of adalimumab treatment per local standard of care in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease (CD). Here, we present post hoc analyses of observational data from patients who became pregnant while participating in this registry and receiving adalimumab. METHODS: From the subpopulation of patients receiving adalimumab who became pregnant while taking part in PYRAMID, data on patient characteristics, pregnancy outcomes, and complications of pregnancy were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: Across the PYRAMID registry, 293 pregnancies occurred in patients who had gestational adalimumab exposure (average disease duration at last menstrual period: 8.6 years), resulting in 300 pregnancy outcomes. A total of 197 pregnancies (67.2%) were exposed to adalimumab in all trimesters per physician's decision. Of the known reported outcomes (96.3%), 81.7% (236/289) were live births, 10.4% (30/289) were spontaneous abortions, 4.8% (14/289) elective terminations, 2.8% (8/289) ectopic pregnancies, and 0.3% (1/289) was a stillbirth. Congenital malformations (pulmonary valve stenosis and tricuspid valve incompetence) were reported in one infant. In addition to the pregnancy outcomes described above, 23 complications of pregnancy were reported in 20 patients. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis showed that adalimumab treatment in patients with CD, who became pregnant whilst participating in the PYRAMID registry, contributed no additional adverse effects during the pregnancy course or on pregnancy outcomes.

2.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 15: 17562848221090834, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574426

RESUMO

Background: Tofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, we report steroid-free efficacy and safety with tofacitinib among patients with UC who received corticosteroids at baseline of the maintenance study (OCTAVE Sustain). Methods: This analysis included patients with clinical response following OCTAVE Induction 1 and 2 who were re-randomized to receive placebo, or tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg twice daily (b.d.), in OCTAVE Sustain for 52 weeks and were receiving corticosteroids at OCTAVE Sustain baseline. Corticosteroid tapering was mandatory during OCTAVE Sustain. Rates of steroid-free remission, endoscopic improvement, and clinical response were assessed, stratified by baseline characteristics. Adverse events (AEs) were stratified by treatment and steroid-free remission status. Results: Overall, 289/593 patients had corticosteroid use at OCTAVE Sustain baseline. At week 52, steroid-free remission, endoscopic improvement, and clinical response rates were 10.9%, 11.9%, and 17.8% among patients receiving placebo, 27.7%, 29.7%, and 40.6% among patients receiving tofacitinib 5 mg b.d., and 27.6%, 29.9%, and 43.7% among patients receiving tofacitinib 10 mg b.d., respectively (non-responder imputation; all p < 0.05 tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg b.d. versus placebo). Discontinuations due to AEs were lower among patients with steroid-free remission versus without. AEs of special interest were infrequent. Conclusion: For patients with baseline corticosteroid use in OCTAVE Sustain, the odds of achieving steroid-free efficacy endpoints were significantly higher for tofacitinib versus placebo, irrespective of tofacitinib dose. There were no apparent differences in AEs of special interest by steroid-free remission status.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01458574.

3.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We compared the efficacy of adalimumab, infliximab, ustekinumab, and vedolizumab on the ability to achieve endoscopic healing (EH) after one-year of therapy in moderate-severe Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: Pooled analysis of patient-level data from 299 patients with CD from four clinical trials. Proportions of patients treated with each biologic were compared for achieving one-year complete endoscopic healing (EH) (SES-CD<3), and ileal and colonic EH separately (SES-CD=0). Multivariate logistic regression was used to model the relationship between biologics and one-year outcomes, adjusted for disease duration, concomitant corticosteroid use, and prior anti-TNF failure. RESULTS: Compared to vedolizumab [4/56 (7.1%)], adalimumab [17/61 (27.9%), aOR: 5.79 (95% CI: 1.77-18.95), p=0.004] and infliximab [39/141 (27.7%), aOR: 4.59 (95% CI: 1.48-14.22), p=0.008] had superior rates of one-year EH. No significant difference was observed between vedolizumab and ustekinumab. Similar results were observed among biologic-naïve patients. Among patients with baseline ileal SES-CD ≥3, no significant differences were observed between biologics for one-year ileal EH. However for large (>0.5cm) ileal ulcers, infliximab [20/49 (40.8%)] had superior rates of no ileal ulcers compared to vedolizumab [2/23 (8.7%), aOR: 5.39 (95% CI: 1.03-28.05), p=0.045]. No other differences were observed. For colonic disease, compared to ustekinumab [9/31 (29.0%)], adalimumab [30/48 (62.5%), aOR: 3.97 (95% CI: 1.45-10.90), p=0.007] had superior rates of one-year EH in the colon, with similar trends observed for infliximab (55/105 (52.4%), aOR: 2.08 (95% CI: 0.82-5.27), p=0.121]. No other differences were observed. CONCLUSIONS: In this post-hoc analysis, TNFα antagonists were overall superior to vedolizumab and ustekinumab for achieving one-year EH in moderate-severe CD patients.

4.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gender-based differences are reported in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) pathogenesis, but their impacts on IBD outcomes are not well known. We determined gender-based differences in response to treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapies in individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We used the Yale University Open Data Access (YODA) platform to abstract individual participant data from randomized clinical trials to study infliximab and golimumab as induction and maintenance therapies in moderately to severely active UC. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined associations between gender and the endpoints of clinical remission, mucosal healing, and clinical response for each study individually and in a meta-analysis. RESULTS: Of 1639 patients included in induction trials (Program of Ulcerative Colitis Research Studies Utilizing an Investigational Treatment-Subcutaneous [PURSUIT-SC], active ulcerative colitis trials [ACT] 1 and 2) and 1280 patients included in maintenance trials (Program of Ulcerative Colitis Research Studies Utilizing an Investigational Treatment-Maintenance [PURSUIT-IM], ACT 1 and 2), 696 (42.5%) and 534 (41.7%) were women, respectively. In a meta-analysis of induction trials, the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) of clinical remission (aOR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.31-0.97), mucosal healing (aOR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.27-0.83), and clinical response (aOR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.29-0.90) in the treatment arm and of clinical remission in the placebo arm (aOR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15-0.82) were lower in men compared to women. There were no differences in outcomes by gender in the treatment and placebo arms in the meta-analysis of maintenance trials. CONCLUSIONS: Men are less likely to achieve clinical remission, mucosal healing, and clinical response compared to women during induction treatment with TNFi for UC, but not during the maintenance phase. Future studies delineating the mechanisms underlying these observations would be informative.


In our meta-analysis of individual patient data from 4 ulcerative colitis clinical trials, the odds of clinical remission, mucosal healing, and clinical response with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors were lower among men compared to women during induction therapy, but not during maintenance therapy.

5.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 37(5): 832-840, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Expression of FimH adhesin by invasive Escherichia coli in the gastrointestinal tract of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) facilitates binding to epithelial glycoproteins and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Sibofimloc is a first-in-class FimH blocker that showed little systemic absorption in healthy volunteers. The current study evaluated systemic absorption, safety, and effect on inflammatory biomarkers of sibofimloc in patients with CD. METHODS: This was an open-label, multicenter phase 1b study in adults with active CD. In part 1, two patients received a single oral dose of 3000-mg sibofimloc followed by 1500 mg b.i.d. for 13 days. In part 2, six patients received 1500-mg sibofimloc b.i.d. for 13 days. Blood was drawn for pharmacokinetic and biomarker analysis, and stool was collected for biomarker and microbiome analysis. RESULTS: Eight patients with active ileal or ileocolonic CD were enrolled into the study. Systemic sibofimloc exposure was low. Sibofimloc was well tolerated with only grade 1-2 events observed. Several pro-inflammatory biomarkers, including IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and calprotectin, were decreased in stool by end of study. CONCLUSIONS: This first study of the novel FimH blocker, sibofimloc, in patients with active CD demonstrated minimal systemic exposure with good tolerance, while decreasing several inflammatory biomarkers. EudraCT number: 2017-003279-70.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Adesinas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Adesinas de Escherichia coli/farmacologia , Adulto , Antibacterianos , Biomarcadores , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Escherichia coli , Proteínas de Fímbrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fímbrias/farmacologia , Proteínas de Fímbrias/uso terapêutico , Humanos
8.
Gastroenterology ; 162(6): 1650-1664.e8, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guselkumab, a selective p19 interleukin-23 antagonist, is approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease with inadequate response or intolerance to conventional or biologic therapy. METHODS: GALAXI-1, a phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, randomized patients 1:1:1:1:1 to intravenous guselkumab 200 mg, 600 mg, or 1200 mg at weeks 0, 4, and 8; intravenous ustekinumab approximately 6 mg/kg at week 0 and 90 mg subcutaneously at week 8; or placebo. Change from baseline in Crohn's Disease Activity Index score (primary end point), clinical remission, clinical response, Patient Reported Outcomes-2 remission, clinical-biomarker response, endoscopic response (major secondary end points), and safety in guselkumab-treated patients vs placebo were evaluated through week 12. Ustekinumab was a reference arm. RESULTS: Of 309 patients evaluated, approximately 50% had disease refractory to prior biologic therapy. At week 12, significantly greater reductions in Crohn's Disease Activity Index from baseline (least squares means: 200 mg: -160.4, 600 mg: -138.9, and 1200 mg: -144.9 vs placebo: -36.2; all, P < .05) and significantly greater proportions of patients achieved clinical remission in each guselkumab group vs placebo (Crohn's Disease Activity Index <150; 57.4%, 55.6%, and 45.9% vs 16.4%; all, P < .05). Greater proportions of patients receiving guselkumab achieved clinical response, Patient Reported Outcomes-2 remission, clinical-biomarker response, and endoscopic response at week 12 vs placebo. Efficacy of ustekinumab vs placebo was also demonstrated. Safety event rates were generally similar across treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: At week 12, all 3 dose regimens of guselkumab induced greater clinical and endoscopic improvements vs placebo, with a favorable safety profile. CLINICALTRIALS: gov, Number: NCT03466411.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Doença de Crohn , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/induzido quimicamente , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/efeitos adversos
9.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 55(9): 1151-1159, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35166396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether improvement in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) relative to baseline symptom burden in Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with subsequent endoscopic remission. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between dominant PRO resolution post-induction and achievement of clinical and endoscopic remission. METHODS: This post-hoc analysis of clinical trial data from 251 participants evaluated the relationship between the resolution of the dominant PRO (most severely elevated baseline PRO) or clinical response (CDAI ≥100 reduction) after induction therapy with biologics (post-induction) and 1-year clinical remission (CDAI <150) and/or endoscopic remission (SES-CD <3). Multivariate logistic regression models evaluated the relationship between post-induction-dominant PRO resolution and 1-year outcomes adjusted for confounders. RESULTS: Participants with dominant PRO resolution post-induction had higher odds of combined endoscopic and clinical remission compared to those without resolution (aOR: 1.94 [95% CI: 1.01-3.74], P = 0.047). Combining dominant PRO resolution with post-induction endoscopic response (SES-CD ≥50% reduction) was associated with higher odds of 1-year endoscopic and clinical remission (aOR: 6.89 [95% CI: 1.65-28.72], P = 0.008). Clinical and PRO2 response (≥30% decrease in stool frequency and/or ≥30% decrease in abdominal pain score and both not worse than baseline) at post-induction did not predict these outcomes. No significant differences were observed with 1-year endoscopic remission for post-induction-dominant PRO resolution, clinical or PRO2 response. CONCLUSIONS: Post-induction resolution of dominant PRO, but not clinical or PRO2 response, was strongly associated with 1-year endoscopic and clinical remission. Resolution of dominant baseline PRO after induction therapy may be informative for 1-year outcomes. Further validation is required.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Doença de Crohn , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Endoscopia , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Indução de Remissão
10.
J Crohns Colitis ; 2022 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Current endoscopic scoring indices such as the Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD) quantify the degree of mucosal inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD) but lack prognostic potential. The Modified Multiplier of the SES-CD (MM-SES-CD) quantifies the endoscopic burden of CD and can be accessed online (https://www.mcmasteribd.com/mm-ses-cd). This analysis aims to establish MM-SES-CD thresholds that classify CD endoscopic burden into inactive/very mild, mild, moderate, and severe disease based on the probability of achieving endoscopic remission (ER) on active therapy at one-year. METHODS: This post-hoc analysis included pooled data from three CD clinical trials (n=350 patients, baseline SES-CD ≥3 with ulceration). Disease category severity was determined using the maximum Youden Index. Achievement of ER between severity categories were compared using chi-square tests. Time to clinical remission (CR) was compared using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. RESULTS: MM-SES-CD severity categories were established as very mild/remission (score <14), mild (≥14 to <31), moderate (≥31 to <45), and severe (≥45), which were predictive of one-year ER (50%, 30.3%, 21.7%, 8.8% respectively p<0.001). Lower MM-SES-CD scores had numerically higher rates of one-year CR, and time to one-year CR was superior to those with higher scores (p=0.0492). MM-SES-CD thresholds for achieving one-year ileal ER among 75 patients with isolated ileal disease were established as mild (score <14), moderate (≥14 to <33), and severe (≥33), which were predictive of one-year ER (66.7%, 33.3%, 13.3%, respectively p=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: We have established numerical MM-SES-CD cut-offs that categorize endoscopic disease severity and have demonstrated that they are prognostic for one-year ER and CR.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Clinical trials evaluating biologics and small molecules in patients with ulcerative colitis are predominantly excluding ulcerative proctitis. The objective of the Definition and endpoints for ulcerative PROCtitis in clinical TRIALs initiative was to develop consensus statements for definitions, inclusion criteria, and endpoints for the evaluation of ulcerative proctitis in adults. METHODS: Thirty-five international experts held a consensus meeting to define ulcerative proctitis, and the endpoints to use in clinical trials. Based on a systematic review of the literature, statements were generated, discussed, and approved by the working group participants using a modified Delphi method. Consensus was defined as at least 75% agreement among voters. RESULTS: The group agreed that the diagnosis of ulcerative proctitis should be made by ileocolonoscopy and confirmed by histopathology, with the exclusion of infections, drug-induced causes, radiation, trauma, and Crohn's disease. Ulcerative proctitis was defined as macroscopic extent of lesions limited to 15 cm distance from the anal verge in adults. Primary and secondary endpoints were identified to capture response of ulcerative proctitis to therapy. A combined clinical and endoscopic primary endpoint for the evaluation of ulcerative proctitis disease activity was proposed. Secondary endpoints that should be evaluated include endoscopic remission, histologic remission, mucosal healing, histologic endoscopic mucosal improvement, disability, fecal incontinence, urgency, constipation, and health-related quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: In response to the need for guidance on the design of clinical trials in patients with ulcerative proctitis, the Definition and end points for ulcerative PROCtitis in clinical TRIALs consensus provides recommendations on the definition and endpoints for ulcerative proctitis clinical trials.

12.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2022 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a single administration of darvadstrocel (expanded allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells) for treating complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease was demonstrated in a randomized, double-blind trial (ADMIRE-CD [Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Induction of Remission in Perianal Fistulizing Crohn\'s Disease] trial). The current chart review study (INSPECT [A retrospectIve chart review study evaluatINg the longer-term effectiveneSs of darvadstrocel in PatiEnts who CompleTed ADMIRE-CD]) evaluated the longer-term effectiveness and safety of darvadstrocel. METHODS: Eligible patients had completed at least 52 weeks in the ADMIRE-CD trial. Data on clinical remission and fistula relapse outcomes were collected retrospectively at 104 and 156 weeks after treatment. Adverse events of special interest (tumorigenicity and ectopic tissue formation) were collected up to 208 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were included (43 darvadstrocel patients, 46 control subjects). At 52, 104, and 156 weeks posttreatment, clinical remission was observed in 29 (67.4%) of 43, 23 (53.5%) of 43, and 23 (53.5%) of 43 darvadstrocel-treated patients, compared with 24 (52.2%) of 46, 20 (43.5%) of 46, and 21 (45.7%) of 46 control subjects, respectively. In patients with clinical remission at week 52, this remission was sustained at 104 and 156 weeks after treatment in 19 (65.5%) of 29 and 16 (55.2%) of 29 darvadstrocel-treated patients and in 17 (70.8%) of 24 and 13 (54.2%) of 24 control subjects, respectively. Time to fistula relapse and incidence of fistula relapse or new fistula occurrence were not significantly different between groups. Tumorigenicity was reported for 1 (2.2%) patient in the control group (malignant epidermoid carcinoma). No ectopic tissue formation was reported. CONCLUSIONS: Real-world follow-up of patients from the ADMIRE-CD trial indicates that clinical remission of complex perianal fistulas can be sustained in the long term irrespective of whether it is achieved through darvadstrocel administration or maintenance treatment regimens and confirms a favorable long-term safety profile of darvadstrocel.


This retrospective chart review of patients treated with darvadstrocel indicates sustained remission and confirms a favorable safety profile up to 156 weeks after a single administration of stem cells for treatment of complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease.

13.
Adv Ther ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988877

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has prompted significant changes in patient care in rheumatology and gastroenterology, with clinical guidance issued to manage ongoing therapy while minimising the risk of nosocomial infection for patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs). Subcutaneous (SC) formulations of biologics enable patients to self-administer treatments at home; however, switching between agents may be undesirable. CT-P13 SC is the first SC formulation of infliximab that received regulatory approval and may be termed a biobetter as it offers significant clinical advantages over intravenous (IV) infliximab, including improved pharmacokinetics and a convenient mode of delivery. Potential benefits in terms of reduced immunogenicity have also been suggested. With a new SC formulation, infliximab provides an additional option for dual formulation, which enables patients to transition from IV to SC administration route without changing agent. Before COVID-19, clinical trials supported the efficacy and safety of switching from IV to SC infliximab for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and SC infliximab may have been selected on the basis of patient and HCP preferences for SC agents. During the pandemic, patients with rheumatic diseases and IBD have successfully switched from IV to SC infliximab, with some clinical benefits and high levels of patient satisfaction. As patients switched to SC therapeutics, the reduction in resource requirements for IV infusion services may have been particularly welcome given the pandemic, facilitating reorganisation and redeployment in overstretched healthcare systems, alongside pharmacoeconomic benefits and a reduction in exposure to nosocomial infection. Telemedicine and contactless healthcare have been pushed to the forefront during the pandemic, and a lasting shift towards remote patient management and community/home-based drug administration is anticipated. SC infliximab supports the implementation of this paradigm for future improvements of healthcare value delivered. The accumulation of real-world data during the pandemic supports the high level of confidence, with patients, physicians, and healthcare systems benefitting from its uptake.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35033640

RESUMO

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Achieving clinical and endoscopic remission is the main therapeutic goal.1 Despite available treatment options, some patients present with treatment-refractory disease to approved therapies.2 Randomized clinical trials enable a standardized evaluation of drugs with new modes of action. However, eligibility criteria are strict excluding those with ostomy or failures to other medication leaving a considerable proportion of patients noneligible.3.

15.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have emerged in discrete waves. We explored temporal trends in the reporting of COVID-19 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: The Surveillance Epidemiology of Coronavirus Under Research Exclusion for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (SECURE-IBD) is an international registry of IBD patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The average percent changes (APCs) were calculated in weekly reported cases of COVID-19 during the periods of March 22 to September 12, September 13 to December 12, 2020, and December 13 to July 31, 2021. RESULTS: Across 73 countries, 6404 cases of COVID-19 were reported in IBD patients. COVID-19 reporting decreased globally by 4.2% per week (95% CI, -5.3% to -3.0%) from March 22 to September 12, 2020, then climbed by 10.2% per week (95% CI, 8.1%-12.3%) from September 13 to December 12, 2020, and then declined by 6.3% per week (95% CI, -7.8% to -4.7%). In the fall of 2020, weekly reporting climbed in North America (APC, 11.3%; 95% CI, 8.8-13.8) and Europe (APC, 17.7%; 95% CI, 12.1%-23.5%), whereas reporting was stable in Asia (APC, -8.1%; 95% CI, -15.6-0.1). From December 13, 2020, to July 31, 2021, reporting of COVID-19 in those with IBD declined in North America (APC, -8.5%; 95% CI, -10.2 to -6.7) and Europe (APC, -5.4%; 95% CI, -7.2 to -3.6) and was stable in Latin America (APC, -1.5%; 95% CI, -3.5% to 0.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Temporal trends in reporting of COVID-19 in those with IBD are consistent with the epidemiological patterns COVID-19 globally.

16.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 20(1): 116-125.e5, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). The efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in patients with moderate to severe UC, up to 1 year, have been reported. We investigated maintenance of efficacy in patients in remission after 52 weeks of maintenance treatment in the pivotal phase 3 study (OCTAVE Sustain); these patients received open-label, long-term treatment with tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily. METHODS: Patients with moderate to severe UC who completed a 52-week, phase 3 maintenance study (OCTAVE Sustain) were eligible to enroll into the ongoing, phase 3, multicenter, open-label, long-term extension (OCTAVE Open). We analyzed data from 142 patients who were in remission following tofacitinib treatment in OCTAVE Sustain who received tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily during OCTAVE Open. We assessed efficacy (including remission [based on total Mayo score], endoscopic improvement, clinical response, and partial Mayo score up to month 36 of OCTAVE Open) and safety data. RESULTS: After 12 months of tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily in OCTAVE Open, 68.3% of patients were in remission, 73.9% had endoscopic improvement, and 77.5% had a clinical response. At month 36, 50.4%, of the patients were in remission, 55.3% had endoscopic improvement, and 56.0% had a clinical response. The safety profile of tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily revealed no new safety risks associated with long-term exposure up to 36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy endpoints were maintained for up to 36 months, regardless of prior tofacitinib dose, including patients who reduced from tofacitinib 10 mg to 5 mg twice daily upon OCTAVE Open entry. No new safety risks were identified. ClinicalTrials.gov: OCTAVE Sustain (NCT01458574); OCTAVE Open (NCT01470612).


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Inibidores de Janus Quinases , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Rheumatol ; 49(3): 320-329, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) clinical outcomes of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), or ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving systemic therapies vs the general population. METHODS: This descriptive retrospective cohort study used data from the United States Optum deidentified COVID-19 electronic health record dataset (2007-2020). Adults with COVID-19 were stratified into 3 disease cohorts (patients with RA, PsA, or UC who had received systemic therapy) and a comparator cohort not meeting these criteria. Incidence proportions of hospitalization and clinical manifestations of interest were calculated. Using logistic regression analyses, risk of endpoints was estimated, adjusting for demographics and demographics plus comorbidities. RESULTS: This analysis (February 1 to December 9, 2020) included 315,101 patients with COVID-19. Adjusting for demographics, COVID-19 patients with RA (n = 2306) had an increased risk of hospitalization (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.39-1.70) and in-hospital death (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.30-2.00) compared with the comparator cohort (n = 311,563). The increased risk was also observed when adjusted for demographics plus comorbidities (hospitalization OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.13-1.39 and in-hospital death OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.09-1.68]). The risk of hospitalization was lower in COVID-19 patients with RA receiving tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) vs non-TNFi biologics (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.20-0.53) and the comparator cohort (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.51-1.17). The risk of hospitalization due to COVID-19 was similar between patients receiving tofacitinib and the comparator cohort. CONCLUSION: Compared with the comparator cohort, patients with RA were at a higher risk of more severe or critical COVID-19 and, except for non-TNFi biologics, systemic therapies did not further increase the risk. (ENCePP; registration no. EU PAS 35384).


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , COVID-19 , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Adv Ther ; 39(1): 44-57, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757601

RESUMO

ABP 710 (AVSOLA®) is a biosimilar to infliximab reference product (RP), a monoclonal antibody targeting tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). It is approved in the USA and Canada for all the same indications as infliximab RP. Approval of ABP 710 was based on the totality of evidence (TOE) generated using a stepwise approach to assess its similarity with infliximab RP with regard to analytical (structural and functional) characteristics, pharmacokinetic parameters, and clinical efficacy and safety. ABP 710 was shown to be analytically similar to infliximab RP including in amino acid sequence, primary peptide structure, and glycan mapping and purity. ABP 710 was also demonstrated to be similar to infliximab RP with regard to functional characterization including in vitro binding, effector functions, and signaling pathways important for the mechanisms of action for clinical efficacy in multiple indications of immune-mediated inflammatory disorders including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially binding to both soluble and membrane-bound TNFα. Pharmacokinetic similarity of ABP 710 with infliximab RP was demonstrated in healthy volunteers following a single 5 mg/kg intravenous dose. Comparative clinical efficacy of ABP 710 with infliximab RP was demonstrated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Safety and immunogenicity were also demonstrated to be similar for both ABP 710 and the RP. Overall, the TOE supported the conclusion that ABP 710 is highly similar to infliximab RP and supported scientific justification for extrapolation to all approved indications of infliximab RP, including IBD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/farmacologia , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico
20.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 7(2): 118-127, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Etrolizumab is a gut-targeted anti-ß7 integrin monoclonal antibody. In a previous phase 2 induction study, etrolizumab significantly improved clinical remission versus placebo in patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of etrolizumab with infliximab in patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. METHODS: We conducted a randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, phase 3 study (GARDENIA) across 114 treatment centres worldwide. We included adults (age 18-80 years) with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (Mayo Clinic total score [MCS] of 6-12 with an endoscopic subscore of ≥2, a rectal bleeding subscore of ≥1, and a stool frequency subscore of ≥1) who were naive to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors. Patients were required to have had an established diagnosis of ulcerative colitis for at least 3 months, corroborated by both clinical and endoscopic evidence, and evidence of disease extending at least 20 cm from the anal verge. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive subcutaneous etrolizumab 105 mg once every 4 weeks or intravenous infliximab 5 mg/kg at 0, 2, and 6 weeks and every 8 weeks thereafter for 52 weeks. Randomisation was stratified by baseline concomitant treatment with corticosteroids, concomitant treatment with immunosuppressants, and baseline disease activity. All participants and study site personnel were masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who had both clinical response at week 10 (MCS ≥3-point decrease and ≥30% reduction from baseline, plus ≥1-point decrease in rectal bleeding subscore or absolute rectal bleeding score of 0 or 1) and clinical remission at week 54 (MCS ≤2, with individual subscores ≤1); efficacy was analysed using a modified intention-to-treat population (all randomised patients who received at least one dose of study drug). GARDENIA was designed to show superiority of etrolizumab over infliximab for the primary endpoint. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02136069, and is now closed to recruitment. FINDINGS: Between Dec 24, 2014, and June 23, 2020, 730 patients were screened for eligibility and 397 were enrolled and randomly assigned to etrolizumab (n=199) or infliximab (n=198). 95 (48%) patients in the etrolizumab group and 103 (52%) in the infliximab group completed the study through week 54. At week 54, 37 (18·6%) of 199 patients in the etrolizumab group and 39 (19·7%) of 198 in the infliximab group met the primary endpoint (adjusted treatment difference -0·9% [95% CI -8·7 to 6·8]; p=0·81). The number of patients reporting one or more adverse events was similar between treatment groups (154 [77%] of 199 in the etrolizumab group and 151 [76%] of 198 in the infliximab group); the most common adverse event in both groups was ulcerative colitis (55 [28%] patients in the etrolizumab group and 43 [22%] in the infliximab group). More patients in the etrolizumab group reported serious adverse events (including serious infections) than did those in the infliximab group (32 [16%] vs 20 [10%]); the most common serious adverse event was ulcerative colitis (12 [6%] and 11 [6%]). There was one death during follow-up, in the infliximab group due to a pulmonary embolism, which was not considered to be related to study treatment. INTERPRETATION: To our knowledge, this trial is the first phase 3 maintenance study in moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis to use infliximab as an active comparator. Although the study did not show statistical superiority for the primary endpoint, etrolizumab performed similarly to infliximab from a clinical viewpoint. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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