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1.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(6): 497-508, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802065

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the retention rates of non-carious cervical restorations (NCCLs) constructed using the sandwich technique (a lining of glass-ionomer cement [GIC] or resin-modified glass-ionomer cement [RMGIC] and composite resin [CR]) with CR-only restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search was performed in various databases, including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Gray literature was inspected, as were ongoing and unpublished abstracts from the IADR (1990-2017). Study quality was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration bias risk tool. Data from primary and secondary outcomes were meta-analyzed at 1-, 2- and 3-year follow-ups using the random effects model. The quality of the body of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Initially, a total of 3645 articles were selected. After selection by titles, abstracts, and full texts, 6 articles were retrieved, but three were follow-ups of the same RCT. Therefore, a total of four studies remained for analysis. All studies were at unclear risk for bias. Among all outcomes, only loss of retention was lower for the sandwich technique at the 3-year follow-up (risk ratio [RR]: 7.5; 95% CI: 2.1 to 27.2; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the limited number of available studies, higher retention rates in NCCL restorations were observed with the sandwich technique compared to CR-only restorations at the 3-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes were not influenced by the restorative technique. Except for retention rates, which were of moderate quality, the evidence quality of all secondary outcomes was low.

2.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(6): 537-544, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802069

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different irrigation solutions on the bonding of self-adhesive composite cements to the root canal during fiber-post cementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty single-rooted human teeth were endodontically treated. The post spaces were prepared and specimens were randomly divided into ten groups, according to the combination of the factors: post space irrigation (distilled water, 2.5% NaOCl, 17% EDTA, 26% polyacrylic acid, and 17% EDTA + 2.5% NaOCl) and self-adhesive composite cement (RelyX U200 [3M Oral Care] and Multilink Speed [Ivoclar Vivadent]). The proportion of open dentinal tubules was evaluated by SEM. After fiber post cementation, six slices were obtained from each root (coronal, middle, and apical thirds) for evaluation of push-out bond strength (BS), nanoleakage (NL), and Vickers microhardness (VHN) of the composite cement. Data from open dentinal tubules were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls tests (α = 0.05). Data from BS, NL, and VHN were evaluated by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Irrigation with EDTA, polyacrylic acid, and EDTA + NaOCl increased the proportion of open dentinal tubules. For RelyX U200, NaOCl, distilled water and EDTA resulted in the highest BS and VHN values, while for Multi- link Speed, these values were higher only for distilled water. Both composite cements presented lower BS and VHN with polyacrylic acid. NL did not differ between experimental groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: For both composite cements tested, distilled water showed better results in push-out and microhardness tests.

3.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors of this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of different anesthetics on the efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in patients with irreversible pulpitis. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors conducted a search of MEDLINE databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, and Brazilian Library of Dentistry). There was no restriction on publication year or idiom. The gray literature was also explored. The authors included only randomized clinical trials that compared different anesthetics in the efficacy of IANB in patients with irreversible pulpitis. The risk of bias was evaluated by using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. A random-effects Bayesian mixed treatment comparison model was used to compare different anesthetic solutions in randomized clinical trials with low or unclear risk of bias. Heterogeneity was assessed by using Cochran Q test and I2 statistics. Quality of evidence was assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: A total of 7,981 studies were identified; only 16 met the eligibility criteria, and they were all meta-analyzed. A significant difference was observed in the pair lidocaine versus articaine, with higher success with articaine (risk ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.63 to 0.88) in the mixed treatment comparison analysis, as this comparison was graded as high-quality evidence. The probability of success for each treatment was 73% for articaine, 57% for prilocaine, 55% for mepivacaine, 53% for bupivacaine, and 12% for lidocaine. This ranking was considered high quality of evidence. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The use of articaine can increase the IANB success rate in patients with irreversible pulpitis. Among the anesthetic solutions, lidocaine was the least effective.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e120, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778475

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to compare the resin-enamel bond strength (mµSBS), in-situ degree of conversion (DC), and the enamel-etching pattern (SEM/EDX) of universal adhesive systems when applied to sound and fluorotic enamel. Ninety-eight human molars were sectioned into 4 parts and divided into 24 groups according to 1) enamel surface (sound or fluorotic enamel), 2) adhesive system (Clearfil Universal Bond [CUB], Futurabond U [FBU], iBond Universal [IBU], and Scotchbond Universal [SBU]), and 3) application mode (etch-and-rinse [ER], active self-etch [Active-SE], and passive self-etch [Passive-SE]). Specimens were stored at 37 °C, for 24 hours and tested at 1.0 mm/min (µSBS). Enamel-resin interfaces were evaluated for in-situ DC. The enamel-etching pattern was evaluated under a SEM/EDX. Data from mµSBS and in-situ DC was analyzed using a three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5 % level of significance. For all adhesives, the ER resulted in a statistically significant higher mean mµSBS than the passive-SE in both substrates (p < 0.001). For all adhesives, active-SE resulted in mean mµSBS (p > 0.31) and in-situ DC (p > 0.45) that were statistically similar to those obtained with the ERs in both substrates. A statistically significant, higher mean mµSBS and in-situ DC were obtained in sound enamel (p < 0.001) than in fluorotic enamel. In general, SBU showed higher mean values for mµSBS and in-situ DC compared to those of CUB and IBU (p < 0.001). ER and active-SE showed the deepest enamel-etching pattern in both substrates. A higher amount of fluor was observed in fluorotic enamel. The active application of universal adhesives in the SE-mode may be a viable alternative to increase the adhesive properties in sound and fluorotic enamel.

5.
J Dent ; 90: 103219, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the addition of copper nanoparticles (CuNp) on the clinical performance of a universal adhesive system used as etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE). METHODS: 216 restorations were randomly placed in 36 subjects according to the following groups: ERcu = etch-and-rinse with 0.1% CuNp; ERct = etch-and-rinse without CuNp; SEcu = self-etch with 0.1% CuNp; SEct = self-etch without CuNp. Resin composite was placed incrementally and light-cured. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and 6, 12 and 18 months using the FDI and USPHS criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using appropriate tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of CuNp did not increase the clinical performance (FDI / USPHS) of the universal adhesive tested after 18-month when applied in the ER mode (p > 0.05). The addition of CuNp in SE restorations increased the retention rate significantly and decreased the marginal discrepancies after 18 months (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The clinical performance of universal adhesive was significantly increased when applied in the SE mode with the addition of copper nanoparticles. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates a slight improvement in the clinical performance of universal adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions when added CuNp in lower concentration.

6.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 100: 103366, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422314

RESUMO

This study evaluated the MMP inhibition of the zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles (ZnO/CuNp), and the effects of their addition into adhesives on antimicrobial activity (AMA), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), in vitro degree of conversion (in vitro-DC), as well as, resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL) and in situ-DC on caries-affected dentin. Anti-MMP activity was evaluated for several MMPs. ZnO/CuNp (0% [control]; 5/0.1 and 5/0.2 wt%) were added into Prime&Bond Active (PBA) and Ambar Universal (AMB). The AMA was evaluated against Streptococcus mutans. UTS were tested after 24 h and 28d. After induced caries, adhesives and composite were applied to flat dentin surfaces, and specimens were sectioned to obtain resin-dentin sticks. µTBS, NL, in vitro-DC and in situ-DC were evaluated after 24 h. ANOVA and Tukey's test were applied (α = 0.05). ZnO/CuNp demonstrated anti-MMP activity (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp increased AMA and UTS (AMB; p < 0.05). UTS for PBA, in vitro-DC, in situ-DC and µTBS for both adhesives were maintained with ZnO/CuNp (p > 0.05). However, lower NL was observed for ZnO/CuNp groups (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp in adhesives may be an alternative to provide antimicrobial, anti-MMP activities and improves the integrity of the hybrid layer on caries-affected dentin.

7.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 150(10): 818-829.e4, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In-office dental bleaching results in a high risk of tooth sensitivity caused by the inflammatory process of the pulpal tissue. In this systematic review, the authors aimed to evaluate the effect of administering anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs for the prevention of tooth sensitivity associated with in-office dental bleaching. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched the databases MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for clinical trials. They searched in ClinicalTrials.gov for unpublished trials. The authors included only randomized clinical trials comparing anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs with a placebo and evaluating tooth sensitivity after in-office bleaching. They imposed no restrictions regarding publication dates or languages. RESULTS: The authors identified 5,050 studies after the removal of duplicates. They qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed the 11 studies remaining after the title and abstract screening. Nine studies showed a low risk of bias. The authors found no effect of the drugs on the risk (9 studies evaluated this outcome). Using a visual analog scale, the authors identified a similar level of sensitivity evaluated up to 1 hour (10 studies evaluated this outcome) and 24 hours (8 studies evaluated this outcome). They observed similar results using the numeric rate scale (8 and 6 studies used this tool, up to 1 hour and 24 hours respectively). The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach showed a high level of evidence for all outcomes. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The high level of evidence available does not support the administration of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs to prevent tooth sensitivity caused by in-office dental bleaching.

8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(10): 3673-3689, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to answer this research question: "Does combined in-office (IO) and at-home (AH) bleaching produce improved color change and lower tooth sensitivity (TS) better than solely AH or IO bleaching in adults?" MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials in adults that compared combined versus sole application bleaching were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Meta-analyses were conducted for color change in shade guide units (∆SGU) and with a spectrophotometer (∆E*), risk, and intensity of TS, using the random effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed with Cochran's Q test and I2 statistics. GRADE assessed the quality of the evidence. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library, SIGLE, IADR abstracts, unpublished, ongoing trial registries, dissertations, and theses were searched on August 28, 2017 (updated on January 29, 2019). RESULTS: Twelve studies remained. Two were considered to have low RoB. For combined vs. IO bleaching, no significant difference for ∆E*, ∆SGU, and risk of TS were observed; data were not available to analyze the intensity of TS. For combined vs. AH bleaching, no significant difference for ∆E*, ∆SGU, but lower TS to risk (RR 1.40, 95% 1.10 to 1.80) and intensity (MD 1.40, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.63) were detected for AH bleaching. Quality of evidence was graded as low or very low in all meta-analyses. CONCLUSION: Lower risk and intensity of TS was observed for the solely AH group without jeopardizing color change. However, more studies are still encouraged due to the low quality of evidence for most of the outcomes. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: If clinicians are to choose between combined or sole AH bleaching, the solely AH may be preferable; combined bleaching may potentiate the risk of TS without benefits in color change. For combined or sole IO bleaching, no important clinical difference in color change and risk of TS were detected; however, intensity of TS could not be compared due to lack of data. Further studies should be conducted due to the low/very low quality of the evidence.

9.
Anaerobe ; 59: 163-166, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299397

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens type A is the causative agent of gas gangrene and gastroenteric ("yellow lamb disease") disease in ruminants, with C. perfringens alpha toxin (CPA) being the main virulence factor in the pathogenesis of these illnesses. In the present study, we have developed recombinant Escherichia coli bacteria expressing rCPA and used it to vaccinate rabbits and sheep. Doses of up to 200 µg of rCPA used for inoculation, induced 13.82 IU.mL-1 of neutralizing antitoxin in rabbits, which is three times higher than that recommended by the USDA (4 IU.mL-1). In sheep, recombinant bacteria induced antitoxin titers of 4 IU.mL-1, 56 days after the first dose. rCPA which was expressed, mainly, in inclusion bodies, was not found to influence the immunogenicity of the vaccine. The recombinant Escherichia coli bacterin, produced simply and safely, is capable of affording protection against diseases caused by C. perfringens CPA. The current findings represent a novel production method for CPA vaccines potentially applicable to veterinary medicine.

10.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of collagen cross-linking agents on nanomechanical and bonding properties of eroded dentin (ED), 24 h and 2 years after water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human molar dentin surfaces, eroded by soft drinks or citric acid, were acid-etched and treated with primers containing proanthocyanidin (PA) and riboflavin (RI) or were untreated (control) and tested after 24 h and 2 years. After acid etching and adhesive application (Prime&Bond Elect (PBE); Scotchbond Universal (SBU); Tetric n-bond Universal (TEU)), specimens were sectioned into beams and tested for microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and silver nitrate deposition (NL) after 24 h and 2 years. The beams were used to evaluate the 24-h in situ conversion of degree (DC). Nanohardness (NH) and Young's modulus (YM) were evaluated via resin-bonded dentin slices after 24 h and 2 years. A three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis (5%). RESULTS: For both storage times, ED with citric acid resulted in lower µTBS, NH, and YM and higher NL for each adhesive system than soft drink ED (p < 0.05). After 2 years of water storage, cross-linking primers maintained the µTBS, NH, and YM (p < 0.05) when compared with the control group. Althougth, the NL values decreased for all groups after 2 years of water storage, PA and RI treatments showed NI values lower than control group (p < 0.001). No significant differences were observed between PA and RI treatments (p > 0.05). Cross-linking primers maintain or improve DC (p < 0.03). In general, TEU and SBU yielded higher µTBS, DC, NH, and YM and lower NL than PBE. CONCLUSION: Cross-linking agents improved the results and maintained the resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Cross-linking agents are a viable alternative for improving and maintaining resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties.

11.
Braz Dent J ; 30(3): 285-294, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166394

RESUMO

To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareamento Dental , Adulto , Brasil , Humanos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 285-294, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011549

RESUMO

Abstract To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628


Resumo Para responder a seguinte questão de pesquisa através de uma revisão sistemática: "O risco e a intensidade de sensibilidade dentária (SD) e eficácia de clareamento são diferentes entre pacientes adultos que realizam clareamento caseiro usando moldeiras com reservatórios e aqueles que usam moldeiras sem reservatórios?". Uma pesquisa abrangente foi realizada no MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Biblioteca Cochrane e literatura cinzenta, sem restrições. Os resumos da conferência anual da Associação Internacional para Pesquisa Dental além de estudos registrados ou em andamento também foram pesquisados. Dissertações e Teses foram pesquisados utilizando o Capes Journal Dissertações e Teses ProQuest. Apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR) foram incluídos. Usamos a ferramenta Risk of Bias (RoB) da Cochrane para avaliação de qualidade. Após a remoção de duplicatas, triagem de título e resumo e exame de texto completo, nove ECRs permaneceram para análises qualitativas. A grande maioria dos estudos não relatou o método de randomização, ocultação de alocação e cegamento do examinador durante a avaliação de cores. Dos nove estudos, oito estavam sob risco claro de viés. Em relação à mudança de cor, quatro estudos não relataram nenhuma mudança e dois relataram melhora na mudança de cor com reservatórios. Apenas quatro estudos registraram a sensibilidade dentária e não relataram diferenças significativas. Apenas um estudo relatou maior irritação gengival com reservatórios. A falta de relatórios de dados nos impediu de executar uma meta-análise. Outros ECR bem desenhados devem ser conduzidos para responder a esta questão de pesquisa. Até agora não há evidências que sustentem que reservatórios em moldeiras de clareamento melhorem a mudança de cor. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628

13.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(5): 407-415, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systemic exposures associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). METHODS: This systematic review was performed using published observational studies that evaluated the systemic exposures associated with MIH. The sources of articles searched were PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and Grey literature. The risk of bias was analysed according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for quality assessment. The meta-analysis was performed considering the exposures during the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal periods using the CMA software. RESULTS: A total of 4207 articles were identified. Twenty-nine studies were eligible for inclusion and 27 were included in the meta-analysis. The studies presented low and moderate risks of bias, except for one that was classified as having a high risk of bias. Maternal illness during pregnancy (OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.18-1.65, P < 0.0001) and psychological stress (OR = 2.65; 95% CI 1.52-4.63; P = 0.001) was observed to be significantly associated with higher odds of MIH. During the perinatal period, caesarean delivery (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.11-1.57, P = 0.001) and delivery complications (OR = 2.06; 95% CI 1.47-2.88, P < 0.0001) were also associated with MIH. In the postnatal period, only respiratory diseases (OR = 1.98; 95% CI 1.45-2.70, P < 0.0001) and fever (OR = 1.50; 95% CI 1.22-1.84; P < 0.0001) were associated with higher prevalence of MIH. The evidence was graded as very low quality. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal illness, psychological stress, caesarean delivery, delivery complications, respiratory diseases and fever during the first years of a child's life were significantly associated with a higher odds of MIH. However, this should be interpreted with caution, once the primary studies were observational, with serious limitations according to the risk of bias, imprecision, and inconsistency. Further, well-designed cohort studies are still required.

14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This randomized triple-blind clinical trial, split-mouth design, evaluated the application effect of the desensitizing gel before and after in-office bleaching on tooth sensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In one group, the desensitizing gel was applied for 10 min before the bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide, and then application of placebo gel after (n = 90). In the other group, the desensitizing gel was applied before and after the bleaching procedure for 10 min (n = 90). The primary outcome was pain intensity assessed with a numeric rating scale and a visual analog scale. Color was evaluated by means of a digital spectrophotometer and a shade guides. RESULTS: The proportion of patients that experienced pain in the side of before application was 90% (95% CI 82 to 94.6%), while the side of before and after was 93% (95% CI 86.2 to 96.9%), without significant difference between groups (OR = 0.25; 95% CI 0.005 to 2.52; p = 0.37). Pain was correlated in both groups, for the NRS scale (p < 0.0001) and the VAS scale (p < 0.0001) in all assessment periods. Significant whitening was detected, and no significant difference of color change was observed between groups (p > 0.45). CONCLUSIONS: The application of the desensitizing agent did not influence the effectiveness of bleaching, but it was not efficient in reducing the sensitivity, when applied before the procedure, or before and after. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of a desensitizing gel before or after in-office bleaching does not reduce incidence or intensity of tooth sensitivity.

15.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(2): 149-158, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949628

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two phosphoric acids containing protease inactivators (chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin) on the resin/eroded-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL), and in situ degree of conversion (DC) of three universal adhesives applied in the etch-and-rinse mode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six molars were randomly assigned to 18 experimental conditions according to the combination of the independent variables: eroded dentin (soft drink and citric acid), adhesive (Prime&Bond Elect [PBE, Dentsply Sirona], Scotchbond Universal Adhesive [SBU, 3M Oral Care], and Tetric N-Bond Universal [TEU, Ivoclar Vivadent]), and acid pretreatment (conventional phosphoric acid [CP acid]; chlorhexidine acid [CHX acid]; and proanthocyanidin acid [PA acid]). After restorations, specimens were sectioned into resin-dentin sticks (ca 0.8 mm2) that were then tested under tension (crosshead speed: 0.5 mm/min). Selected sticks from each tooth were used to evaluate NL and DC. Data from all tests were subjected to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Dentin eroded with citric acid showed a significant reduction in µTBS for each adhesive in comparison to dentin eroded with the soft drink (p < 0.001). For dentin eroded with CHX acid and PA acid, the µTBS (p > 0.03) significantly improved and NL decreased for all adhesives (p < 0.004); in addition, the DC improved for two of the three adhesives tested (SBU and TEU) (p < 0.03) when CHX acid and PA acid were compared to CP acid. CONCLUSION: The addition of chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin to phosphoric acid improved the adhesive performance when compared with conventional phosphoric acid, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization at the resin/eroded-dentin interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Infiltração Dentária , Ataque Ácido Dentário , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
16.
Braz Dent J ; 30(2): 171-178, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970061

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of combining 5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) and silane (SI) with the self-etching ceramic primer on the immediate and after 1-year of water storage on bonding efficacy, conditioning pattern (CP) and chemical interaction (CI) to the lithium disilicate. A total of 16 CAD/CAM blocks of lithium disilicate (LD) were cut into four square sections (n=64). For bonding efficacy evaluation, the LD specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10): 1) HF+SI; 2) self-etching ceramic primer (MEP); 3) HF+MEP; 4) MEP+SI. After each treatment, an adhesive system was applied and Tygon matrices were filled with a dual-cured resin cement followed by light curing. Cylinder specimens (0.8 mmx0.5mm) were stored in water (37 °C for 24 h or 1-year) and submitted to the µSBS test (2-way ANOVA and Tukey's test; a=0.05). CP and CI were only evaluated qualitatively. No significant difference on the µSBS was observed between groups (p=0.73), but reduced µSBS was observed after 1-year of water storage (p>0.0001). After application of HF+SI and MEP, reduction in a number of siloxane bonds was observed, suggesting the coupling of SI on the LD surface. HF or HF+MEP produced a higher dissolution of the glassy matrix than the use of MEP alone. The MEP can be an alternative to traditional ceramic treatment once the chemical interaction and long-term bond strength were similar between both groups. The association of hydrofluoric acid or silane with a self-etching ceramic primer did not add any benefits in terms of chemical interaction and bonding stability.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Ácido Fluorídrico , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 171-178, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001436

RESUMO

Abstract To evaluate the effect of combining 5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) and silane (SI) with the self-etching ceramic primer on the immediate and after 1-year of water storage on bonding efficacy, conditioning pattern (CP) and chemical interaction (CI) to the lithium disilicate. A total of 16 CAD/CAM blocks of lithium disilicate (LD) were cut into four square sections (n=64). For bonding efficacy evaluation, the LD specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10): 1) HF+SI; 2) self-etching ceramic primer (MEP); 3) HF+MEP; 4) MEP+SI. After each treatment, an adhesive system was applied and Tygon matrices were filled with a dual-cured resin cement followed by light curing. Cylinder specimens (0.8 mmx0.5mm) were stored in water (37 °C for 24 h or 1-year) and submitted to the μSBS test (2-way ANOVA and Tukey's test; a=0.05). CP and CI were only evaluated qualitatively. No significant difference on the μSBS was observed between groups (p=0.73), but reduced μSBS was observed after 1-year of water storage (p>0.0001). After application of HF+SI and MEP, reduction in a number of siloxane bonds was observed, suggesting the coupling of SI on the LD surface. HF or HF+MEP produced a higher dissolution of the glassy matrix than the use of MEP alone. The MEP can be an alternative to traditional ceramic treatment once the chemical interaction and long-term bond strength were similar between both groups. The association of hydrofluoric acid or silane with a self-etching ceramic primer did not add any benefits in terms of chemical interaction and bonding stability.


Resumo Avaliar o efeito da combinação de ácido fluorídrico ou silano com o primer autocondicionante de cerâmicas sobre a eficácia da união imediata e após 1 ano de armazenamento em água, padrão de condicionamento e interação química desses tratamentos com o dissilicato de lítio. Um total de 16 blocos CAD/CAM de dissilicato de lítio (DL) foram cortados em quatro seções quadradas (n=64). Os espécimes de DL foram divididos em 4 grupos: 1) ácido fluorídrico a 5% + silano (HF + SI); 2) primer autocondicionante de cerâmica (MEP); 3) HF + MEP; 4) MPE + SI. Após cada tratamento, o sistema adesivo foi aplicado e as matrizes Tygon foram preenchidas com cimento resinoso dual (Variolink® II), seguido de fotopolimerização. Espécimes em forma de cilindro (0.8 mmÆ x 0.5 mm), foram armazenados em água (37 °C por 24h ou 1 ano) e submetidos ao teste μSBS (ANOVA dois fatores e teste de Tukey; a=0,05). Para avaliação das interações químicas por Espectroscopia Raman, os espécimes de DL foram divididos em 3 grupos (n=4): 1) sem tratamento (DL); 2) HF + SI; e 3) MEP. Para avaliação do padrão de condicionamento da superfície cerâmica após os tratamentos por MEV, os espécimes de DL foram divididos em 3 grupos (n=3): 1) DL; 2) HF; 3) MEP; e 4) HF + MEP. Ambos os métodos foram avaliados apenas qualitativamente. Não foi observada diferença significativa na μSBS imediata entre os grupos (p=0,73), mas após 1 ano de armazenamento das amostras em água, reduziu μSBS (p>0,0001). HF ou HF + MEP produziram uma maior dissolução da matriz vítrea do que o uso de MEP sozinho. Após a aplicação de SI e MEP, observou-se redução de ligações de siloxano, sugerindo o acoplamento da camada de silano na superfície do DL. O primer autocondicionante cerâmico pode ser uma alternativa ao tratamento cerâmico tradicional, uma vez que a interação química e a resistência de união a longo prazo, quando comparada ao tratamento tradicional foram estatisticamente semelhantes. A associação de ácido fluorídrico ou agente de acoplamento silano com um primer autocondicionante de cerâmicas não agregou nenhum benefício em termos de interação química e estabilidade.

19.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In-office bleaching gels are usually marketed in different pHs. This study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy, enamel surface morphology and concentration of hydrogen peroxide (HP) in the pulp chamber of teeth bleached with 40% HP with different pHs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty premolars were randomly divided according to bleaching gel pH: 5.1, 6.3, 7.0, and control (no bleaching). Teeth were prepared, an acetate buffer was placed in the pulp chamber and teeth were bleached with two 20-minutes applications. The amount of HP was determined on a UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Color change was assessed by using a digital spectrophotometer before and 1 week after bleaching treatment. Five additional premolars were divided into four parts, assigned to the same groups above for analysis under scanning electron microscope. Data were subjected to anova and Tukey's tests (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The group pH 5.1 showed the highest HP diffusion in the pulp chamber (P < .001). No significant difference was detected in color change (P = .51). All groups presented the same pattern of enamel demineralization. CONCLUSIONS: The bleaching agent with pH 5.1 presented the highest HP amounts in the pulp chamber, but color change and enamel morphology were similar among groups. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Regardless of the pH, the bleaching effect can be observed in teeth submitted to high concentrations of HP, but a higher permeability of HP was found in the pulp chamber of teeth bleached with more acidic bleaching agents. Based on that, we suggest the use of alkaline gels for in-office bleaching to minimize damage to the pulpal tissue.

20.
J Dent ; 82: 45-55, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of addition of zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles (ZnO/CuNp) into universal adhesives, on antimicrobial activity (AMA), cytotoxicity (CTX), water sorption (WS) and solubility (SO), microhardness (MH) and in vitro degree of conversion (DC), as well as resin-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL) and in situ DC. METHODS: ZnO/CuNp (0% [control]; 5/0.1 and 5/0.2 wt%) were added in Prime&Bond Active (PBA) and Ambar Universal (AMB). The AMA was evaluated against Streptococcus mutans. For CTX, Saos-2 cell-line was used. For WS and SO, specimens were tested for 28d. For MH, specimens were tested after 24 h and 28d and for in vitro DC, specimens were evaluated after 24 h. After, the adhesives were applied to flat dentine surfaces, composite resin build-ups, specimens were sectioned to obtain resin-dentine sticks. It was evaluated in µTBS, NL and in situ DC after 24 h of water storage. ANOVA and Tukey's test were applied (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of 5/0.2 ZnO/CuNp increase AMA and WS, but decrease the SO when compared to control (p < 0.05). The CTX and µTBS were maintaining with adhesive-containing ZnO/CuNp (p > 0.05). MH, in vitro DC and in situ DC was significant increase (AMB) or maintaining (PBA) with ZnO/CuNp addition. However, significantly lower NL was observed for ZnO/CuNp groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of ZnO/CuNp in the tested concentrations in universal adhesive systems may be an alternative to provide antimicrobial activity and improves the integrity of the hybrid layer, without jeopardizing biological, adhesives and mechanical properties. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates that the addition of zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles in concentrations up to 5/0.2 wt% in two universal adhesive systems is a feasible approach and may be an alternative to adhesive interfaces with antimicrobial properties and less defects in the resin-dentin interface.

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