Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 73
Filtrar
1.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 138(1): 54-59, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Analysis of the literature suggests that changes relating to blood donations and blood component transfusion are occurring due to the aging of the population. OBJECTIVE: To gain better understanding of the demand and supply of these inputs over time, and to identify the main associated demographic characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review conducted on time series relating to blood donations and blood component transfusions worldwide. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted based on articles that presented time series relating to blood donation or blood component transfusion. RESULTS: We found 1,814 articles. After the deletion process, only thirteen were read. Overall, these suggested that there is increasing demand for blood components and decreasing donation. The existence of seasonality regarding blood donation was pointed out. Men usually donated more blood and demanded more blood components than women. Approximately 50% of blood transfusions were performed in people aged ≥ 60 years. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis on articles that presented time series relating to blood donations and blood component transfusion showed that aging of the population was the main factor associated with the increasing demand for blood and the decreasing supply of blood.

2.
Acta Trop ; 207: 105495, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305295

RESUMO

The applicability of molecular biology/PCR for canine visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis presents challenges, mainly due to the diversity of targets described. The objectives of this study were to compare the sensitivities and reliability of five targets (kDNA/120, kDNA/145, ITS1, hsp70/234 and hsp70/1300) in four different tissue samples (bone marrow, popliteal lymph node, skin and conjunctival swab). Sixty-five dogs (32 males and 33 females) naturally infected with Leishmania infantum and ten dogs without infection were examined. Dogs were characterized by serological and parasitological methods. The parasitological test was considered the gold standard for analysis. All tests presented high specificity 100% (95% CI 0.72-1), and variable sensitivity. The targets kDNA/145, ITS1, kDNA/120, hsp70/234 and hsp70/1300 detected 100% (65/65), 93.4% (61/65), 92.3% (60/65), 84.61% (55/65) and 72.3% (77/65) of positive animals respectively. The performance of PCR methods was analyzed in two different scenarios. The highest sensitivity value identified in all scenarios studied was kDNA/145. Our results suggest that popliteal lymph node and conjunctival swab samples, besides being less invasive collections, represent a good substratum for PCR-based diagnosis, and the target kDNA/145 is the best choice for detecting L. infantum DNA in naturally infected dogs.

3.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 41(1): 62-68, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the distance education course "Sickle Cell Disease: Primary Health Care Line" on knowledge acquisition of professional healthcare providers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a quantitative approach at the Educational and Support Center for Hemoglobinopathies (Cehmob-MG), state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2016. One hundred and fifty-three out of 300 professional healthcare providers were invited to participate in the proposed distance course. Of the participating professional healthcare providers, 72 (47%) successfully concluded the course (Group A), whereas 81 (53%) did not complete their course assignments and did not meet the minimum requirements for regular attendance (Group B). Knowledge acquisition was assessed with the Knowledge of Sickle Cell Disease Instrument, DFConhecimento, applied using the web tool eSurv. Univariate analysis by Poisson regression was employed to assess the influence of sociodemographic variables on the DFConhecimento score and to select variables to compose the initial multivariate regression model (p-value<0.20). The analysis was performed in the statistical programming environment R. RESULTS: The average score was 9.76 for Group A and 6.54 for Group B. The two groups were considered statistically different (p-value<0.05) for all items with the proportion of correct items being greater in Group A. Professional healthcare providers who concluded the course had a significantly higher DFConhecimento score (45%) when compared to those who did not successfully conclude the course. CONCLUSION: Participation in a distance education course on sickle cell disease had a positive impact on the acquisition of knowledge about the disease by professional healthcare providers.

4.
Vet Parasitol ; 274: 108920, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493694

RESUMO

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis caused by the parasite Leishmania infantum and the dog is its main reservoir in rural and urban areas. The diagnosis of infection is mainly based on the presence of anti-Leishmania IgG antibodies in the serum of infected dogs. In this study, the sensitivity and specificity of qualitative rapid tests (RTs) dual path platform (DPP) Bio-Manguinhos, rapid enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) IDEXX, Kalazar Detect and ALERE, as well as quantitative ELISA Bio-Manguinhos and in-house indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) tests were analyzed in sera from infected and uninfected dogs. Serial dilutions of the in-house IFA were compared with RTs and ELISA Bio-Manguinhos. The results showed that none of the tests reached 100% sensitivity and specificity. There was no statistical difference between the analyzed RTs. The most sensitive test was the DPP Bio-Manguinhos (97.9%), while the rapid ELISA IDEXX showed higher specificity (100%). In the treatment setting of infected and/or diseased animals, quantitative tests for monitoring the evolution of antibody titers are required, which indicates the maintenance of in-house IFA in animal handling. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the RTs present higher sensitivity in serum samples with superior antibody titers obtained in the in-house IFA. However, the RTs exhibited false negatives in samples with low titers of antibodies. Among the RTs, only the DPP Bio-Manguinhos presented better performance in this situation. Therefore, the use of RTs for the diagnosis of VL in dogs with low titers of antibodies, such as asymptomatic, should be carefully evaluated.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/sangue , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Leishmaniose Visceral/sangue , Leishmaniose Visceral/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3164, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Behavior Change Protocol for educational practices in Diabetes Mellitus. METHOD: methodological study aimed at cross-cultural adaptation, comprising the steps of translation, back-translation, assessment by an expert committee and pre-testing of the instrument on a sample of 30 healthcare service users with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. RESULTS: the instrument was assessed based on criteria pertaining semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and cultural equivalence between the original instrument and the translated version, its mean Content Validity Index being 0.85. CONCLUSION: results showed content validity indicating the instrument's successful cross-cultural adaptation to the Brazilian culture for use in educational practices targeting self-care in type 2 DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Autocuidado/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Tradução , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Características Culturais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autocuidado/métodos
6.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(2): 137-147, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the most prevalent psychological disorders among end-stage renal disease patients and are associated with various conditions that result in poorer health outcomes, e.g. reduced quality of life and survival. We aimed to investigate the prevalences of depression and anxiety among patients undergoing renal replacement therapy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Patients' depression and anxiety levels were assessed using the Beck Inventory. The independent variables were the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Charlson Comorbidity Index and Global Subjective Assessment, along with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: 205 patients were included. Depression and anxiety symptoms were detected in 41.7% and 32.3% of dialysis patients and 13.3% and 20.3% of transplantation patients, respectively. Lower SF-36 mental summary scores were associated with depression among transplantation patients (odds ratio, OR: 0.923; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.85-0.99; P = 0.03) and dialysis patients (OR: 0.882; 95% CI: 0.83-0.93; P ≤ 0.001). Physical component summary was associated with depression among dialysis patients (OR: 0.906; 95% CI: 0.85-0.96; P = 0.001). Loss of vascular access (OR: 3.672; 95% CI: 1.05-12.78; P = 0.04), comorbidities (OR: 1.578; 95% CI: 1.09-2.27; P = 0.01) and poorer SF-36 mental (OR: 0.928; 95% CI: 0.88-0.97; P = 0.002) and physical (OR: 0.943; 95% CI: 0.89-0.99; P = 0.03) summary scores were associated with anxiety among -dialysis patients. CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety symptoms occurred more frequently among patients undergoing dialysis. Quality of life, comorbidities and loss of vascular access were associated factors.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Rim/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(2): 145-152, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012176

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To develop and validate DFConhecimento, an instrument to assess Brazilian healthcare professional providers' knowledge on sickle cell disease. Method: Study carried out in four stages: (1) instrument development; (2) content validation by an Expert Committee; (3) cultural adequacy check at pre-test; (4) instrument reliability analysis by healthcare professional providers supported by Intraclass Correlation Coefficient calculation. The data for content validation and reliability analyses were collected through the web tool eSurv and analyzed within the statistical software and environment R. Results: The instrument, consisting of 13 multiple-choice questions, showed acceptability, with an average Content Validity Index of 0.88. The reliability analysis showed moderate agreement (0.67) indicating that test-retest reproducibility is acceptable. Conclusion: The instrument DFConhecimento showed reliability and internal consistency, proving suitable for measuring Brazilian healthcare professional providers' acquisition of knowledge on sickle cell disease.

8.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 41(2): 145-152, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate DFConhecimento, an instrument to assess Brazilian healthcare professional providers' knowledge on sickle cell disease. METHOD: Study carried out in four stages: (1) instrument development; (2) content validation by an Expert Committee; (3) cultural adequacy check at pre-test; (4) instrument reliability analysis by healthcare professional providers supported by Intraclass Correlation Coefficient calculation. The data for content validation and reliability analyses were collected through the web tool eSurv and analyzed within the statistical software and environment R. RESULTS: The instrument, consisting of 13 multiple-choice questions, showed acceptability, with an average Content Validity Index of 0.88. The reliability analysis showed moderate agreement (0.67) indicating that test-retest reproducibility is acceptable. CONCLUSION: The instrument DFConhecimento showed reliability and internal consistency, proving suitable for measuring Brazilian healthcare professional providers' acquisition of knowledge on sickle cell disease.

9.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 32(2): 210-219, Mar.-Abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001059

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Sintetizar e analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura científica sobre os efeitos do uso de Short Message Service (SMS) na promoção do autocuidado em diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Foi desenvolvida uma revisão integrativa da literatura, no período de 2007 a 2017, utilizando para a busca dos estudos as seguintes bases de dados: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Base de dados de enfermagem, Campus Virtual de Saúde Pública, Coleção Nacional das Fontes de Informação do Sistema Único de Saúde, Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Sul, Índice Bibliográfico Español en Ciencias de la Salud (iBECS), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e PubMed. Para isso, utilizou-se descritores como: mensagem de texto, autocuidado, educação em saúde, promoção em saúde e diabetes mellitus, bem como os respectivos descritores em inglês e espanhol, e os Medical Subject Headings associados. Foi identificada uma amostra inicial de 739 artigos, dos quais 23 foram classificados como elegíveis para compor a amostra final. Resultados: Em geral, os trabalhos reportaram resultados positivos. Dentre estes, destacam-se: melhora significativa dos níveis de hemoglobina glicada, maior adesão aos medicamentos, melhora das práticas de autocuidado, aumento do conhecimento acerca do diabetes e melhor cuidado com os pés. Conclusão: Evidências científicas na literatura mostram que o uso de SMS como estratégia metodológica pode favorecer a melhora das práticas de autocuidado em diabetes tipo 2.


Resumen Objetivo: Sintetizar y analizar las pruebas disponibles en la literatura científica sobre los efectos del uso de Short Message Service (SMS) para la promoción del autocuidado en diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura del período de 2007 a 2017 y se utilizaron las siguientes bases de datos para la búsqueda de los estudios: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library Scopus, Web of Science, Base de datos de enfermería, Campus Virtual de Saúde Pública, Coleção Nacional das Fontes de Informação do Sistema Único de Saúde, Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Sui, Índice Bibliográfico Español en Ciencias de la Salud (IBECS), Literatura latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y PubMed. Para ello, se utilizaron descriptores como: mensaje de texto, autocuidado, educación en salud, promoción de la salud y diabetes mellitus, así como los respectivos descriptores en inglés y español, y los Medical Subject Headings asociados. Fue identificada una muestra inicial de 739 artículos, de los cuales 23 fueron clasificados como elegibles para formar parte de la muestra final. Resultados: En general, los trabajaos aportaron resultados positivos. Entre ellos pueden destacarse: mejora significativa de los niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada, mayor adhesión a los medicamentos, mejora de las prácticas de autocuidado, aumento del conocimiento sobre la diabetes y mejor cuidado de los pies. Conclusión: Evidencias científicas en la literatura demuestran que el uso de SMS como estrategia metodológica puede favorecer la mejora de las prácticas de autocuidado en diabetes tipo 2.


Abstract Objective: To synthesize and analyze the available evidence in the scientific literature on use effects of Short Message Service (SMS) in self-care promotion in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: An integrative review of the literature was developed between 2007 and 2017, using the following databases to search for the studies: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Nursing database, Virtual Campus of Public Health, Coleção Nacional das Fontes de Informação do Sistema Único de Saúde (freely translated as Collection of Information Sources of the Brazilian Unified Health System), Regional Health Coordination South, Índice Bibliográfico Español en Ciencias de la Salud (IBECS), Latin American & Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences and PubMed. Descriptors such as text message, self-care, health education, health promotion and diabetes mellitus, as well as their descriptors in English and Spanish, and the associated Medical Subject Headings, were used. An initial sample of 739 articles was identified, of which 23 were classified as eligible to compose the final sample. Results: In general, the work reported positive results. Among these, the following stand out: significant improvement in glycosylated hemoglobin levels, greater compliance with medications, improved self-care practices, increased knowledge about DM and better foot care. Conclusion: Scientific evidence in the literature shows that the use of SMS as a methodological strategy may favor the improvement of self-care practices in type 2 DM.

10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(2): 137-147, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1014636

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the most prevalent psychological disorders among end-stage renal disease patients and are associated with various conditions that result in poorer health outcomes, e.g. reduced quality of life and survival. We aimed to investigate the prevalences of depression and anxiety among patients undergoing renal replacement therapy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Patients' depression and anxiety levels were assessed using the Beck Inventory. The independent variables were the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Charlson Comorbidity Index and Global Subjective Assessment, along with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: 205 patients were included. Depression and anxiety symptoms were detected in 41.7% and 32.3% of dialysis patients and 13.3% and 20.3% of transplantation patients, respectively. Lower SF-36 mental summary scores were associated with depression among transplantation patients (odds ratio, OR: 0.923; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.85-0.99; P = 0.03) and dialysis patients (OR: 0.882; 95% CI: 0.83-0.93; P ≤ 0.001). Physical component summary was associated with depression among dialysis patients (OR: 0.906; 95% CI: 0.85-0.96; P = 0.001). Loss of vascular access (OR: 3.672; 95% CI: 1.05-12.78; P = 0.04), comorbidities (OR: 1.578; 95% CI: 1.09-2.27; P = 0.01) and poorer SF-36 mental (OR: 0.928; 95% CI: 0.88-0.97; P = 0.002) and physical (OR: 0.943; 95% CI: 0.89-0.99; P = 0.03) summary scores were associated with anxiety among ­dialysis patients. CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety symptoms occurred more frequently among patients undergoing dialysis. Quality of life, comorbidities and loss of vascular access were associated factors.

11.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 62-68, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1002037

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To assess the impact of the distance education course "Sickle Cell Disease: Primary Health Care Line" on knowledge acquisition of professional healthcare providers. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with a quantitative approach at the Educational and Support Center for Hemoglobinopathies (Cehmob-MG), state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2016. One hundred and fifty-three out of 300 professional healthcare providers were invited to participate in the proposed distance course. Of the participating professional healthcare providers, 72 (47%) successfully concluded the course (Group A), whereas 81 (53%) did not complete their course assignments and did not meet the minimum requirements for regular attendance (Group B). Knowledge acquisition was assessed with the Knowledge of Sickle Cell Disease Instrument, DFConhecimento, applied using the web tool eSurv. Univariate analysis by Poisson regression was employed to assess the influence of sociodemographic variables on the DFConhecimento score and to select variables to compose the initial multivariate regression model (p-value < 0.20). The analysis was performed in the statistical programming environment R. Results The average score was 9.76 for Group A and 6.54 for Group B. The two groups were considered statistically different (p-value < 0.05) for all items with the proportion of correct items being greater in Group A. Professional healthcare providers who concluded the course had a significantly higher DFConhecimento score (45%) when compared to those who did not successfully conclude the course. Conclusion Participation in a distance education course on sickle cell disease had a positive impact on the acquisition of knowledge about the disease by professional healthcare providers.

12.
Qual Life Res ; 28(6): 1485-1495, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666548

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite advance in renal replacement therapy (RRT), patients with chronic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) face various limitations, and renal transplantation (Tx) is the treatment that impacts most on quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to assess changes in QoL in a cohort of ESRD dialysis patients. METHODS: Sociodemographic, clinical, nutritional, lifestyle, and QoL data were collected from 712 patients at baseline (time 1) and after 10 years of follow-up (time 2) for patients surviving. The QoL was assessed through the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the factors associated with change in QoL. RESULTS: A total of 205 survivors were assessed and distributed into three groups according to current RRT (Dialysis-Dialysis, Dialysis-Tx, and Dialysis-Tx-Dialysis). At time 1, only age was significantly different among groups; at time 2, transplant patients sustained greater social participation, job retention, and improvement in SF-36 scores. The factors associated with change in QoL were more time on dialysis interfering negatively on physical functioning (p = 0.002), role-physical limitations (p  = 0.002), general health (p  = 0.007), social functioning (p = 0.02), role-emotional (p = 0.003), and physical components ( p = 0.002); non-participation in social groups at times 1 and 2 reducing vitality (p = 0.02) scores; and having work at time 2, increasing vitality (p = 0.02) and mental health (p  = 0.02) scores. CONCLUSIONS: QoL was shown to be dynamic throughout the years of RRT, transplantation being the treatment with more benefits to the ESRD. More time on dialysis and limited social and occupational routine were associated with a reduction in QoL.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Rim/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Terapia de Substituição Renal/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Emoções , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Participação Social , Sobreviventes
13.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 23: e-1231, jan.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1050666

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: elaborar, adequar culturalmente e validar o "conhecimento dos agentes comunitários de saúde (ACS) sobre diabetes" ­ diabetes-ACS ­ para avaliação do conhecimento dos ACS sobre diabetes mellitus. MÉTODOS: estudo metodológico desenvolvido em três etapas: a) construção do instrumento; b) validação de conteúdo e adequação cultural com médicos de família e ACS, seguidas de avaliação das sugestões por comitê de especialistas; c) validação psicométrica do instrumento a partir de sua aplicação em uma amostra de 102 ACS, por meio da ferramenta e-Surv. As análises de consistência interna e reprodutibilidade foram realizadas no ambiente de programação estatística R. RESULTADOS: o instrumento, constituído de 29 questões de múltipla escolha, apresentou consistência interna satisfatória, com alfa de Cronbach 0,732 (IC 95% 0,652; 0,802) e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse de 0,70 (IC 95% 0,59­0,79), entre os escores do teste e do reteste. CONCLUSÃO: considera-se adequado e validado o instrumento diabetes-ACS para avaliação de agentes comunitários de saúde.(AU)


Objective: to elaborate, adapt and validate the Diabetes knowledge assessment of community healthcare workers ­ Diabetes-CHW ­ to assess CHW knowledge about diabetes mellitus. Methods: methodological study developed in three stages: a) instrument construction; b) content validation and cultural adequacy with family doctors and CHWs, followed by assessment of suggestions by a committee of experts; c) Psychometric validation of the instrument from its application in a sample of 102 CHWs, through the e-Surv webtool. Internal consistency and reproducibility analyses were performed in the R statistical programming environment. Results: the 29 multiple-choice question instrument showed satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.732 Cronbach's alpha (95% CI 0.652; 0.802) and intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.70 (95% CI 0.59­0.79) between the test and retest scores. Conclusion: the diabetesCHW instrument was validated and considered adequate to assess community healthcare workers' knowledge about DM.(AU)


Objetivo: elaborar, adaptar culturalmente y validar el "conocimiento de los agentes de salud comunitarios (ACS) sobre la diabetes" ­ diabetes-ACS ­ para evaluar el conocimiento de los ACS sobre la diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Estudio metodológico desarrollado en tres etapas: a) construcción del instrumento; b) validación de contenido y adecuación cultural con médicos de familia y ACS, seguido de evaluación de sugerencias por parte de un comité de expertos; c) validación psicométrica del...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Estudo de Validação , Diabetes Mellitus
14.
Cogitare enferm ; 24: e64450, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1055919

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a prevalência das práticas integrativas e complementares em pacientes que realizam quimioterapia antineoplásica. Método: estudo quantitativo, observacional, transversal, realizado em um Ambulatório de Quimioterapia de um hospital universitário de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. A amostra foi composta por 70 pacientes com dados obtidos entre outubro de 2017 e maio de 2018. Os dados foram analisados no programa Statistical Package for Social Science utilizando-se estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: os cânceres predominantes foram mama e cólon e reto. A prevalência de utilização de práticas integrativas foi de 77,1%, sendo a espiritualidade a mais utilizada. O custeio das práticas foi predominantemente não realizado pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Não foram encontrados fatores associados para utilização de práticas integrativas. Conclusão: os pacientes referem benefícios da utilização das práticas integrativas complementares. É relevante que o enfermeiro conheça a prevalência de sua utilização e tenha conhecimento para indicá-las ou contraindicá-las, quando necessário.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de las prácticas de integración y complementación en pacientes de quimioterapia antineoplásica. Método: estudio cuantitativo, observacional, trasversal, que se realizó en un Ambulatorio de Quimioterapia de un hospital universitario de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. La muestra se compuso por 70 pacientes con datos que se obtuvieron entre octubre de 2017 y mayo de 2018. Se analizaron los datos por medio del programa Statistical Package for Social Science, utilizándose estadística descriptiva y de inferencia. Resultados: los cánceres predominantes fueron el de mama y colon y recto. La prevalencia de utilización de prácticas integradoras fue de 77,1%, siendo la espiritualidad la más recurrente. El costeo de las prácticas no fue predominantemente realizado por el Sistema Único de Salud. No se encontraron factores asociados para utilización de prácticas integradoras. Conclusión: los pacientes refieren beneficios de la utilización de las prácticas integradoras complementarias. Es relevante que el enfermero conozca la prevalencia de sus usos y tenga conocimiento para proponerlas o no, cuando necesario.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the prevalence of integrative and complementary practices in patients undergoing antineoplastic chemotherapy. Method: A quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at a Chemotherapy Outpatient Unit of a university hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The sample consisted of 70 patients with data obtained between October 2017 and May 2018. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program through descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The predominant cancers were breast and colon/rectal. The prevalence of integrative practices was 77.1%, with spirituality being the most used. The funding for the practices was predominantly not provided by the Brazilian Nation Health System. No associated factors were found regarding the use of integrative practices. Conclusion: The patients reported benefits of using integrative complementary practices. It is relevant that nurses know the prevalence of their use and have knowledge to indicate or contraindicate them, when necessary.

15.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3164, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020695

RESUMO

Objetivo realizar a tradução e adaptação cultural do Behavior Change Protocol para as práticas educativas em Diabetes Mellitus. Método estudo metodológico de adaptação cultural, no qual foram executadas as etapas de tradução, retrotradução, avaliação por comitê de juízes e pré-teste do instrumento aplicado a uma amostra de 30 usuários com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados a avaliação do instrumento pautou-se pelos critérios de equivalência semântica, idiomática, conceitual e cultural entre o instrumento original e o traduzido, sendo que o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo médio apresentado foi de 0,85. Conclusão o instrumento apresentou validade de conteúdo indicativa de boa adaptação à cultura brasileira para seu uso em práticas educativas orientadas para o autocuidado em diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Objective to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Behavior Change Protocol for educational practices in Diabetes Mellitus. Method methodological study aimed at cross-cultural adaptation, comprising the steps of translation, back-translation, assessment by an expert committee and pre-testing of the instrument on a sample of 30 healthcare service users with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Results the instrument was assessed based on criteria pertaining semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and cultural equivalence between the original instrument and the translated version, its mean Content Validity Index being 0.85. Conclusion results showed content validity indicating the instrument's successful cross-cultural adaptation to the Brazilian culture for use in educational practices targeting self-care in type 2 DM.


Objetivo realizar la traducción y adaptación cultural del instrumento Behavior Change Protocol para las prácticas educativas en Diabetes Mellitus. Método estudio metodológico de adaptación cultural, comprendiendo las etapas de traducción, retrotraducción, evaluación por un comité de jueces y pretest del instrumento, en una muestra de 30 usuarios del servicio de salud pública con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Resultados la evaluación del instrumento se pautó en los criterios de equivalencia semántica, idiomática, conceptual y cultural entre el instrumento original y el traducido, habiendo presentado Índice de Validez de Contenido promedio de 0,85. Conclusión el instrumento presentó validez de contenido indicativa de adaptación satisfactoria a la cultura brasileña para ser utilizado en prácticas educativas dirigidas al autocuidado en DM tipo 2.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autocuidado/métodos , Autocuidado/normas , Comparação Transcultural , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Características Culturais , Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia
16.
Parasit Vectors ; 11(1): 586, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30419944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Control strategies adopted by the Brazilian Visceral Leishmaniasis Surveillance and Control Programme (VLSCP) include identifying and culling seropositive infected dogs, early diagnosis and treatment of human cases, chemical control of the vector and population awareness. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the VLSCP on the prevalence and incidence rates of Leishmania infantum in children residing in areas under different VLSCP intervention times. METHODS: A quasi-experimental epidemiological study with a panel (two cross-sectional) and a concurrent cohort was performed in three areas of Belo Horizonte, southeast Brazil. The first cross-sectional study (I) was carried out with 1875 children, 478 of which were enrolled in the cohort study. In the second cross-sectional study (II), 413 additional children were included, totalizing 891 children. Laboratory diagnosis was performed by ELISA-rK39. Analyses included multilevel logistic and Poisson regression models. RESULTS: The incidence rates of L. infantum infection were: 14.4% in the area where VLSCP intervention was initiated in 2006 (AI2006); 21.1% in the area where intervention was initiated in 2008 (AI2008); and 11.6% in the area where intervention was initiated in 2010 (AI2010 - control area). A follow-up period of 24 months showed that the persons-time incidence rates in AI2006, AI2008, and AI2010 were: 6.2/100, 10/100, and 5.6/100 persons/24 months, respectively. The final prevalence rates of infection (cross-sectional II - in 2012), compared to the initial rates (cross-sectional I - in 2010), increased 83.7% in AI2006, 74.1% in AI2008, and decreased 5% in AI2010. Analysis of the effectiveness revealed that children residing in AI2008 are more likely to be infected (OR = 1.84; 95% CI: 1.06-3.23) and present a higher risk of infection (IRR = 1.76; 95% CI: 1.05-2.95) compared to those in AI2010. No statistically significant differences were observed in asymptomatic infection (OR and IRR) in AI2006 compared to AI2010. CONCLUSIONS: The VLSCP was not effective at controlling L. infantum infection in areas where interventions had respectively been carried out for six and four years. However, it is unclear what the consequences in terms of human infection and diseases would be in the absence of the VLSCP. Efforts to improve the effectiveness of control measures remain a necessary priority.


Assuntos
Doenças Endêmicas/prevenção & controle , Monitoramento Epidemiológico/veterinária , Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Vetores de Doenças , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Cães , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Leishmania infantum/isolamento & purificação , Leishmaniose Visceral/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Visceral/epidemiologia , Leishmaniose Visceral/parasitologia , Masculino , Prevalência
17.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 31(2): 224-232, Mar.-Abr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-949275

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Investigar, na literatura nacional e internacional, os aplicativos móveis existentes desenvolvidos para gerenciamento da doença falciforme. Métodos Estudo de revisão integrativa, conduzido nas bases de dados Medline/via PubMed, BVS, Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science e Scopus, no período de setembro de 2016 a março de 2018. Os artigos selecionados foram analisados de acordo com a Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHQR). Resultados Integraram esta revisão 12 artigos, sendo dois da Web of Science e o restante da PubMed. Conclusão Esta revisão mostrou a incipiência de estudos que contemplam o desenvolvimento de aplicativos móveis no contexto da doença falciforme. No Brasil não foram identificados estudos que utilizem aplicativos móveis direcionados à população com doença falciforme, apesar da alta incidência desta condição crônica. Este estudo aponta para a necessidade de desenvolvimento de aplicativos móveis como importante recurso educativo que possa apoiar a prática de autocuidado das pessoas com doença falciforme.


Resumen Objetivo Estudio informativo sobre revisión de la literatura de artículos acerca de aplicaciones móviles disponibles para tratamiento de la anemia drepanocítica publicados en Brasil y el extranjero. Métodos Búsquedas realizadas en bases: Library of Medicine (Medline/vía PubMed), Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science y Scopus para el período desde septiembre de 2006 hasta marzo de 2018. Niveles de evidencia de artículos seleccionados basados en categorías de la Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) para calificar la solidez de la evidencia. Resultados Doce artículos fueron incluidos en esta revisión, dos de ellos obtenidos por consulta en Web of Science y los diez restantes en Pubmed. Conclusión La revisión mostró la naturaleza emergente de la investigación sobre el desarrollo de aplicaciones móviles dirigidas a las personas con drepanocitosis. En el caso de Brasil, no se encontraron estudios sobre aplicaciones para la drepanocitosis, a pesar de la alta incidencia del trastorno en el país. Esta revisión señala la necesidad de desarrollar aplicaciones móviles como recursos educativos para apoyar las prácticas de autocuidado de las personas con drepanocitosis.


Abstract Objective This paper reports on a literature review of articles on mobile applications available for the management of sickle cell disease published in Brazil and abroad. Methods Searches were carried out in the Library of Medicine (Medline/via PubMed), Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science and Scopus databases covering a period spanning September/2016 to March/2018. Levels of evidence of the selected articles were based on the categories of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) for grading strength of evidence. Results A total of twelve articles were included in this review, two of them yielded by a query in Web of Science and the remaining ten in Pubmed. Conclusion The review showed the emergent nature of research on the development of mobile applications aimed at people with sickle cell disease. In the case of Brazil, no studies targeting sickle cell disease applications were found, despite the high incidence of this disorder in the country. This review points to the need for mobile applications to be developed as educational resources in supporting the self-care practices of people with sickle cell disease.

18.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(2): e00201515, 2018 02 19.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489952

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study examined the integration of primary care in the healthcare network of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS), using the Gradual Response Model of Item Response Theory. Based on data from 17,202 teams that participated in the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB, 2012), we measured gradients of integration to identify the teams' profile by level of integration. The results show that the items pertaining to matrix support measures (medical consultations, case discussions, shared clinical action, joint elaboration of therapeutic projects, permanent educational activities, work process discussions, interventions in the territory, and visits with primary care professionals) improved the performance of primary care teams. Communications devices between teams reinforced this understanding. Still, the approximately 50% of answers associated with the worst scenario for some study items evidenced the need to upgrade the integration between primary care activities and specialized care for the consolidation of comprehensive primary healthcare.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Comportamento Cooperativo , Estudos Transversais , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
19.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 17, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To determine the items of the Brazilian National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care that better evaluate the capacity to provide mental health care. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study carried out using the Graded Response Model of the Item Response Theory using secondary data from the second cycle of the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care, which evaluates 30,523 primary care teams in the period from 2013 to 2014 in Brazil. The internal consistency, correlation between items, and correlation between items and the total score were tested using the Cronbach's alpha, Spearman's correlation, and point biserial coefficients, respectively. The assumptions of unidimensionality and local independence of the items were tested. Word clouds were used as one way to present the results. RESULTS The items with the greatest ability to discriminate were scheduling of the agenda according to risk stratification, keeping of records of the most serious cases of users in psychological distress, and provision of group care. The items that required a higher level of mental health care in the parameter of location were the provision of any type of group care and the provision of educational and mental health promotion activities. Total Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.87. The items that obtained the highest correlation with total score were the recording of the most serious cases of users in psychological distress and scheduling of the agenda according to risk stratification. The final scores obtained oscillated between -2.07 (minimum) and 1.95 (maximum). CONCLUSIONS There are important aspects in the discrimination of the capacity to provide mental health care by primary health care teams: risk stratification for care management, follow-up of the most serious cases, group care, and preventive and health promotion actions.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 8, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of a diabetes mellitus educational program in primary health care. METHODS: This cluster randomized trial was conducted in a sample of 470 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus from eight health units, randomly assigned to two groups: intervention (n = 231) and control (n = 239). The intervention group participated in the educational program composed of three strategies: group education, home visit, and telephone intervention. Simultaneously, the control group was monitored individually. Group monitoring took place over nine months in the year 2012. Clinical evaluations were performed at the initial time (T0), three (T3), six (T6) and nine (T9) months after the beginning of the intervention. RESULTS: After nine months of follow-up, 341 users remained in the study, 171 in the control group and 170 in the intervention group. The average age of users was 60.6 years. In both groups, statistically significant differences were observed in mean HbA1c levels over the follow-up time (p < 0.05). However, the mean HbA1c level at T3, T6 and T9 times were significantly lower among the people in the intervention group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The educational program model developed was effective to improve the glycemic control of the intervention group participants.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Autocuidado
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA