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1.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 145(1): 391-401.e8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations affecting DNA polymerases have been implicated in genomic instability and cancer development, but the mechanisms by which they can affect the immune system remain largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the role of DNA polymerase δ1 catalytic subunit (POLD1) as the cause of a primary immunodeficiency in an extended kindred. METHODS: We performed whole-exome and targeted gene sequencing, lymphocyte characterization, molecular and functional analyses of the DNA polymerase δ (Polδ) complex, and T- and B-cell antigen receptor repertoire analysis. RESULTS: We identified a missense mutation (c. 3178C>T; p.R1060C) in POLD1 in 3 related subjects who presented with recurrent, especially herpetic, infections and T-cell lymphopenia with impaired T-cell but not B-cell proliferation. The mutation destabilizes the Polδ complex, leading to ineffective recruitment of replication factor C to initiate DNA replication. Molecular dynamics simulation revealed that the R1060C mutation disrupts the intramolecular interaction between the POLD1 CysB motif and the catalytic domain and also between POLD1 and the Polδ subunit POLD2. The patients exhibited decreased numbers of naive CD4 and especially CD8 T cells in favor of effector memory subpopulations. This skewing was associated with oligoclonality and restricted T-cell receptor ß-chain V-J pairing in CD8+ but not CD4+ T cells, suggesting that POLD1R1060C differentially affects peripheral CD8+ T-cell expansion and possibly thymic selection. CONCLUSION: These results identify gene defects in POLD1 as a novel cause of T-cell immunodeficiency.

2.
Allergy ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is the main cause of the autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). We previously reported the selective loss of group 3 innate lymphoid cell (ILC) number and function in a Dock8-deficient mouse model. In this study, we sought to test whether DOCK8 is required for the function and maintenance of ILC subsets in humans. METHODS: Peripheral blood ILC1-3 subsets of 16 DOCK8-deficient patients recruited at the pretransplant stage, and seven patients with autosomal dominant (AD) HIES due to STAT3 mutations, were compared with those of healthy controls or post-transplant DOCK8-deficient patients (n = 12) by flow cytometry and real-time qPCR. Sorted total ILCs from DOCK8- or STAT3-mutant patients and healthy controls were assayed for survival, apoptosis, proliferation, and activation by IL-7, IL-23, and IL-12 by cell culture, flow cytometry, and phospho-flow assays. RESULTS: DOCK8-deficient but not STAT3-mutant patients exhibited a profound depletion of ILC3s, and to a lesser extent ILC2s, in their peripheral blood. DOCK8-deficient ILC1-3 subsets had defective proliferation, expressed lower levels of IL-7R, responded less to IL-7, IL-12, or IL-23 cytokines, and were more prone to apoptosis compared with those of healthy controls. CONCLUSION: DOCK8 regulates human ILC3 expansion and survival, and more globally ILC cytokine signaling and proliferation. DOCK8 deficiency leads to loss of ILC3 from peripheral blood. ILC3 deficiency may contribute to the susceptibility of DOCK8-deficient patients to infections.

3.
Am J Pathol ; 189(12): 2440-2449, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541646

RESUMO

Cells of the developing central nervous system are particularly susceptible to formation of double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) arising from physiological and/or environmental insults. Therefore, efficient repair of DSBs is especially vital for maintaining cellular health and proper functioning in the developing brain. Here, increased expression of DSB initiating and nonhomologous end joining repair machinery in newborn neurons in the developing brains of both mouse and human are demonstrated. In parallel, the first characterization is provided of the brain phenotype in the Lig4R278H/R278H (Lig4R/R) mouse model of DNA Ligase 4 (LIG4) syndrome, in which a hypomorphic Lig4 mutation, originally identified in patients, impedes nonhomologous end joining. It is shown that Lig4R/R mice develop nonprogressive microcephaly, resulting primarily from apoptotic death of newborn neurons that is both spatially and temporally specific during peak cortical neurogenesis. This apoptosis leads to a reduction in neurons throughout the postnatal cerebral cortex, but with a more prominent impact on those of the lower cortical layers. Together, these findings begin to uncover the pathogenesis of microcephaly in LIG4 syndrome and open avenues to more focused investigations on the critical roles of DSB formation and repair in vulnerable neuronal populations of the brain.

4.
J Exp Med ; 216(9): 2057-2070, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270247

RESUMO

Vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) and yellow fever (YF) with live attenuated viruses can rarely cause life-threatening disease. Severe illness by MMR vaccines can be caused by inborn errors of type I and/or III interferon (IFN) immunity (mutations in IFNAR2, STAT1, or STAT2). Adverse reactions to the YF vaccine have remained unexplained. We report two otherwise healthy patients, a 9-yr-old boy in Iran with severe measles vaccine disease at 1 yr and a 14-yr-old girl in Brazil with viscerotropic disease caused by the YF vaccine at 12 yr. The Iranian patient is homozygous and the Brazilian patient compound heterozygous for loss-of-function IFNAR1 variations. Patient-derived fibroblasts are susceptible to viruses, including the YF and measles virus vaccine strains, in the absence or presence of exogenous type I IFN. The patients' fibroblast phenotypes are rescued with WT IFNAR1 Autosomal recessive, complete IFNAR1 deficiency can result in life-threatening complications of vaccination with live attenuated measles and YF viruses in previously healthy individuals.

5.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(8): 2790-2800.e15, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LPS-responsive beige-like anchor (LRBA) deficiency presents with susceptibility to infections, autoimmunity, and lymphoproliferation. The long-term efficacy of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4-immunoglobulin (abatacept) as targeted therapy for its immune dysregulatory features remains to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and immunologic features of LRBA deficiency and long-term efficacy of abatacept treatment in controlling the different disease manifestations. METHODS: Twenty-two LRBA-deficient patients were recruited from different immunology centers and followed prospectively. Eighteen patients on abatacept were evaluated every 3 months for long-term clinical and immunologic responses. LRBA expression, lymphocyte subpopulations, and circulating T follicular helper cells were determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 13.4 ± 7.9 years, and the follow-up period was 3.4 ± 2.3 years. Recurrent infections (n = 19 [86.4%]), immune dysregulation (n = 18 [81.8%]), and lymphoproliferation (n = 16 [72.7%]) were common clinical features. The long-term benefits of abatacept in 16 patients were demonstrated by complete control of lymphoproliferation and chronic diarrhea followed by immune dysregulation, most notably autoimmune cytopenias. Weekly or every other week administration of abatacept gave better disease control compared with every 4 weeks. There were no serious side effects related to the abatacept therapy. Circulating T follicular helper cell frequencies were found to be a reliable biomarker of disease activity, which decreased on abatacept therapy in most subjects. However, high circulating T follicular helper cell frequencies persisted in 2 patients who had a more severe disease phenotype that was relatively resistant to abatacept therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term abatacept therapy is effective in most patients with LRBA deficiency.

9.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 41(1): 64-66, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29683948

RESUMO

Mutations in interleukin-10 and its receptors cause infantile inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a hyperinflammatory disorder characterized by severe, treatment-refractory colitis, multiple abscesses, and enterocutaneous fistulas. Patients with infantile IBD often require several surgical interventions, including complete colectomy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is currently the only known medical therapy. Traditionally, operative management has been preferred before stem cell transplantation because of the latter's increased susceptibility to procedural complications; however, surgical intervention could be delayed, and possibly reconsidered, because our 2 patients with infantile IBD demonstrated a rapid response to treatment via engraftment.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Receptores de Interleucina-10/deficiência , Doadores não Relacionados , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
10.
Int J Pediatr ; 2018: 3527480, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29849668

RESUMO

Background: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder (PID) that typically presents with hypogammaglobulinemia and impaired antibody production. Objectives: This study aimed to promote the awareness of CVID, whose clinical spectrum is quite broad. Methods: The demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of 12 children (seven males and five females) with CVID were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were diagnosed using the diagnostic criteria of the European Society for Primary Immunodeficiencies. Results: The median disease onset age was 7.2 ± 4.1 years, and the mean diagnosis age was 11.6 ± 3.7 years. The diagnosis delay was 4.3 ± 2.6 years, and the parental consanguinity rate was 75%. Most patients presented with recurrent infections, including upper respiratory tract infections (n = 8), lower respiratory tract infections (n = 9), and gastroenteritis (n = 5). In addition, growth retardation (n = 9) and bronchiectasis (n = 5) were common comorbidities. Two patients presented with autoimmune thrombocytopenia and anemia, and one patient exhibited lung empyema. All the patients had immunoglobulin G deficiencies. Conclusion: CVID is a heterogeneous disease, so the diagnosis is frequently delayed. In the CVID patients with pulmonary complications, relationships were seen with the diagnosis delay, symptom onset age, and lung infection prevalence. Overall, the early diagnosis and treatment of PIDs can preclude life-threatening complications.

11.
Blood ; 131(21): 2335-2344, 2018 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653965

RESUMO

Integrity of the T-cell receptor/CD3 complex is crucial for positive and negative selection of T cells in the thymus and for effector and regulatory functions of peripheral T lymphocytes. In humans, CD3D, CD3E, and CD3Z gene defects are a cause of severe immune deficiency and present early in life with increased susceptibility to infections. By contrast, CD3G mutations lead to milder phenotypes, mainly characterized by autoimmunity. However, the role of CD3γ in establishing and maintaining immune tolerance has not been elucidated. In this manuscript, we aimed to investigate abnormalities of T-cell repertoire and function in patients with genetic defects in CD3G associated with autoimmunity. High throughput sequencing was used to study composition and diversity of the T-cell receptor ß (TRB) repertoire in regulatory T cells (Tregs), conventional CD4+ (Tconv), and CD8+ T cells from 6 patients with CD3G mutations and healthy controls. Treg function was assessed by studying its ability to suppress proliferation of Tconv cells. Treg cells of patients with CD3G defects had reduced diversity, increased clonality, and reduced suppressive function. The TRB repertoire of Tconv cells from patients with CD3G deficiency was enriched for hydrophobic amino acids at positions 6 and 7 of the CDR3, a biomarker of self-reactivity. These data demonstrate that the T-cell repertoire of patients with CD3G mutations is characterized by a molecular signature that may contribute to the increased rate of autoimmunity associated with this condition.


Assuntos
Complexo CD3/genética , Imunomodulação , Mutação , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
12.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 142(1): 246-257, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29155101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathological inflammatory syndromes of unknown etiology are commonly observed in ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and Artemis deficiency. Similar inflammatory manifestations also exist in patients with STING-associated vasculopathy in infancy (SAVI). OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypothesis that the inflammation-associated manifestations observed in patients with AT and Artemis deficiency stem from increased type I IFN signature leading to neutrophil-mediated pathological damage. METHODS: Cytokine/protein signatures were determined by ELISA, cytometric bead array, or quantitative PCR. Stat1 phosphorylation levels were determined by flow cytometry. DNA species accumulating in the cytosol of patients' cells were quantified microscopically and flow cytometrically. Propensity of isolated polymorhonuclear granulocytes to form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) was determined using fluorescence microscopy and picogreen assay. Neutrophil reactive oxygen species levels and mitochondrial stress were assayed using fluorogenic probes, microscopy, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: Type I and III IFN signatures were elevated in plasma and peripheral blood cells of patients with AT, Artemis deficiency, and SAVI. Chronic IFN production stemmed from the accumulation of DNA in the cytoplasm of AT and Artemis-deficient cells. Neutrophils isolated from patients spontaneously produced NETs and displayed indicators of oxidative and mitochondrial stress, supportive of their NETotic tendencies. A similar phenomenon was also observed in neutrophils from healthy controls exposed to patient plasma samples or exogeneous IFN-α. CONCLUSIONS: Type I IFN-mediated neutrophil activation and NET formation may contribute to inflammatory manifestations observed in patients with AT, Artemis deficiency, and SAVI. Thus, neutrophils represent a promising target to manage inflammatory syndromes in diseases with active type I IFN signature.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia/imunologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Ataxia Telangiectasia/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Endonucleases/deficiência , Endonucleases/imunologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Ativação de Neutrófilo , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/deficiência , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Vasculite/genética , Vasculite/imunologia , Vasculite/patologia
14.
Front Immunol ; 8: 798, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28769923

RESUMO

Mutations of the recombinase-activating genes 1 and 2 (RAG1 and RAG2) in humans are associated with a broad range of phenotypes. For patients with severe clinical presentation, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) represents the only curative treatment; however, high rates of graft failure and incomplete immune reconstitution have been observed, especially after unconditioned haploidentical transplantation. Studies in mice have shown that Rag-/- natural killer (NK) cells have a mature phenotype, reduced fitness, and increased cytotoxicity. We aimed to analyze NK cell phenotype and function in patients with mutations in RAG and in non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) genes. Here, we provide evidence that NK cells from these patients have an immature phenotype, with significant expansion of CD56bright CD16-/int CD57- cells, yet increased degranulation and high perforin content. Correlation was observed between in vitro recombinase activity of the mutant proteins, NK cell abnormalities, and in vivo clinical phenotype. Addition of serotherapy in the conditioning regimen, with the aim of depleting the autologous NK cell compartment, may be important to facilitate engraftment and immune reconstitution in patients with RAG and NHEJ defects treated by HSCT.

15.
Pediatr Transplant ; 21(7)2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28664550

RESUMO

DIDS is a unique form of combined immune deficiency characterized by an unusual susceptibility to cutaneous viral infections, severe allergies with eosinophilia and elevated immunoglobulin E titers, autoimmunity, and cancer. HSCT is considered the standard of care for this deadly disease. We have retrospectively analyzed the outcome of allogeneic HSCT from unrelated donors in patients with DIDS. Data from four patients, with five transplants, are presented. All patients received transplants from unrelated donors' BM, except for one patient who received a cord blood transplant. The conditioning regimens were based on myeloablative protocols for BM derived transplants; a NM regimen was pursued for the patient who received a cord blood transplant, which resulted in graft rejection. Although recurrent pneumonia and skin infections resolved immediately after transplantation, all patients subsequently developed human herpesvirus infection, including cutaneous herpetic lesions, cytomegalovirus reactivation, and zona zoster, which could be attributed to the use of ATG. Despite the presence of serious morbidities prior to transplantation, all patients recovered successfully. DIDS can be successfully treated with allogeneic HSCT from unrelated donors following a myeloablative conditioning regimen, with a reasonable safety profile.


Assuntos
Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/deficiência , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Síndrome de Job/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados
16.
Turk J Med Sci ; 46(2): 430-6, 2016 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27511507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study is to establish follow-up protocols for adult patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) in a recently founded adult immunology clinic in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey, where a clinical immunology center for adults was not available previously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 patients with CVID aged 18 years and older were included in this study. The file format consisted of 13 pages and was developed for the purpose of the study. Separate sections were designated for identity information, medical history, disease course, previous and current laboratory and imaging studies, follow-up plans, detection and management of complications/comorbidities, and treatment results. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 36.6 ± 13.4 years. The delay in diagnosis was 107 ± 95.6 months. In 92% of patients, initial symptoms resulting in admission to healthcare facilities were infections. Seventeen of 25 patients (68%) had bronchiectasis at the beginning of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Early identification of complications and comorbidities in patients with CVID will significantly improve quality of life and survival. Close observation and standardized protocols for follow-up are essential components of management.


Assuntos
Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum , Adulto , Bronquiectasia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 138(5): 1384-1394.e2, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27350570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) caused by dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency shares clinical features with autosomal dominant HIES because of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) mutations, including recurrent infections and mucocutaneous candidiasis, which are suggestive of TH17 cell dysfunction. The mechanisms underlying this phenotypic overlap are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate common mechanisms operating in the different forms of HIES. METHODS: We analyzed the differentiation of CD4+ TH cell subsets in control and DOCK8-deficient subjects. We also examined the role of DOCK8 in regulating STAT3 activation in T cells. TH cell differentiation was analyzed by ELISA, flow cytometry, and real-time PCR measurements of cytokines and TH cell transcription factors. The interaction of DOCK8 and STAT3 signaling pathways was examined by using flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, coimmunoprecipitation, and gene expression analysis. RESULTS: There was a profound block in the differentiation of DOCK8-deficient naive CD4+ T cells into TH17 cells. A missense mutation that disrupts DOCK8 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity while sparing protein expression also impaired TH17 cell differentiation. DOCK8 constitutively associated with STAT3 independent of GEF activity, whereas it regulated STAT3 phosphorylation in a GEF activity-dependent manner. DOCK8 also promoted STAT3 translocation to the nucleus and induction of STAT3-dependent gene expression. CONCLUSION: DOCK8 interacts with STAT3 and regulates its activation and the outcome of STAT3-dependent TH17 differentiation. These findings might explain the phenotypic overlap between DOCK8 deficiency and autosomal dominant HIES.


Assuntos
Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/deficiência , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/metabolismo , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Lactente , Células Jurkat , Masculino , Mutação , Fosforilação , Transporte Proteico , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
19.
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus ; 53(4): 218-22, 2016 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27182748

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the ocular features of children diagnosed as having 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in a Turkish population, which is the most common microdeletion syndrome with a wide range of facial and ocular abnormalities. METHODS: Sixteen children aged between 4 months and 18 years with a microdeletion in chromosome 22q11.2 underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination including uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity testing, stereoscopic vision examination, biomicroscopic and indirect fundus examination, and ocular motility testing. RESULTS: All patients had at least one ocular abnormality. The major abnormalities were eyelid abnormalities (eye hooding, narrow palpebral fissure, telecanthus, hypertelorism, sparse and thin eyebrows and eyelashes, blepharitis, and distichiasis), posterior embryotoxon, and tortuous retinal vessels in at least half of the patients. Other ophthalmological disorders were refractive errors, iris remnants, and strabismus. CONCLUSIONS: The chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is associated with a wide range of ocular disorders, which necessitates a comprehensive eye examination for appropriate treatment and follow-up. Ocular findings sometimes can provide a clue to the diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53(4):218-222].


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Síndrome de DiGeorge/diagnóstico , Anormalidades do Olho/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Percepção de Profundidade/fisiologia , Pálpebras/anormalidades , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico , Vasos Retinianos/anormalidades , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
20.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 34(2): 166-73, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome depends on a time-consuming and expensive method, fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine new parameters which can aid for in the diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. METHODS: Twenty two patients with 22q11.2 or 10p13 deletion were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: Facial-dysmorphism and mental-motor retardation were detected in 100% of patients. Mean platelet (PLT) counts were lower (224,980 versus 354,000, p = 0.001), mean PLT volume (MPV) (9.95 versus 7.07, p = 0.002), and MPV/PLTx105 ratios (5.36 versus 2.08, p < 0.001) were higher in patients with 22q11.2 deletion compared with the control group. Area under the receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.864, sensitivity was 84.6%, specificity was 90.9%, positive predictive value (PPV) was 91.7%, and negative predictive value (NPV) was 83.3% when MPV was 8.6. Area under ROC curve was 0.864, sensitivity was 76.9%, specificity was 90.1%, PPV was 90.1%, and NPV was 76.3% when PLT was 265,500. Area under ROC curve was 0.906, sensitivity was 84.6%, specificity was 100%, PPV was 100%, and NPV was 84.6% when MPV/PLTx105 was 3.3. Expression of PLT surface markers which were not in the GPIb-V-IX receptor complex (CD61, CD41a) increased as the surface area increased, but markers which were in a complex (CD42a, CD42b) did not change. CONCLUSIONS: High MPV/PLT value can be a good predictor for the diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We suggest that in patients with facial dysmorphism and retardation in neurodevelopmental milestones and if MPV≥8.6fl, MPV/PLTx105 ratio≥3.3 and PLT count ≤265,500/mm3, the patients should be tested by FISH analysis to confirm the 22q11.2 deletion. If there are no macrothrombocytes, the 10p13 deletion should be tested in suspected cases.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Síndrome de DiGeorge/diagnóstico , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Contagem de Plaquetas , Adolescente , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Síndrome de DiGeorge/sangue , Síndrome de DiGeorge/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lactente , Deficiência Intelectual/sangue , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Masculino , Atividade Motora , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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