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1.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(2): 133-139, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009080

RESUMO

C1q/tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related protein 12 (CTRP12) is a secretory protein that participates in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism in obesity and diabetes. Its role in cardiovascular disease, particularly sepsis-induced cardiac injury, is unclear. Here, we stimulated cardiomyocytes with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish an in vitro cardiomyocyte injury model and CTRP12 was overexpressed with an adenovirus delivery system. Overexpression of CTRP12 reduced the transcription and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes, including TNFα, interleukin-1 (IL-1), and IL-6. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) level increased and the oxidation/redox system was disturbed in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes, as evident from the decrease in superoxide dismutase activity and an increase in reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity and malondialdehyde level. CTRP12 overexpression decreased the increasing level of ROS and ameliorated the unbalance in the oxidation/redox system in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes. The viability of cardiomyocytes decreased after LPS stimulation, and the cells underwent apoptosis. CTRP12-overexpressing cardiomyocytes showed a decrease in the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells, and the ratio of B cell lymphoma (Bcl)-1/Bax in these cells was recovered. In comparison with the control group, LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes showed reduced expression of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2), while CTRP12-overexpressing cardiomyocytes showed elevated NRF2 expression. Small-interfering RNA-mediated silencing of NRF2 expression in cardiomyocytes resulted in the inhibition of the protective effects of CTRP12. Thus, CTRP12 ameliorated injury in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes in an NRF2-dependent manner.

2.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942800

RESUMO

Trichloroethylene (TCE), a widely used industrial solvent, is a common environmental contaminant. We previously reported that TCE-induced changes in DNA methylation and miRNA expression contributed to the development of a liver tumor in mice. In this study, we investigated the role of long intergenic noncoding RNA (LincRNA), another type of epigenetic modification, in TCE hepatocarcinogenesis. Male B6C3F1 mice were gavaged with TCE at dose levels of 0, 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg b.w. for 5 days. The expression changes of LincRNAs in liver samples from control and TCE-exposed mice were screened by microarray. When compared to the control group, 21 and 29 LincRNAs were upregulated and downregulated, respectively, in the liver of mice exposed to TCE at 1000 mg/kg b.w. In addition, TCE treatment increased the expression levels of LincRNA-GM8704 but decreased the expression levels of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 in a dose-dependent manner. We further found that the mRNAs that are highly correlated with the expression of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 are involved in a number of cancer-related signaling pathways including PPARs, cell cycle, and ErbB and p53 signaling pathways. Among the expression-correlated mRNAs, Cdkn1a was found to be a downstream target gene of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2. To follow up on that, we also found that miR-182-5p might mediate the association between downregulation of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 and upregulation of Cdkn1a, leading to increased cell proliferation in TCE exposed liver cells. In conclusion, TCE induced extensive LincRNA expression changes in mouse liver, and the downregulation of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 might contribute to TCE hepatocarcinogenesis by interacting with miR-182-5p and Cdkn1a.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 866-883, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915310

RESUMO

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important in tumor invasiveness and metastasis. We aimed to determine prognostic value of six key EMT markers (CDH1, CDH2, SNAI1, SNAI2, VIM, TWIST1) in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). A total of 533 ccRCC patients with RNASeq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort were included for analysis. Gene expression of these EMT markers was compared between tumor and normal tissues based on Oncomine database and TCGA cohort. Their correlations with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were also examined in both TCGA cohort and FUSCC (Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center) cohort. Cox proportional hazards regression model and Kaplan-Meier plot were used to assess the relative factors. Functional enrichment analyses were utilized to describe biologic function annotations and significantly involved hallmarks pathways of each gene. We found that Epithelial marker, CDH1 expression was lower, while mesenchymal markers (CDH2, SNAI1, VIM, TWIST1) expression was higher in ccRCC primary tumors. In the TCGA cohort, we found that patients with higher expression of VIM, TWIST1 or lower expression of CDH1 had worse prognosis. Further, in the FUSCC cohort, we confirmed the predictive ability of mesenchymal markers and epithelial marker expression in PFS and OS of ccRCC patients. After generating Cox regression models, EMT markers (CDH1, SNAI1, VIM, and TWIST1) were independent prognostic factors of both PFS and OS in ccRCC patients. Our preliminary EMT prediction model can facilitate further screening of EMT biomarkers and cast a better understanding of EMT gene function in ccRCC.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 385: 121521, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699484

RESUMO

Trichloroethylene (TCE), a widely used chlorinated solvent, is a common environmental pollutant. Current evidence shows that TCE could induce heart defects during embryonic development, but the underlining mechanism(s) remain unclear. Since activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) could induce oxidative stress, we hypothesized that AHR-mediated oxidative stress may play a role in the cardiac developmental toxicity of TCE. In this study, we found that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), and AHR inhibitors, CH223191 (CH) and StemRegenin 1, significantly counteracted the TCE-induced heart malformations in zebrafish embryos. Moreover, both CH and NAC suppressed TCE-induced ROS and 8-OHdG (8-hydroxy-2' -deoxyguanosine). TCE did not affect ahr2 and cyp1a expression, but increased cyp1b1 expression, which was restored by CH supplementation. CH also attenuated the TCE-induced mRNA expression changes of Nrf2 signalling genes (nrf2b, gstp2, sod2, ho1, nqo1) and cardiac differentiation genes (gata4, hand2, c-fos, sox9b). In addition, the TCE enhanced SOD activity was attenuated by CH. Morpholino knockdown confirmed that AHR mediated the TCE-induced ROS and 8-OHdG generation in the heart of zebrafish embryos. In conclusion, our results suggest that AHR mediates TCE-induced oxidative stress, leading to DNA damage and heart malformations in zebrafish embryos.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 142: 237-243, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593722

RESUMO

The effects of native starch (NS), acetylated starch (AS), and acetylated distarch phosphate (ADSP) on the gel properties of soybean protein thermal gel were investigated using texture analysis, low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) spectroscopy, dynamic rheometry and scanning electron microscopy. The results of the textural profile analysis showed that 10% ADSP increased the hardness and chewiness of the mixed gel, while NS and AS led to decreases in the textural properties. The results of the LF-NMR analysis indicated that the AS improved the water-holding capacity of the mixed gel due to the transformation of weakly bound water to strongly bound water. During heating and cooling, the rheological profiles of the elastic (G') and viscous modulus (G″) of all the samples exhibited a two-stage pattern of decrease and then increase, and the final values of G' and G″ reached maxima when the ADSP content was 10%. The scanning electron microscopy images showed that the ADSP granules dispersed in the gel network. The integrity of the starch granules was crucial for regulating the properties of the soybean protein gel. These results provided information about the further design and preparation of soybean protein foods containing modified starch.

6.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 147: 1-9, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837555

RESUMO

Programmed cell death (PCD) play essential roles in plant growth and development. Stigmatic papilla cells form an indispensable organ for plant reproduction. The lifetime of papilla cells is tightly controlled, and the developmental PCD (dPCD) process is involved in papilla cell death. Hence, papilla cell death is a good model for studying on PCD process. In this study, the dPCD signal was visualized in dying papilla cells by detecting the GUS signal of the PCD-related reporter gene BIFUNCTIONAL NUCLEASE 1 (BFN1). We found that the GUS was not expressed at young stage, but strongly expressed in papilla cells at the ageing stage, indicating the PCD process was triggered to terminate the papilla cell fate. Given this, the RNA-Seq data set, which covered the information of the whole lifespan of papilla cells, was analyzed aiming to understand which genes and pathways were involved in papilla cell death. 37 differential expressed genes (DEGs) were isolated. Moreover, the pathways related to energy production and transportation, autophagy, and plant hormone signal transduction were considered as the key pathways involved in the papilla cell death. 9 types, total of 104 transcriptional factors (TFs) were identified as well. Finally, a putative working model of papilla cell death was integrated. The findings herein will enrich the knowledge of the dPCD-mediated pathway in regulating plant organ/tissue growth, development, senescence, and death. Our study will provide some referential gene resources for studying on the dPCD in other plant organs or tissues.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 120913, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374375

RESUMO

Gas temperature of a fire compartment and external facade flame height pose serious hazard upon urban environment and safety, where the window (ventilation) condition has an essential impact. This paper investigates their evolutions with a casement window of various opening angles, which has not been quantified previously although is commonly used practically. Experiments are conducted employing a model-scale fire compartment under different heat release rates with a casement window of various dimensions and opening angles. It is found that the upper-part gas temperature inside the compartment increases, while the critical heat release rate for flame ejection as well as the external facade flame height decreases, with increasing of the window opening angle as it is less than 60 degrees (θ < 60°). Then, all these quantities change little as the window opening angle is further increased (θ ≥ 60°). New non-dimensional models are proposed to describe the evolutions of these quantities based on the derived new length scale according to window dimensions and opening angle. This paper provides for the first time both essential data and new correlations for the gas temperature inside fire compartment and external facade flame height with a casement window.

8.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since CAD (Computer Aided Diagnosis) system can make it easier and more efficient to interpret CT (Computer Tomography) images, it has gained much attention and developed rapidly in recent years. This article reviews recent CAD techniques for pulmonary nodule detection and diagnosis in CT Images. METHODS: CAD systems can be classified into computer-aided detection (CADe) and computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) systems. This review reports recent researches of both systems, including the database, technique, innovation and experimental results of each work. Multi-task CAD systems, which can handle segmentation, false positive reduction, malignancy prediction and other tasks at the same time. The commercial CAD systems are also briefly introduced. RESULTS: We have found that deep learning based CAD is the mainstream of current research. The reported sensitivity of deep learning based CADe systems ranged between 80.06% and 94.1% with an average 4.3 false-positive (FP) per scan when using LIDC-IDRI dataset, and between 94.4% and 97.9% with an average 4 FP/scan when using LUNA16 dataset, respectively. The overall accuracy of deep learning based CADx systems ranged between 86.84% and 92.3% with an average AUC of 0.956 reported when using LIDC-IDRI dataset. CONCLUSIONS: We summarized the current tendency and limitations as well as future challenges in this field. The development of CAD needs to meet the rigid clinical requirements, such as high accuracy, strong robustness, high efficiency, fine-grained analysis and classification, and to provide practical clinical functions. This review provides helpful information for both engineering researchers and radiologists to learn the latest development of CAD systems.

9.
Microorganisms ; 7(12)2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817407

RESUMO

Heterobasidion parviporum Niemelä & Korhonen is an economically important basidiomycete, causing root and stem rot disease of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) in Northern Europe. The H. parviporum genome encodes numerous small secreted proteins, which might be of importance for interacting with mycorrhiza symbionts, endophytes, and other saprotrophs. We hypothesized that small secreted proteins from H. parviporum (HpSSPs) are involved in interspecific fungal interaction. To identify HpSSP-coding genes potentially involved, we screened the H. parviporum effectome and compared their transcriptomic profiles during fungal development and in planta tree infection. We further conducted phylogenetic analysis, and identified a subset of hypothetical proteins with nonpredicted domain or unknown function as HpSSPs candidates for further characterization. The HpSSPs candidates were selected based on high-quality sequence, cysteine residue frequency, protein size, and in planta expression. We subsequently explored their roles during in vitro interaction in paired cultures of H. parviporum with ectomycorrhizal Cortinarius gentilis, endophytic Phialocephala sphaeroides, saprotrophs (Mycena sp., Phlebiopsis gigantea, and Phanerochaete chrysosporium), respectively. The transcriptomic profile revealed that a large proportion of effector candidates was either barely expressed or highly expressed under all growth conditions. In vitro dual-culture test showed that P. sphaeroides and C. gentilis were overgrown by H. parviporum. The barrage zone formation or no physical contact observed in paired cultures with the saprotrophs suggest they had either combative interaction or antibiosis effect with H. parviporum. Several HpSSPs individuals were up- or downregulated during the nonself interactions. The results of HpSSPs gene expression patterns provide additional insights into the diverse roles of SSPs in tree infection and interspecific fungal interactions.

10.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 310, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832022

RESUMO

Background and aim: Amphicrine carcinoma, in which endocrine and epithelial cell constituents are present within the same cell, is very rare. This study characterized the clinicopathologic and survival analysis of this tumor, further compared the genetic diversities among amphicrine carcinoma and other tumors. Materials and methods: The clinicopathologic characteristics and survival outcomes of amphicrine carcinoma in this study were analyzed. The pan-cancer transcriptome assay was utilized to compare the genetic expression profile of this entity with that of conventional adenocarcinoma or neuroendocrine tumors. Results: Ten cases (all in male patients) were identified in the stomach or intestine, with a median patient age of 62 years. There were characteristic patterns in the tumors: tubular, fusion or single-file growth of goblet- or signet ring-like cells. Four tumors were classified as low-grade and 6 as high-grade according to the histologic architecture. All cases were positive for neuroendocrine markers (synaptophysin and chromogranin A) and showed intracellular mucin in the amphicrine components. Four cases exhibited mRNA expression patterns showing transcriptional homogeneity with conventional adenocarcinomas and genetic diversity from neuroendocrine tumors. During the follow-up period, 3 patients died of disease, all of whom had high-grade tumors. Patients with high-grade amphicrine carcinoma had worse outcomes than those with low-grade tumors. Conclusions: This study confirms the morphological, immunostaining and transcriptome alterations in amphicrine carcinoma distinct from those in conventional adenocarcinomas and neuroendocrine tumors, but additional studies are warranted to determine the biological behavior and therapeutic response.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135097, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837856

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown an association between maternal exposure to ambient fine particle matter (PM2.5) and congenital heart defects in the offspring, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are yet to be elucidated. Previously, we demonstrated that extractable organic matter (EOM) from PM2.5 induced heart defects in zebrafish embryos by activating the aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Hence, we hypothesized that AHR mediates excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, leading to the cardiac developmental toxicity of PM2.5. To test our hypothesis, we examined AHR activity and ROS levels in the heart of zebrafish embryos under a fluorescence microscope. mRNA expression levels were then quantified using qPCR whereas DNA damage and apoptosis were detected by immunofluorescence. Our results showed that the AHR inhibitor, CH223191 (CH) as well as the ROS scavenger, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), significantly mitigated the PM2.5-induced cardiac malformations in zebrafish embryos. Furthermore, both CH and NAC diminished the EOM-elevated ROS generation, DNA damage and apoptosis in the test system. Incidentally, both CH and NAC attenuated the EOM-induced changes in the mRNA expression of genes involved in cardiac development (nkx2.5, sox9b), oxidative stress (nrf2a, nrf2b, gstp1, gstp2, sod2, ho1, cat) and apoptosis (p53, bax). We further confirmed that AHR activity is a necessary condition for EOM-induced ROS generation, DNA damage and apoptosis, through AHR knockdown. However, the ROS scavenger NAC did not counteract the EOM-induced AHR activity. In conclusion, our findings suggest that AHR mediates EOM-induced oxidative stress, resulting in DNA damage and apoptosis, thereby contributing to the cardiac developmental toxicity of PM2.5.

12.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 8(4)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766670

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from endophytic fungi are becoming a potential antibiotic resource. The inhibitive effects of VOCs produced by an endophytic fungus in Leucaena leucocephala were investigated on plant pathogens in this study. Using standard morphological methods and multigene phylogeny, the fungus was identified as Diaporthe apiculatum strain FPYF 3052. Utilizing a two- compartment Petri plate bioassay method, the VOCs from this fungus showed bioactivity ranging from 23.8% to 66.7% inhibition on eight plant pathogens within 24 hours. The SPME-GC/MS technique identified fifteen volatile compounds with dominant terpenoids γ-terpinene (39.8%), α-terpinene (17.2%), and (-)-4-terpineol (8.4%) from the VOCs. Commercial α-terpinene, γ-terpinene, and (-)-4-terpineol demonstrated inhibition on the tested pathogens at concentrations from 0.2 to 1.0 µl/ml within 72 h in the bioassay system. The inhibition rates were from 28% to 100% percent using 1.0 µl/ml within 48 h. (-)-4-Terpineol was the most active of the terpenoids causing up to 100% inhibition. The data illustrate that these monoterpenes play an important role in the inhibitive bioactivity of the VOCs of D. apiculatum FPYF 3052. Most importantly, (-)-4-terpineol is now for the first time, reported to have capability of strong antifungal activity and could be developed as an antibiotic substance.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 3): 113331, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614245

RESUMO

We previously found that folic acid (FA) attenuated cardiac defects in zebrafish embryos exposed to extractable organic matter (EOM) from PM2.5, but the underlining mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Since DNA methylation is crucial to cardiac development, we hypothesized that EOM-induced aberrant DNA methylation changes could be diminished by FA supplementation. In this study, zebrafish embryos were exposed to EOM in the absence or presence of FA. Genomic-wide DNA methylation analysis identified both DNA hypo- and hyper-methylation changes in CCGG sites in zebrafish embryos exposed to EOM, which were attenuated by FA supplementation. We identified a total of 316 genes with extensive DNA methylation changes in EOM samples but little or no DNA methylation changes in EOM plus FA samples. The genes were involved in critical cellular processes and signaling pathways important for embryo development. In addition, the EOM-decreased SAM/SAH ratio was counteracted by FA supplementation. Furthermore, FA attenuated the EOM-induced changes in the expression of genes involved in the regulation of DNA methylation and in folate biosynthesis. In conclusion, our data suggest that FA supplementation protected zebrafish embryos from the cardiac developmental toxicity of PM2.5 by alleviating EOM-induced DNA methylation changes.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
15.
Poult Sci ; 98(12): 6472-6482, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509194

RESUMO

Sudden death syndrome (SDS), which is a cardiac-related condition commonly observed in chickens selected for rapid growth, causes significant economic losses to the global poultry industry. Its pathogenesis in broilers is poorly understood, and little is known about the proteome of the heart tissue of SDS broilers. A quantitative proteomic approach using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification labeling of peptides was used to characterize the protein expression profiles in the left ventricle of SDS broilers. These proteins were further analyzed by bioinformatics, and two proteins were validated by western blot analysis. We identified 186 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), of which 72 were upregulated, and 114 were downregulated in the SDS group. Functional annotation suggested that 7 DEPs were related to cardiac muscle contraction, and another 7 DEPs were related to cardiac energy metabolism. Protein interaction network predictions indicated that differences in cardiac muscle contraction between SDS and healthy groups were regulated by troponin T, tropomyosin alpha-1 chain, fast myosin heavy chain HCIII, myosin-1B, coronin, and myoglobin, whereas differences in cardiac energy metabolism and biosynthesis of amino acids were regulated by gamma-enolase, phosphoglycerate mutase, NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 2, serine/threonine-protein kinase, myoglobin, and alpha-amylase. Our expression profiles provide useful information and new insights into key proteins to elucidate SDS for further studies.

16.
ACS Omega ; 4(12): 14981-14986, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552339

RESUMO

The effect of the anionic structure of ionic liquids (ILs) and water/IL ratio on the dissolution behavior of maize starch at room temperature (22-23 °C) was investigated. The ILs used were 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C2mim][Cl]), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium formate ([C2mim][HCOO]), and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C2mim][CH3COO]). The structural analysis indicated that the long- and short-range molecular order in the starch after treatment with water/[C2mim][Cl] and water/[C2mim][HCOO] mixtures decreased with the decreasing water/IL ratio from 10:1 to 2:1 and was completely disrupted at the 2:1 ratio. However, the ordered structure of starch was disrupted completely in the water/[C2mim][CH3COO] ratio of 5:1. The disruption extent of starch structures followed the order: [C2mim][CH3COO] > [C2mim][HCOO] > [C2mim][Cl] at water/IL ratios of 10:1 and 5:1, but the opposite was observed at lower water/IL ratio (2:1). Our results clearly showed that both the nature of the anion and water/IL ratio affected the dissolution behavior of maize starch. The hydrogen bonding capacity of IL anions and viscosity of water/IL mixtures were proposed to play the key roles in the structural disruption of starch. These findings would be of great importance for rationally designing "green and sustainable" processes for the utilization of promising natural biopolymers.

17.
Microorganisms ; 7(9)2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492017

RESUMO

Pinggu peach (Prunus persica (L.)) has great economic and ecological value in north China. As a plant, the peach is naturally colonized by a variety of endophytic fungi, which are very important for tree growth and health. However, the mycobiota composition and their affecting factors of the peach trees are still unknown. In our study, the fungal communities in flowers, leaves, stems, and roots of the three cultivars (Dajiubao, Qingfeng, and Jingyan) of Pinggu peach trees and in the rhizosphere soils were investigated by both Illumina Miseq sequencing of ITS rDNA and traditional culturing methods. For organs, except for roots, flowers had the highest fungal richness and diversity, while the leaves had the lowest richness and diversity. Ascomycota and Basidiomycota were the most abundant phyla among samples. The fungal assemblage composition of each organ was distinctive. Fungal communities of the three cultivars also differed from each other. The fungal community structure significantly correlated with soil pH, soil K, fruit soluble solid content, and fruit titratable acidity with the redundancy analysis (RDA). Most isolated fungal strains can be found within high-throughput sequencing identified taxa. This study indicates that plant organs, the cultivars, the soil, and fruit properties may have profound effects on the endophytic fungal community structure associated with Pinggu peach trees. With this study, microbiota-mediated pathogen protection and fruit quality promotion associated with peach trees could be further studied.

18.
ACS Omega ; 4(6): 11312-11319, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460234

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to understand the dissolution behavior of maize and potato starches in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([Emim][OAc]):water mixtures at room temperature. With an increasing ratio of ionic liquid (IL):water, the long- and short-range ordered structures and granule morphology of both starches were disrupted progressively. The multiscale structure of maize starch was disrupted completely after treatment with the [Emim][OAc]:water mixture of 6:4, indicating good dissolution performance of this mixture for maize starch. This mixture seemed to provide a balance between the viscosity of the solvent and availability of ions to disrupt starch H-bonds. The different dissolution behaviors of maize and potato starches in [Emim][OAc]:water mixtures were attributed to structural differences of the granule surfaces. Our results showed that the dissolution behavior of starches was affected by both starch sources and properties of [Emim][OAc]:water mixtures, which may provide guidance for the development of green technology for processing of biopolymers with low energy consumption.

19.
Minerva Med ; 110(5): 464-470, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368293

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium that is colonized in the stomach. H. pylori infection can lead to a series of stomach diseases. However, the relationship between H. pylori infection and colorectal cancer is currently controversial. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to further understand the relationship between H. pylori infection and colorectal cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a comprehensive retrieval from electronic databases, included the PubMed, Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and China Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform databases (Wanfang Databases) through May 1st, 2018. We used the search terms H. pylori and colorectal cancer or colorectal carcinoma and collected all relevant studies to explore the association between H. pylori infection and colorectal cancer. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Twenty-seven studies including 14357 cases were included. H. pylori infection was associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. A pooled odds ratio (OR) of 1.27 with a 95% CI of 1.17-1.37 (P<0.001) was calculated by using a fixed-effects model (I2=45.5%, P=0.006). The subgroup analysis revealed that H. pylori infection was associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer in the subgroups of Western countries (OR=1.34, 95% CI: 1.14-1.57) (P<0.001), serological testing (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 1.08-1.34) (P=0.001), multiple methods of testing (OR=2.63, 95% CI: 1.09-6.31) (P=0.031), cross-sectional studies (OR=1.92, 95% CI: 1.17-3.16) (P=0.010) and case-control studies (OR 1.26, 95% CI: 1.16-1.36) (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis provides evidence suggests that a positive association between H. pylori infection and the risk of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Gastrite/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Comorbidade , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Gastrite/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Viés de Publicação , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(36): 12491-12496, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293063

RESUMO

An enantioselective sulfenylation/semipinacol rearrangement of 1,1-disubstituted and trisubstituted allylic alcohols was accomplished with a chiral Lewis base and a chiral Brønsted acid as cocatalysts, generating various ß-arylthio ketones bearing an all-carbon quaternary center in moderate to excellent yields and excellent enantioselectivities. These chiral arylthio ketone products are common intermediates with many applications, for example, in the design of new chiral catalysts/ligands and the total synthesis of natural products. Computational studies (DFT calculations) were carried out to explain the enantioselectivity and the role of the chiral Brønsted acid. Additionally, the synthetic utility of this method was exemplified by an enantioselective total synthesis of (-)-herbertene and a one-pot synthesis of a chiral sulfoxide and sulfone.

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